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What is an essay
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What is an essay


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  • 1. An essay is an organized piece of witing focused on a single topic
  • 2. That topic is organized around a thesis, that thesis is developed by supporting paragraphs Introductory paragraph Background, question or surprising fact. First impression, influence on the will to read. body Develops the idea presented in the introduction. Each paragraph develops an idea. Concluding paragraph Short, should not add information. Restate thesis stament.
  • 3. Thesis Stament It is the sentence in the essay that states the thesis Expressed in the introductory paragraph Not very general, neither very specific
  • 4. The editing process  through reading  Think about the purpose and the audience, read as many times as possible  Through collaboration  It is a way of finding out what the audience think and bear into mind mistakes or misunderstandings you did not perceibe .
  • 5. Types of essays
  • 6. Narrative  It tells a story  It answers the five “w” (what, who, when, where and why)  It include dialogues and parts of everyday discurse.  Thesis statement is not needed, but can be useful.
  • 7. Cause and effects May include only the causes or only the effects. May help explain why something happens or, understand which are the consequences of a fenomenom. This essay allows us to identify patterns and explain why things turned out the way that they did.
  • 8. Descriptive Descriptions are fundamental to create images in our mind. A good descriptive essay should estimulate the five senses.
  • 9. Comparison and contrast It should show not very obvious similarities or differences between two persons, things or ideas. There are two primary ways to organize your compare and contrast paper:  Chunking: placing all of the information for each individual subject in one place (chunk), and then using similarities as transitions.  Piecing: giving pieces of the information for each individual subject in each paragraph—arranging the information by topic rather than by subject.
  • 10. Problem-solution essay It involves careful organization It is important to state why the solution proposed could work
  • 11. Classification essays It sorts information into appropiate categories. The key is the choose of useful and meaningful categories the thesis statement and introduction must define or explain the category you plan to discuss
  • 12. Persuasive essays Its aim is to convince others. A persuasive thesis statement is a one-sentence description of your topic and the argument that you plan to make