Open Source & Enterprise
      GOVIS – Wellington 3rd of March 2006


Frank Feldmann
Technical Strategist
Some Google statistics this morning
    •   Google in NZ pages:
        –   “rugby” has 1,730,000 hits
        –   “linux”...
Some Google statistics this morning




     “Open Source” has 589,000,000 hits
       which is why we are here today




...
The Open Source effect spreads
    •   It is behind or part of many successful companies like
        Novell, Red Hat, JBo...
Another positive effect – DB example
    •   Today IBM, Oracle and Microsoft offer free version of
        their respectiv...
Finding a Fit – a daily example
    •   Starting with Linux server infrastructure
    •   Adoption of Apache and PHP/Perl
...
Finding a Fit – tomorrow and beyond
    •   Content Management such as Alfresco & OpenCMS
    •   ERP such as Compiere
   ...
CIO challenges = Vendor goals
    Novell focuses it's strategic development & investment on leveraging the
    innovation ...
CIO challenges = Vendor goals
    Novell focuses it's strategic development & investment on leveraging the
    innovation ...
Novell Linux Solutions


     1                                             2                   3
     Data Center        ...
Data Center Stack




11   © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
Virtualization – Business drivers
     •   Average server utilization in enterprises and large
         organizations is b...
Data Center – Virtualization
                    Unvirtualized                           Virtualized
                     ...
Data Center – Virtualization
     Concept                             What it does                             Vendors/Tec...
Data Center – Virtualization
     •   Evaluation Metrics for Virtualization:
         –   Guest OS performance must be clo...
Data Center – Virtualization
     •   Open Source fuels innovation -> XEN
         –   Project enjoys incredible industry ...
Data Center – Virtualization & Novell

                                                   Virtual                         ...
Data Center – Virtualization & Novell
         ●   Virtual Machine Monitor (VMM) based on Xen
         ●   Integrate Stora...
Data Center – Virtualization & Novell




19   © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
Data Center – Security / AppArmor

     “Least Privilege” is one of the fundamentals of security
         •   When ever yo...
Data Center – Security / AppArmor




21   © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
Data Center – Security / AppArmor
     •   Open Source fuels innovation -> AppArmor
         –   Novell acquired different...
Desktop Solutions – Mix by Markets
      Software                     2.50%
                                 2.50%        ...
Desktop Solutions - Scope

                       NLD 9 Scope                                NLD 10 Scope
                ...
Desktop Solutions - NLD10

     •   Sets a new standard for Linux desktops
     •   Provides everything the basic office w...
Desktop Solutions - NLD10
     •   Open Source fuels innovation -> NLD10
         –   Novell dedicates resource to desktop...
Desktop Solutions - NLD10




27   © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
Open Source why a CIO cares
                   Developers                      CIO

                   Standards          ...
Unpublished Work of Novell, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This work is an unpublished work and contains confidential, propriet...
Open Source
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Open Source

  1. 1. Open Source & Enterprise GOVIS – Wellington 3rd of March 2006 Frank Feldmann Technical Strategist
  2. 2. Some Google statistics this morning • Google in NZ pages: – “rugby” has 1,730,000 hits – “linux” has 1,700,000 hits • Google in global pages: – “rugby” has 51,400,000 hits – “soccer” has 120,000,000 hits – “linux” has 455,000,000 hits > “windows” has 768,000,000 hits > “solaris” has 56,300,000 hits • How is NZ doing on the global radar? – Pamela Anderson has 12,400,000 hits – Peter Jackson has 45,800,000 hits 2 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  3. 3. Some Google statistics this morning “Open Source” has 589,000,000 hits which is why we are here today 3 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  4. 4. The Open Source effect spreads • It is behind or part of many successful companies like Novell, Red Hat, JBoss, MySQL, IBM, Sun etc • The odds are good that the LAMP or LAMJ stack is running somewhere inside your organization • Open Source is disruptive to traditional markets and thinking and it fuels innovation unlike any other • Established vendors such as Intel, HP, IBM, Novell, BEA, Sun integrate the innovative force of the open source community based development model • Open Source implicitly imposes industry adoption and standardization which ultimately benefits the enterprise 4 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  5. 5. Another positive effect – DB example • Today IBM, Oracle and Microsoft offer free version of their respective flagship database products • True these are not equal to their enterprise versions but to say they are “crippled” would be overstating the case • Not so long ago development teams were not able to even crack the manual of any of these without signing a contract first • Open Source has everything to do with this change of heart. Easy access to technology & information • Closed source vendors are just nicer to play with these days aren't they? 5 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  6. 6. Finding a Fit – a daily example • Starting with Linux server infrastructure • Adoption of Apache and PHP/Perl • Adoption of popular J2EE server and web application frameworks such as JBoss, Struts, JSF, Spring, Tapestry etc • Adoption of Eclipse, NetBeans, JBossIDE etc as the standard development environment • Adoption of Virtualization in the Data Center using open source XEN • Adoption of a Linux desktop such as Novell Linux Desktop 6 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  7. 7. Finding a Fit – tomorrow and beyond • Content Management such as Alfresco & OpenCMS • ERP such as Compiere • CRM such as SugarCRM • BPEL engines such as ActiveBPEL • GroupWare such as project Hula sponsored by Novell • Project Higgins for Identity Context sponsored by IBM and Novell • It's harder to find strategic components that are not being considered by open source communities 7 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  8. 8. CIO challenges = Vendor goals Novell focuses it's strategic development & investment on leveraging the innovation and disruptive force of open source to drive adoption and maturing of Linux, Identity and Security solutions and standards. Novell leverages it's 20+ year experience in enterprise development, support and training to offer an enterprise platform 8 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  9. 9. CIO challenges = Vendor goals Novell focuses it's strategic development & investment on leveraging the innovation and disruptive force of open source to drive adoption and maturing of Linux, Identity and Security solutions and standards. There’s a lot more to Novell. Software for the Open Enterprise from Novell. It’s worth looking into. 9 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  10. 10. Novell Linux Solutions 1 2 3 Data Center Security Desktop …get ready for your Open Enterprise! 10 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  11. 11. Data Center Stack 11 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  12. 12. Virtualization – Business drivers • Average server utilization in enterprises and large organizations is between 10% and 40%. • Reasons for low utilization: • dedicated server for specific applications • server capacity must cover peaks • capacity planning is based on expectations • Results • Over provisioning • Under utilization • Costs to high 12 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  13. 13. Data Center – Virtualization Unvirtualized Virtualized Virtualization Layer Resource Physical Resource Virtualized User Resource User Resource Physical Resource Process of replacing a direct interface tying a resource (often hardware) and its user with an indirect, software-mediated connection 13 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  14. 14. Data Center – Virtualization Concept What it does Vendors/Technologies Virtual Storage Giant pool of storage disks that can •PolyServe MatrixServer be accessed by multiple servers •Veritas Storage Foundation simultaneously. Makes 1,000 •Oracle Cluster File System 2 storage disks appear like one disk. Virtual Machines Creates segmentation of CPU •Xen project (open source) cycles and memory. Enables each •XenSource (commercial) virtual OS to think that it is talking •VMWare directly to the server. Put multiple •Microsoft Virtual Server Operating Systems on one box •Virtual Iron (high-end) Virtual Data Center Complete virtualization of servers, •None storage, network, CPUs. Enables rapid deployment of servers (But everyone is trying to get and allocation of compute resources here.) based on business need. 14 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  15. 15. Data Center – Virtualization • Evaluation Metrics for Virtualization: – Guest OS performance must be close to hosting on comparable physical hardware – Guest OS scalability must be close to hosting on comparable physical hardware – Extent and nature of the changes required in the hosted Linux environment. Novell is advocating the Linux kernel architecture to evolve towards supporting efficient virtualization – Ability to dynamically grow and shrink hardware resources assigned to an application container – Hardware enforced Fault-Isolation amongst VMs. 15 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  16. 16. Data Center – Virtualization • Open Source fuels innovation -> XEN – Project enjoys incredible industry support of vendors such as Intel, HP, IBM, Novell and even Sun – CIO's set out to virtualize their Data Center are including Xen in their evaluation. This input from globally like minded people fuels the Xen developments – Intel (VT-x) and AMD (Pacifica) have committed resources and introduced processor extensions to support Xen in virtualizing Windows • Open Source is disruptive -> Xen – “VMware moves to free with Server product” – “Windows Hypervisor hinted towards SP rather the full release” – “Sun plans to get Linux on UltraSPARC via Xen” 16 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  17. 17. Data Center – Virtualization & Novell Virtual Virtual Resources Resources Sharing Aggregation Physical Physical Resources Resources Examples: Vms, Virtual Disks, VLANs Examples: Exclusive Virtual Disks, Virtual Storage Pools Aggregation - Aggregate pools of resources for allocation to users as virtual resources (aggregation of compute resources will be supported only for cluster aware applications) Partitioning – Available system resources are shared amongst the virtual machines in a controlled way 17 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  18. 18. Data Center – Virtualization & Novell ● Virtual Machine Monitor (VMM) based on Xen ● Integrate Storage Virtualization solutions ● Enterprise management suite ● Directory enabled ● Identity based ● Policy driven ● Virtualize both of Novell's Operating Systems ● Host NetWare as a guest OS ● Host SUSE LINUX as a guest OS & Host OS 18 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  19. 19. Data Center – Virtualization & Novell 19 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  20. 20. Data Center – Security / AppArmor “Least Privilege” is one of the fundamentals of security • When ever you do something, do it with the least amount of privilege that suffices to do the job • Then, when something goes wrong, the potential damage is minimized Isolation is the simplest form of least privilege • Isolate a user, task, or process from others, and they have no privilege outside their isolated domain of activity 20 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  21. 21. Data Center – Security / AppArmor 21 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  22. 22. Data Center – Security / AppArmor • Open Source fuels innovation -> AppArmor – Novell acquired differentiating MAC technology and open sourced it to attract outside developers and boost innovation of the product – Enhancing Linux security industry wide increases enterprise readiness leading to wider adoption & innovation – With Linux desktops on the horizon AppArmor project will ensure that all Linux desktops can include an appropriate security management product • Open Source is disruptive -> AppArmor – “Is this the beginning of the Unix wars all over again?” – “In my opinion, Novell wants to split the market,” – “SELinux’s complexity is an obstacle to wide adoption” 22 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  23. 23. Desktop Solutions – Mix by Markets Software 2.50% 2.50% Manufacturing 5.00% 15.00% 15.00% 15.00% 50.00% 30.00% 25.00% 40.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% 10.00% Government 5.00% Retail 15.00% 25.00% 35.00% 80.00% 15.00% Fixed Function Transactional Technical WS Basic Desktop Power User 23 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  24. 24. Desktop Solutions - Scope NLD 9 Scope NLD 10 Scope Power User Desktops Basic new NLD 10 desktop features Desktops Technical Workstation Transactional Fixed- Workstation Function (often Workstation Thin Client) Deployment Types 24 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  25. 25. Desktop Solutions - NLD10 • Sets a new standard for Linux desktops • Provides everything the basic office worker needs • Dramatically enhanced usability • Novell's enhanced edition of OpenOffice.org 2.0 • New features better enable thin client deployments • Better support for mobile and wireless hardware 25 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  26. 26. Desktop Solutions - NLD10 • Open Source fuels innovation -> NLD10 – Novell dedicates resource to desktop development in the area of UI design & interaction, OpenOffice, Video acceleration etc... – Dedicated FTE's contributing to important desktop applications such as: Beagle (integrated search), F-Spot (Photo manager), Banshee (iTunes / Media Player), TomBoy (note taking), FireFox very popular web browser. • Open Source is disruptive -> NLD10 – “Desktop Linux is never going to have a better chance than it will in the next eighteen months” – “Steve Ballmer: We need a $100 PC” – “Windows Users Have Fewer Vulnerabilities” 26 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  27. 27. Desktop Solutions - NLD10 27 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  28. 28. Open Source why a CIO cares Developers CIO Standards No lock-in Peer review Reliability Freedom Re-use Flexibility ROI 28 © Novell Inc, Confidential & Proprietary
  29. 29. Unpublished Work of Novell, Inc. All Rights Reserved. This work is an unpublished work and contains confidential, proprietary, and trade secret information of Novell, Inc. Access to this work is restricted to Novell employees who have a need to know to perform tasks within the scope of their assignments. No part of this work may be practiced, performed, copied, distributed, revised, modified, translated, abridged, condensed, expanded, collected, or adapted without the prior written consent of Novell, Inc. Any use or exploitation of this work without authorization could subject the perpetrator to criminal and civil liability. General Disclaimer This document is not to be construed as a promise by any participating company to develop, deliver, or market a product. Novell, Inc., makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents of this document, and specifically disclaims any express or implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Further, Novell, Inc., reserves the right to revise this document and to make changes to its content, at any time, without obligation to notify any person or entity of such revisions or changes. All Novell marks referenced in this presentation are trademarks or registered trademarks of Novell, Inc. in the United States and other countries. All third-party trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

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