Fedora Commons Overview and Background Sandy Payette, Executive Director UK Fedora Training London January 22-23, 2009
Social and Technical Forces Waves of Repository-Enabled Applications
Institutional Repo and Digital Library Apps
IR: Scholars to deposit articles, etc.
DL: Digital library search and access; collections
Collaborative “Web 2.0”
annotate; discuss scholarly materials
E-Science, E-Research, Data Curation
Publications linked to data
Data aggregation from distributed sources
Use of “Live” archives
Implications for Repositories more distributed more collaborative more web-oriented more open more interoperable
Emergence of Infrastructure Source: Understanding Infrastructure: Lessons for New Scientific Infrastructure, http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/49353 Systems Integrate components Central control Dedicated/specialized gateways More closed More preconceived Integrate systems Distributed control Generic gateways More open More reconfigurable Networks
Considerations for repositories….
Single vs. multi-institutional perspective?
Impact of “cloud” and virtualization technologies?
Best path to real interoperability?
Complexity vs. simplicity?
Positioning in emerging value networks?
Contexts - user and technical digital libraries e-science e-research scholarly publication service-oriented web 2.0 semantic web User Contexts Technical Contexts cloud computing
Implications of Technology Trends
suggests shift in paradigm that will affect students, scholars, scientists, educators
Collaborative classification (e.g., flickr
The power of collective intelligence (amazon)
Alternative trust models (reputation like in ebay and in the open source software movement)
Hosting of large scale, low-cost storage (e.g., Amazon S3, Google)
Hosting of services and applications
Service orientation – movement towards “lightweight”
Semantic Web – linked data vision; but for now practical, constrained uses of semantic technologies
Goals for Fedora Repositories …
Objects : Support the creation and management of new forms of any type of content as “information units” permitting both aggregation and linkings
Relationships : Knowledge integration: capturing semantic and factual relationships among information units (networks/graphs)
Re - Use : Promote information re-use and contextualization
Embed : Accommodate information that is created as a byproduct of collaborative activity and fit repositories within end user processes
Integration : Integrate with the Web and enterprise systems that support research, collaboration, and scholarly communication
Durability : Enable durability and long-term preservation and access to information resources
Fedora Commons 501(c)(3) Non-Profit Purpose Statement from Articles of Incorporation
The purpose of Fedora Commons is to provide sustainable technologies to help individuals and organizations create, manage, publish, share, and preserve digital resources upon which we form our intellectual, scientific, and cultural heritage;
… provide open-source software that integrates key functionality for supporting the full lifecycle of digital information ;
… enable access over the World Wide Web and other delivery systems.
Supporting universities and research institutions
Supporting libraries, museums, and cultural institutions
Supporting educational institutions
Supporting open access publishing
Supporting archives and records management organizations
A Brief History… 2001 2005 2007 Major Funders Mellon Mellon Moore Mellon Community, Partners, Donors 2012+ 501(c)(3) Non-profit
Users of Fedora Commons open source software http://fedora.info/wiki/index.php/Fedora_Commons_Community_Registry
National Libraries and Archives
University Libraries and Archives
Museums and Culture Organizations
Semantic and Virtual Digital Libraries
National Repository Consortia
Publishing and Professional Societies
Medical Centers and Libraries
Fedora Commons Open Source Projects
Fedora Repository Project
The original Fedora Project
Akubra Storage Project
New storage plug-in architecture; transactional file system;
Mulgara and Topaz Semantic Technologies Projects
Currently independent, but FC supported
Mulgara - highly scalable triple store
Topaz – object-to-triple mapping to enable application development
Fedora Commons open source projects can be integrated together.
Strategic Directions … Open Source Community Collaboration Strategic Partnerships
Working Together with Target Communities … preservation and archiving data curation open access publication FC – 2009 Emerging Community Solution Areas integrations scholar’s repository
Working Together with Solution Communities …
Solution Community Startups (talk to Thorny Staples)