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Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
Modern Irish Presentation
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Modern Irish Presentation

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A presentation on the history of Ireland focusing on the Easter Rising, IRA, etc.

A presentation on the history of Ireland focusing on the Easter Rising, IRA, etc.

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  • POLITICS 121
  • http://casahistoria.net/ireland2.htm
  • http://www.howarddavidjohnson.com/celticmythology.htm
  • http://www.rimbaud.org.uk/links5p.html
  • http://www.wageslave.org/jcs/images/james_connolly13.htmlhttp://www.irlandeses.org/Kiernan.htm
  • http://www.whataboutclients.com/archives/2009/04/easter_rising_1_1.html
  • http://www.iol.ie/~dluby/proclaim.htm
  • "We succeeded in proving that Irishmen are ready to die endeavouring to win for Ireland those national rights....As long as that remains the case, the cause of Irish freedom is safe.” -James Connolly’s final statement before he was executed, May 9, 1916
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Easter Rising
      April 24, 1916
      Meghan Delaney
    • 2. Roots of the Rising
      Ireland has a history of unrest
      All failed rebellions
      1798
      1803
      1848
      1867
      Uprising of 1916 was partly a continuation of these struggles
    • 3. Roots of the Rising
      Futile push for Home Rule
      Home Rule Act of 1914
    • 4. Roots of the Rising
      Influence of the Gaelic Revival
      Irish society/culture was at is peak before the English arrived
      To return to that state, Ireland needs to be independent
    • 5. Roots of the Rising
      Influence of Gaelic Revival
      Admiration of ancient heroes
      • Finn
      • 6. Cuchulainn
      • 7. “I care not though I were to live but one day and one night, if only my fame and my deeds live after me”
    • Leaders
      PadraicPearse
      Main conspirator
      Symbol of the Easter Rising
      Preferred a “short life with honor [to a] long life with dishonor.”
    • 8. Leaders
      James Connolly
      Formed the Irish Citizen Army
    • 9. The Uprising Itself
      April 24, 1916 – Easter Monday
      Pearse and supporters took over the General Post Office
      Declared themselves a
      provisional government
      Read the Proclamation
      of the Irish Republic
    • 10. The Uprising Itself
      The Proclamation of the Irish Republic
      “We declare the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland, and to the unfettered control of Irish destinies, to be sovereign and indefeasible. The long usurpation of that right by a foreign people and government has not extinguished the right, nor can it ever be extinguished except by the destruction of the Irish people.”
    • 11. The Uprising Itself
      Lasted only six days
      Rebels were outnumbered
      Civilians were not fully committed to rebellion
      Wrongly predicted British reaction
    • 12. The Uprising Itself
      Not considered a failure by all
      “We succeeded in proving that Irishmen are ready to die endeavoring to win for Ireland those national rights....As long as that remains the case, the cause of Irish freedom is safe.”
      - James Connolly
    • 13. Irish Response
      After the uprising, 15 of the leaders were executed
      Gained the rebels sympathy and support from the people
    • 14. Irish Response
      Reflected in W.B Yeat’s poem “Easter, 1916”
      • “I write it out in a verse -MacDonagh and MacBrideAnd Connolly and PearseNow and in time to be,Wherever green is worn,Are changed, changed utterly:A terrible beauty is born. “
    • Irish Response
      Citizens now approved of the use of violence
      Paved the way for the Irish Republican Army
    • 15. Works Cited
      Edwards, O. Dudley, and Fergus Pyle, eds. 1916: The Easter Rising. London: MacGibbon and Kee Ltd., 1968.
      "Irish Proclamation of Independence." IOL. Web. 22 Oct. 2009. <http://www.iol.ie/~dluby/proclaim.htm>.
      Konnikova, Maria "Emerald Trials." Harvard International Review 24.2 (2002): 36. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 22 Oct. 2009.
      Litton, Helen. Irish Rebellions: 1798-1916, An Illustrated History. Dublin: Wolfhound Ltd., 1998.
    • 16. Anglo-Irish War (1919-1921)
      Jonathan Dunn
    • 17. The Sinn Féin
      Political party - Republic
      Won majority in 1918
      Refused to attend Westminster
      Set up the DáilÉireann (Irish Assembly)
      Eamon de Valera was President
      Believed to be responsible for the Easter Rising.
      They created a constitution
    • 18. Irish Republican Army (IRA)
      Groups of young volunteers
      Closely associated with the Sinn Féin
      Michael Collins high positions in each.
      Used guerrilla tactics
    • 19. IRA Tactics
      Guerilla warfare
      Main target was the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC).
      Gain weapons
      Disrupt the RIC’s operations.
    • 20. British Tactics
      Britain regarded IRA actions as terrorism
      The RIC mainly responsible for suppressing IRA.
      Black and Tans later brought in to stop IRA.
    • 21. Michael Collins (1890-1922)
      Born in County Cork, fought in Easter Rising.
      One of 73 Sinn Féin elected in 1918. Served minister of finance.
      Director of intelligence for IRA.
      Planned & organized IRA attacks against British.
      He used informants and spies within RIC to get information on important people.
      Shot to death during Irish Civil War in Cork.
    • 22. Bloody Sunday
      Collins planned assassination of 19 RIC intelligence officers on November 21st, 1920.
      British quickly responded by sending police into a football match and firing on the spectators. 12 civilians were killed.
    • 23. The Black and Tans
      British police force failing in suppressing IRA.
      Men aggressively recruited in England, mostly ex-military, specifically to end IRA violence.
      Eventually there were around 10,000 in Black and Tans.
      Known for viciousness and lack of discipline.
    • 24. Sources
      The Anglo-Irish War. (2009). Retrieved October 22, 2009, from BBC - History: <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/easterrising/aftermath/af04.shtml>.
      Michael Collins. (2009). Retrieved October 22, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/125817/Michael-Collins>.
    • 25. Artistic Interpretation
      Carla Schmidt
    • 26. The Wind that Shakes the Barley
      Released 2006
      Written by Paul Laverty
      Directed by Ken Loach
      “A sympathetic look at
      Republicans in early
      20th century Ireland”
      - IMDB description
    • 27. The Wind that Shakes the Barley
      Damien O’Donovan
      Teddy O’Donovan
    • 28. The Wind that Shakes the Barley
      Irish presented positively
      Hospitality
    • 29. The Wind that Shakes the Barley
      Intelligent
      Compassionate
      Unwilling to kill
    • 30. The Wind that Shakes the Barley
      English presented very negative
      Loud
      Barbaric
      Destructive
    • 31. The Wind that Shakes the Barley
    • 32. The Wind that Shakes the Barley
      “Every time a colony wants independence, the questions on the agenda are: a) how do you get the imperialists out, and b) what kind of society do you build? There are usually the bourgeois nationalists who say, 'Let's just change the flag and keep everything as it was.' Then there are the revolutionaries who say, 'Let's change the property laws.' It's always a critical moment.”
      – Ken Loach, Director
      Most critical responses were positive
    • 33. Michael Collins
      Released 1996
      Written & directed by Neil Jordan
    • 34. Michael Collins
      Urban Guerilla
      Gentlemen, organized
      Similarities
      Dividing brothers
      Differences
      Empathy on both sides
    • 35. Michael Collins
      Michael Collins
      Eamon de Valera
      Incredibly popular film
    • 36. Works Cited
      Massey, Beth. "PSLweb: The Wind that Shakes the Barley' examines Ireland's national and class struggle ." PSLweb. 13 Apr 2007. Party for Socialism and Liberation, Web. 22 Oct 2009. <http://www.pslweb.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=6647& news_iv_ctrl=1861>.
      Merivirta-Chakrabarti, Raita. “Between Irish National Cinema and Hollywood: Neil Jordan’s Michael Collins”. CAIN Web Service. 2007. Access Research Knowledge, Web. 22 Oct 2009. <http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/estudiosirlandeses/merivirta07.pdf>.
      Michael Collins. Dir. Neil Jordan. Perfs. Liam Neeson, Aidan Quinn, Stephen Rea, Alan Rickman. Geffen Pictures, 1996.
      The Wind that Shakes the Barley. Dir. Ken Loach. Writ. Paul Laverty. Perfs. Cillian Murphy, Padraic Delaney. Matador Pictures, 2006.

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