®
Parallels Virtual
Machine Guide




Copyright © 1999-2008 Parallels Software International Inc.
Copyright © 1999-2008 by Parallels Software International, Inc. All rights reserved.

Parallels, Coherence, Parallels Tran...
3




Contents

Introduction                                                                                              ...
Contents                4


            Updating Parallels Tools ............................................................
Contents                 5


               Increasing Virtual Hard Disk Size................................................
6


CHAPTER 1

Introduction
  Parallels Server is a cross-platform software that enables you to create virtual machines on...
Introduction   7




About Parallels Server
   Parallels Server is a cross-platform software that enables you to efficient...
Introduction      8




Parallels Server Components
   Parallels Server comprises three major components that are fully cr...
Introduction           9




Documentation Conventions
   Before you start using this guide, it is important to understand...
Introduction   10




Getting Help
   Parallels Server offers several options for accessing necessary information:

   Par...
Introduction    11



  For PDF documents installed together with Parallels Server, browse the following folder:
     On  ...
12


CHAPTER 2

Virtual Machine Specifications
   Virtual machine, like any other computer, has hardware and operating sys...
Virtual Machine Specifications     13


    On Linux: /var/parallels/
A virtual machine has at least two files: a configur...
Virtual Machine Specifications   14




Supported Guest Operating
Systems
  Parallels Server supports the following guest ...
15


CHAPTER 3

Starting Parallels Management Console
  Parallels Management Console is a client application for Parallels...
Starting Parallels Management Console   16




Welcome Window
  When you start Parallels Management Console for the first ...
17


CHAPTER 4

Connecting to a Server
  To work with Parallels Server and its virtual machines, you need to connect to th...
Connecting to a Server   18


       By default, Parallels Server listens for connections on port 64000. If the listening ...
Connecting to a Server     19


           Use Data Compression. If you select this option, the data sent between Parallel...
Connecting to a Server    20


       When you are finished with filling out the fields, click OK.




   With an activate...
Connecting to a Server      21


   2 In the Server Login dialog, specify your user name and password for the server.
    ...
22


CHAPTER 5

Adding a Virtual Machine
   You can add new or existing virtual machines to your server. New Virtual Machi...
Adding a Virtual Machine    23


   3 Installing Parallels Tools in the guest OS. If you installed Windows 2000/2003/XP/Vi...
Adding a Virtual Machine   24


4 In the New Virtual Machine Assistant Introduction window, click Continue.
5 If there are...
Adding a Virtual Machine   25


8 In the Express Windows Installation window, specify your user details and the Windows
  ...
Adding a Virtual Machine   26


   When finished, click Create.




10 When the virtual machine is created, in the Prepare...
Adding a Virtual Machine    27



   Note: If you want to install the operating system in the new virtual machine later, c...
Adding a Virtual Machine       28




Typical Installation Mode
    Typical Installation mode enables you to create a new ...
Adding a Virtual Machine   29


1   Launch Parallels Management Console.
2 Select the server you want to host the new virt...
Adding a Virtual Machine   30



        Note: If you want to install the operating system in the new virtual machine late...
Adding a Virtual Machine   31


4 In the New Virtual Machine Assistant Introduction window, click Continue.
5 If there are...
Adding a Virtual Machine   32


9 In the Hard Disk Options window, select the type of virtual hard disk you want to use an...
Adding a Virtual Machine      33



   Note: You may reconfigure the networking settings when the virtual machine is creat...
Adding a Virtual Machine    34


       Host Computer. Select this option to allocate more resources to the host computer ...
Adding a Virtual Machine   35


   To specify another location, type it into the Location filed or click Choose.




14 Wh...
Adding a Virtual Machine    36



Note: If you want to install the operating system in the new virtual machine later, clic...
Adding a Virtual Machine       37




Installing Guest Operating System
   When you create a new virtual machine, using th...
Adding a Virtual Machine    38




Installing Mac Guest OS X
    Installing Mac OS X Leopard
    Once you have created a M...
Adding a Virtual Machine     39


3 Start Add Virtual Machine Assistant by
       choosing Add Existing from the File menu...
Adding a Virtual Machine   40


7 If you selected the Add the specified virtual machine option, the virtual machine will b...
41


CHAPTER 6

Managing Virtual Machines
   You can clone and delete your virtual machines, create a template based on a ...
Managing Virtual Machines      42


4 In the Name and Location window, type the name of the virtual machine clone and spec...
Managing Virtual Machines   43




Deleting and Removing Virtual
Machine From List
   If you don't need some of your virtu...
Managing Virtual Machines     44



   Note: If you remove the virtual machine from the list visible in Parallels Manageme...
Managing Virtual Machines   45


       Logging File. The file has the .log extension and serves to record the data.




7...
Managing Virtual Machines   46




Creating a Virtual Machine Template
   If you need to create several virtual machines w...
Managing Virtual Machines   47


       on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Template Name>




6 In the Creatio...
Managing Virtual Machines    48




Deploying a Virtual Machine
Template
   The virtual machine template cannot be run as ...
Managing Virtual Machines        49


       on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>




6 In the Deployment ...
50


CHAPTER 7

Using Parallels Tools
  Parallels Tools are a suite of special utilities that help you use your virtual ma...
Using Parallels Tools       51




Parallels Tools for Mac Guest OS X
   Parallels Tools are available on the Mac guest op...
Using Parallels Tools    52




Installing Parallels Tools in Mac Guest OS X
    On Mac guest OS X, Parallels Tools can be...
Using Parallels Tools   53



    Now, you can start the Parallels Tools installation manually by double-clicking the Gues...
Using Parallels Tools        54




Parallels Tools for Windows Guest
OSes
   Parallels Tools are available for the follow...
Using Parallels Tools     55



For instructions on configuring this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 6...
Using Parallels Tools   56




Installing Parallels Tools in Windows Guest OS
    In Windows guest OSes, Parallels Tools c...
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide

826

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
826
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Parallels® Virtual Machine Guide

  1. 1. ® Parallels Virtual Machine Guide Copyright © 1999-2008 Parallels Software International Inc.
  2. 2. Copyright © 1999-2008 by Parallels Software International, Inc. All rights reserved. Parallels, Coherence, Parallels Transporter, Parallels Compressor, Parallels Desktop, and Parallels Explorer are registered trademarks of Parallels Software International, Inc. The Parallels logo is a trademark of Parallels Software International, Inc. This product is based on a technology that is the subject matter of a number of patent pending applications. Distribution of this work or derivative of this work in any form is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained from the copyright holder. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Server, Windows NT, Windows Vista, and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. Apple, Bonjour, Finder, Mac, Macintosh and Mac OS are trademarks of Apple Inc. Solaris is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. eComStation is a trademark of Serenity Systems International. FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation. Intel and Intel Core are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. OS/2 Warp is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. VMware is a registered trademark of VMware, Inc. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective owners.
  3. 3. 3 Contents Introduction 6 About Parallels Server ..................................................................................................................................7 Parallels Server Components ........................................................................................................................8 About This Guide .........................................................................................................................................8 Documentation Conventions .............................................................................................................9 Getting Help ...............................................................................................................................................10 Feedback.....................................................................................................................................................11 Virtual Machine Specifications 12 Virtual Machine Files .................................................................................................................................12 Supported Guest Operating Systems ..........................................................................................................14 Starting Parallels Management Console 15 Welcome Window ......................................................................................................................................16 Connecting to a Server 17 Adding a New Server..................................................................................................................................17 Activating Parallels Server .........................................................................................................................19 Connecting to a Registered Server..............................................................................................................20 Disconnecting From a Server......................................................................................................................21 Adding a Virtual Machine 22 Creating a New Virtual Machine ................................................................................................................22 Express Windows Installation Mode ...............................................................................................23 Typical Installation Mode................................................................................................................28 Custom Installation Mode ...............................................................................................................30 Installing Guest Operating System .............................................................................................................37 Installing Mac Guest OS X..............................................................................................................38 Adding an Existing Virtual Machine ..........................................................................................................38 Managing Virtual Machines 41 Cloning a Virtual Machine .........................................................................................................................41 Deleting and Removing Virtual Machine From List ..................................................................................43 Creating a Virtual Machine Template.........................................................................................................46 Deploying a Virtual Machine Template......................................................................................................48 Using Parallels Tools 50 Parallels Tools for Mac Guest OS X...........................................................................................................51 Installing Parallels Tools in Mac Guest OS X.................................................................................52 Updating Parallels Tools .................................................................................................................53 Removing Parallels Tools................................................................................................................53 Parallels Tools for Windows Guest OSes ...................................................................................................54 Installing Parallels Tools in Windows Guest OS.............................................................................56
  4. 4. Contents 4 Updating Parallels Tools .................................................................................................................57 Removing Parallels Tools................................................................................................................58 Parallels Tools in Linux Guest OS..............................................................................................................59 Installing Parallels Tools in Linux Guest OS ..................................................................................60 Updating Parallels Tools .................................................................................................................61 Editing Parallels Tools Settings ..................................................................................................................61 Running Virtual Machine 65 Starting, Stopping and Resetting Virtual Machine .....................................................................................65 Pausing and Suspending Virtual Machine ..................................................................................................67 Using Keyboard and Mouse .......................................................................................................................68 Switching View Modes...............................................................................................................................70 Freezing the Virtual Machine Screen Resolution .......................................................................................71 Using Shared Folders..................................................................................................................................72 Improving Virtual Machine Performance By Configuring Spotlight .........................................................73 Configuring Virtual Machines 74 Using the Virtual Machine Configuration Dialog.......................................................................................75 General Settings...............................................................................................................................76 Boot Settings ...................................................................................................................................77 Optimization Settings ......................................................................................................................79 Permissions Settings........................................................................................................................80 Startup and Shutdown Settings........................................................................................................81 Services Settings..............................................................................................................................83 Shared Folders Settings ...................................................................................................................85 CPU Settings ...................................................................................................................................87 Memory Settings .............................................................................................................................88 Video Settings .................................................................................................................................89 Floppy Disk Settings .......................................................................................................................91 Hard Disk Settings...........................................................................................................................92 CD/DVD-ROM Settings..................................................................................................................94 Network Adapter Settings ...............................................................................................................96 Parallel Port Settings .......................................................................................................................98 Serial Port Settings ........................................................................................................................100 Sound Settings ...............................................................................................................................102 Intel VT-d PCI Device Settings.....................................................................................................104 Adding and Removing Devices ................................................................................................................105 Add Hardware Assistant................................................................................................................105 Adding Hard Disk..........................................................................................................................107 Adding CD/DVD-ROM Drive ......................................................................................................109 Adding Floppy Disk Drive ............................................................................................................111 Adding Network Adapter ..............................................................................................................113 Adding Serial Port .........................................................................................................................115 Adding Parallel Port ......................................................................................................................117 Adding Intel VT-d PCI Device......................................................................................................118 Removing Devices.........................................................................................................................119 Using Intel VT-d PCI Devices in Parallels Virtual Machines ..................................................................120 Networking in Virtual Machine ................................................................................................................122 Shared Networking........................................................................................................................122 Bridged Networking ......................................................................................................................123 Host-Only Networking ..................................................................................................................123 Using Parallels Image Tool 124 Working with Parallels Image Tool..........................................................................................................125 Starting Parallels Server Image Tool.............................................................................................125
  5. 5. Contents 5 Increasing Virtual Hard Disk Size.................................................................................................125 Changing Virtual Hard Disk Type.................................................................................................127 Changing Virtual Hard Disk Format .............................................................................................129 Using the Added Space.............................................................................................................................132 Creating New Partition in Windows..............................................................................................132 Creating New Partition in Linux....................................................................................................133 Virtual Hard Disk Types...........................................................................................................................135 Using Parallels Explorer 136 Interface Basics.........................................................................................................................................137 Supported File Formats.............................................................................................................................139 Supported File Systems ............................................................................................................................140 Working with Parallels Server Explorer ...................................................................................................141 Viewing Virtual Machine Contents ...............................................................................................141 Changing View Modes ..................................................................................................................144 Managing Files and Folders in Virtual Machine ...........................................................................145 Using Parallels Server Mounter.....................................................................................................147 Usage Cases ..............................................................................................................................................149 Exchanging Data between Host Computer and Virtual Machine ..................................................149 Working with Virtual Machine Contents.......................................................................................150 Exchanging Data between Different Virtual Machines .................................................................151 Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................................152 Copying Data to Virtual Hard Disk ...............................................................................................152 Hot Key Combinations .............................................................................................................................153 Using Parallels Compressor 154 How Parallels Compressor Processes the Virtual Machine ......................................................................155 Guest OS System Requirements ...............................................................................................................156 Running Parallels Compressor..................................................................................................................156 Options of Parallels Compressor ..............................................................................................................158 Running Modes .............................................................................................................................159 Express and Advanced Modes.......................................................................................................164 Selecting Logical Disks .................................................................................................................165 Compression Levels ......................................................................................................................166 Compression in Automatic Mode .............................................................................................................167 Parallels Compressor Wizard....................................................................................................................169 Further Reducing the Disk........................................................................................................................175 Index 176
  6. 6. 6 CHAPTER 1 Introduction Parallels Server is a cross-platform software that enables you to create virtual machines on computers with Intel® VT-x and AMD-V™ hardware virtualization support that have a Mac OS® X, Windows® , Linux® , or no primary operating system installed. With Parallels Server, you can make these virtual machines accessible to other computers on the network, even to those that have different primary operating systems. In This Chapter About Parallels Server .......................................................................................................... 7 Parallels Server Components ................................................................................................ 8 About This Guide.................................................................................................................. 8 Getting Help.......................................................................................................................... 10 Feedback ............................................................................................................................... 11
  7. 7. Introduction 7 About Parallels Server Parallels Server is a cross-platform software that enables you to efficiently use your physical computer's hardware resources by sharing them between multiple virtual machines created on this computer. Parallels Server can be installed on any Intel VT-x and AMD-V based Mac, PC, or bare-metal computer that complies with the system requirements. With Parallels Server, you can create virtual machines on a computer with a Mac OS X, Windows, or Linux primary OS installed and make them accessible to other computers on the network. Parallels Management Console included in the Parallels Server package enables you to control virtual machines both locally and remotely. You can install Parallels Server on a physical server and then create, run and configure virtual machines using Parallels Management Console, Parallels Command Line Tool, or other client application installed on the same computer or other computer on the network. You can also create your own applications using the Parallels SDK package that is installed together with Parallels Server. Parallels Server enables you to Create multiple virtual machines with different operating systems on a single physical computer. Work in two or more operating systems simultaneously on the same computer desktop. Optimize the physical server resources usage. Simplify virtual machines provision by creating virtual machine templates that can be deployed to multiple virtual machines. Use a variety of tools to manage Parallels Server and its virtual machines. Manage several servers at a time using Parallels Management Console. Remotely access the virtual machine's graphical console.
  8. 8. Introduction 8 Parallels Server Components Parallels Server comprises three major components that are fully cross-platform and can be installed on any computer that has Mac OS, Windows, or Linux operating system. Parallels Server. Server application that enables you to create and run Parallels virtual machines. Parallels Management Console. Client application that is used to manage Parallels Server and its virtual machines. Parallels Server SDK. Software Development Kit that enables you to manage Parallels Server and its virtual machines without using any client applications. Parallels Server also includes several utilities that can help you work with your virtual machines: Parallels Command Line Tool. Utility that enables you to manage Parallels Server and its virtual machines right from the command line of your computer. Parallels Transporter. Application that enables you to migrate physical computers and disks into Parallels Server virtual machines. Parallels Server Image Tool. Utility that enables you to change the format and properties of hard disks used by Parallels virtual machines. Note: In this version, the Image Tool utility is available only for computers with Mac OS X. It is installed together with Parallels Server. Parallels Server Explorer. Utility that enables you to view and manage the contents of Parallels virtual machines and their hard disks without even starting them. Note: In this version, the Explorer utility is available only for computers with Mac OS X. It is installed together with Parallels Server. Parallels Server Mounter. Utility that enables you to mount Parallels virtual hard disks in Mac OS Finder. Note: In this version, the Mounter utility is available only for computers with Mac OS X. It is installed together with Parallels Server. Parallels Compressor. Utility that enables you to reduce the size of virtual hard disks used by Parallels virtual machines. Note: The Compressor utility is available for virtual machines with Windows guest operating systems only. About This Guide This Guide is aimed at a wide range of users who want to use Parallels Transporter to migrate information from other physical computers and third-party virtual machines. The Guide provides both high-level concept descriptions and detailed step-by-step instructions to help you learn the product quickly and easily.
  9. 9. Introduction 9 Documentation Conventions Before you start using this guide, it is important to understand the documentation conventions used in it. For information on specialized terms used in the documentation, see the Glossary at the end of this document. The table below presents the existing formatting conventions. Formatting convention Type of Information Example Triangular Bullet( ) Step-by-step procedures. You To create a Container: can follow the instructions below to complete a specific task. Items you must select, such as Go to the Resources tab. menu options, command Special Bold buttons, or items in a list. Titles of chapters, sections, and Read the Basic Administration chapter. subsections. Italics Used to emphasize the These are the so-called EZ templates. importance of a point, to To destroy a Container, type vzctl introduce a term or to designate a command line placeholder, destroy ctid. which is to be replaced with a real name or value. Monospace The names of commands, files, Use vzctl start to start a and directories. Container. Preformatted Saved parameters for Container On-screen computer output in 101 your command-line sessions; source code in XML, C++, or other programming languages. Monospace Bold # rpm –V virtuozzo-release What you type, as contrasted with on-screen computer output. CAPITALS Names of keys on the SHIFT, CTRL, ALT keyboard. KEY+KEY Key combinations for which CTRL+P, ALT+F4 the user must press and hold down one key and then press another. Besides the formatting conventions, you should also know about the document organization convention applied to Parallels documents: chapters in all guides are divided into sections, which, in turn, are subdivided into subsections. For example, About This Guide is a section, and Documentation Conventions is a subsection.
  10. 10. Introduction 10 Getting Help Parallels Server offers several options for accessing necessary information: Parallels Server Help In-product Parallels Server Help is available through the Help menu of the Parallels Management Console. To open Parallels Server Help: Choose Parallels Management Console Help from the Help menu. Press the F1 key on the keyboard to display the help page that corresponds to the currently open assistant or window. Parallels Server PDF Documentation Parallels Server is supplied with a number of PDF guides available online or through the resources installed with Parallels Server. Getting Started With Parallels Server. This guide contains basic information about Parallels Server, including its installation and usage. Parallels Server Administration Guide. This document contains extensive information about managing Parallels Server and its virtual machines. Parallels Virtual Machine Guide. This guide contains information about virtual machines used in Parallels Server. Parallels Server Transporter Guide. This guide contains extensive information on using Parallels Server Transporter. Parallels Server Explorer User Guide. This guide contains information on using Parallels Server Explorer utility. Parallels Server Image Tool User Guide. This guide contains information on using Parallels Server Image Tool utility. Parallels Server Reference Guide. This guide contains information on using Parallels Command Line Tool. Parallels Server Programmer's Guide. This guide contains information on using Parallels Server SDK package. Parallels Server Installation Guide for Bare Metal Computers. This guide provides information on installing Parallels Server components on bare-metal computers. Parallels Server Installation Guide for Mac. This guide provides information on installing Parallels Server components on Mac. Parallels Server Installation Guide for Windows. This guide provides information on installing Parallels Server components on Windows. Parallels Server Installation Guide for Linux. This guide provides information on installing Parallels Server components on Linux. All these PDF documents are available online at Parallels Server Documentation page http://www.parallels.com/en/support/server/documentation/.
  11. 11. Introduction 11 For PDF documents installed together with Parallels Server, browse the following folder: On Mac OS X: /Library/Applications/Parallels/Parallels Management Console/Contents/Resources/English.lproj. On 32-bit Windows: C:Program FilesParallelsParallels ServerDocumentation. On 64-bit Windows: C:Program Files (x86)ParallelsParallels ServerDocumentation. On Linux: /usr/share/parallels-server/docs/. Parallels Website Explore the Parallels Support page (http://www.parallels.com/en/support/) that includes product help files, the FAQ section, and the Knowledge Base. Feedback If you spot a typo in this guide, or if you have thought of a way to make this guide better, we would love to hear from you! The Parallels documentation forum is the ideal place for your comments and suggestions. It is regularly monitored by the members of the Parallels technical documentation department, so it is likely that you will receive a reply to your post before long. Note that new users will be asked to fill in a short registration form before being able to post. Registering will allow you to participate not only in the documentation forum discussions, but in all the other Parallels forums as well.
  12. 12. 12 CHAPTER 2 Virtual Machine Specifications Virtual machine, like any other computer, has hardware and operating system installed. The difference is that its hardware is virtual and is based on the hardware of the physical computer that hosts it. On the host computer, the virtual machine appears as a folder with a set of files that represent the virtual machine hardware configuration and some of its devices. In This Chapter Virtual Machine Files............................................................................................................ 12 Supported Guest Operating Systems..................................................................................... 14 Virtual Machine Files The virtual machine files created by New Virtual Machine Assistant (see page 22) are placed to the following folders by default: On Mac OS X: /Users/Shared/Parallels/ On Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsParallels On Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008: C:UsersPublicPublic DocumentsParallels
  13. 13. Virtual Machine Specifications 13 On Linux: /var/parallels/ A virtual machine has at least two files: a configuration file (PVS file) and a hard disk image file (HDD file). Generally, there may be more files: a file for each additional virtual hard disk and output files for virtual ports. As an exception, a virtual machine may have only one file - a configuration file - such a virtual machine can be started from a Live CD. Hardware configuration for a virtual machine is defined in a special configuration file having the .pvs extension. It contains all the information about virtual devices used by the virtual machine and files connected to those devices. A virtual machine may have the following files: .pvs Virtual machine configuration file. It defines hardware and resources configuration of a virtual machine. Configuration file is generated when the virtual machine is created. .sav File created when the virtual machine is suspended. It contains the state of the virtual machine and its applications for the moment the suspend was invoked. .mem File containing memory dump for the suspended virtual machine. For a running virtual machine, it is a temporary virtual memory file. .hdd A bundle of files that represents a virtual hard disk of a Parallels virtual machine. When you create a virtual machine, you can create it with a new virtual hard disk or use an existing one. .iso Image file of a CD or DVD disc. Virtual machines treat ISO images as real CD/DVD discs. .cue Image file of a CD or DVD disc. Virtual machines treat CUE images as real CD/DVD discs. .ccd Image file of a CD or DVD disc. Virtual machines treat CCD images as real CD/DVD discs. .fdd Floppy disk image file. Virtual machines treat FDD images as real diskettes. If you install a Windows guest OS in the Express Windows installation mode (see page 23), Parallels Server creates the unattended.fdd file and places it to the virtual machine folder. The file is required for Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, or Windows Vista installation. .txt Output files for serial and parallel ports. Output .txt files are generated when a serial or parallel port connected to an output file is added to virtual machine configuration.
  14. 14. Virtual Machine Specifications 14 Supported Guest Operating Systems Parallels Server supports the following guest operating systems: Windows Windows 2000 (x32) Windows Server® 2003 (x32, x64) Windows XP® (x32, x64) Windows Vista® (x32, x64) Windows Server 2008 (x32, x64) Linux Red Hat® Enterprise Linux 5 (x32, x64) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 (x32, x64) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 (x32, x64) SUSE® Linux Enterprise Server 10 (x32, x64) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (x32, x64) Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 (x32, x64) Debian GNU/Linux 3.1 (x32, x64) BSD FreeBSD 7 (x32, x64) FreeBSD 6 (x32, x64) Mac OS X Mac OS X Server v10.5 Leopard Note: Mac OS X guest operating systems can be installed only in virtual machines stored on Mac OS X host computers.
  15. 15. 15 CHAPTER 3 Starting Parallels Management Console Parallels Management Console is a client application for Parallels Server that is used to manage the Parallels Server and its virtual machines. With Parallels Management Console, you can manage a number of servers at a time and control virtual machines stored on them. To launch Parallels Management Console On Mac OS X, open the /Applications/Parallels folder and launch the Parallels Management Console application. On Windows, from the Start menu, choose All Programs > Parallels > Parallels Server > Parallels Management Console. On Linux, start Terminal and enter the following command: pmc In This Chapter Welcome Window................................................................................................................. 16
  16. 16. Starting Parallels Management Console 16 Welcome Window When you start Parallels Management Console for the first time, the Parallels Server Welcome window appears. To connect to Parallel Server installed on the host computer, click Connect to Parallels Server. To view Parallels Server Quick Start Guide, click View Getting Started Guide. To open Parallels web site in your default browser, click Visit Parallels Website.
  17. 17. 17 CHAPTER 4 Connecting to a Server To work with Parallels Server and its virtual machines, you need to connect to this server. To connect to a new server, choose Add Server from the Server menu. To connect to a server that is already registered in Parallels Management Console, select this server in the sidebar and choose Connect from the Server menu. If you are trying to connect to a new server, you need to specify the sever to connect and provide your login properties. To connect to a registered server, you may need to provide your user name and password. In This Chapter Adding a New Server ............................................................................................................ 17 Activating Parallels Server.................................................................................................... 19 Connecting to a Registered Server........................................................................................ 20 Disconnecting From a Server................................................................................................ 21 Adding a New Server With Parallels Management Console, you can work with virtual machines stored on different physical servers that have Parallels Server installed, by adding these computers to the registered servers list in Parallels Management Console. To add a new Server 1 Launch Parallels Management Console and do one of the following: Choose Add Server from the Server menu. Right-click the sidebar of the Parallels Management Console window and choose Add Server from the shortcut menu. 2 This will open the Server Login dialog. 3 In the Server Login dialog, you need to specify the server you want to connect to and your user account properties. Note: To be able to connect to Parallels Server, you should have an account on the computer that hosts this Parallels Server. Server. In this field, you can type the computer's IP address or its network name. You can also choose the computer to connect to from the Server List available in the More Options area.
  18. 18. Connecting to a Server 18 By default, Parallels Server listens for connections on port 64000. If the listening port number differs from the default, type the number of the port right after the server's IP address. For example, if Parallels Server uses port 64001 for connections, type 127.0.0.1:64001 into the Server field. User Name. In this field, type your user login for this server. Password. In this field, type your password to access this server. If you want Parallels Management Console to remember your login and password, select the Save Password option. With this option selected, you do not need to specify your user account properties each time you connect to this server. 4 You can expand the More Options area to see the list of the servers available on the current network and specify additional settings. Server List. This list contains computers that host Parallels Server found on the network. It displays the computer's network name, its IP address, and the type of primary OS installed in it. Note: This list will be populated by those servers that currently appear on the network and can receive the broadcast message. Connection Security. In this field, you can choose the security level for the connection between Parallels Management Console and Parallels Server installed on a remote computer. You can change the level later using the Server Settings dialog available through the Server menu > Edit Settings.
  19. 19. Connecting to a Server 19 Use Data Compression. If you select this option, the data sent between Parallels Management Console and Parallels Server will be compressed. If you use low-speed connections, select this option to improve the data transfer speed. You can change this setting later using the Server Settings dialog available through the Server menu > Edit Settings. 5 When you click Add Server, the selected server appears in the sidebar of the Parallels Management Console main window. To connect to this server by default when you launch Parallels Management Console, edit the Login settings in the Server Settings dialog available from the Server > Edit Settings menu. Activating Parallels Server When you connect to a server for the first time, you are required to activate Parallels Server you are trying to connect to. Parallels Server that is not activated cannot be used to run virtual machines and install operating systems in them. Though, you can use this copy of Parallels Server to create new virtual machines and edit their configuration. Note: Parallels Management Console doesn't require activation. To activate the product 1 The activation dialog appears when you connect to the server that is not activated or try to start one of its virtual machines. 2 In the activation dialog, fill out the following fields: Server. Select the name of the computer that hosts Parallels Server copy you want to activate. Name. Type your name into this field (optional). Organization. Type the name of your organization into this field (optional). Product Key. Type the product key for your copy of Parallels Server into this field.
  20. 20. Connecting to a Server 20 When you are finished with filling out the fields, click OK. With an activated copy of Parallels Server, you can fully use Parallels virtual machines and their applications. Parallels Server should be activated only once. Other users that will connect to this server won't need to activate it again. All users that access this server will be able to run virtual machines hosted by this server. Connecting to a Registered Server When you start Parallels Management Console, all registered servers appear as disconnected, except the server specified as the default server to connect. Note: Only one server can be set as the default server to connect. To make a server the default server, edit the Login settings in the Server Settings dialog available through the Server menu. To connect to a registered server 1 Launch Parallels Management Console and do one of the following: In the sidebar, right-click the server you want to connect to and choose Connect from the shortcut menu, or In the sidebar, select the server you want to connect to, and choose Connect from the Server menu.
  21. 21. Connecting to a Server 21 2 In the Server Login dialog, specify your user name and password for the server. Note: To be able to connect to the selected server, you should have an account on the computer that hosts this server. If you want Parallels Management Console to save your login and password for future instances, select the Save Password option. With this option selected, you do not need to specify your user account properties each time you connect to this server. 3 Click Connect to connect to the server. If you haven't activated your copy of Parallels Server, the activation dialog will appear. To be able to work with Parallels virtual machines on this server, you should activate Parallels Server. For detailed information about activating Parallels Server, refer to Activating Parallels Server (see page 19). Disconnecting From a Server If you consider that you don't need to use virtual machines stored on the server your Parallels Management Console is connected to, you can easily disconnect from this server. To disconnect from a server 1 In the sidebar, select the server you want to disconnect from and do one of the following: Choose Disconnect from the Server menu, or Right-click the server icon and choose Disconnect from the shortcut menu, or choose Disconnect from the Summary page. 2 The server icon in the Parallels Management Console sidebar will change its colour.
  22. 22. 22 CHAPTER 5 Adding a Virtual Machine You can add new or existing virtual machines to your server. New Virtual Machine and Add Existing Virtual Machine assistants will guide you through the steps needed to add a virtual machine to your server. In This Chapter Creating a New Virtual Machine .......................................................................................... 22 Installing Guest Operating System........................................................................................ 37 Adding an Existing Virtual Machine .................................................................................... 38 Creating a New Virtual Machine Generally, the process of creating a virtual machine comprises these steps: 1 Creating a virtual machine configuration. It's like building a real computer from hardware components. This step is performed by using New Virtual Machine Assistant. In Express Windows and Typical modes, Add Virtual Machine Assistant creates a virtual machine with configuration typical for the selected guest OS. If you do not want to create a virtual machine with typical configuration, choose the Custom mode. For more details about installation modes, see Typical Installation Mode (see page 28) and Custom Installation Mode (see page 30). 2 Installing a guest operating system. When you have configured the virtual machine's hardware, you need an operating system to control it. To install an operating system in your virtual machine, you should connect the installation CD/DVD disc or its image to the virtual machine's CD/DVD-ROM drive, as you do to install an operating system in a physical computer. For a list of the supported guest operating systems, refer to Supported Guest Operating Systems. For Windows 2003, Windows XP, and Windows Vista virtual machines, the Add Virtual Machine Assistant provides Windows Express installation mode (see page 23) that automatically installs the guest OS in a newly created virtual machine.
  23. 23. Adding a Virtual Machine 23 3 Installing Parallels Tools in the guest OS. If you installed Windows 2000/2003/XP/Vista guest OS, Linux, or Mac OS X Leopard Server guest OS in the virtual machine, we advise you to install Parallels Tools in your virtual machine. For more information, refer to Using Parallels Tools (see page 50) After completing these steps you may proceed with fine tuning of the virtual machine, such as setting up shared folders, adjusting screen resolution if needed, and installing applications. By default, the Parallels virtual machine files are placed to the following folder: on Mac OS X host: /Users/Shared/Parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>/ on Windows host: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsParallels<Virtual Machine Name> on Windows Vista host: C:UsersPublicDocumentsParallels<Virtual Machine Name> on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Name> Express Windows Installation Mode This installation mode is available only for these guest operating systems: Windows 2003, Windows XP, and Windows Vista. New Virtual Machine Assistant not only creates a virtual machine configuration, but also automatically installs the guest OS in it. It is the easiest way to make a new virtual machine: you only need to insert a Windows 2003, Windows XP, or Windows Vista installation disc or specify the path to its image file, and Parallels Server will do the rest. Note: After installing the operating system, it is recommended to install Parallels Tools. For details, see Using Parallels Tools (see page 50). To install the guest OS in the Express Windows installation mode 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 Select the server you want to host the new virtual machine. Make sure you are connected to this server. Note: You must be connected to the server to be able to create virtual machines on this server. For more information on connecting to a server, see Connecting to Server (on page 17). 3 Start New Virtual Machine Assistant by choosing New Virtual Machine from the File menu, or clicking New Virtual Machine on the server Summary tab, or right-clicking the server icon in the sidebar and choosing New Virtual Machine from the shortcut menu.
  24. 24. Adding a Virtual Machine 24 4 In the New Virtual Machine Assistant Introduction window, click Continue. 5 If there are several servers connected, in the Select Server window, select the server you want to host the virtual machine and click Continue. 6 In the Select Operating System Type and Version window, select the Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, or Windows Vista guest OS and click Continue. 7 in the Virtual Machine Type window, select the Express Windows option and click Continue.
  25. 25. Adding a Virtual Machine 25 8 In the Express Windows Installation window, specify your user details and the Windows product key necessary for the Windows guest OS installation. Click Continue. Note: If you do not enter the Windows product key here, you will have to provide it later when the Windows guest OS installation starts. 9 In the Name and Location window, type the name of the virtual machine and specify the folder for its files to be stored. You can use the Choose button to locate the folder. By default, the virtual machine files will be placed to the following folder: on Mac OS X host: /Users/Shared/Parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>/ on Windows host: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsParallels<Virtual Machine Name> on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>
  26. 26. Adding a Virtual Machine 26 When finished, click Create. 10 When the virtual machine is created, in the Prepare to Install OS window, specify the source of installation files and click Start. The installation source can be located both on the host and the remote computer. Select the installation source from the Placement list. You can use the following types of installation media: Real CD/DVD-ROM Drive. Select this option to use a disc inserted into the CD/DVD drive of the computer. Choose the drive to use from the Drive list. CD/DVD Image. Select this option to use a CD/DVD disc image connected to the virtual machine's CD/DVD drive. Type the path to the file in the File field or use the Choose button to locate the file.
  27. 27. Adding a Virtual Machine 27 Note: If you want to install the operating system in the new virtual machine later, click Done to quit the assistant. The assistant will automatically start the new virtual machine and install an operating system in it.
  28. 28. Adding a Virtual Machine 28 Typical Installation Mode Typical Installation mode enables you to create a new virtual machine with configuration that is typical for computers with the type of operating system you selected. The configuration a virtual machine needs to successfully run the guest OS and its applications depends on the type of the guest OS that is planned to be installed in this virtual machine. The following table provides basic hardware and resources configurations typical virtual machines have. Guest Operating Video RAM, Hard Disk, Floppy CD/DVD Network Sound systems Memory, MB MB Drive drive Adapter Device MB Mac OS X 1024 16 64,000 * * * Windows 2008* 512 16 64,000 * * * * Windows Vista 512 16 64,000 * * * * Windows XP 512 16 64,000 * * * * Windows 2003 512 16 64,000 * * * * Windows 2000 256 16 64,000 * * * * Other Windows 256 16 64,000 * * * * Red Hat Linux 512 3 64,000 * * * * SUSE Linux 512 3 64,000 * * * * Debian GNU/Linux 512 3 64,000 * * * * Ubuntu Linux 512 3 64,000 * * * * Other Linux 512 3 64,000 * * * * FreeBSD 6.x 256 16 32,000 * * * * FreeBSD 7.x 256 16 32,000 * * * * Other FreeBSD 256 16 32,000 * * * * Other Guest OSes 256 16 8,000 * * * * * - Windows Server 2008 guest OS is supported experimentally. For a list of the supported guest operating systems, refer to Supported Guest Operating Systems. To create a typical virtual machine
  29. 29. Adding a Virtual Machine 29 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 Select the server you want to host the new virtual machine. Make sure you are connected to this server. Note: You must be connected to the server to be able to create virtual machines on this server. 3 Start New Virtual Machine Assistant by choosing New Virtual Machine from the File menu, or clicking New Virtual Machine on the server Summary tab, or right-clicking the server icon in the sidebar and choosing New Virtual Machine from the shortcut menu. 4 In the New Virtual Machine Assistant Introduction window, click Continue. 5 In the Select Operating System Type and Version window, select the operating system planned to be installed in this virtual machine and click Continue. 6 In the Virtual Machine Type window, select Typical and click Continue. 7 In the Name and Location window, type the name of the virtual machine and specify the folder for its files to be stored. You can use the Choose button to locate the folder. By default, the virtual machine files will be placed to the following folder: on Mac OS host: /Users/Shared/Parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>/ on Windows host: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsParallels <Virtual Machine Name> on Windows Vista host: C:UsersPublicDocumentsParallels<Virtual Machine Name> on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Name> When finished, click Create. 8 When the virtual machine is created, in the Prepare to Install Operating System window, specify the source of installation files. The installation source can be located both on the host and the remote computer. Select the installation source from the Placement list. You can use the following types of installation media: Real CD/DVD-ROM Drive. Select this option to use a disc inserted into the CD/DVD drive of the computer. Choose the drive to use from the Drive list. CD/DVD Image. Select this option to use a CD/DVD disc image connected to the virtual machine's CD/DVD drive. Type the path to the file in the File field or use the Choose button to locate the file.
  30. 30. Adding a Virtual Machine 30 Note: If you want to install the operating system in the new virtual machine later, click Done to quit the assistant. 9 Click Start to start the newly created virtual machine and launch the guest operating system installation. Custom Installation Mode Custom Installation mode enables you to determine virtual machine configuration while you create it. You can set the RAM and hard disk drive capacity you want, connect the devices you like, and configure other options for the virtual machine. To create a custom virtual machine 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 In the sidebar of the Parallels Management Console window, select the server that will host the new virtual machine. 3 Start New Virtual Machine Assistant by choosing New Virtual Machine from the File menu, or clicking New Virtual Machine on the server Summary tab, or right-clicking the active server icon and choosing New Virtual Machine from the shortcut menu.
  31. 31. Adding a Virtual Machine 31 4 In the New Virtual Machine Assistant Introduction window, click Continue. 5 If there are several servers connected, in the Select Server window, select the server you want to host the virtual machine and click Continue. 6 In the Select Operating System Type and Version window, select the type and version of guest OS you want to install in this virtual machine and click Continue. 7 In the Virtual Machine Type window, select Custom and click Continue. 8 In the CPU and Memory Options window, specify the number of CPU(s) and the amount of RAM for the virtual machine and click Continue. You may use the slider or arrow buttons to set the value or simply type it into the field.
  32. 32. Adding a Virtual Machine 32 9 In the Hard Disk Options window, select the type of virtual hard disk you want to use and click Continue. You can create a new hard disk image, use an existing one, or create a virtual machine without any hard disk at all. If you have selected the No Virtual Hard Disk option, go to Step 11. 10 If you have chosen to create a new virtual hard disk, in the New Virtual Hard Disk window, specify the size and type for the disk and click Continue. For more information about hard disks types, refer to Support of Real and Virtual Disks. If you have chosen to use an existing image file, in the Existing Virtual Hard Disk window, specify the hard disk image to be connected, its interface type and position. Click Continue. 11 In the Networking Type window, select the type of networking you want to use in the virtual machine and click Continue. Shared Networking. If you select this option, the virtual machine will use the host computer's network connections and will be visible only for the host computer and other virtual machines registered on this server. Bridged Networking. If you select this option, the virtual machine will be visible on the network as a separate computer. This option is selected by default. Host-Only Networking. If you select this option, the virtual machine will access only the host computer and the virtual machines running on it. No Networking. If you select this option, the virtual machine will have no network adapter.
  33. 33. Adding a Virtual Machine 33 Note: You may reconfigure the networking settings when the virtual machine is created. If you selected Bridged Networking, in the Network Adapter window, select the network adapter to be used by the virtual machine. Default Adapter. Select this option to use the adapter specified as default in the primary OS. Parallels Shared Networking Adapter. Select this option to use Parallels Shared Networking adapter installed together with Parallels Server. Parallels Host-Only Networking Adapter. Select this option to use Parallels Host-Only Networking adapter installed together with Parallels Server. The host computer network adapters included in this list are also available for selecting. 12 In the Optimization Options window, select the optimization mode you prefer and click Continue. The available options are: Virtual Machine (Recommended). Select this option to allocate more host computer resources to the virtual machine and its applications.
  34. 34. Adding a Virtual Machine 34 Host Computer. Select this option to allocate more resources to the host computer and its applications. 13 In the Name and Location window, type a name for the virtual machine and its files location and click Create. The default location for the virtual machine files is: on Mac OS X host: /Users/Shared/Parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>/ on Windows host: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocuments Parallels<Virtual Machine Name> on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>
  35. 35. Adding a Virtual Machine 35 To specify another location, type it into the Location filed or click Choose. 14 When the virtual machine is created, in the Prepare to Install Operating System window, specify the source of installation files. The installation source can be located both on the host and the remote computer. Select the installation source from the Placement list. You can use the following types of installation media: Real CD/DVD-ROM Drive. Select this option to use a disc inserted into the CD/DVD drive of the computer. Choose the drive to use from the Drive list. CD/DVD Image. Select this option to use a CD/DVD disc image connected to the virtual machine's CD/DVD drive. Type the path to the file in the File field or use the Choose button to locate the file.
  36. 36. Adding a Virtual Machine 36 Note: If you want to install the operating system in the new virtual machine later, click Done to quit the assistant. Click Start to start the newly created virtual machine and launch the guest operating system installation.
  37. 37. Adding a Virtual Machine 37 Installing Guest Operating System When you create a new virtual machine, using the Add Virtual Machine Assistant in Typical (see page 28) and Custom (see page 30) modes, you create its hardware configuration only. To work with this virtual machine, you should install a guest operating system in it. Guest operating system can be installed from any of these media: Real CD or DVD disc. ISO, CUE, or CCD image of a CD/DVD disc. DMG image. PXE server resources. You can use media stored both on the host and remote computers. To connect CD/DVD discs or their images to the virtual machine Start the virtual machine and right-click the CD/DVD-ROM icon in the status bar. Select the media to use from the shortcut menu. Open the Virtual Machine Configuration dialog by choosing Edit Configuration from the Virtual Machine menu, and specify the media to connect in the CD/DVD-ROM pane. Click OK to save the changes. The media chosen will be used by the virtual machine as a disc inserted into its optical drive. When you start the virtual machine, the guest OS installation will be launched automatically. To connect CD/DVD images stored on a PXE server 1 Open the Virtual Machine Configuration dialog. 2 In the Boot pane, set the Network adapter to be the first device in the boot sequence and click OK to save the changes. 3 Start the virtual machine and make sure it is connected to the network the required PXE server belongs to. 4 Select the necessary image from the list of CD/DVD images available on this PXE server and press Enter. The guest OS installation will be launched from the file on this CD/DVD image.
  38. 38. Adding a Virtual Machine 38 Installing Mac Guest OS X Installing Mac OS X Leopard Once you have created a Mac OS X Leopard virtual machine and have specified the hardware settings for it, you need to install an operating system in it. Note: According to the regulations of Apple EULA, Mac OS X Leopard virtual machines can be created on Mac OS X host computers only. During the installation, when you are prompted to select the destination where to install the operating system, the window can contain no options. It means either that the virtual hard disk is of a different format (or is not formated at all) or that the virtual hard disk contains no partitions. To continue the installation, you should perform the virtual hard disk partitioning and formating. To create a partition 1 From the Leopard Installer menu, choose Utilities -> Disk Utility. 2 Choose the virtual hard disk in the left sidebar and click the Partition tab. 3 In the Volume Scheme option, choose Partition One. 4 Specify the name and the format of the created partition. 5 Click Apply. Now, the Select a Destination window should include the newly created partition that you can choose to continue the installation. Adding an Existing Virtual Machine If you already have some virtual machines stored on your server, but they are missing from the sidebar of Parallels Management Console, you can easily add them using the Add Virtual Machine Assistant. If you haven't activated Parallels Server, you still can add, create and configure virtual machines stored on the server. To be able to run them, you should activate Parallels Server. For more information, see Activating Parallels Server. To add an existing virtual machine 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 Select the server that will host the virtual machine. Make sure you are connected to this server. Note: You must be connected to the server to be able to create virtual machines on this server. For more information on connecting to a server, see Connecting to Server (on page 17).
  39. 39. Adding a Virtual Machine 39 3 Start Add Virtual Machine Assistant by choosing Add Existing from the File menu, or clicking Add Existing on the server Summary tab, or right-clicking the server icon in the sidebar and choosing Add Existing form the shortcut menu. 4 In the Introduction window, click Continue. 5 If there are several servers connected, in the Select Server window, select the server you want to host the virtual machine and click Continue. 6 Select the virtual machine you want to add. You can use one of these options: Add the specified virtual machine. Select this option if you want to add a certain virtual machine. Type the path to the virtual machine configuration (PVS) file or use the Choose button to locate it. Search for virtual machines in this folder. Select this option, if you want to search for all virtual machines available in a certain folder. Type the path to the folder or use the Choose button to locate it. To search the entire disk, leave the Start from field empty. Note: The Search for virtual machines in this folder option enables you to add several virtual machines at a time. If you selected the Add the specified virtual machine option, click Add. The assistant will add the virtual machine to the virtual machines list in Parallels Management Console. If you selected the Search for virtual machines in this folder option, click Search to start the search.
  40. 40. Adding a Virtual Machine 40 7 If you selected the Add the specified virtual machine option, the virtual machine will be added. Click Done to exit the wizard. If you selected the Search for virtual machines in this folder option, you will see a list of virtual machines found in the folder you specified. Select the virtual machine(s) you want to add and click Add. If the virtual machine you selected is in old format, it will be converted into the new format. Warning: The operation of conversion is irreversible. Virtual machines converted into the new format cannot be run with other Parallels applications that use virtual machines in the old format. The virtual machine(s) you selected will be added to the virtual machines list. 8 In the Adding Completed window, click Done to exit the wizard.
  41. 41. 41 CHAPTER 6 Managing Virtual Machines You can clone and delete your virtual machines, create a template based on a certain virtual machine configuration and then deploy it to a number of new virtual machines. In This Chapter Cloning a Virtual Machine.................................................................................................... 41 Deleting and Removing Virtual Machine From List ............................................................ 43 Creating a Virtual Machine Template................................................................................... 46 Deploying a Virtual Machine Template................................................................................ 48 Cloning a Virtual Machine If you need to create an exact copy of a virtual machine, to back it up or for some other purposes, use the Clone Virtual Machine Assistant. Using Clone Virtual Machine Assistant, you can clone a virtual machine, its virtual hard disk(s) and configuration file. The cloned virtual machine has the same configuration as the original virtual machine does. If a device in the original machine was connected to an external resource, in the cloned virtual machine, this device will be connected to the same external resource. Note 1: If the original virtual machine has a parallel or serial port connected to an output file, the virtual machine clone will have empty output files. Note 2: If a network adapter is enabled in the original configuration, Parallels Server will generate a new MAC address for the virtual machine clone. Before you start cloning a virtual machine, make sure that the virtual machine is not running. To clone a virtual machine 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 In the sidebar, select the virtual machine you want to clone. 3 Start Clone Virtual Machine Assistant by choosing Clone from the Virtual Machine menu, or right-clicking the virtual machine in the sidebar and choosing Clone form the shortcut menu.
  42. 42. Managing Virtual Machines 42 4 In the Name and Location window, type the name of the virtual machine clone and specify the folder for its files to be stored. You can use the Choose button to locate the folder. By default, the files of the virtual machine clone will be placed to the following folder: on Mac OS X host: /Users/Shared/Parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>/ on Windows host: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsParallels<Virtual Machine Name> on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Name> When finished, click Clone. 5 When the operation is complete, click Done in the Cloning Finished window. The clone of the virtual machine will appear in the sidebar of the Parallels Management Console window.
  43. 43. Managing Virtual Machines 43 Deleting and Removing Virtual Machine From List If you don't need some of your virtual machines anymore, you can either delete it or temporarily remove from the virtual machines list visible in Parallels Management Console. Deleting a virtual machine means permanently erasing its files from the host computer. Make sure you transferred all the necessary data from the virtual machine before deleting it: this operation is irreversible. All the virtual machine data will be lost. When removing a virtual machine from the list displayed in the Parallels Management Console window, you don't remove the virtual machine files from the host computer. You can easily add the removed virtual machine back to the virtual machines list with the help of the Add Virtual Machine Assistant. For more information about adding virtual machines that were removed from the list, see Adding Existing Virtual Machine (see page 38). You can delete a virtual machine using the Delete Virtual Machine Assistant that finds and deletes all the virtual machine files. Or you can delete a virtual machine manually. However, we recommend that you use the Delete Virtual Machine Assistant. By default, the Delete Virtual Machine Assistant removes all files that are stored in the virtual machine folder, including: configuration file virtual hard disk file(s) floppy disk image file(s), if any output files of serial and parallel ports, if any To delete a virtual machine or remove it form the list 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 In the sidebar, select the virtual machine you want to delete or remove from the list. 3 Start the Delete Virtual Machine Assistant by choosing Remove from the File menu, or right-clicking the virtual machine in the sidebar and choosing Remove form the shortcut menu. Note: Before deleting a virtual machine, make sure that the virtual machine is stopped. 4 In the Delete Virtual Machine Assistant Introduction window, click Continue. To skip this window next time you start the assistant, select Always skip introduction. 5 In the Delete Options window, select the operation you would like to perform on the virtual machine. To delete the virtual machine, select Delete and click Continue. Proceed to step 6. To remove the virtual machine from the sidebar, select Remove from list and click Remove.
  44. 44. Managing Virtual Machines 44 Note: If you remove the virtual machine from the list visible in Parallels Management Console, its files won't be removed from the host computer. You will be able to add this virtual machine back. 6 In the File Selection window, choose the virtual machine files to be deleted from the host computer and click Delete to exit the assistant. The assistant automatically selects the files that belong to the virtual machine, such as: VM Configuration File. The file has the .pvs extension and defines hardware and resources configuration of a virtual machine. Hard disk Image. The file has the .hdd extension and represents a virtual hard disk of a Parallels virtual machine. Floppy Image. The file has the .fdd extension and is a a floppy disk image file. File. The file has the .DS_Store extension and is a hidden file created by Mac OS X operating system to store custom attributes of a folder.
  45. 45. Managing Virtual Machines 45 Logging File. The file has the .log extension and serves to record the data. 7 When the operation is complete, click Done to exit the assistant.
  46. 46. Managing Virtual Machines 46 Creating a Virtual Machine Template If you need to create several virtual machines with similar configuration, you can create a virtual machine template and use it to create new virtual machines. There are two ways to create a virtual machine template: Convert an existing virtual machine into a virtual machine template. Clone an existing virtual machine to a virtual machine template. If you choose to convert the virtual machine into a template, this virtual machine will be moved from the virtual machines list to the templates list and it will be available as a template only. You will not be able to run it as a virtual machine. If you do not want to convert the virtual machine into a template but need to make a copy of it with the same configuration, you can make a clone of this virtual machine that will be used as a template. To convert an existing virtual machine into a template 1 Choose the virtual machine you want to convert into a template by clicking its icon in the sidebar. 2 Choose Convert to Template from the Virtual Machine menu or right-click the virtual machine's icon in the sidebar and choose Convert to Template from the shortcut menu. 3 The virtual machine will be moved from the Virtual machines list to the Templates list. To clone a virtual machine to template 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 In the sidebar, select the virtual machine you want to be cloned to a virtual machine template. 3 Start Create Virtual Machine Template Assistant by choosing Clone to Template from the Virtual Machine menu, or right-clicking the virtual machine in the sidebar and choosing Clone to Template form the shortcut menu. 4 In the Create Virtual Machine Template Assistant Introduction window, click Continue. To skip this window next time you start the assistant, select Always skip introduction. 5 In the Name and Location window, specify the name and location for the virtual machine template and click Clone. You can use the Choose button to change the location. By default, the virtual machine template files will be placed to the following folder: on Mac OS X host: /Users/Shared/Parallels/<Virtual Machine Template Name>/ on Windows host: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsParallels<Virtual Machine Template Name>
  47. 47. Managing Virtual Machines 47 on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Template Name> 6 In the Creation Finished window, click Done to quit the assistant.
  48. 48. Managing Virtual Machines 48 Deploying a Virtual Machine Template The virtual machine template cannot be run as a virtual machine. To be able to run it as a virtual machine, you should create a virtual machine that will have the same configuration the template does. There are two ways of creating a virtual machine from a template: Convert the template to a virtual machine. Deploy the template to a new virtual machine. If you convert a virtual machine template into a virtual machine, its icon will be moved from the templates list to the virtual machines list, and you will be able to use it as a virtual machine. If you deploy a virtual machine template to a virtual machine, the Deploy Virtual Machine Template Assistant will create a new virtual machine, but the template will not be removed from the templates list. To convert a virtual machine template into a virtual machine 1 In the sidebar, select the template you want to convert into a virtual machine. 2 Choose Convert to Virtual Machine from the Virtual Machine menu or right-click the template's icon in the sidebar and choose Convert to Virtual Machine from the shortcut menu. 3 The virtual machine template will be moved from the templates list to the virtual machines list. To deploy a virtual machine template to a new virtual machine 1 Launch Parallels Management Console. 2 In the sidebar, select the virtual machine template you want to be deployed to a new virtual machine. 3 Start Deploy Virtual Machine Template Assistant by choosing Deploy to Virtual Machine from the Virtual Machine menu, or right-clicking the virtual machine in the sidebar and choosing Deploy to Virtual Machine form the shortcut menu. 4 In the Deploy Virtual Machine Template Assistant Introduction window, click Continue. To skip this window next time you start the assistant, select Always skip introduction. 5 In the Name and Location window, specify the name and location for the virtual machine template and click Deploy. You can use the Choose button to change the location. By default, the virtual machine files will be placed to the following folder: on Mac OS X host: /Users/Shared/Parallels/<Virtual Machine Name>/ on Windows host: C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersDocumentsParallels<Virtual Machine Name>
  49. 49. Managing Virtual Machines 49 on Linux host: /var/parallels/<Virtual Machine Name> 6 In the Deployment Finished window, click Done to close the assistant. The resulting virtual machine will have the same configuration that the original template had.
  50. 50. 50 CHAPTER 7 Using Parallels Tools Parallels Tools are a suite of special utilities that help you use your virtual machines in most comfortable and efficient way. With Parallels Tools, you can move the mouse seamlessly outside the guest OS window without pressing any key, change the virtual machine's screen resolution by simply resizing its window, and synchronize your virtual machine's time and date settings with the time settings of the host computer. In This Chapter Parallels Tools for Mac Guest OS X..................................................................................... 51 Parallels Tools for Windows Guest OSes ............................................................................. 54 Parallels Tools in Linux Guest OS........................................................................................ 59 Editing Parallels Tools Settings ............................................................................................ 61
  51. 51. Using Parallels Tools 51 Parallels Tools for Mac Guest OS X Parallels Tools are available on the Mac guest operating systems supported by Parallels Server. For the full list of supported operating systems, see Supported Guest Operating Systems. Parallels Tools for the Mac guest operating systems include: Mouse Synchronization Tool Mouse Synchronization Tool captures the mouse input in the virtual machine each time the pointer moves over to the guest OS window and automatically releases the input when the pointer moves out of the guest OS window. For instructions on configuring this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 61). Time Synchronization Tool Time Synchronization Tool enables you to customize your virtual machine and the host computer time settings. With this tool, you can: Automatically synchronize the time settings of your virtual machine to the host computer time settings. Set up and maintain time difference between your host computer and the guest OS installed in your virtual machine. For instructions on setting up this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 61). Note: If you installed other time synchronization software, stop it before installing Parallels Tools to avoid potential conflicts. Dynamic Resolution Tool Dynamic Resolution Tool enables you to work with dynamic resolution. When you resize the guest OS window by dragging its lower right corner, the guest OS window resolution changes automatically. For the instructions on configuring this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 61).
  52. 52. Using Parallels Tools 52 Installing Parallels Tools in Mac Guest OS X On Mac guest OS X, Parallels Tools can be installed from the prl-tools-mac.iso image file that is included into the Parallels Server package and is stored on the host computer after the Parallels Server installation. This image file is placed to the following folder by default: on Mac OS X: /Library/Parallels/Tools/ on Windows: C:Program FilesParallelsParallels ServerTools on Linux: /usr/share/parallels-server/tools/ Before installing Parallels Tools in the virtual machine, check the location of the prl-tools- mac.iso image file. To install Parallels Tools in a Mac guest OS X 1 Launch Parallels Management Console and log in to the virtual machine guest OS. 2 When the guest OS boots up, connect the Parallels Tools ISO image file by choosing the Install Parallels Tools option from the Virtual Machine menu. 3 Open the mounted image of the disk and double-click the Guest OS Tools For Mac OS X icon to start the installation. 4 In the Welcome window, click Continue. 5 In the Select a Destination window, specify the location for Parallels Tools. Click Continue. 6 In the Standard Install on "Macintosh HD" window, if you need to set a different location for Parallels Tools, you can do it by clicking Change Install Location. Click Install to continue installation. Type the password when prompted. In the Installation window, you can see the process of Parallels Tools being installed in your virtual machine. The default installation path for Parallels tools is Library -> Parallels Guest Tools. 7 When the installation is complete, click Restart to exit the wizard and restart you computer. Troubleshooting If the Parallels Tools ISO image file failed to connect to your virtual machine CD/DVD-ROM drive, you can do it manually: Right-click the CD/DVD-ROM drive icon in the status bar of the virtual machine window, specify where the CD/DVD-ROM drive belongs to (host or client computer) and choose Connect Image to locate and connect the image, or In the Devices menu, choose CD/DVD-ROM. Specify where the CD/DVD-ROM belongs to and choose Connect Image to locate and connect the image. For more information on how to add a CD/DVD-ROM image file, refer to CD/DVD-ROM Settings (see page 94).
  53. 53. Using Parallels Tools 53 Now, you can start the Parallels Tools installation manually by double-clicking the Guest OS Tools for Mac OS X icon. Updating Parallels Tools Each time you update the Parallels Server software, you should update Parallels Tools installed in your Mac OS X virtual machines. To update Parallels Tools, use the Parallels Tools installation disc image - prl-tools- mac.iso that is automatically updated together with the Parallels Server application. This image file is stored in this folder by default: on Mac OS X: /Library/Parallels/Tools/ on Windows: C:Program FilesParallelsParallels ServerTools on Linux: /usr/share/parallels-server/tools/ Before updating Parallels Tools in the virtual machine, check the location of the prl-tools- mac.iso image file. Removing Parallels Tools If you don't need Parallels Tools in your virtual machine, you can easily remove them from the Mac OS X guest virtual machine. To uninstall Parallels Tools from Mac Guest OS X 1 Launch Parallels Management Console and log in to the virtual machine guest OS. 2 Open the mounted image of the disk and double-click the Uninstall Parallels Tools icon to start the uninstallation. 3 In the Welcome window, click Uninstall. Enter the password when prompted. In the Uninstallation window, you can see the process of Parallels Tools being uninstalled in your virtual machine 4 In the Uninstallation Completed window, click Restart to finish the uninstallation and quit the wizard.
  54. 54. Using Parallels Tools 54 Parallels Tools for Windows Guest OSes Parallels Tools are available for the following Windows guest OSes: Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003 Windows XP Windows Vista Parallels Tools for these Windows guest OSes include: Mouse Synchronization Tool Mouse Synchronization Tool captures the mouse input in the virtual machine each time the pointer moves over to the guest OS window and automatically releases the input when the pointer moves out of the guest OS window. For the instructions on configuring this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 61). Time Synchronization Tool Time Synchronization Tool enables you to customize your virtual machine and the host computer time settings. With this tool, you can: Automatically synchronize the time settings of your virtual machine with the host computer time settings. Set up and maintain the time difference between your host computer and the guest OS installed in your virtual machine. For the instructions on configuring this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 61). Note: If you installed other time synchronization software, stop it before installing Parallels Tools to avoid potential conflicts. Clipboard Synchronization Tool Clipboard Synchronization Tool enables you to easily exchange texts between Windows virtual machines irrespective of the client computer operating system a Windows virtual machine and a client computer that has Mac or Windows operating system installed. For the instructions on configuring this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 61). Dynamic Resolution Tool Dynamic Resolution Tool enables you to work with dynamic resolution. When you resize the guest OS window by dragging its lower right corner, the guest OS window resolution changes automatically.
  55. 55. Using Parallels Tools 55 For instructions on configuring this tool, see Editing Parallels Tools Settings (on page 61). Shared Folders Tool Shared Folders Tool enables you to share host OS folders to access them from the guest OS. With this tool, you can access the host computer shared folders from the virtual machine. Note: If you don't install this tool in the virtual machine, you won't be able to use it, even if you enabled Shared Folders option in the Virtual Machine Configuration dialog. For the instructions on configuring this tool, see Shared Folders Settings (on page 85) and Using Shared Folders (on page 72).
  56. 56. Using Parallels Tools 56 Installing Parallels Tools in Windows Guest OS In Windows guest OSes, Parallels Tools can be installed from the prl-tools-win.iso image file that is included into the Parallels Server package and is stored on the host computer after Parallels Server installation. This image file is placed to this folder by default: on Mac OS X: /Library/Parallels/Tools/ on Windows: C:Program FilesParallelsParallels ServerTools on Linux: /usr/share/parallels-server/tools/ Before installing Parallels Tools in the virtual machine, check the location of the prl-tools- win.iso image file. Note: On Windows Vista, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 virtual machines that were created in the Express Windows installation mode, Parallels Tools installer launches automatically when the creation of the virtual machine is complete. To install Parallels Tools in a Windows guest OS 1 Launch Parallels Management Console and log in to the virtual machine guest OS. 2 When the guest OS boots up, connect the Parallels Tools ISO image file by choosing the Install Parallels Tools option from the Virtual Machine menu. Parallels Tools installation wizard launches automatically. 3 In the Welcome window, click Next. 4 In the Destination Folder window, specify the location for the Parallels Tools. Click Next. 5 In the Ready to Install the Program window, click Install to start the installation. 6 When the installation is complete, click Finish to exit the wizard. 7 To apply the changes, you should restart your guest operating system. Click Yes. Troubleshooting If the installation of Parallels Tools does not start automatically when you connect the ISO image to the virtual machine's CD/DVD-ROM drive, you can do it manually: 1 Make sure that the prl-tools-win.iso image file is connected to your virtual machine CD/DVD-ROM drive. If it is not, you should connect it manually. To do that: Right-click the CD/DVD-ROM drive icon in the status bar of the virtual machine window, specify where the CD/DVD-ROM belongs to (host or client computer) and choose Connect Image to locate and connect the image, or In the Devices menu, choose CD/DVD-ROM. Specify the CD/DVD-ROM location and choose Connect Image. For more information on how to add a CD/DVD-ROM image file, refer to CD/DVD-ROM Settings (see page 94). 2 Start Parallels Tools installation manually. 1. In the guest Window OS, choose My Computer from the Start menu. 2. Right-click the CD-DVD-ROM icon and choose Open from the shortcut menu.

×