that delineate the
outcomes of schooling. the scope of
the educational program of a school
can be summed up in the goal
statements of the school.
Goals are the basic elements
The Association for Supervision and Curriculum
Development (ASCD) working group in research
and theory identified a ''cluster of goals'' the reflect
the holistic nature of individuals.
these are the following:
•Self-concept and self esteem
•Interest in and capability for continuous learning
•Responsible membership in society
•Mental and physical health
•Informed participation in the economic world or
production and consumption
•Use of accumulated knowledge to the
understand the world
•Coping with change
A school may state its goals under the
•As a Catholic school
•As a Jesuit school
•As a Filipino school
•As an elementary school
Sources of School Goals
Goals provide a philosophically-based
structures that unifies and relates all aspects of
school learning from the development of an
overall curriculum blueprint to the lesson plans
used in the classroom.
Tyler suggest three sources of data or inputs that have a
major claim to consideration as curriculum planners and
developers make choices on what to include among their
•The Learner. The purposes, interests, developmental
needs and characteristics of the learner should guide our
choice of appropriate goals.
•Society. The values and behaviors defined as desirable
by a given society help shape the goals of education in
that society .
•Fund of knowledge. Human Knowledge that has been
accumulated and organized for universal
application now and in the future. this also include
updated and newly generated knowledge
Data on the learner
The learner himself is a prime source of
inputs for setting goals. After all, the learner is the
prime subject of the schooling process.
Data on Contemporary Society.
Contemporary society is becoming more
and more complex. The school needs to be
attuned to contemporary development in society
in order to be able to gear its effort to the critical
aspect of living in contemporary society.
Fund of knowledge
Which should be included in the
curriculum? Obviously, we cannot
include everything. There must be
selection to include only that which is
relevant to and necessary at the level of
maturity of the learner.
Screening of goals
•Philosophical Screen- Philosophy tries to define
the nature of the ''good life'' or the ''good society'‘
•psychological screen-assuming that a goal is
acceptable, the question has to be answered.
Levels of School Goals
Hierarchy of School Purpose
This is the most specific of the terms denoting
purpose. An objective is a specific target or
accomplishment that can be verified at a
designated time and under specifiable conditions
which, if attained, advances the school toward the
achievement of a corresponding goal.
Three Domains of Objectives
•Cognitive Domain- domain of thought process.
•Affective Domain- domain of valuing, attitude and
•5. Characterization by a value or value complex
•Psychomotor Domain- domain of the use of
•3. Guided response