- In the last line, it should say holidays or holy days (two words).
I think the second line after 1522 AC is supposed to read “Indian people worked for the conquistadores” “Many battles between Indians and Spanish soldiers and Indian people”I don’t understand the second to last line… Did the Catholic religion replace the belief in Indian gods?
Instead of “geographic”, the title should probably read “geography & weather”I also noticed you do not have active links in this slide. I think people would really like to see pictures of these mountains, volcanoes, beaches, etc. If you can pictures & create links to them, that would be great. This will show the audience how beautiful your country is and all of its natural resources.
Dios, Unión, Libertad Country : El Salvador A Presentation By Carlos Salinas Topics: History Cities Population Culture, food , dance, Music, religions, Holy days. Daily tours: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ru1yXiGyahMEl Salvador Touris http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAyjtEkLNp0Ministerio de Turismottp://www.elsalvador.travel/index.php h
EL Salvador• The smallest country In Central America• 2 Hrs by airplane from Miami• 5 Hrs from California• It borders on the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras....
Population: 5.8 million Area 21041 km² Official Language : Spanish (8123.97 SqMlles) Indigenous Language :dialect of Nahuatl Capital: San Salvador
History Spain Centralmayas Pipiles Pipiles come to America Revolution Civil and Take tribes El free 1932 WarLencas Control Salvador fromtribes Spain
By 1200 ADThe Pipil are an indigenous people who live in western ElSalvador. Their language is a dialect of Nahuatl called Nahuator Pipil. Pipil oral tradition holds that they migrated out ofcentral Mexico. However, in general, their mythology is moreclosely related to the mythology of the Maya peoples who aretheir near neighbors 1522 AD• Spain takes control of Central America• Indian people worked for the conquistadores• Indian people lost their culture and they mixed with Spainish culture.• 3 kinds of races : Spaniards (criollos people whose were born in Central America but from Spaniards parents), Indian and Mestizo (from Spaniards and Indian).• Many battles between Spaniards soldiers and Indians people.• Catholic religion replaced the belief in Indian gods.• Principal economic source: Anil Plantation
• Coin: Dollar ( before 2001 : Colon• (1 Dollar=8.75 Colon)
1800’s El Salvador Independent • 1821 Central America becomes independent from Spain • 1840 -El Salvador becomes an Independent republic . • El Salvador creates a Constitution. • 1860-El Salvador became a Republic • Coffee plantation became the principal economic source of development • All power and most of the wealth was in the hands ofManuel José de Arce y Fagoaga, 1 president ofla República Federal de Centroamérica. 14 families who were part of the outer wing of the European elite. They took Control of coffee plantations. • Presidents were most often military personnel or caudillo. Coffee Plant
1932 Revolution•1932 Indian and poor people, tired from oppressionand abuse from government and Salvadorian Army,revolted.•The Army took the control and 30,000 people died•Afterwards, Most Indian people didn’t speak theIndian language ( nahuaht) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8wBNpP2s_U
1980 -1900• 1931 to 1979 El Salvador was ruled by a series of military dictatorships.• A Civil War began , university students, educators, and workers confronted the Army and government ( they Call to these people “Guerillas”).• In 10 ys 75 k people died and 9 k disappears .• 1992 the Civil War ended in El Salvador.• The “Guerillas” formed the FMLN Party and they became an official party in the Democratic Republic of El Salvador.• 2009 A member of FMLN party becomes president of the Democratic Republic of El Salvador.• THEN…… PEACE AND LOVEWar http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6VoKZWDHXE
Rosemarié Mixco Nahuatl words PopulationKalli - house, casa 5.8 millionsTlazocamatli - thank you, gracias •Ninety percent of todaysTonatiuh - sun, sol Salvadorans are mestizos (peopleMeztli - moon, luna 90% of mixed native and EuropeanTlatoa - speak, hablar 9% descent). 1%Nehuatl - I, yo •Nine percent of unmixedTehuatl - you, tu European ancestry. • 1% is of pure indigenous ancestry. mestizos European Indian
Dios, Unión, Libertad Weather And Geographic2 SeasonsSummer (November - April) dry seasonWinter (may - October) Tropical, rainy seasonTropical WeatherTemperature: 24 C = 75.2 F (23 C min to 32C max) (73-89 F)Humidly and hot Mountains : Santa Ana, Cerro Verde, pital, Monte Cristo volcanoes: Ilamatepec ( Santa Ana), Chinchontepec( San Vicente) Quezaltepec ( San Salvador), Chaparrastique ( San MigueL, Izalco ( Sonsonate) Rivers: Rio lempa, Paz beaches : Acajutla, Salinitas, la libertad , La costa de Sol. lakes: Suchitoto, coatepeque, Ilopango Lakes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZmSuQSyTlU Beaches http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1HLxMJCQsYY0 Rafting(river ) all year
Holly daysDay Name CelebrationJanuary 1 New YearMarch-April Holly week ( catholic )May 1 Work International DayMay 10 Mothers dayJune 17 Fathers dayAugust 6 El Salvador del Mundo daySeptember 15 Independence dayNovember 2 Dead dayDecember 25 Christmas
Independence Day September 15 Independence day is one of the most important days for Salvadorians. In 1821 the declaration of independence was signed by important government people such as Manuel Jose Arce, Jose Simeon Canas and Jose Matias Delgado. They are the ones who gave the first shout of independence on November 5 of 1811 in San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador. In 1823 Delgado was elected president of the constituent assembly. Because that is so important, every September 15 there is a big celebration that takes places all around El Salvador. Some activities that take place during the celebration are organized by public and private schools and government institutes. At the end of the day, fireworks light up the skies in El Salvador. El Salvador 15 September paradehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uWYO1IH-KA4
March-April Holly week ( catholic ) 74% of Population : catholic Rest of Population: Protestant , Angelical, No religion •This holly week is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm. •Some people spend their vacation at the beach. •People attend church every day. alfombras de Semana Santa (Holy Week carpets) : They are made from colorful sawdust, flowers, fruits, and anything the imagination allows.Holly week http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yokgbu-UyBY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GW1p9i1Z7RIAlfombra http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6JJ3V1eGWw0
Traditional Music And dance Dance and music represent the daily people live in EL Salvador and the past time. El carbonero : Represent how men go every day to pick up charcoal from the ancient volcano eruptions and how they go sell it at the market http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uwZfH_kVp-E Las Cortadoras :Represent female workers at coffee plantations and how they enjoy this life , pick up coffee beans. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_M44LBBfzdwPD :But there ( in El Salvador) are clubs, bars and restaurants where people usually go to dance on weekends . They like ,salsa, merenge , regeton , pocmusic , etc, etc.
Traditional music Instruments marimba is a wooden percussion instrument with a keyboard whose bars are made of wood and with resonators. It is played by striking the wooden bars using mallets. Pito whistle , Flauta , Flute The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind group. Unlike woodwind instruments with eeds, a flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening.Marimba http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7UtybfVxtYk
TamborDrumThe drum is a member of the percussion groupof music instruments, technically classified as amembranophone.. Music band from past time ( 1920-1930)
Traditional food Pupusas Pupusas are similar to tortillas , Or to arepas.•(made using masa de maíz, a maize flour dough used in Latin American cuisine)•Queso(usually a soft Salvadoran cheese called Quesillo),•chicharrón or bacon.•squash (ayote),•refried beans (frijoles refritos),•Cheese with loroco (loroco is a vine flower bud from Central America). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HCJCRB_maU
TRADITIONAL FOODA tamale Tamales can be filled with meats,cheese (post-colonial), asliced chillis or any preparation according to taste.Tamales are generally wrapped in corn husks or plantain (post-colonial) leaves beforecooking, depending on the region from which they come.
TRADITIONAL FOODChicha is a term used in some regions of Latin America for several varieties of fermentedbeverages, particularly those derived from maize, but which also describes similar non-alcoholic beverages. Chicha may also be made from manioc root (also called yuca or cassava),or fruits, and other ingredients.It is traditionally prepared from a specific kind of yellow maize (jora) and is usually referred toas chicha de jora. It has a pale straw color, a slightly milky appearance, and a slightly souraftertaste, reminiscent of hard apple cider. It is drunk either young and sweet or mature andstrong. It contains a slight amount of alcohol, 1-3%.
Traditional foodHorchata –traditional drink made with: rice, cinnamon, sesame, allspice, and a nativeseed called Morro seeds is delicios
Salvadoran myths"Siguanaba is just a legend from El Salvador, toldby grandparents mostly, to kids. Its about awoman who appears to men who are unfaithfulto their girlfriends.According to people from El Salvador this legendis 100% true. and this woman Becomes like adeformed devil with big teeth and scares men somuch that they twist out the shape of theirfaces."
Salvadoran mythsCipitio: is a legendary character of Salvadoran (El SalvadorCentral America) folklore. He is generally portrayed as a 10year old boy with a big hat and a large belly. His name is takenfrom the Nawat word for child: "Cipit" or "Cipote". Some alsorelate his name to the deity Xipe TotecCipitio is represented as liking to eat ashes, throwing pebblesto beautiful ladies, and likes to eat a variety of bananaBanana called "Guineo Majoncho". He could also "TeleportTeleport anywhere he wants.
Salvadoran LiteratureAlberto Masferrer (1868 - 1932) poets and writers is .He also occupied public office and was consul to Belgiumfor a period of time.Some of his works are: Ensayo sobre el Destino (Essay on Destiny),Las 7 Cuérdas de la Lira (The 7 strings of the Lira)Dinero Maldito (Cursed Money).Salvador Salazar Arrué (Salarrué - 1899 - 1975).1926 Salarrué travelled to the United States to study art.His first book entitled Cristo Negro (Black Christ) was published in 1926.Cuentos de Cipotes published in 1945Cuentos de Barro published in 1939.Cuentos de Cipotes is a compilation of children storiescomposed by him which display the rich humanperspectives of life as well as his childish visions.
Salvadoran LiteratureRoque Dalton (1935-1975)poet, essayist, intellectual and revolutionary.Author of eighteen volumes of poetry and prose, one ofwhich (Taverna y otros poemas) received a Casa de lasAméricas prize in 1967, his work combines fiercesatirical irony with a humane and exuberanttenderness.Like you (Como tu) that poetry is, like bread, for everyone.I, like you, And that my veins don’t end in melove love, life, the sweet delight but in the unanimous bloodof things, the blue of those who struggle for life,landscape of January days. love, things,Also my blood bubbles over countryside and bread,laughing through my eyes poetry for everyone.which have known the rush of tears.I believe the world is beautiful, -Roque Dalton