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  • IMDS Analysis Flowchart
  • Compare to slide from AIAG presentation. Insert new REACH slides after this one…
  • Verbally explain the relationship between GADSL and BSL in IMDS
  • IMDS Analysis Flowchart
  • Mazda Surfin US Cars

    1. 1. Automotive Finishing: Recent Developments in Materials and Compliance Claudia Duranceau, Ford Motor Company Doris Hill, General Motors Corporation USCAR/Vehicle Recycling Partnership LLC Substance of Concern Committee
    2. 2. <ul><li>Reduce the total environmental impact of vehicle disposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the efficiency of component and material disassembly to enhance vehicle recyclability. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop material selection and design guidelines to optimize vehicle recyclability. </li></ul><ul><li>Research and develop integrated approaches to shredder-residue recycling. </li></ul>VRP Goals
    3. 3. <ul><li>Promote socially responsible and economically achievable solutions to vehicle disposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize a life cycle approach to minimize the environmental impact of vehicles by enabling broader material choices with respect to various recycling processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct research into technological developments to reduce or eliminate future use of known substances of concern. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify potential opportunities and challenges related to recycling new and emerging materials used in vehicles. </li></ul>VRP Goals, continued
    4. 4. <ul><li>Global market, global economy have changed the way we do business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think globally: North America, Europe Union, Asia/Pacific and etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design vehicles and use business methods that suit the needs and preferences of people in various markets. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental Concern is a Global issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental concerns are being voiced, and regulations can be imposed anywhere in the world. Issues concerning the use of mercury, for example, are currently under discussion in the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The automotive industry has been addressing such environmental design issues for decades. The concept of the life cycle of a vehicle has generated a new perspective. </li></ul></ul>Realities & Challenges for Automotive Industry
    5. 5. Global Environmental Legislation <ul><li>Prohibit use of hazardous substances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead, Hex Chrome, Mercury, Cadmium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemptions per EU Annex II for 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>European Union End of Life Vehicle Directive </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese End of Life Vehicle Directive </li></ul><ul><li>Korean End of Life Vehicle Directive </li></ul><ul><li>China End of Life Vehicle Directive </li></ul><ul><li>Various U.S. state legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2002/95/EC ( ROHS ; consumer electronics) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Annex II Revisions Expected July 2008 <ul><li>Lead Solder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibited for new type approved vehicles starting December 31, 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mercury in Lighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibited for new type approved vehicles starting July 1, 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lead in Bushings and Bearings for Engines, Transmissions and AC Compressors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemption extended until July 1, 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spare parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle can be repaired as it was produced </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. SOCs and Other Chemical Hot Topics <ul><li>Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Nickel </li></ul><ul><li>Flame Retardants </li></ul><ul><li>Decabromodiphenyl ether (deca-BDE) </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury </li></ul><ul><li>PFOA/PFOS/Telomers </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Interior Air Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Air Conditioning Refrigerants </li></ul><ul><li>Phthalates </li></ul>
    8. 8. SOC Elimination Issues <ul><li>Supplier Readiness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insufficient timing built into schedule – initiate engineering change process – re-quote, test, manage part change, etc., deplete inventories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology Availability </li></ul><ul><li>It is not easier to ask forgiveness than permission! </li></ul><ul><li>Procrastination Does Not Help! </li></ul>
    9. 9. OEM IMDS Reporting Requirements at Production Part Approval Process (PPAP) Submission <ul><li>Chrysler: CS-9003 </li></ul><ul><li>Ford: WSS-M99P9999 </li></ul><ul><li>General Motors: GMW3059 </li></ul>
    10. 10. International Material Data System
    11. 11. T he International Material Data System (IMDS) and its Current Status <ul><li>• Current OEMs requiring IMDS include BMW, Chrysler LLC, Fiat, Ford, Fuji Heavy Industries, General Motors, Hyundai, Isuzu, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Nissan Diesel, Porsche, Renault, Ssangyong Motor Company, Suzuki, Toyota, Volkswagen, Volvo Car Corporation, and Volvo Group. </li></ul><ul><li>IMDS is an internet-based system which is used to track the materials in vehicles. IMDS went online in June of 2000. IMDS Statistics data as of the end of June, 2007 is listed below: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>120,000 active users from 51,000 active companies worldwide have registered and are working in IMDS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 million IMDS sheets have been submitted to IMDS system (Tier 2, Tier 3 submitted to Tier 1, and Tier 1 submitted to OEMs, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.6 million IMDS sheets were submitted to 20 OEMs . </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Supply Chain Information Flow
    13. 13. GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE DECLARABLE SUBSTANCE LIST GADSL <ul><li>Developed by the Global Auto Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete supply chain involved! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia/Pacific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe/Africa/Middle East </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single common list for reporting declarable substances. </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary, criteria driven list, to assure environmental and health regulation compliance </li></ul>
    14. 14. GADSL <ul><li>Why was it developed? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To simplify reporting throughout the supply chain by reducing multiple lists to one, globally harmonized list. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To further understanding of and assist OEMs in complying with declarable substance and end-of-life regulations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s included? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only substances expected to be present in a material or part in a vehicle at point of sale. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulated substances or substances where sound science dictates inclusion. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF REACH, GADSL and IMDS <ul><li>GADSL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Automotive Declarable Substance List </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common approach with auto related industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IMDS </li></ul><ul><li>International Material Data System </li></ul><ul><li>Computer tool that provides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information on vehicle substances and materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support to fulfill substance related obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REACH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce risk from chemicals to humans, environment, and reduce animal testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage substitution of unsafe substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorize or possibly restrict SVHCs </li></ul></ul>What is the intersection of all three? All deal with substances in Articles.
    16. 16. GADSL Global Steering Group Decision <ul><li>The GADSL Global Automotive Steering Group (GASG) meets once per year to finalize decisions. At the Nov 2007 meeting, it was decided: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GADSL will not be enlarged to handle the process related substance needs of REACH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GADSL will be a potential home for the REACH SVHC issues as it applies to automotive car parts or articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Americas team would form a global SVHC committee to do further analysis, and determine SVHC strategy in relation to GADSL. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. REACH SVHC Analysis in 2007 <ul><li>Intent was to figure out what we do not have to work on so we can focus on what is left. </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary Analysis of last year compared original 1500 (~1000 unique) CAS # with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMDS Basic Substance list (BSL) – the “universe” of substances used to describe materials in IMDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~300 determined to be automotive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~700 were not in the 2 M data sheets sent to OEMs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GADSL – substances that are required to be reported in IMDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~110 already in GADSL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~190 not in GADSL, but in IMDS BSL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative list of substances provided by EDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To determine whether substances had high or low volume auto usage </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Next Steps after Analysis <ul><li>EU member countries are expected to submit ~25 chemicals to ECHA by June 8, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>GADSL team will determine what substances are present on car parts, make recommendations, and initiate appropriate substance dossiers - June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of GADSL 2009 including potential candidate substances and implementation into IMDS – Feb 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: these new substances are not the official REACH candidate list, but the automotive industry’s “best guess” to allow sufficient time to gather necessary information from the complex supply chain to meet REACH timing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suppliers and OEMs to start communication of potential REACH SVHCs – April to June 2009 </li></ul>
    19. 19. On-going work needed to meet REACH <ul><li>GADSL to be updated continuously as the REACH candidate list changes. </li></ul><ul><li>All suppliers to follow IMDS rules: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No GADSL substances hidden in wild cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplier to check all current MDS for GADSL substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppliers to resubmit MDS with new GADSL substances to customer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suppliers will probably need to do special MDS re-submissions (i.e. prior to PPAP) next year to meet June 2009 REACH timing. </li></ul>Identification of SVHCs is required to meet REACH legal obligations and to ensure industry compliance!
    20. 20. Contact Information Name Company or Organization Telephone Number Email Address Chris Sidney Chrysler 248-576-7376 [email_address] Everett Rezendes Ford 313-337-3396 [email_address] Doris Hill General Motors 586-575-7981 [email_address] Claudia Duranceau Ford, USCAR/VRP, Substances of Concern Committee 313-390-0504 [email_address]
    21. 21. Backup
    22. 22. REACH <ul><li>Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals ( REACH ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer electronics is getting out and common parts will be affected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting requirements are burdensome. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REACH is coming (testing chemicals to make sure they are safe. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>Information is downloaded from IMDS to OEM specific systems in order to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run calculations to determine the range of recoverability and recyclability percentages.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compile documentation to be submitted for Type Approval including substance compliance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create pretreatment and dismantling manuals for each type approved model. </li></ul></ul>How IMDS Data Is Used by OEMs
    24. 24. More information for Training <ul><li>IMDS training provided by MDS Map </li></ul><ul><li>Go to IMDS website: ; select “Public IMDS page”, “Training”; then click on the link for the IMDS service website. </li></ul><ul><li>• “ MDS Create Tips &quot; and other tips on IMDS - on-line support by EDS at IMDS website </li></ul><ul><li>“ MDS Create Tips” and lots of other tips for IMDS are available at IMDS website: </li></ul><ul><li>Go to IMDS website: ; select “Public IMDS page”, “FAQ”; then select “How to Tips”, select “Where do I begin to create an MDS”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teach Yourself IMDS ” - an on-line video by General Motors </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Teach Yourself IMDS&quot; was developed to help automotive suppliers understand and implement the materials reporting imperative. This seminar lasts about one hour. It is available at website and it is free. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Governance of Declarable Substance List & Process Governance Structure OEMs from Korea and China will be contacted & included under Asia/Pacific regional structure. Steering Committee 18 members Americas OEMs Part Suppliers Chem/Plastic Suppliers Europe/Africa/ Middle East OEMs Part Suppliers Chem/Plastic Suppliers Asia/Pacific OEMs Part Suppliers Chem/Plastic Suppliers
    26. 26. Lead Issues for Automotive <ul><li>Lead solder is now allowed by ELV. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Cutting Al: Machining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemption eliminated by July 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< 0.4 % is allowed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lead bearings and bushings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemption eliminated by July 2008 </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>Collecting and managing data from the supply chain is a major task </li></ul><ul><li>IMDS reporting parallels product manufacturing process – one missing component can hold up the assembly line! </li></ul><ul><li>Tier I ultimately responsible for collecting data from sub tiers and forwarding for final approval to OEM. </li></ul><ul><li>Tier Is have to meet all customer requirements, so they generally adopt the most stringent requirement. </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers at all levels have to submit their respective data to successfully submit a datasheet on an end-item product. </li></ul>Data Collection for IMDS Reporting
    28. 28. North American Initiatives <ul><li>U.S. EPA Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Fluorinated Telomers / 2020/15 PFOA Stewardship Program </li></ul><ul><li>National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program (NVMSRP) </li></ul><ul><li>Bromine Science Environmental Forum (BSEF) has a Voluntary Emissions Control Action Program (VECAP) in Canada/Europe & discussions with U.S. EPA underway. </li></ul>
    29. 29. REACH and SVHCs <ul><li>The REACH regulation identifies ~1500 potential substances (by CAS number) to be considered for the Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) candidate list covering: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carcinogens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutagens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproductive Toxins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This list will be finalized by July 2009 and may be expanded to cover other substances such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endocrine disruptors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very persistent and very bioaccumulative substances </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Analysis in 2008 <ul><li>List of CAS numbers expanded to ~2500 to make sure that all potential REACH SVHC are covered in the analysis </li></ul><ul><li>SVHC Committee expanded to include Europe and Asia regions </li></ul><ul><li>IMDS BSL and GADSL computer comparisons are complete </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative analysis to be done April 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions complete in July 2008 </li></ul>
    31. 31. Timing of the candidate list & related activities for GADSL Acronyms: SCHER – Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks ECHA – European Chemicals Agency MS – Member States IND – industry <ul><li>18 months before ‘sunset:’ IND can apply for Authorisation (inclusion to Annex XIV) </li></ul><ul><li>GASG to start evaluation of the dossiers by filtering according to the GADSL-rules </li></ul>June 2007 June 1-8, 2008 2 nd Quarter 2009 (between April and June) <ul><li>Establishment of candidate list (unanimous agreement by MS!) </li></ul><ul><li>Communication (e.g. Art 33) </li></ul>June 2012 <ul><li>Stakeholder input (3 month) </li></ul><ul><li>Science based evaluation (e.g. SCHER, MS committee) </li></ul>REACH entry into force <ul><li>Dossiers from MS to ECHA </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of dossiers on ECHA website for stakeholder consultation (no list!) </li></ul>June 9, 2008 2 nd Quarter 2009 (between April and June) Jan/Feb 2009 <ul><li>Publication of GADSL 2009 incl. potential candidate list substances as result of the evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation into IMDS </li></ul>GADSL related activities <ul><li>Start of communication-obligations (e.g. Art 33) </li></ul>DATA COLLECTION IN IMDS (IMDS REC 22!)
    32. 32. Important! <ul><li>Entering data into IMDS does not make you REACH compliant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMDS will only be used for SVHCs in articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-registration and registration obligations must still be fulfilled using other tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMDS and GADSL will not be used for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-registration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Registration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SDS </li></ul></ul></ul>