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18 Century British Literature Fashion Presentation

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  • 1. 18th Century Fashionand Literature
    Carla Schmidt
  • 2. 1770-1790’s
    Time of transition
    Informality
    Men: full formal dress goes out
    Women: rigid styles give way to more natural
  • 3. 1770’s Men
    Full formal dress found only
    in court
    Coat cut back
    buttons no longer necessary, a
    luxury item
    Winter – bright or dark colors,
    silk or velvet
    Summer – pastels, lighter silk
    p.208-212
  • 4. 1770’s Men
    Silhouette: tall /slim, short waistcoat, tighter breeches, narrow sleeves
    (immovable arms)
    Improvement of tailoring and
    men’s physique
    Natural hair becomes more
    popular
    p.208-212
  • 5. 1770’s Men
    Young Men – “macaronis”
    and “élégant”
    Stripes to accent figure,
    tight coat, inside pocket
    instead of outside, flapped
    pocket, nosegay in the
    button-hole, vast shoe
    buckles, high powdered wigs
    Caricature
    p.208-212
  • 6. 1770’s Women
    “The variety of fashionable dress in the 1770s and 1780s was immense”
    Sack dresses popular until the end of the decade
    Hoopwent out of fashion except at court – hip pads replaced it
    Informality – jacket and skirt
    Strong colors
    p.219-226
  • 7. 1770’s Women
    Hairstyles increase in height and complexity
    curls piled high on the head, feathers, jewels
    p.219-226
  • 8. 1780’s Men
    Trend: “It was Dr. Johnson in his ‘rusty brown’ suit, rather than Oliver Goldsmith in his ‘bloom-coloured coat’, that fitted the mood of the last quarter of the century”
    P 212-216
  • 9. 1780’s Men
    Early 1780’s – most English wore “short white waistcoat, black breeches, white silk stockings, and a frock, generally of a very dark blue cloth which looks like black”
    Goethe: The Sorrows of Young Werther – change in trends
    P 212-216
  • 10. 1780’s Men
    Frock coat came in – French gave it different styles
    Continent adopting English recreation (riding) and the clothes that went with them
    Shoe buckles at court used gems but outside still English style – cut steel
    p.212-216
  • 11. 1780’s Men
    Round hat replacing three-cornered – more practical for country life
    Plain overcoats that look almost like Greek/Roman drapery
    p.212-216
  • 12. 1780’s Women
    Sack dress changes: “There was a complete division at the waist and the skirt was set with tiny pleats into the bodice.”
    p.222-228
  • 13. 1780’s Women
    1783 Marie Antoinette
    painted wearing a
    simple white muslin
    (like a shift or chemise)
    Controversial painting
    but the dress style
    became fashionable.
    p.222-228
  • 14. French Revolution
    French Revolution (Estates General 1789)
    Sans culottes – without knee-breeches
    Nobles seeking to look like the rest of the population
    Cotton favored over silk, velvet, lace, etc
    Tricolor cockade – new symbol of the nation, lives at stake
    Dull colors – cost effective and mood appropriate
  • 15. Works Cited
    Ribeiro, Aileen. Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe: 1715-1789. Revised. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
    Democracy and Global Diversity Notes. Loras College, 2007.