School goals
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  • 1. School goals
  • 2. School goals School goals are general statements that delineate the outcomes of schooling. the scope of the educational program of a school can be summed up in the goal statements of the school. Goals are the basic elements or building blocks of educational planning.
  • 3. The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) working group in research and theory identified a ''cluster of goals'' the reflect the holistic nature of individuals. these are the following: •Self-concept and self esteem •Understanding others •Basic skills •Interest in and capability for continuous learning
  • 4. •Responsible membership in society •Mental and physical health •Creativity •Informed participation in the economic world or production and consumption •Use of accumulated knowledge to the understand the world •Coping with change
  • 5. A school may state its goals under the following headings: •As a Catholic school •As a Jesuit school •As a Filipino school •As an elementary school
  • 6. Sources of School Goals Goals provide a philosophically-based structures that unifies and relates all aspects of school learning from the development of an overall curriculum blueprint to the lesson plans used in the classroom.
  • 7. Tyler suggest three sources of data or inputs that have a major claim to consideration as curriculum planners and developers make choices on what to include among their goals namely: •The Learner. The purposes, interests, developmental needs and characteristics of the learner should guide our choice of appropriate goals. •Society. The values and behaviors defined as desirable by a given society help shape the goals of education in that society . •Fund of knowledge. Human Knowledge that has been accumulated and organized for universal use and application now and in the future. this also include updated and newly generated knowledge
  • 8. Data on the learner The learner himself is a prime source of inputs for setting goals. After all, the learner is the prime subject of the schooling process. Data on Contemporary Society. Contemporary society is becoming more and more complex. The school needs to be attuned to contemporary development in society in order to be able to gear its effort to the critical aspect of living in contemporary society.
  • 9. Fund of knowledge Which should be included in the curriculum? Obviously, we cannot include everything. There must be selection to include only that which is relevant to and necessary at the level of maturity of the learner.
  • 10. Screening of goals •Philosophical Screen- Philosophy tries to define the nature of the ''good life'' or the ''good society'‘ •psychological screen-assuming that a goal is acceptable, the question has to be answered.
  • 11. Levels of School Goals LEVEL DOCUMENT INSTITUTIONAL VISION-MISSION STATEMENT DEPARTMENTAL GOALS INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES Hierarchy of School Purpose
  • 12. Educational Objectives •Objectives. This is the most specific of the terms denoting purpose. An objective is a specific target or accomplishment that can be verified at a designated time and under specifiable conditions which, if attained, advances the school toward the achievement of a corresponding goal.
  • 13. Three Domains of Objectives •Cognitive Domain- domain of thought process. •1. Knowledge •2. Comprehension •3. Application •4. Analysis •5. Synthesis •6. Evaluation
  • 14. •Affective Domain- domain of valuing, attitude and •appreciation •1. Receiving •2. Responding •3. Valuing •4. Organization •5. Characterization by a value or value complex •Psychomotor Domain- domain of the use of psychomotor attributes. •1. Perception •2. Set •3. Guided response •4. Mechanism
  • 15. Thank you! Prepared by: Ms. SharifaAina J. Baanan PEC I-B Grp.I