FREE TIME
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Es una presentación que habla sobre las actividades que la gente suele realizar en su tiempo libre, haciendo uso de verbos y adjetivos en Inglés....

Es una presentación que habla sobre las actividades que la gente suele realizar en su tiempo libre, haciendo uso de verbos y adjetivos en Inglés....

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FREE TIME Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Free-time activities INFINITIVE AND GERUND COMPLETERS © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007
  • 2. Verbs that express preference
    • We use VERB+ING after verbs that express general preference, such as:
      • love, like, enjoy, dislike, hate and prefer
    • We also use –ING after certain verbs:
      • consider, avoid, deny, look forward to, confess to, fancy, involve, mention, risk, spend, mind, regret, admit, suggest, imagine, etc.
    • ING can be pronounced /i  / OR /in/
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007
  • 3. Some verbs take verbal completers that behave like nouns. These verbal completers may be infinitives or gerunds. (A gerund is the -ing form of a verb when it's used as a noun. When the same form is used as a modifier, it's called a participle.)
    • She encourages him to eat at her house.
    • Encourage is a verb that takes an infinitive completer.
    • He appreciates knowing that he was welcome there.
    • Appreciate is a verb that takes a gerund completer.
    • The family love to see him. OR The family love seeing him.
    • Love takes either an infinive or a gerund .
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007
  • 4. There's no simple way of knowing whether a verb takes an infinitive or gerund completer. Sometimes verbs with similar meanings take different completers:
    • I like to swim, but he hates to swim. OR I like swimming, but he hates swimming.
    • Like and hate take either form.
    • I enjoy swimming, but he dislikes swimming.
    • Enjoy and dislike take gerunds only. Although they are smilar to like and hate , they cannot take infinitives.
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007
  • 5. © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 Leisure activities Make sentences
  • 6. © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 Leisure activities Make senteces
  • 7. Adding -ING to a verb
    • We generally add ING to a verb to form the present participle
      • Example: I like do ing exercise
    • If the verb ends in consonant + e , we drop the e and add ING
      • Example: I'm hav ing a good time
    • If the verb ends in consonant + vowel + consonant and a stressed syllable , we double the final consonant
      • Example: I'm begin ning to understand this.
    • In one syllable verbs ending in vowel + consonant , we double the consonant
      • Example: I hate stop ping at traffic lights
    • Exceptions: verbs ending in -ie
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007
  • 8. Adding ing to typical verbs
    • jumping
    • crying
    • enjoying
    • looking
    • reading
    • saying
    • talking
    • walking
    • working
    • sleeping
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 jump cry enjoy look read say talk walk work sleep
  • 9. Adding ing to typical verbs
    • hoping
    • writing
    • dancing
    • making
    • liking
    • smiling
    • coming
    • riding
    • loving
    • wasting
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 hope write dance make like smile come ride love waste
  • 10. Adding ing to typical verbs
    • hopping
    • running
    • chatting
    • sitting
    • shopping
    • dropping
    • robbing
    • dragging
    • slipping
    • grinning
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 hop run chat sit shop drop rob drag slip grin
  • 11. Adding ing to typical verbs
    • teching
    • turning
    • sharing
    • snapping
    • amazing
    • snoring
    • betting
    • spending
    • raising
    • clapping
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 teach turn share snap amaze snore bet spend raise clap
  • 12. Making sentences
    • I like gardening.
    • She hates kitesurfing.
    • We love cooking.
    • He dislikes doing homework.
    • You love ironing.
    • They enjoy going out.
    © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 Gardening Kitesurf Cooking Doing homework Ironing Going out