MotivationHow do you show an invisible reality(abstract concept) like love, respect andforgiveness to the person you love?
Group Activity:• Each group should think of 5 abstract concept or spiritual realities and present it to the class thru actions, objects, or words.• Allow other groups to identify or guess the abstract concept.
A. Meaning of Sacrament• The English word sacrament comes from the Latin word sacramentum.• A sacrament is an outward efficacious sign instituted by Christ to give grace.• Jesus Christ himself is the sacrament; his humanity is the outward sign or the instrument of his Divinity. It is through his humanity that the life of the Trinity comes to us as grace through the sacraments.
B. Sacramental Principle• Sacramental principle is an assertion that God uses visible realities to represent invisible realities.• It means that God uses material realities to make present a spiritual reality.
C. Origin of Sacraments• Jesus in his humanity is the origin of sacraments since he is sacrament of God’s saving love for all.• The Church is the sacrament of the risen Jesus.• The seven ritual sacraments are the sacraments of the Church, that is, they visibly manifest and effectively enact the Church’s mystery and mission of making Christ present.
D. Jesus Christ as the Primordial Sacrament • Jesus is the Primordial Sacrament because he is not just the originator of the seven sacraments but also their primary agent (Christ himself baptizes, confirms, etc.) their fullest expression or goal. • Jesus is the Primordial Sacrament because he is the Source, primary agent and the Goal of all sacramental activity.
Jesus Christ, the Primordial SacramentAs Source, Jesus is the one in whom all the sacraments are rooted and from whom they derived their efficacy.As Primary Agent, Christ is the one who, through the actions and words of the minister celebrating the various sacraments, baptizes, confirms, forgives and reconciles, heals, offers himself in sacrifice, binds in faithful love and consecrates for service.As a Goal of all sacraments, Jesus Christ is the perfection toward which our life on earth tends.
E. The Church as the Fundamental SacramentThe Church is the Fundamental Sacrament because it makes the risen Christ present by being his body and by celebrating his saving acts in the seven ritual sacraments.
F. The Seven Ritual Sacraments The seven ritual sacraments are savingsymbolic acts or visible signs , arising fromthe ministry of Christ, and continued in, byand for the Church, which, when receivedin faith, fashion us into likeness to Christ inhis Paschal Mystery, through the power ofthe Holy Spirit.
The seven ritual sacraments are:• Baptism,• Confirmation,• Holy Eucharist,• Penance,• Anointing of the Sick,• Holy Orders,• Matrimony.
G. Nature of the Ritual Sacraments• Each sacrament consists of a visible external rite, which is composed of matter and form, the matter being the action, such as the pouring of water, and the form being the words spoken by the minister.• Each sacramental rite confers a special ecclesial effect and sacramental grace appropriate for each sacrament.• The sacraments occur at pivotal events and give meaning to a persons life.
• The sacraments act ex opere operato, by the very fact of the action being performed, independent of the minister.• The effect on the person receiving the sacrament is called ex opere operantis, and depends on the interior disposition of the receiver.
Sacraments effects in us a gradual transformation into Christ’s way, only if celebrated in Faith.
The Sacraments of Initiation a. Baptism b. Confirmation c. Eucharist
The Sacrament of Baptisma. Baptism – is the sacrament of faith which brings us new life in Christ and forgiveness of sins through water and spirit; incorporating us into the Church; and into sharing in the Trinitarian divine life as adopted children of the father, in a progressive way that looks ever to the future.
The Sacrament of Confirmationb. Confirmation – is the sacrament in which, through the power of the Holy Spirit, a baptized person is drawn into closer union with the Church and endowed with strength to actively spread the Gospel.
The Sacrament of the Eucharistc. Eucharist – is the centerpiece of the seven ritual sacraments and “the source and summit of the whole Christian life”.
The Sacraments of Healing a. Reconciliation b. Anointing the Sick
The Sacrament of Reconciliation or Penancea. Reconciliation/Penance – is the sacrament through which we: obtain pardon from God for sins committed after baptism and for which we are truly repentant, and are reconciled with the Christian community, the Church.
The Sacrament of Anointing the Sickb. Anointing the Sick – is the sacrament which, through the laying on of hands, the prayer of faith, and the anointing with blessed oil, provides the sick with Christ’s healing grace of the Holy Spirit.
The Sacraments of Vocation a. Holy Orders b. Matrimony
The Sacraments of Vocationa. Matrimony – is the sacrament in which the love of man and woman is made holy and becomes the mirror of God’s everlasting love.
The Sacraments of Vocationb. Holy Orders – is the sacrament of apostolic ministry through which the mission entrusted by Christ to His Apostles continues to be exercised in the Church till the end of time.
Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, are given once, as they render a permanent seal or character upon ones soul (2 Corinthians 1:21-22, Ephesians 4:30, Revelations 7:3).
Relevance of Sacraments to a Christian’s Life• All the ritual sacraments give special grace.• They draw us into a closer relationship to the Church and to God.• They gradually transform us into Christ’s way of thinking, acting, praying, loving, forgiving and serving.• Sacraments sanctify us, build up the Body of Christ, and give worship to God.