“ Hold high the brow serene,O youth, where now you stand; Let the bright sheen Of your grace be seen,Fair hope of my fatherland!” - Jose Rizal
SAN JUAN DE LETRAN - Dominican – owned college and a rival of Ateneo de ManilaATENEO MUNICIPAL - formerly known as Escuela Pia, a charity school for poor boys in Manila which was established by 1817 and later became Ateneo de Manila. Rizal took and passed the examination inCOLLEGE OF SAN JUAN DE LETRAN but heenrolled in ATENEO when he came back toManila.TRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 01
RIZAL ENTERS ATENEOFATHER MAGIN FERRANDO (college registrar) - refused to admit Jose Rizal because ; He was late for registration He was sickly and undersized for his ageMANUEL XEREZ BURGOS – nephew of Father Burgos; Rizal was admitted to Ateneo because of himRIZAL - surname used by Jose Rizal because Mercado became under suspicion by the Spanish authorities.MERCADO – surname used by PacianoTITAY – owner of the boarding house where Rizal boarded to settle the bill owed by Titay by about Php 300.00TRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 02
JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION Reasons why Jesuit System was advancethan other collegeIt trained the character of students by rigid discipline and religious instruction.It promotes physical culture, humanities and scientific studies.Aside from academic courses leading to AB, it offers vocational course in agriculture, commerce, mechanics and surveying.They were given splendid professors.They acquired prestige as an excellent college for boys.TRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 03
TWO GROUPS OF STUDENTRoman Empire (internos/boarders) -RED FLAGCarthaginian Empire (externos/non-boarders) -BLUE FLAG5 RANKS EMPEROR TRIBUNE DECURION CENTURION STANDARD BEARERRAYADILLO – official uniform of Ateneo studentsTRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 04
FATHER JOSE BECH – first teacher of Rizal in Ateneo Rizal was placed as an externo but a week afterhe showed his progress and after a month he becamethe emperor.SANTA ISABEL COLLEGE – where Rizal took his Spanish lessons during recess and paid it for Php 3.00 Rizal returned to Calamba for his vacation.Saturnina brought him to Tanawan to visit theirmother to cheer him up. After the vacation he returnedto Ateneo for his second year. He is now living at DOÑAPEPAY, an old landlady with widowed daughter andfour sons.TRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 05
SECOND YEAR IN ATENEO(1873-1874) He again became an emperor; he alsoreceived excellent grades in all subjects and agold medal. At March 1874, he returned toCalamba for his vacation.PROPHECY OF MOTHER’S RELEASE Doña Teodora was released in the jail after 3months like what Jose Rizal said. St. JOSEPH – Rizal was comparable becauseof his interpretation about his mother’s release.TRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 06
TEENAGE INTEREST IN READINGTWO FAVORITE NOVELS OF RIZALTHE COUNT OF MONTE CRISTO by Alexander DumasTRAVEL IN THE PHILIPPINES by Feodor JagorUNIVERSAL HISTORY by Cesar Cantus – he wishes to buyTHIRD YEAR IN ATENEO (1874-1875) He only got 1 medal in his Latin subject, thenon March 1875 he returned to CalambaTRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 07
FOURTH YEAR IN ATENEO (1875-1876)JUNE 16,1875 – Rizal became an interne inAteneo FATHER FRANCISCO SANCHEZ - Rizal’s favorite teacher Rizal won 5 medals and topped in allsubjects and on March, 1876 he returned toCalamba. Rizal became the pride of the Jesuits and heobtained highest grades in all subjects. Hereceived the degree of Bachelor of Arts withhighest honors during commencement exercise.TRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 08
EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN ATENEOHe was an emperor and a campus leaderoutside.Secretary of the Marian CongregationMember of Academy of Spanish LiteratureMember of Academy of Natural SciencesFATHER JOSE VILLACLARA – advised Rizal to stop communing with the muses but to pay more attention to practical studies. Rizal studied painting at AGUSTIN SAEZand sculpture under ROMUALDO DE JESUS, aFilipino sculptor.TRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 09
SCULPTURAL WORKS IN ATENEOTHE VIRGIN MARY - he carved an image with Batikuling (Phil. Hardwood) with his pocket knifeFATHER LLEONART – requested Rizal to carved an image of SACRED HEART OF JESUSPOEMS MADE BY RIZAL IN ATENEO Doña Teodora was the first one to discover Rizal’spoetical talent while Fr. Sanchez helped Rizal to develop histalent.Poems made by Rizal: Mi Primera Inspiration (My First Inspiration) - dedicated to Rizal’s mother Through Education Our Motherland Receives Light The Intimate Alliance between Religion and Good Education To the Child To the Virgin MaryTRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 10
DRAMATIC WORK IN ATENEO Father Sanchez requested Rizal to wrote adrama based with ST. EUSTACE THE MARTYR andon June 2, 1876, Rizal had finished the drama.FIRST ROMANCE OF RIZALSEGUNDA KATIGBAK – a 14 yr. old Batangueña from Lipa whom Rizal first fell inloved with but Segunda was already engaged to Manuel Luz.MARIANO KATIGBAK – brother of SegundaLA CONCORDIA COLLEGE – where Segunda and Olimpia (Rizal’s sister) studiedTRIUMPHS IN THE ATENEO (1872 – 1877) 11
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