Crosswalks For Walkable Communities

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This PowerPoint presentation is designed to provide you with all you need to make a compelling argument for bringing Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacon technology to crosswalks in your community. Use the full presentation, or just the parts you need.

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Crosswalks For Walkable Communities

  1. 1. Improving CommunityConnections withRectangular Rapid FlashingBeacon Technology
  2. 2. Walkable Streets Are The Way of The FutureAccording to the EPA*, walkability iscorrelated with: – Attracting young talent, start-up economies, & the baby boomer generation – Increased commercial property occupancy – Increased economic activity – Higher real estate premiums – Increased property and sales tax revenues* Environmental Protection Agency: Office of Sustainable Communities Smart Growth Program. Smart Growth and Economic Success: Benefits for RealEstate Developers, Investors, Businesses, and Local Governments. 2012. http://www.epa.gov/dced/pdf/economic_success.pdf
  3. 3. Walkable Streets Are The Way of The FutureWalkability also creates: – Strong community connections – Increased social capital as people connect and share knowledge/information – Reduced healthcare costs – Reduced childhood obesity ratesHerbert Y., Dale A. Community Vitality and the Built Environment. 2012. http://mc3.royalroads.ca/sites/default/files/webfiles/files/OtherCRC/Vitality%20-%20Built%20Environment.pdfActive Living Research. Designing for Active Recreation. 2005. http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/recreationrevised021105_0.pdfToronto Public Health. Road to Health: Improving Walking and Cycling in Toronto. 2012. http://www.toronto.ca/health/hphe/pdf/roadtohealth.pdfNational Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health. Active Transportation in Urban Areas: Exploring Health Benefits and Risks. 2010.http://www.ncceh.ca/sites/default/files/Active_Transportation_in_Urban_Areas_June_2010.pdfCenter for Disease Control and Prevention. Childhood Obsity Facts. 2013. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/obesity/facts.htm
  4. 4. Existing Routes Present OpportunityEvery city has walkable routes thatalready exist.Areas where vehicle traffic severs theseroutes represent an opportunity to improvewalkability without major investment.For our city, one such potentially walkableroute is ___________.
  5. 5. Existing Routes Present OpportunityCurrently, this route is severed by vehicletraffic, preventing more people fromusing it.<insert picture of the crosswalk location(s)on your walkable route here>
  6. 6. Existing Routes Present OpportunityOur crossing qualifies as a marked,uncontrolled crossing.
  7. 7. Safety of Marked CrosswalksFHWA Research shows that:• Installing a marked crosswalk without additional crossing facilities does not result in vehicles stopping for pedestrians• The presence of marked, uncontrolled crosswalks on high-volume, multi-lane roadways results in higher pedestrian crash rates than unmarked locations FHWA HRT-04-100. Safety Effects of Marked Versus Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations. 2005. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/safety/04100/04100.pdf
  8. 8. Possibilities for Enhancing Marked CrosswalksThere are several possibilities forenhancing marked crossings:- Raised medians- Curb extensions- Overhead beacons- Traffic calming (raised crosswalks, narrow streets)- Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons
  9. 9. Possibilities for Enhancing Marked CrosswalksRectangular Rapid Flashing Beaconsrepresent an attractive choice because:- They are cost effective to purchase and install- Installation does not require lengthy traffic disruptions- They are proven and recommended by the FHWA for marked, uncontrolled crosswalk locations
  10. 10. Rectangular Rapid Flashing BeaconsRectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons (RRFBs) arepedestrian-activated, high-intensity warning lights thatnotify drivers when a pedestrian is entering the crosswalk.
  11. 11. Applications Standard Two-Way Roadway
  12. 12. Applications Advance Two-Way Roadway
  13. 13. Applications Standard One-Way Roadway
  14. 14. Applications Median Two-Way Roadway
  15. 15. Applications Two Pole Two-Way Roadway
  16. 16. Applications Overhead Two-Way Roadway
  17. 17. Applications Roundabout
  18. 18. RRFB ApplicationsRectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons areideal for: – Urban mid-block crosswalks – Multi-lane crosswalk locations – University campus crosswalks – School zone crosswalks – Greenways – Bicycle boulevards – Trail crossings
  19. 19. Rectangular Rapid Flashing BeaconsOregon Department of Transportation(ODOT) Crosswalk Treatment DecisionMatrix provides guidance on when toinstall Rectangular Rapid FlashingBeacons.
  20. 20. Rectangular Rapid Flashing BeaconsOregon Department of Transportation(ODOT) Crosswalk Decision Tree Matrix:
  21. 21. Rectangular Rapid Flashing BeaconsRRFBs are a recommended crosswalkimprovement in multiple federal and stateresearch reports including reports by:• The U.S. Department of Transport Federal Highways Administration (FHWA)• Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP)• National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)• Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT)
  22. 22. Rectangular Rapid Flashing BeaconsThe FHWA has issuedinterim approval of RRFBsfor use at marked,uncontrolled crosswalks tostates across the U.S.
  23. 23. Rectangular Rapid Flashing BeaconsRRFBs have also been included in:• Pedestrian master plans and design guidelines in major urban centers including • Portland, OR • Philadelphia, PA • Chicago, IL • Boston, MA • Washington, DC• Pedestrian projects in suburban municipalities throughout the country
  24. 24. Research on Rectangular Rapid Flashing BeaconsFHWA research showed that with the installation ofRRFBs at marked, uncontrolled crossings:• Driver yield rates jumped from 0% to 96% in some locations• Driver yield rates increased up to 73% over traditional beacon systems such as side-mounted and overhead beacons• The percentage of drivers yielding at a distance of over 100ft. more than doubled over baseline treatments• The effects on driver yield behavior persisted for the length of the two-year study• Passing and attempted passing on multi-lane roads was reduced U.S. Department of Transport Federal Highways Administration. Effects of Yellow Rectangular Rapid-Flashing Beacons on Yielding at Multi-Lane Uncontrolled Crosswalks. Publication No. FHWA-HRT-10-043. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/safety/pedbike/10046/index.cfm
  25. 25. Cost Benefits of RRFBs
  26. 26. RRFBs for Our CommunityWe propose the reconnection of thepotentially walkable route at <insert nameof walkable location mentioned in SLIDE 4here> with the installation of RectangularRapid Flashing Beacons at <insert yourcrosswalk location here>.
  27. 27. RRFB Case StudyRRFBs at school zone crosswalk in DesPlaines, IL• Parents and children requesting facilities to walk/bike to school• Officials identified marked, uncontrolled crossing that serviced four different schools• Installed RRFBs to improve accessibility• Quick installation done by city crews• City leadership demonstrated commitment to improving health and safety of citizensVideo case study:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2J1Q9oLqXrs
  28. 28. School zone crosswalk in Des Plaines, IL
  29. 29. RRFB Case StudyRRFBs in city plans for Columbus, OH• City of Columbus receives 60+ requests for crosswalk improvements each year• City focused on forward-thinking agenda of improving walkability• New process to determine where and what kind of crosswalk improvements can help city achieve goals• RRFBs play significant role in recommended improvementsFull PDF of case study:http://carmanah.com/files/ColumbusOH_CaseStudy_FINAL_0.pdf
  30. 30. Crosswalk Improvements toAchieve Walkability Goals
  31. 31. RRFB Case StudyRRFBs in Rails-to-Trails project• Four-mile long Topsfield Trail in Topsfield, MA was crossed by busy roadway• Need to protect crossing for those using trail• RRFBs chosen as solution for cost-effectiveness, proven performance, & aesthetics• Installed entirely by volunteer workforceFull PDF of case study:http://carmanah.com/files/Topsfield%20Linear%20Common%20Trail_Topsfield%20MA%20Case%20Study.pdf
  32. 32. Installed by Volunteers inTopsfield, MA
  33. 33. RRFB Case StudyRRFBs at mid-block, multi-lane location inKey Largo, FL• New “stop for pedestrians” law inspired enhanced crossing facilities• Mid-block crossings represented problematic locations – few drivers stopping for pedestrians• RRFBs installed to encourage proper driver behavior in accordance with new lawsLocal news coverage:http://largo.patch.com/articles/new-crosswalks-aimed-to-enhance-pedestrian-safety#youtube_video-11744942
  34. 34. Mid-block, multi-lane crosswalksin Key Largo, FL
  35. 35. RRFB Case StudyRRFBs at high-traffic, multi-lane locationin Bend, OR• Busy highway crossings required safety improvements• City saw increase from 23% driver yield rate to 83% compliance with installation of RRFBs• Cost effective installation and operation of technology influenced decision to purchaseLocal news coverage:http://www.ktvz.com/news/ODOT-Touts-Beacons-Safety-Improvements/-/413192/15311508/-/35ixb3/-/index.html
  36. 36. High traffic, multi-lane locations
  37. 37. RRFB Case StudyRRFBs at university campus location inAppleton, WI• Busy multi-lane crossing near university campus required improvements• RRFBs installed to improve visibility and safety of staff, students, and faculty• Improved pedestrian comfort at crossing and better driver yield ratesLocal news coverage:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZvcYN5BqHkY
  38. 38. University Campus Safety Improvements
  39. 39. Additional resources on Rectangular Rapid-Flashing Beacons can be found atwww.carmanah.com/traffic/crosswalks

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