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What are we doing to optimize OpenSolaris?


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  • TDP == Thermal Design Power
  • Solaris Fault Manager is a key component of Predictive Self Healing. Solaris Fault Manager receives data relating to hardware and software errors and automatically diagnoses the underlying problem. Once diagnosed, Solaris Fault Manager automatically responds by offlining faulty components.
  • Intel continues to innovate to improve the MCA for better RAS and recovery (e.g., CMCI). Sun and Intel are working together to extend these capabilities to systems based on the Intel Xeon processor 5500 series, including chipsets and memory subsystems. Solaris recognizes and supports Intel Xeon processor 5500 series Machine Check Architecture (MCA).
  • Transcript

    • 1. OpenSolaris* on Intel: Innovation Unleashed CommunityOne 2009 June 1, 2009 Bob Kasten Intel Corporation
    • 2. Agenda
        • Intel Processor Advances
        • Intel and Sun Collaboration
        • Intel’s Involvement in OpenSolaris
        • Summary / Call to Action
    • 3. Executive Summary
      • Great match between Intel technology innovations and Sun Solaris OS innovations
      • Solaris and OpenSolaris optimized for Intel-based systems
        • Many results in performance, energy efficiency, virtualization, fault management, and device support
      • Huge benefit for customers using Intel based hardware and Sun software
        • OpenSolaris certified on over 1000 Intel-based systems
    • 4. Intel Processor Advances
    • 5. 2 YEARS 2 YEARS 45nm 32nm Shrink/Derivative Westmere New Microarchitecture Sandy Bridge 65nm 2 YEARS Shrink/Derivative Presler · Yonah · Dempsey New Microarchitecture Intel ® Core™ Microarchitecture Shrink/Derivative Penryn Family New Microarchitecture Nehalem “ Tick Tock” (Shrink) (Innovate) Intel’s Sustained Architecture Leadership Stable roadmap for continued software innovation Source: Intel. All future products, computer systems, dates, and figures specified are preliminary based on current expectations, and are subject to change without notice. Relentless advances in technology See “Intel Architecture and Silicon Cadence” whitepaper:
    • 6. Scalable Cores Common feature set Same core for all segments Common software optimization 45nm Servers/Workstations Energy Efficiency, Performance, Virtualization, Reliability, Capacity, Scalability Intel® Core TM Microarchitecture ( Intel ® Xeon ® processor 7xxx series ) Desktop Performance, Graphics, Energy Efficiency , Idle Power, Security Mobile Battery Life, Performance, Energy Efficiency , Graphics, WiFi Optimized cores to meet all market segments
    • 7. Exciting new architecture for the future - 2-way simultaneous multi-threading - Scalable from 2 to 8 cores - Integrated memory controller - Dynamic power management - Microarchitecture enhancements - Intel ® QuickPath Interconnect - Shared and inclusive level-3 cache The multi-core processor era brings new opportunities for software developers Nehalem Microarchitecture: Dynamically Scalable and Innovative New Design Core 3 Core 2 Core 1 Core 0 Shared L3 Cache Integrated Memory Controller – 3 Ch DDR3 Q P I
    • 8. Sun and Intel Collaboration
    • 9. Sun-Intel Solaris Collaboration is Significant Get the best software and hardware for mission-critical applications
      • Broad multi-year strategic alliance
      • Sun roadmap commitment to Intel ® Xeon ® processors
      • Intel endorsement of Solaris * as a mainstream OS for Intel Xeon processors
      • Joint investment in engineering, design, and marketing alliance for Solaris and Java *
    • 10. Results of Intel / Sun collaboration
      • Intel and Sun engineers working together since January 2007
      • Key areas of kernel, performance, power, virtualization, and drivers
      • Sun and Intel focusing on OpenSolaris development
      • Sun back-ports select OpenSolaris enhancements to Solaris 10 updates
      Boot time Microcode update CPUID for Core2 and Nehalem Microarchitecture Libc /kernel optimizations for Core2 and Nehalem Microarchitecture ACPI NUMA support IOMMU for Xeon Extended xAPIC Performance counter support for Core2 and Nehalem Microarchitecture FMA/RAS support for Xeon SSE 2, 3, Supplemental SSE3, SSE 4.1, 4.2 Deep C-state support PowerTOP Intel WiFi support Zoar and Oplin NIC support Graphics drivers for Desktop, Laptop Active Management Technology Virtualization Technology in xVM Contributions or consulting: Strong contributions across OS
    • 11. Areas of Development
      • Performance and scalability
      • Observability tools
      • Compiler vectorization and tools
      • Energy-efficient performance
      • Driver support
      • Virtualization technology
      • Reliability
      • Predictive self-healing
      • Join us:
      Joint work touches many significant areas of the OS
    • 12. Optimizing Xeon Performance OpenSolaris great fit for Intel Xeon technologies Intel Nehalem Microarchitecture Innovation OpenSolaris Enabler
      • Quick Path Interconnect Architecture (QPI)
      • Integrated Memory Controller
      • Scalable NUMA optimized thread scheduler
      • Memory Placement Optimization (MPO)
      • Architectural Performance Monitoring
        • Performance counters
      • Advanced development and observability tools
        • DTrace
        • libcpc, cpustat, cputrack
        • Sun Studio Performance Analyzer
      • Scalable from 2 to 8 cores
      • 2-way Simultaneous Multi-threading (HT)
      • Intel Turbo Boost Technology
      - Optimized Solaris threading model - Scalable software thread scheduler
    • 13. Performance Enhancements
      • Use new Intel instructions where helpful in kernel and libc
        • Specific to 64-bit binaries
        • Libc optimizations
          • memcpy(), memmove(), and memset()
            • SSE2 and/or SSSE3 instructions
            • Micro-benchmarks show big speed up
          • Str(n)cpy(), str(n)cmp() and strlen()
            • SSE2 and/or SSSE3 instructions
            • Micro-benchmarks show big speed up
        • Kernel optimizations
            • bzero(), bcopy(), kcopy(), etc.
      Accelerate memory operations
    • 14. Power Management Introduction
      • P-states - Active Power Management
        • Change frequency and voltage to match load
        • Turbo Boost support
      • C-states – Idle Power Management
        • C0 - Normal running state
        • C1 - HALT instruction, no instructions get executed
        • C2 - Like C1, no code executed. Clock stopped
        • C3 - FSB shut down. No snooping and caches can be shut off
      • T-state
        • Thermal throttling – like an emergency brake
      • Parts of ACPI
        • Static tables that the BIOS creates
        • Captures the platform power capabilities (how many P/C-states, power, switch latency, etc.)
      Stay in deeper C-states as long as you can
    • 15. Core 2 Core 3 Core 0 Core 1 Core 2 Core 3 Core 0 Core 1 Frequency (F) No Turbo Workload Lightly Threaded or Current Workload < TDP Frequency (F) Active cores running workloads < TDP Core 0 Core 1 Core 2 Core 3 Intel® Turbo Boost Technology Turbo Mode In response to workload demand adds additional performance bins within headroom
    • 16. Core 0 Core 1 Core 2 Core 3 Frequency (F) No Turbo Frequency (F) Turbo Mode In response to workload demand adds additional performance bins within headroom Workload Lightly Threaded < TDP Core 2 Core 3 Core 1 Core 0 Intel® Turbo Boost Technology Power Gating Zero power for inactive cores Dynamically delivering optimal performance and energy efficiency
    • 17. Power Management Development Areas
      • PowerTOP is available for OpenSolaris
        • Shows what wakes up your system from power saving states
        • Uses DTrace
      C-state residency ACPI info Top causes for wakeup P-state residency PowerTop v1.1 in OpenSolaris 2008.11
    • 18. Advanced Power Management
      • Lab setups look for improvement areas
      • Power-aware dispatching (PAD) in OpenSolaris 2009.06
      • Tickless kernel
      • P-state improvement
      • C-state support
      • Interrupt binding
      Join us at
    • 19. Intel® Virtualization Technology A Comprehensive Platform Approach to Virtualization Intel ® Virtualization Technology (Intel ® VT) Intel VT refers to all the hardware assists for virtualization that Intel offers across its platform (CPU, Chipset, I/O) Intel VT for IA-32 and Intel ® 64 (Intel VT-x, VT-x2) Intel VT-x refers to all the hardware assists for virtualization in Intel ® Xeon ® processors Intel VT For Directed I/O (Intel VT-d, VT-d2) Intel VT-d refers to all the hardware assists for virtualization in Intel chipset Intel VT For Connectivity (Intel VT-c) Intel VT-c refers to all the hardware assists for virtualization in Intel networking and I/O devices Processor Chipset Network - Interrupt acceleration - Flexibility in live migration - Extended page tables - I/O performance through direct assignment - Memory protection - Over 2x throughput gains on 10GbE - Offload routine I/O tasks We are adding vt-d, vt-d2, vt-x, and vt-x2 into OpenSolaris
    • 20. Unlocking Virtualization on Xeon
      • Intel Virtualization Technology
      • Interoperability
      • Performance optimizations
      • Intel: #2 contributor
      • to Xen project
      • Manageability at scale
      • Availability
      • Security and compliance
      • Intel: #2 contributor
      • to OpenSolaris project
      • Intel Virtualization Technology
      • Interoperability
      • Performance optimizations
      • Manageability at scale
      • Availability
      • Security and compliance
    • 21. Fault Management Architecture
      • Fault – a defect that may produce errors
      • Diagnosis software automates the steps
      • Error – an incorrect signal, datum, result
      • Diagnosis left to humans
      FMA reduces cost of fault diagnosis/repair Without FMA: With FMA:
    • 22. FMA and Intel® Xeon® Processors
      • Possible action:
        • Retire Memory Page
      • Corrected Machine Check Interrupts (CMCI)
      Location of failed DIMMs Error injection Intel platform FMA model Great RAS support for Intel based servers     Intel platform support – Bensley, Caneland and Stoutland platforms  Error injection: ensures that FMA code paths work correctly  Reporting of physical location of failed DIMMs PCI-X-100 ZCR PWR North Bridge ESB2 PXH-V x8 SCSI SCSI LAN Zoar x4 SATA x6 FLPY IDE-M IDE-S CPU2 CPU1 PCI-X-133/100 DDR2 FBD 16GB PCI-X-133/100 PCI-e x16 PCI-33 PCI-e x8 in x16 LP IPMI PWR SCSI VRM 4+4
    • 23. Desktop/Mobile Driver Support - Wireless
      • You need to develop code for OpenSolaris on a laptop (don’t try to carry a server on an airplane!)
      • So you need good wireless support:
        • Current Centrino and Centrino Pro
          • 802.11 b/g supported on Intel 4965
          • WEP security
        • Current Centrino 2
          • 802.11 b/g support for Intel 5100, 5300
        • Coming Soon: 802.11 e/n
      Join us at
    • 24. Desktop/Mobile Driver Support – 3D Desktop
      • Graphics
        • Desktop and mobile platform graphics are supported
        • Intel ® vPro™, Intel ® Centrino ® , and Intel ® Centrino ® 2 platforms – OpenSolaris 2008.11
        • X server (compiz 3D desktop) and OpenGL
      • OpenSolaris makes Compiz enabling easy, on supported video cards
      OpenSolaris rocks on Intel laptop and desktops
    • 25. Developer Tools
      • Sun Studio 12 Compiler and Sun Studio Express 3/09 with Xeon-specific optimizations
      • Sun Studio Performance Analyzer: latest Intel Architecture performance counters
      • gcc – easiest port of open source to OpenSolaris
      • Threading Building Blocks for Solaris –
      Wide spectrum of tool choices for developers
    • 26. Results
    • 27. Solaris Leadership: Xeon 5500
      • Solaris 10 update 09/08 – First commercial OS release optimized for Intel Nehalem Microarchitecture
        • Intel features supported:
          • NUMA support driven by ACPI
          • Scheduler / cache tuning using CPUID
          • Up to 256 CPUs
          • New instructions: SSE 4.2
          • DTrace support for PowerTOP
      • OpenSolaris 2008.11
        • Additional Nehalem features include:
          • PowerTop
          • FMA support for MCA extensions
      • OpenSolaris 2009.06
        • Power-Aware Dispatching (PAD) and Nehalem deep C-state support
    • 28. Top Enterprise Performance Records – Xeon 5500 SPECjbb*2005 503,675 bops Top 2-Socket, Single JVM OpenSolaris 2008.11 SPECjvm*2008 317.13 Base ops/m Overall Performance Record OpenSolaris 2008.11 TPC-H 1000 GB 23,365 QphH, $2.41/QphH Top 2-Socket, Best Price/Perf Solaris 10 U6 SPECint_rate 478 peak, 410 base Top Dual-node Blade, OpenSolaris 2008.11 SPECfp_speed 50.4 peak, 45.0 base Overall Performance Record OpenSolaris 2008.11 SPECint_speed 36.9 peak, 30.0 base Overall Performance Record OpenSolaris 2008.11 SAP – SD 2-Tier (Unicode) 3700 SD; avg resp time 0.94s; SAPs 20300; Oracle 10g Top 2-Socket, Solaris 10 U6 SPECfp_rate 355 peak, 332 base Top Dual-node Blade, OpenSolaris 2008.11
    • 29. Summary
      • Intel platform and OpenSolaris/Solaris bring the best technology to the end user
        • Intel’s QPI technology and Solaris’s MPO, SRAT enabled
        • Intel’s Hyperthreading Technology and Solaris’s OS’s sophisticated process scheduler
        • OpenSolaris’ Power Aware Dispatcher and Intel’s power states and Intel Turbo Boost Technology
        • OpenSolaris’ FMA and Intel’s Xeon RAS features
        • Intel’s new instruction set SSE 4.2 enabled in Solaris
        • Developer tools: Solaris’s DTrace and Intel’s monitoring mechanisms for power and performance counters
    • 30. Call to Action
      • Try OpenSolaris or Solaris 10 on the latest Intel platforms
      • Join us at:
      • For more information visit:
    • 31. Legal Disclaimers INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH INTEL® PRODUCTS.  EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN INTEL'S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE FOR SUCH PRODUCTS, INTEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, AND INTEL DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY RELATING TO SALE AND/OR USE OF INTEL PRODUCTS, INCLUDING LIABILITY OR WARRANTIES RELATING TO FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel products, visit or call (U.S.) 1-800-628-8686 or 1-916-356-3104. Intel may make changes to specifications, product descriptions, and plans at any time, without notice. All dates provided are subject to change without notice. Relative performance is calculated by assigning a baseline value of 1.0 to one benchmark result, and then dividing the actual benchmark result for the baseline platform into each of the specific benchmark results of each of the other platforms, and assigning them a relative performance number that correlates with the performance improvements reported. SPEC, SPECint2000, SPECfp2000, SPECint2006, SPECfp2006, SPECjbb, SPECWeb are trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. See for more information. Intel® Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with an enabled Intel® processor, BIOS, virtual machine monitor (VMM) and, for some uses, certain platform software enabled for it. Functionality, performance or other benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations and may require a BIOS update. Software applications may not be compatible with all operating systems. Please check with your application vendor. Intel processor numbers are not a measure of performance. Processor numbers differentiate features within each processor series, not across different processor sequences. See for details. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009 Intel Corporation. All rights are protected. Intel, the Intel logo, Centrino, Centrino 2, Intel Core, vPro, and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and other countries.
    • 32. Thank you!