How to write a stanza poem


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How to write a stanza poem

  1. 1. How to Write a Stanza Poem Schwartz 2011-12
  2. 2. Writing a Stanza Poem• Before starting on with your stanza poem, it would not be a bad idea to get an understanding of what is a stanza and what it makes it an essential element in poem writing.
  3. 3. • A stanza is similar to a paragraph in an essay so selecting a stanza type for your poem means that you are limiting yourself to a particular set of rules of poetry writing; number of lines, rhyming structure and meter.
  4. 4. Meter in Poetry• Is the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that make up a line of poetry.• Meter gives rhythm and regularity to poetry.However, the English language does not always fit exactly into metrical patterns so many poems employing meter will exhibit irregularities.• In English verse the most common meters are: iambic, dactylic, trochaic and anapestic
  5. 5. Iambic Meter• An end stressed two syllable foot e.g. from In Memoriam by Lord Tennyson I DREAMED | there WOULD| be SPRING | no MORE• This example is an iambic tetrameter - it has four iambic feet and therefore the total number of syllables in the line is eight. Iambic is an example of rising meter.
  6. 6. Trochaic meter• A front stressed two syllable foot.• e.g. The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth LongfellowBY the | SHORES of | GIT chee | GUMee• This example is trochaic tetrameter - i.e. four two syllable feet. Therefore the total line has eight syllables. Trochaic meter is less commonly used than iambic meter. Trochaic is an example of falling meter.
  7. 7. Anapestic meter• An end stressed three syllable foot e.g. The Destruction of the Sennacherib by Byron: And the SHEEN | of their SPEARS | was like STARS | on the SEA• This line is an anapestic tetrameter i.e. it has four feet containing three syllables each. Therefore the total number of syllables in the line is twelve.
  8. 8. Select a Theme• Poem writing is basically “a word dance” where you need to choreograph words, phrases and sentences and set them to a particular style of rhyming structure.• Before beginning with your word dance, you need to set up a theme to follow.• A theme is akin to a central idea around which a poem is built. It could be an object (tree, cloud, room etc.) or a concept (a love poem or dark poetry etc.)
  9. 9. Decide Your Style and Form• Knowledge about a haiku or a sonnet is not mandatory for drafting a good poem. A person, totally clueless about different forms of poetry might be able to pen down a master piece if he or she knows how to manage the flow of words, acquired from inspiration.• Select the rhyming structure that suits you best.• Try to format a few sentence on the basis of your rhyming structure.• Lock it in.
  10. 10. Collect and Pen Down Your Random Thoughts• Note down the abstract verses, words and small bits as they come.• Jot down and play around by adjusting and readjusting your letters.• Let loose of your imagination and you will form new ideas as you work with your sentences.
  11. 11. Filter, Select and Modify Words• Find synonyms and related words by making use of dictionary, thesaurus and a synonyms dictionary for your existing words.• Insert them in your verses or make readjustments for them to fit in.• Rephrase your verses so they form a better pattern.
  12. 12. Your Assignment• Make as many notes as possible using the displayed photo as inspiration• Write a four stanza poem which refelcts the photo, its theme and your own imagination• Your poem DOES NOT have to rhyme• When finished writing your poem, either type it out or write it on a clean piece of paper or stationary, in pen.