ILS Web Assignment


Published on

ILS Web assignment. Mrs. Sipiera.

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

ILS Web Assignment

  1. 1. Web Assignment Rajiv Mishra Period: ½
  2. 2. What is Hemoglobin? <ul><li>Iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloproteinase in the red blood cells of vertebrates. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemoglobin has an oxygen binding capacity of between 1.36 and 1.37 ml O2 per gram of hemoglobin, which increases the total blood oxygen capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemoglobin is found in the red blood cells of the body. Each red blood cell (RBC) contains approximately 280 million hemoglobin molecules. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is it Important? <ul><li>Hemoglobin helps carry oxygen through the lungs and into the bloodstream to the specified organs </li></ul><ul><li>If hemoglobin becomes seriously low (around 70 to 80) you may be need a blood transfusion. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pictures
  5. 5. Ch e m i c a l B o n d in g <ul><li>As Red Blood cells carry Hemoglobin throughout the body, they give away oxygen to each other as they are circulated through the body. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mt. Everest <ul><li>As you may have guessed, Mt Everest has a very low oxygen capacity when you go further towards the top. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemoglobin shots, and boosters are given to climbers who begin to lose their oxygen levels. These ‘shots’ are vital and keep the climbers from losing too much oxygen. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PH <ul><li>If the pH of the body gets too low (below 7.4), a condition known as acidosis results. </li></ul><ul><li>This can be very serious, because many of the chemical reactions that occur in the body, especially those involving proteins, are pH-dependent. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Blood Doping <ul><li>Blood doping is the practice of boosting the number of red blood cells (RBC’s) in the bloodstream in order to enhance athletic performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Homologous blood doping- In a homologous transfusion, RBCs from a compatible donor are harvested, concentrated and then transfused into the athlete’s circulation prior to endurance competitions. </li></ul><ul><li>Autologous Blood Doping- In an autologous transfusion, the athlete's own RBCs are harvested well in advance of competition and then re-introduced before a critical event </li></ul>
  9. 9. EPO Uses <ul><li>E.P.O is used to treat certain forms of anemia. Anemia occurs when the amount of Hemoglobin is too low and the body cannot produce as much oxygen as needed. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Blood Doping in Sports <ul><li>Blood doping has become an integral part of sports and fair play. It enhances your performance by increasing red blood cell mass and thereby delivering more oxygen to muscle </li></ul>
  11. 11. Caught in the act P1 <ul><li>Many athletes have been caught for blood doping, the results have been either suspension from the team, or a removal from the franchise. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Skiers, cyclists, and runners have been fined for using the ‘blood boosters’ or ‘blood packages.’ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Caught in the act P2 <ul><li>Doping has been rampant in cross-country skiing for years. Use of EPO, or erythropoietin, is as common as ski wax, and blood doping has become an art. </li></ul><ul><li>CBS Sports Scandals </li></ul>
  13. 13. Side Effects of Blood Doping <ul><li>A large infusion of red blood cells (and resulting increase in cellular concentration) could increase blood viscosity and bring about a decrease in cardiac output, a decrease in blood flow velocity, and a reduction in peripheral oxygen content – all of which would reduce aerobic capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>The human heart was not designed to pump this thickened blood throughout the body and, therefore, could lead to a multitude of problems. Some of the problems that can arise from an antilogous blood transfusion are phlebitis, septicemia, hyper viscosity syndrome </li></ul>