Objectives: To understand and apply acting reading strategies for comprehension poetry. To reflex about the meaning of the poem. Poetry Analysis—TP-CASTT.docT Title When I read the title I think in a tragedy Some people brought a warrior to her home When she saw him she didn’t swoon neither cry: All the maidens that were watching her, said, If she doesn’t sweep she will die. The dead warrior was praised soft and low by the people, The warrior deserved to be loved, He was the most reliable friend and honest enemy; She couldn’t speak and move.P Paraphrase He stole the maiden who was in her place, And she walked towards the warrior, She took the face-cloth from his face; But she couldn’t move or wept. A nurse that was 90 years old called Rose, Put her child upon her knee Her tears fell from her eyes as the summer tempest My sweet child, I live for you. Poetic Devices The sounds of the words: Alliteration: Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words placed near each other, usually on the same or adjacent lines. A somewhat looser definition is that it is the use of the sameC Connotation consonant in any part of adjacent words. Consonance: Repeated consonant sounds at the ending of words placed near each other, usually on the same or adjacent lines. These should be in sounds that are accented, or stressed, rather than in vowel. Meaning of the words: Allegory: A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning. Sometimes it can be a single word or phrase, such as the name of a character or place. Often, it is a symbolic narrative that has not only a literal meaning, but a larger one understood only after reading
the entire story or poem. Allusion: A brief reference to some person, historical event, work of art, or Biblical or mythological situation or character. Metaphor: A direct comparison between two unlike things, stating that one is the other or does the action of the other. Metonymy: A figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it. Arranging the words: Verse: One single line of a poem arranged in a metrical pattern. Also, a piece of poetry or a particular form of poetry such as free verse, blank verse, etc., or the art or work of a poet. Stanza: A division of a poem created by arranging the lines into a unit, often repeated in the same pattern of meter and rhyme throughout the poem; a unit of poetic lines (a “paragraph” within the poem). The stanzas within a poem are separated by blank lines. The images of words: Imagery: The use of vivid language to generate ideas and/or evoke mental images, not only of the visual sense, but of sensation and emotion as well. While most commonly used in reference to figurative language, imagery can apply to any component of a poem that evoke sensory experience and emotional response, and also applies to the concrete things so brought to mind. Synesthesia: An attempt to fuse different senses by describing one kind of sense impression in words normally used to describe another.A Attitude The poet lets us see different attitudes of people when you lost someone.S Shifts The poem has 4 stanzas “Home They Brought Her Warrior Dead”T Title In the title the author represents a man who has dead and was brought to his wife in her home.T Theme Nobody is prepared to have a tragedy in the family, it is always unexpected, mainly when a person die suddenly.
Pre-readingAcitvity 1:The students have to read the title of the poem, interpret this picture and answer:What do you think the poem is going to beabout?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Activity 2:Think Aloud:Students have to think about this new experience reading poetry, giving their opinionsand thoughts about the poem.What do you think when you read a new poem? How do you feel? Have you ever hadanother experience reading poetry?Activity 3:K-W-L (Know-Want to know-Learned)In this chart, students will write about what they already know about poetry (structure,concepts, etc.), what they expected to learn reading poetry (vocabulary, how to write apoem, etc.) and the new things that they learned during the pre-reading process. Know Want to know Learned
While-readingActivity 4:Read the text. Home They Brought Her Warrior Dead Home they brought her warrior dead: She nor swooned, nor uttered cry: All her maidens, watching, said, ‘She must weep or she will die.’ Then they praised him, soft and low, Called him worthy to be loved, Truest friend and noblest foe; Yet she neither spoke nor moved. Stole a maiden from her place, Lightly to the warrior stepped, Took the face-cloth from the face; Yet she neither moved nor wept. Rose a nurse of ninety years, Set his child upon her knee— Like summer tempest came her tears— ‘Sweet my child, I live for thee.’ Alfred Lord Tennyson
Activity 5:Students will have to identify vocabulary with definitions and images.Put the correct number with the corresponding definition. Swoon A young woman who hasn’t lost her1 purity. Maiden Literary faint, especially from extreme2 emotion. Weep A brave or experienced person or3 soldier. Praised Shed tears.4 Warrior Express respect and gratitude towards5 (a deity)
Activity 6:The students will have to listen to the poem that will be listened from a native speaker (Itwill be in a listening). After that no more than 2 students will have o read it aloud in frontof the class.LISTEN Read the poem aloud. Breathe when there is punctuation. Note the rhythm and how it affects mood.SENSE Imagine the sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and sense of touch within the poem.REACT Note your reactions to the poem and the connections you make to other things you’ve read or done.QUESTION Note the questions the poem raises. Ask yourself what it is about, what words or phrases mean.CLARIFY Summarize or paraphrase. Find the meaning of symbolic language.Activity 7:After that the students will have to imagine the sights, sounds, smells, etc. and they willhave to take notes of the reactions and connect it with some things that they have read orlived before. Then students share information with a partner and no more than a coupleof student must to share it in front of the class.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Activity 8:Students will note the questions that the poem raises and ask to themselves and answerthe next questions:1. ¿What is the poem about? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________2. ¿What words and phrases that appear into the poem mean? (Note what you didn’t understand and interpret it with your own words). For example: “She nor swooned, nor uttered cry” it may mean: She couldn’t believed what was happening and for that reason she couldn’t react. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________Activity 9:Students will have to paraphrase the poem with their own words. Before, the teacher willexplain what is paraphrase.“A paraphrase is a passage borrowed from a source and rewrittenin your own words. A paraphrase should be true to the originalauthor’s idea, but is rewritten in your own words and sentencestructure. Since you are using someone else’s ideas and expressingthem in your own words, it is very important to give credit to thesource of the idea.A paraphrase should not use any of the original author’s wordsexcept incidental conjunctions and common prepositions”.
Original Poem Paraphrasing Home They Brought Her Warrior Dead Home they brought her warrior dead: She nor swooned, nor uttered cry: All her maidens, watching, said, ‘She must weep or she will die.’Then they praised him, soft and low, Called him worthy to be loved, Truest friend and noblest foe; Yet she neither spoke nor moved. Stole a maiden from her place, Lightly to the warrior stepped, Took the face-cloth from the face; Yet she neither moved nor wept. Rose a nurse of ninety years, Set his child upon her knee— Like summer tempest came her tears— ‘Sweet my child, I live for thee.’ Alfred Lord Tennyson
Post-readingActivity 10:The students will have to create a poem changing the sense of this poem, doing thecontrary of the poem. For example: “Home they brought her warrior dead” will be “Homethey brought her warrior alive”. Convert the tragedy that is presented in the poem, inhappiness. “Home they brought her warrior alive”. ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________Activity 11:1) Rereading. Students read the poem again to a complete understanding.2) Interpret the title: Connect the title to the meaning.3) Connect text-to-self (how the student feel when he read the poem and what is the meaning that he gives to the poem). Discuss and share opinions about it.4) K-W-L chart Know Want to know Learned