Objectives of this session
• What is Architecture?
• What is the Practice of Architecture?
• Why do you need an Architect?
• Architectures Role?
• What is Enterprise Architecture?
• What is an Architecture Framework?
• What is a Roadmap?
• Where does Lean StartUp & DAD fit?
What is Architecture?
“Architecture (Latin architectura,
from the Greek ἀρχιτέκτων –
arkhitekton, from ἀρχι- "chief" and
τέκτων "builder, carpenter, mason")
is both the process and product of
planning, designing, and
construction”, that reflects
functional, non-functional, technical,
social, environmental, and other
Architecture must understand the big picture
in order to be successful!
What is a practice?
• Only way to get better
• Do not think about practicing
– Practice (do it)!
• Set priorities
– How good do you want to be?
• Once you know
– Is it a reasonable goal?
• Set the right expectations
• Develop a practice routine
Why do I need an Architect?
• How many times have you heard of
been asked this question?
• How would you answer it?
• Example expectation?
– i.e. getting home, marathon
• Architect, is a building or IT definition
– But, trainers or councillors have
the same role
• Help the client rebuild their IT
organization to support continued
development and expansion of core
• Application environment contains 2
million lines of java code
• Grown organically over the past 7
• Contains a variety of different
technology frameworks and
architectures glued together
How would you respond?
• Missing role
– “An Architect”!!!
• Typical response?
– We have never had one
before, why do we need
• Or, we have one but,
– More tactically focused
– Not aligned with the
• Ultimate ownership of the
vision, definition, leadership
and responsibility for the
successful and efficient
delivery of the system.
• Must be involved throughout
the entire software
development life cycle, not
just at design and definition
Not a bucket brigade!
Where the architect stands at their place in
line, takes the requirement, does the architecture
definition, hands it off to the development
team, wipes their hand and says “good luck.”
Must understand the business
objectives, goals, and drivers
• Involved from the beginning
• Helps to extract, define and
own the non-functional
– These details get easily
overlooked or are ill-defined
• How often have we heard “I
need it to run fast”, or “It has
to be secure” as the only nonfunctional requirements?
Extract out the who and how!
• To be successful what
should you focus on?
– Focus on what you
“do” and “need”!
• Sample – What
performance level do
Architecture can help!
• Aids with identifying
impacts on decisions that
directly affect the entire
More than just technology decisions
• The architect provides defining
principles, overall structure, and
leadership to the team.
• This is not to put process and structure in
place just for the sake of it, nor is it
structure that is rigid and unchanging.
• To provide leadership and view of the big
• Ensure that teams are succeeding
• All the individual stories, components and
modules, come together successfully in
meeting the functional, non-functional, and
– Quality assurance,
Communicating the vision, the impacts and the trade-offs that result from any
changes or modifications to the architecture during the development process.
Architectures evolve, even during the development process.
The architect „s job is not to enforce a rigid architecture no matter what.
Rather, maintain the big picture view and determine the trade-offs required in the
changes, and own the responsibility for the decision and communicating impacts
Revisit - Client Scenario
• So, since I did not have someone doing all
• Reason why I am bringing you in to help.
What is Enterprise Architecture?
• What does it mean to your enterprise?
– Ivory tower?
– Magazine Engineers?
– Architecture Police?
– Collaborative and valuable resource!
What is Enterprise Architecture?
“The process of translating the business vision and strategy into
effective enterprise change by creating, communicating, and improving
the key principles and models that describe the enterprise‟s future state
and enable its evolution. The scope of the enterprise architecture
includes people, processes, information, and technology of the
enterprise, and their relationships to one another and to the external
environment. Enterprise Architects compose holistic solutions that
address the business challenges of the enterprise, and support the
governance needed to implement them.”
What is an Architecture Framework?
• Developing broad range of
– i.e. business architecture
• Describes the fundamental
organization of the business
• Method to define the target state
of the enterprise
– i.e. Building blocks, capabilities, …
– Example: Rocky, Coffee
• Guidance for how to address
business issues and needs
Phase 1 - Assessment
• Understand the maturity of your
• Determining the value in
developing a roadmap!
– Organize the assessment:
people, process, technology, cos
Business, IT, consultants, vendor
– Review: operation
solutions, projects, issues, Applic
ation Portfolio, Corporate
risks, issues, improvements, driv
– Develop a plan
– Propose a vision and next steps
• Points to Categorize
What has been
Corporate objectives alignment
The need to integrate
Acceptance to change
Total cost of solutions
Understand business processes
Standards and procedures
Where does Lean StartUp and DAD fit?
• Lean StartUp
– At the beginning &
– Evaluate viability through
product, technology, and business
– i.e. lower running
costs, senors, recycling bins
– Product / Project delivery that
incorporates other discipline.
– Discipline is a good thing!
– Minimize technical debt!
– Predictable release schedules?