Greek mythology relates to culture and beliefs of the people of ancient Greece. Myths were created by Greek ancestors who needed to make sense of nature, our world, and universe. Exciting tales of gods, goddess, heroes, heroines, supernatural beings, creatures and monsters provided explanations for origins of natural human existence as well as the facets of human behavior. Greek myths have inspired numerous forms of art, literature, et cetera.
Pan is the god of fertility and nature which included the forest, flocks of animals, and pastures. Pan was half man and half goat, his head and upper body where human with the lower body, legs, ears, as well as horns of a goat. Pan loved to dance, play his pipe throughout the woods, and was extremely mischievous. He enjoyed playing tricks on unsuspecting travelers by leaping out of his hiding places causing people to panic and flee in terror (Pan. , 2010) (List of gods and goddesses from Greek and Latin Myths — Mythology for all Seasons., 2010).
Echo was a beautiful nymph who loved to talk and loved listening to herself talk. Her job was to distract the goddesses Hera the wife of Zeus while he pursued other nymphs. Echo would gossip constantly and tell Hera amusing stories that never seemed to end. Hera eventually realized the reasons for echoes digressions and punished her by taking away her ability to speak, only allowing her to repeat the words of others. Echo lost in love too when she fell love with a conceited young male named Narcissus who rejected her. His rejection of her love caused Echo to slowly wither away leaving only her voice (Echo (Mythology), 2010).
Narcissus was a beautiful self absorbed young hunter who traveled through the woods looking for deer. One day while out hunting Narcissus heard someone behind him and asked for them to reveal themselves. His pursuer was a beautiful nymph named Echo, she stretched out her arms to embrace him but Narcissus refused her affection and Echo was devastated. As Narcissus continued through the woods he saw a pond and decided to take a drink as he bent down he caught his reflection and fell in love with his own image. Because he could not drink for fear of losing sight of his image and therefore he died of thirst. A beautiful flower bloomed in the spot where he died, the flower is known as the Narcissus flower (Narcissus (Mythology)., 2010).
Eros was the Greek god of love also known as Cupid which is his name in Latin. He is often seen as a baby cherub with wings along with his bow and arrow but in later stories he is seen as a gorgeous young man. He is the son of the goddess of love Aphrodite who was known to send him on missions to make others fall into romantic love with one shot of his arrow. One day Aphrodite requested Cupid to make a beautiful maiden named Psyche fall in love with a monster because Psyche had made a comment that her beauty rivaled Aphrodite’s. Cupid sought out on his mission but accidentally pricked his finger on one of his arrows when he saw Psyche and fell instantly in love with her (Eros, 2010) (Psyche, 2010).
Psyche was a beautiful butterfly winged young maiden who Cupid the god of love accidentally fell in love with. Cupid blindfolded an unsuspecting Psyche and took her to a secret place where they could live together. Although Psyche had never seen Cupid and was asked to never gaze upon him she fell deeply in love with him. One night she could no longer contain her curiosity; she picked up an oil lamp and looked at him while he slept. Psyche became startled when she saw Cupid and accidentally spilled a drop of hot oil on him and he woke-up. Out of anger Cupid abandoned Psyche and she desperately wondered the earth searching for him. Psyche put herself, her mind, and her soul into finding her true love. After completing numerous tasks given to her by Cupids mother Aphrodite, Psyche was reunited with Cupid. Zeus married Cupid and Psyche who had also been made immortal. The word psychology is defined as the study of mind, soul, and behavior (Psyche, 2010) (Eros, 2010).
Vulcan was the god of fire and hearth; he was a master blacksmith and skillful craftsman who made wonderful creations for the gods. The word volcano originated from the god Vulcan. Some of the numerous forged metal creations Vulcan hammered out for the gods were Zeus’s throne, Zeus’s thunderbolts, and Apollo’s golden chariot (Vulcan (mythology), 2010).
Nemesis was the goddess of retribution and punishment. The modern definition for Nemesis is often referred to as someone's worst foe or bitter enemy. In Greece, the word Nemesis means "to give what is due" (Nemesis (Mythology)., 2010).
Hera was the goddess of marriage and the wife of Zeus. She was often portrayed as jealous and resentful of her husband’s infidelity. Hera is also described as powerful and ill tempered and has caused magnitudes of grief for anyone who dare cross her. The word hero could have been linked to Hera because she is the goddess, protector, and defender of marriage. The definition of the word hero is someone who defends and protects (List of gods and goddesses from Greek and Latin Myths — Mythology for all Seasons., 2010) (Online Etymology Dictionary. , 2010).
Hypnos was the god of sleep. He was the twin brother of the god Thanatos the god of death and the son of Nyx the goddess of night. Hypnos has been described as a young man who lives in a grand residence that used to be a cavern full of darkness. Red poppy flowers known for inducing sleep grew outside of his residence. Hypnosis is defined as a relaxed sleep like state and derives from the god Hypnos (Hypnos, 2010).
Eris also known as Discordia which is her name in Latin was the goddess of strife and discord. She is best known as the trouble making goddess who initiated the conflict that started the Trojan War. Because Eris was not invited to a wedding at mount Olympus along with all the other gods and goddesses she delivered an apple (the apple of discord) addressed to the most desirable (goddess). Three of the goddesses Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera fought over the apple which in turn started the Trojan War. The word discord is defined as the disagreement, conflict, or strife between people, situations, or things (Eris (Mythology), 2010).
Achilles has been described as the strongest and most handsome warrior/hero of the Trojan War. When Achilles was a baby, his mother held him by his heel and lowered him into the river Styx which gave him eternal life. Achilles heel was the only mortal and vulnerable part on his immortal body because it had not touched the water therefore; any harm that came to Achilles heel would end his life. Achilles the bravest hero of all the Trojan War died in battle when he was shot in his heel by a flying arrow. A principal vulnerability called Achilles-heel is named after a Trojan War Greek hero (Achilles., 2010).
Demeter also known by her Latin name Ceres was the goddess of harvest, grain, and agriculture. She is best known as the mother of Persephone who was kidnapped by Hades, forced to marry him, and live in the underworld. After Persephone was abducted, Demeter abandoned her crops causing famine when she wondered the earth looking for her daughter. When Demeter found out that Hades had tricked Persephone into eating a few pomegranate seeds thereby forcing her to stay with him in the underworld for eternity, she asked Zeus for help. Zeus made a deal with Hades allowing Persephone return to her mother for six months out of the year. Demeter is called the “bringer of seasons” (Demeter, 2010) because the seasons of fall and winter are when Persephone is away from her and she is in morning. Spring and summer are the seasons when Persephone returns from the underworld to be with her mother bringing happiness to both. Cereal is made of grains such as wheat, corn, or oats and is named after Ceres, Demeter’s name in Latin (Demeter, 2010).
Across 1. – Pan the god of fertility who was half man and half goat caused beings to - Panic 4. – The beautiful nymph who lost in love and the ability to speak - Echo 8. - Beautiful flower named after self absorbed young adult - Narcissus 10. – Word derived from the god who was both blacksmith and master craftsman - Volcano 12. - Eros the god of love aka - Cupid Down 2. – Goddess of retribution, a bitter foe - Nemesis 3. – Believed to derive from the protector of marriage and wife of Zeus - Hero 5. – Word derived from the god of sleep - Hypnosis 6. – Word derived from the wife of Eros meaning soul, mind, and self - Psychology 7. – Trouble making goddess aka Eris who loves conflict - Discordia 9. – A principal vulnerability named after a Trojan War Greek hero - Achilles 11. –Food that derives from Demeter aka Ceres goddess of harvest, grain, and agriculture - Cereal
Word Origins Derived from Greek Mythology
Word Origins Derived from Greek Mythology Multimedia Thematic Completed LessonCamille Price Morris
Mythology Myths were created by Greek ancestors who needed to make sense of • World Creation • The Universe • Origins of Human Existence • Human Behavior • Nature
Mythology Pan Pan the god of fertility was: •Half man •Half goat •Very playful •Extremely mischievousHe caused people to Panic and flee in terror.
Mythology Echo Echo was a beautiful nymph who loved to: •Talk •Listen to her own voice •Gossip She lost the ability to speak, only to Echo the words of others.
Mythology Narcissus Narcissus was a beautiful young hunter who: •Was extremely vain •Was self absorbed •Fell in love with his image A beautiful Narcissus Flower bloomed in the spot where he died
Mythology Eros/Cupid Eros was the Greek god of love was also known as: •Cupid •Son of Aphrodite •A baby cherub Cupid fell instantly in love with Psyche
Mythology Psyche Psyche the butterfly winged Maiden loved Cupid with her: •Heart •Mind •Soul The word Psychology is defined as the study of mind, soul, and behavior.
Mythology Vulcan Vulcan was the god of fire and forged: •Zeus’s throne •Zeus’s thunderbolts •Apollo’s golden chariot The word Volcano originated from the god Vulcan.
Mythology Nemesis Nemesis is the goddess of: •Retribution •Punishment •Vengeance •Fate Nemesis is often referred to as ones worst foe or bitter enemy.
Mythology Hera Hera, wife of Zeus was the: •Goddess of marriage •Defender of marriage •Protector of marriage The definition of the word Hero is someone who defends and protects.
Mythology Hypnos Hypnos the god of sleep is related to: •Nyx the goddess of night (His Mother) •Thanatos the god of death (His Twin Brother) Hypnosis is defined as a relaxed sleep like state and derives from the god Hypnos.
Mythology Eris/Discordia Eris/Discordia caused strife between Goddesses: •Alphrodite •Athena •Hera Discord is defined as the disagreement, conflict, or strife between people, situations, or things.
Mythology Achilles Achilles the warrior of the Trojan War was: •Handsome •Strong •A HeroA principal vulnerability called Achilles-heel is named after a Trojan War Greek hero.
Mythology Demeter/Ceres Demeter/Ceres the mother of Persephone is the goddess of: •Harvest •Grain •Agriculture Cereal is made of grains and is named after Ceres, Demeter’s Latin name.
Mythology• Reference• Achilles. (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Achilles• Demeter. (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/columbia/Demeter• Echo (Mythology). (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/echo+(mythology)• Eris (Mythology). (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Eris_(mythology)• Eros. (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/Eros• Greek Gods. (2010). Hunch. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://hunch.com/greek-gods/?gclid=CNnDqpXVxKUCFQICbAodA1lrWw&SEMref=google&kw=the+ancien• Greek mythology (2010). GreekMythology.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.greekmythology.com/• Hera. (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/Hera• Hypnos. (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/Hypnos• List of gods and goddesses from Greek and Latin Myths — Mythology for all Seasons. (2010). Wordquest. Retrieved November 20, 2010 from http://wordquests.info//cgi/ice2-for.cgi?file=/hsphere/local/home/scribejo/wordquests.info/htm/L-Gk• Narcissus (Mythology). (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/Narcissus+(mythology)
Mythology• Reference• Nemesis (Mythology). (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Nemesis_%28mythology%29• Online Etymology Dictionary. (2010). Etymonline.com. Retrieved November 20, 2010 from http://www.etymonline.com/• Pan. (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/Pan• Psyche. (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/columbia/Psyche• Puzzle Maker “Create My Criss-Cross_ Word Origins derived from Greek and Roman Mythology. (2010). Discovery Education. Retrieved November 29, 2010 from http://puzzlemaker.discoveryeducation.com/CrissCrossSetupForm.asp• Smaldino, S. E., Russell, J. D., Heinich, R., & Molenda, M. (2004). Instructional Technology and Media for Learning. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Retrieved December 2, 2010.• Vulcan (mythology) . (2010). Reference.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010 from http://www.reference.com/browse/Vulcan+(mythology)• Zoomerang Special thanks to: Google images for the assorted (educational use only) graphics and gifs.