PS177 Mongolia (Carissa Javier)

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PS177 Mongolia (Carissa Javier)

  1. 4. <ul><li>Mongolian statesmen proclaimed their INDEPENDENCE from China. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of a </li></ul><ul><li>THEOCRATIC state </li></ul><ul><li>led by the “Bogd” </li></ul>NOT independent just AUTONOMOUS
  2. 5. <ul><li>China tried to scare Mongolia by using military forces led by Hsu Shu-Cheng and he’s Kuomintang troops. </li></ul>Resistance by pro-independence groups
  3. 6. <ul><li>Restoration of independence </li></ul><ul><li>Provisional people’s government </li></ul><ul><li>Powers of the BOGD was limited by the government </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Russia seeks to maintain control over Mongolia </li></ul><ul><li>Credit granting </li></ul><ul><li>Training of Mongolian soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Donation of weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Trade expansion </li></ul>
  5. 8. Modeled after the Soviet system
  6. 9. <ul><li>Death of Bogd Khutagt </li></ul>Establishment of PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF MONGOLIA
  7. 10. <ul><li>Nov.25 – Mongolian People’s Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Head of state + Soviet counselors = COMMUNISM </li></ul><ul><li>First Constitution </li></ul>Classless society Elimination of feudal culture
  8. 11. Aristocrats & Religious leaders Feudal lords Peasants
  9. 12. <ul><li>Distribution of lands to peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of titles </li></ul><ul><li>Application of extreme measures that attacked aristocrats and religious leaders </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Factors characterizing the country: </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic and illiterate people </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy & religious establishments shared country’s wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread popular obedience to traditional authorities </li></ul><ul><li>MPRP lacked grassroot support </li></ul><ul><li>Government lacked organization and experience </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Shrinking population = nearly half of the men are inside the monasteries </li></ul><ul><li>No industry </li></ul>
  12. 15. Elimination of anyone who stood in the way of communism
  13. 16. <ul><li>Working class </li></ul><ul><li>Arats (small producers) </li></ul><ul><li>intelligentsia </li></ul>Feudal lords
  14. 17. <ul><li>1940 – ECONOMIC REFORMS </li></ul><ul><li>1961 - MPRP confirmed that the country had entered the period in which the construction of socialism was being completed. </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Increase in population and standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>Higher educational and cultural level </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>Rise in human rights violation </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Reforms in the USSR = direct effect to Mongolia </li></ul><ul><li>Jambyn Batmonkh (1984) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replaced Tsedenbalousted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implemented economic reforms = FAILED </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>http://asiarecipe.com/monhistorytimeline.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.e-mongol.com/mongolia_history.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2779.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mongolianembassy.us/about_mongolia/history.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://internationalbusiness.wikia.com/wiki/A_History_of_Communism%E2%80%99s_Affect_on_Mongolia_from_1911_until_Today </li></ul><ul><li>Images from YAHOO.com </li></ul>

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