http://www.sussex.ac.uk/careers/documents/graduate-market-2012.pdf – High Fliers
Unlike French or German system, degree subject does not necessarily determine first job
Just 10% of historians working in their own subject
Careers and employability talk russell group teachers' conference
CAREERS AND EMPLOYABILITY Bob Gilworth, Director, Careers Centre, University of Leeds email@example.com Lucy Hawkins, Careers Adviser, University of Oxford firstname.lastname@example.org
OverviewInteractive element: Labour market quiz 5 minutesThe Graduate Employment market 5 minutesDestinations 10 minutesInteractive element: Graduate job assessments 5 minutesEnhancing employability 20 minutes What is employability? What can help students become employable? What do careers services do? What can be done right now?
The Graduate Market?• Employability ≠ (any) employment Employer ranking, graduate level-jobs• 6 month snapshot has major shortcomings• Sample sizes can vary!• Narrow view of the graduate job market…• … and university experience
The Graduate Market• Much more than just generic graduate schemes• 2011 UP on 2010• Climbing back to 2007 levels from 2009 low point (not uniform)• Vacancies UP in 2011, 1/3 will go to “converted” interns/placement• Many blue chips have more summer interns than “sandwich” places• Many universities increasing the strength of their placements
The Graduate Market• Graduate market ≠ wider employment market.• Protected, global talent pipeline• UK market is at least 60% “any discipline” (like the US, unlike much of Europe).• No need for prospective students to trade off enjoyment and success for a vocational course if that is not their preference.
Destinations overview 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Work Russell Group Work & Study Study Unemployed All UK universities UnavailableSource: DLHE 2009 census of leavers from 2008 10
Key Information Set (KIS)• Standardised• Published from Sept 2012 – On successor site to http://unistats.direct.gov.uk/ – Uni websites (via widget) – UCAS course finder• Containing: – student satisfaction – course information – employment and salary data – accommodation costs – financial information, such as fees – students union information.
Information for decisions A minority of Oxford undergraduates work in the City Other Education Health Computing & IT Other finance Management Consulting Recreation & Media Industry Other public service Accountancy Inv BankSource: DLHE stats 2007; CS analysis 15
Information for decisionsAnd there’s a variety of further study from Oxford PG diploma Not aiming or for qual certificate Other qualification Higher degree course Professional qualification Higher degree - researchSource: DLHE stats 2010 of 2009 leavers; CS analysis 16
Information for decisions Wide range of options: e.g. Oxford History graduates Professional training Other study Work in own subject PGCE Law Legal Training Education Other work Business analysts Artistic creation Business relatedSource: DLHE survey 2008 other 17
What is employability?It’s why employers hire those that they do: Not important Possibly important Probably Subject studied Work experience Internship OU students work harder Responsibility position Clubs and societies Personal tutorial system Skills training College system Achievement in sport Gap year Source: CS survey 2009 of 300 employers
… and many 1st year students are very aware of the needto increase their employability: How important are the following? Not0at all Slightly 1 2 3 Very Extremely 4 Work experience Employability experiences Working out what to do Getting CV etc ready Learning to network Learning about an industry Exploring further study Practising interviews Finding useful job ads Source: CS annual 2011 survey of 950 students, 2010 survey of 830 students 20
What is employability? It’s what leavers think they lack: Less competitive areas for unemployed leavers Dont know Commercial awareness Work experience Skills Entrepreneurship Leadership Communication Other (please specify) Team working Tests Self-management Planning and organising Initiative and problem solving 0 5 10 15 20Source: Unemployed Leavers 2010 (Careers Service), 3-11 March 2011
What helps a student become more employable?An awareness of the skills and competencies they might need to demonstrateOpportunities to develop the aboveAccess to employers that value them
Graduate Schemes• Have always been highly competitive• Not grown in line with UK graduate output• Some have a 2:1 cut-off, some do not• Some screen on UCAS points, some do not.• Majority take a hard line on SPAG!• All want to know ‘why them’
Graduate employabilityMotivations, commercial awareness, careerfocus are often key differentiators.Work experience as essential evidenceIncreasingly as part of the recruitment process through internships/placements.For some this means competing at graduate level mid- way through year 2.
Graduate networking• Networks and the skill of networking are crucial in many career areas-including business start-up.• Alumni can play a very important part eg Leeds careers network, Leeds for Life networking events.• Crucial distinction between social networking and professional networking.• Levels of cultural capital can affect networks (connections) and the skill of networking.
Employer targeting• Is a fact of life.• Opportunities to meet top employers (Times Top 100 for example) on campus are greatly increased by attending a highly targeted university.• High Fliers Top Twenty is published annually (and is dominated by Russell Group universities)• Generally a major benefit of attending a RG university
What do our careers services do?• Job and internship boards• 1:1 appointments• Workshops, networking, speaker events• Many opportunities to meet employers• Support through departments, student societies• Learning and development programmes (some curriculum-linked)• Business start up support• Support for alumni (often for life)• Present information – often publically available• Support all - impartial, free of charge
To do now: for students• Check motivation and focus for current decision• Learn information-gathering and decision making skills (e.g. applying through UCAS!)• Get pro-active and seek experience• Ask questions and test assumptions
Any questions? Bob Gilworth, Director, Careers Centre, University of Leeds email@example.comLucy Hawkins, Careers Adviser, University of Oxford firstname.lastname@example.org