"ICTs for reducing C emissions: a development perspective"


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • During to 2008, ITU-D conducted a scoping study of e-environment applications. The purpose of the report is… The report examines six areas where ICT applications can contribute to the study and management of the environment: Environmental Observation: Satellite Observation (air, water, soil), Human observation, Data archives, Analysis: GIS Systems, System Modeling, Grid computing Planning: Data correlation (e.g., georeferencing); Forecasting, Policy Formulation Management & Protection: Implementation & Enforcement ICT Mitigation: ICT Operation, Telecommuting, Collaborative Tools And, Capacity Building: Public Awareness, Education, Sustainable Development The report includes information on key technologies and applications used, listing more than 150 ICT environmental applications. It also describes key organizations involved and issues of relevance to developing countries for each of these environmental areas. The final draft of the report is available at the ICT Applications and Cybersecurity website. Raise awareness on ICTs for environment and climate change, particularly at decision-making levels in the public and private sectors Further research on use of life cycle assessment methodology to determine the real costs/benefits of ICT use in environmental terms Strengthen the capacity of developing countries to use ICTs for environmental action and climate change adaptation and mitigation Strengthen national analysis, planning and implementation capacity Foster technology transfer Use existing & new financial mechanisms Promote best practices Promote PPPs
  • Based on the report’s recommendations provided in the scoping study and other work on ICT applications, ITU-D has initiated a series of activities aimed at elaborating guidelines and toolkits that will assist decision-makers in ITU Members States in assessing their needs and establishing strategies for the implementation of national master plans in the area of the environment. Furthermore, within the general strategy mentioned above, ITU-D is providing direct assistance to countries in need, using the developed tools to facilitate the deployment of infrastructure and related ICT services, helping build e-environment capabilities in those countries. Finally, ITU-D, in partnership with other UN organizations, will continue its capacity building activities, organizing workshops and providing training material to assist Member States in their development of master plans and the deployment of diverse ICT applications. E-Environment toolkit: Practical guidelines for assessing needs and establishing strategies for the implementation of national e-environment strategies Direct assistance to countries in need: Using the developed tools to facilitate the deployment of infrastructure and related ICT services Capacity building: Workshops and training material to assist Member States in the development of master plans and the deployment of diverse ICT applications
  • "ICTs for reducing C emissions: a development perspective"

    1. 1. ICTs for reducing C emissions: a development perspective Richard Labelle (rlab@sympatico.ca) ICT Strategist & ITU-D Consultant The Aylmer Group Gatineau, Canada
    2. 2. ICTs for abating climate change <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the capacity of developing countries to use ICTs to mitigate the effects of and adapt to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Document impacts of ICTs on climate change worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Assess relevance to the developing world in consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Identify priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Develop strategies and tools </li></ul><ul><li>Consult, test & modify, improve </li></ul><ul><li>Raise awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Execute </li></ul>
    3. 3. ITU Work on e-Environment <ul><ul><li>Co-facilitator of WSIS Action Line C7 on e‑Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop guidelines, training materials and toolkits on technology & policy aspects of e-Environment applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist developing countries in implementing relevant ICT applications for environment and sustainable development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandate: Resolution 35, ITU Plenipotentiary Conference (Kyoto, 1994) & Resolution 54, ITU World Telecommunication Development Conference (Doha, 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ITU mandate on ICT applications and strategies: </li></ul>
    4. 4. ICTs for e-Environment Report <ul><li>Objective : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide guidelines for developing countries on the use of ICTs for better management and protection of the environment as a key part of their development process, with particular focus on climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examines six areas of ICT use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management and Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT Mitigation and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity Building </li></ul></ul>http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/cyb
    5. 5. Current ITU-D Activities <ul><li>To assist decision-makers in ITU Members States, ITU-D has initiated a series of activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Environment toolkit: Practical guidelines for assessing needs and establishing strategies for the implementation of national e-environment plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building: Joint training with the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Effects of ICTs <ul><li>1 st Order </li></ul><ul><li>The direct environmental impact of ICT product cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trend: newer and more energy efficient technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd Order </li></ul><ul><li>in energy & process efficiency as a result of using ICTs for business and everyday uses: e-business – e-commerce, e-government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in energy efficiency has potential for greatest impact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 rd Order </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural adaptations / System wide effects </li></ul>
    7. 7. ICTs and energy efficiency taken from: CEC: COM(2009) 111 final <ul><li>ICTs enable energy efficiency by reducing the amount of energy to deliver a service: </li></ul><ul><li>By monitoring and directly managing energy consumption in major energy using sectors, </li></ul><ul><li>By providing the tools for more energy-efficient business models and practices and lifestyles: e-commerce, e-government, telework, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>By delivering innovative technologies, ICTs can reduce wasteful consumption of energy; solid-state lighting is one clear example. Emerging solutions in computing such as thin clients, grid computing and virtualization technologies promise to reduce redundancies existing in today’s systems. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>ICTs can provide the quantitative basis on which energy-efficient strategies can be devised, implemented and evaluated </li></ul><ul><li>Smart metering exploits the capacity of ICTs to quantify energy consumption and provide appropriate information to consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring energy performance at a system level </li></ul>ICTs and energy efficiency – cont’d taken from: CEC: COM(2009) 111 final
    9. 9. Challenges <ul><li>A lack of awareness of the potential that ICTs have to mitigate climate change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More concerned with the limiting the 2% ICT related emissions than the potential for reducing the 98 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change & the environment: not priorities in many DCs priorities unless dealing with: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weather or emergencies / disaster preparedness; agricultural production </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited availability of the documented technologies and practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the impact? How to measure the impact of ICTs? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What standards to use: ITU SG5 (Environment & climate change) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The cost of installing smart meters may be a deterrent, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some solutions may lead to increased CO 2 emissions initially </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The nature of economic activity that powers the economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will less industrialized countries benefit and how? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will rural dwellers benefit? </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Opportunities <ul><li>Better designed ICT devices and components </li></ul><ul><li>Dematerialization </li></ul><ul><li>Increased process efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Smart motor systems </li></ul><ul><li>Smart logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Smart transportation systems </li></ul><ul><li>Smart buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency in electricity generation and management (Smart Grids) </li></ul><ul><li>Smart human ecosystems </li></ul>
    11. 11. Questions <ul><li>ICTs have potential for helping developed and developing countries to mitigate the impact of CC - is this so? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the potential for mitigating CC using ICTs in developing countries? </li></ul><ul><li>Is using ICTs for mitigating CC in developing countries a priority? This needs to be demonstrated to secure support </li></ul><ul><li>What has been done so far to research / document the effect of ICTs on mitigating CC in the developing world? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are potential partners to further research and explore this question? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Australian energy emissions by sector Source: Climate Risk Pty. 2007. Towards a High-Bandwidth, Low-Carbon Future: Telecommunications-based Opportunities to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Fairlight, Australia. 109 pp. http://www.climaterisk.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2007/CR_Telstra_ClimateReport.pdf
    13. 13. http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/sustainable-growth/studies_en.html
    14. 14. ICT energy saving potential in the EU (2020) (Bio Intelligence Service report)
    15. 15. ICT CO 2 saving potential in the EU (2020) (Bio Intelligence Service report)
    16. 16. Quoted in study by L. Hilty, V. Coroama, M. Osses, T.Ruddy, EMPA (CH) / ICT Ensure
    17. 17. Quoted in study by L. Hilty, V. Coroama, M. Osses, T.Ruddy, EMPA (CH) / ICT Ensure
    18. 18. Reducing C intensity in education in Brasil
    19. 20. What does it mean? <ul><li>Greatest potential is in smart motors, energy generation and smart controls: smart buildings, transportation, logistics, grids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the EU: the Eco solution offers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Actual results depend on C intensity of energy generation technologies used </li></ul><ul><li>In rural areas in DCs, main benefits from introducing low bandwidth services & wireless services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-government, e-commerce to reduce displacements, queuing, inefficiencies (corruption), remittances, for bill payments, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probably not significant in the C balance </li></ul></ul>
    20. 21. Implications for developing countries <ul><li>All countries can respond to climate change by a process of adaptation to its impacts and by reducing GHG emissions ( mitigation ), thereby reducing the rate and magnitude of climate change </li></ul><ul><li>The capacity to adapt and mitigate is dependent on socio-economic and environmental circumstances and availability of ICTs </li></ul><ul><li>Many countries have limited capacity to make beneficial use of ICTs for environmental action: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited access to affordable infrastructure & internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited human capacity to analyze & interpret climate change data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited capacity to integrate scientific data into decision- and policy-making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited capacity to undertake adaptation, mitigation, R & D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little political will </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But popular demand for environmental action is increasing </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. The e-environment toolkit <ul><li>The e-environment Toolkit identifies factors that influence the readiness of countries to use ICTs as a tool for fighting environmental change in general and climate change in particular </li></ul><ul><li>Readiness assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Measure / estimate actual and potential contribution of specific ICT technologies and applications </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative analysis: identify and track indicators </li></ul><ul><li>The e-Environment Readiness Index (EERI) </li></ul><ul><li>Work in progress </li></ul>Prepared in collaboration with Ralph Rodschat of Nortel, draft under review.
    22. 23. Indicators used ICT indicators Environmental indicators Infrastructure Biodiversity measures Applications Greenhouse gases emissions e-Environment Long term preparedness Energy quality Policy and public awareness Human capacity
    23. 24. Latin America Details
    24. 25. Latin America Map and Ranking
    25. 26. First level EERI