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  • 1. Clifton BainDirector, IUCN UK Peatland Programme
  • 2. IUCN UK Peatland ProgrammeCommission of Inquiry on UK Peatlands Patrons from Science, Policy & Practice: Lord Lindsay, Sir Graham Wynne, Prof Andrew Watkinson Core Panel & Advisory Committee“Investing in Peatlands” Conferences 2010, Durham: The Climate Challenge 2011, Stirling: Funding for Peatlands 2012, Bangor: Delivering RestorationWebsite: www. iucn-uk-peatlandprogramme.org Partner Initiatives Communicate Key Findings
  • 3. • At a global scale peatlands store about the same amount of carbon that is present in the atmosphere.• ~500 Pg in peatlands• Loss of 1.6% of peatland C = total annual human C emissions• Loss of 0.6% of peatland C = total annual increase in atmospheric CO2-C• In the UK, peatlands cover approximately 15% of the land area.
  • 4. Peatland Ecosystem Services• Biodiversity, sport and leisure• Climate change mitigation and adaptation• Water quality and supply
  • 5. Sphagnum building blocks
  • 6. RSPB Forsinard Reserve Blocking Hill Drains
  • 7. % Sphagnum % bare peatData J.Holden Defra SP0572
  • 8. Water
  • 9. Around 70% of the water sources used for public water supply, derivefrom the uplands of Britain.Restoring peatlands could lead to improved raw water quality andresult in a range of benefits.Carbon and Cost:Reduced power and chemical costs for treatment processes resultingfrom extending the cleaning / replacement cycles. Could also resultin reduction in capital maintenance spend.Water Quality:Improvement to (or reduce the risk of further deterioration of) the rawwater quality envelope especially preventing peak conditions forcolour, turbidity and TOC - it is also likely to improve stability ofdisinfection.
  • 10. Biodiversity• unique & specialised• part or full life cycle• sensitive to pollution, management & climate change
  • 11. Couwenberg et al (in revision) Hydrobiologia -
  • 12. Moors for the FutureBlack Hill 2005
  • 13. Moors for the Futurelandscape scale restorationBlack Hill 2008
  • 14. Forest planting