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Chapter 2+3 Vocabulary[1][1]
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Chapter 2+3 Vocabulary[1][1]


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  • 1. Chapter 2+3 Vocabulary Created By: Carlton Glenn
  • 2. What You will Learn
    • Chapter 2+3 Vocabulary and Definitions.
    • You will also see examples.
  • 3. Ethics
    • Ethics- a system of moral principle. 
  • 4. Credibility
    • Credibility- the ability to inspire belief and trust
  • 5. Objectivity
    • Objectivity- the ability to make fair, neutral observations about people and events.
  • 6. Slander
    • Slander- a damaging false statement against another person or institution spoken or broadcast extemporaneously.
  • 7. Fair comment
    • Fair comment- a libel defense that protects a journalist’s expressed opinion of public figures or review of books, records, and the like.  
  • 8. Composite characters
    • Composite characters- fictional characters a news writer creates by using characteristics of several real people.
  • 9. Libel
    • Libel- written defamation damaging false statements against another person or institution that appear in writing or that are spoken (broadcast) from a written script.
  • 10. Right of reply
    • Right of reply- the opportunity for permitting a person criticized in a story to respond to that criticism in the same story. 
  • 11. Privileged statement
    • Privileged statement- statements made on the floor of congress, in the state legislature, or in a courtroom that, if published, are immune from libel suits.
  • 12. In loco parentis
    • In loco parentis- the legal idea that school authorities act in place of the parents and assume a parent’s rights, duties, and responsibilities.
  • 13. Prior restraint
    • Prior restraint- censorship, or restrain in advance of publication.
  • 14. Plagiarism
    • Plagiarism- the taking and using as one’s own the writings or inventions of another person.
  • 15. Forum theory
    • Forum theory- the idea that once a forum (or place where ideas are exchanged) is created, the ideas expressed there cannot later be controlled.
  • 16. News judgment
    • News judgment- the knowledge and instinct a reporter calls on to determine whether and event is news.
  • 17. Proximity
    • Proximity- an element of news that refers to the geographic nearness of a given event to your place of publication or your readers.
  • 18. Localization
    • Localization- the writing of a regional, national, or even international story to being out the local angle.
  • 19. Brainstorming
    • Brainstorming- a method of obtaining many ideas in a short time.
  • 20. Advance
    • Advance- a story about a coming event.
  • 21. Human-interest story
    • Human-interest story- a story that causes the reader to feel such emotions as sorrow, pity, or amazement.
  • 22. Prominence
    • Prominence- an element of news that refers to how well-known and individual is in the community, school, nation, or world.
  • 23. Random sample
    • Random sample- a sample of a population to be surveyed in which every member of the population has an equal possibility of being included in the survey sample. 
  • 24. Timeliness
    • Timeliness- news that has to do with how news or current news is. the timeliness of the basketball newspaper is very important.
  • 25. Consequence
    • Consequence- an element of news that refers to the importance of the event. The greater the greater the news value.
  • 26. Conflict
    • Conflict- an element of news that involves tension, surprise, and suspense.
  • 27. Filter question
    • Filter question- a question asked in a beginning of a survey to eliminate people who do not belong to the desired population.
  • 28. Review Questions
    • What Is Criticism?
    • What is Plagiarism?
    • What is a Random Sample?
    • What is a Forum Theory?
    • What is a Conflict?
  • 29. References
    • Google
    • Wikipedia
    • Yahoo