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A pp presentation for an oral presentation for school. 1st of Bachillerat A

A pp presentation for an oral presentation for school. 1st of Bachillerat A

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    English presentation English presentation Presentation Transcript

    • ORAL PRESENTATION AUSTRALIA Paula De Scheemaeker Elvira Fina
    • INTRODUCTION: AUSTRALIA Discovered for the Europeans in 1606. Independence: 1901. Capital: Canberra. Population: 22.000.000.
    • WILDLIFE
    • GENERAL INFORMATION 80% of endemic species. Principal cause: Isolation Different ecosystems Problems: Human activity Introduction of non-native species.
    • ANIMALS Marsupials like Kangaroo. Monotremes like platypus. Poisonous animals. Reptiles, specially lizards with 744 different ones. 4400 different fishes.
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      • HISTORY
    • PREHISTORY:
      • Since the immigration of the original inhabitants to the first European sighting in 1606.
      • Southern land has been inhabited between 42000 and 48000 years.
      • Period of massive environmental change.
      • First Australians were the ancestors of today's Aborigines  Southeast Asia.
      • The Torres Strait Islanders  Melanesian.
      • Inhabited the Torres Strait Islands and Queensland.
    • CONTACT WITH ASIA:
      • For at least the past century, Calcutta has traded with the natives of the north coast.
      • 1603: Matteo Ricci  map of the known world at that time.
      • “ No one has been in this southern land, therefore we know nothing about it.”
    • EUROPEAN EXPLORATION:
      • Earliest writings (discovery of Australia)  S. XVII
      • First European Sighting  1606  Dutch Janszoon. Janszoon sailed through the Gulf of Carpentaria, landing in the west coast of Cape York Peninsula.
      • Spanish expedition (Pedro Fernandez de Quiros) sighted the Australian mainland a few months earlier.
      • Luis Vaez de Torres (belonging to the Quirós expedition) was the first to map “the Torres Strait”.
    • EUROPEAN EXPLORATION:
      • Portuguese navigators discovered Australia even earlier, in the sixteenth century (S. XVI)
      • (Cristovao de Mendonça – Botany Bay – 1522)
      • 1770: Endeavour’s issue  East coast of Australia. Landing on the continent for the first time - Botany Bay - 29 April.
      • Cook turned north  Possession Island in the Torres Strait, on 22 August.
      • The eastern coast of Australia  Great Britain. Named New South Wales .
    • EUROPEAN EXPLORATION:
      • Reports  interest in Australia  solution  problem of prison overcrowding in Britain (which had been compounded by the loss of the thirteen American colonies).
      • March 13, 1787  eleven ships left England to Botany Bay.
    • SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
      • British Crown Colony of New South Wales  Port Jackson (Captain Arthur Phillip - 26 June 1788).
      • Tasmania  1803 – independent  1825.
      • The UK claimed as its own the western part of Australia (1829).
      • New South Wales: South Australia (1836), Victoria (1851) and Queensland (1859). The Northern Territory (1863) was founded as part of the province of South Australia.
      • Victoria and South Australia  " free ", meaning they were never penal colonies .
    • SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
      • - Western Australia  "free", but agreed after penal transportation due to the scarcity of jobs suffering.
      • - New Zealand --part of  New South Wales until 1840. The transportation of convicts was being gradually abolished (between 1840 and 1864).
      • - The Northern Territory was divided by latitude 20 °S in Northern Australia and Central Australia.
    • SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
      • - Indigenous Population (350.000),  reduced in the 150 years following that establishment, mainly due to infectious diseases , with cultural disintegration and the forced resettlement suffered due to the advance of settlers.
      • - The separation of Aboriginal children and their families, may have a small contribution to the population decline of the native peoples.
    • SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
      • - These interpretations of national history are a matter of discussion and are ranked by some as exaggerated and fabricated for political or ideological. - After approval of the referendum in 1967, the federal government gained the power to implement new policies and make laws with respect to Aborigines.
      • THANK YOU FOR
      • LISTENING!