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How To Guide

  1. 1. Exchange 2000 Server "How to" Guide Table of Contents How to Assign a Server to a Routing Group (Q266725) How to Back Up and Restore an Exchange 2000 Server Computer (Q258243) How to Configure a Routing Group Connector (Q267992) How to Configure an SMTP Connector (Q266317) How to Configure Instant Messaging Logging (Q266754) How to Configure the NNTP Service, Part 1 (Q266652) How to Configure the NNTP Service, Part 2 (Q268092) How to Configure the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service Part 1 (Q266686) How to Configure the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service Part 2 (Q268163) How to Create a Routing Group (Q266744) How to Enable or Disable Message Filtering on a Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Virtual Server (Q261087) How to Install Instant Messaging Service (Q266643) How to Install the Key Management Server (Q267273) How to Make Administrative Groups Container and Its Contents Visible in Exchange System Manager (Q242561) How to Modify Global Settings in Exchange System Manager (Q258696) How to Modify Recipient Settings in Exchange System Manager (Q263845) How to Modify the Circular Logging Setting (Q258470) How to Set Up and Use Chat Migration for Exchange 2000 Server (Q262210) How to Set Up Exchange 2000 (Q262068) How to Set Up Exchange 2000 Server on a Windows Cluster (Q263272) How to Set Up the ADC Connection Agreement (Q262212) How to Set Up the Migration Wizard (Q262201)
  2. 2. How to Assign a Server to a Routing Group (Q266725) SUMMARY This article describes two methods to assign a server to a routing group. The first method explains how to assign the server during the installation of Microsoft Exchange 2000 and the second method explains how to assign the server after the installation process is finished. MORE INFORMATION How to Assign a Server to a Routing Group During Installation A server can be assigned to a routing group during the installation phase only if the routing group already exists. By default, only one administrative group, the First Administrative Group, exists. Within this group, one routing group is available, the First Routing Group. During installation, you can only install the server in the default routing group for the default administrative group. To create new routing groups, you must create them in an administrative group using Exchange System Manager after the Exchange 2000 Server is installed. You can choose your routing group from a list. However, you can only choose routing groups that are available within the administrative group. Therefore, during the installation, you must choose the administrative group before you choose the routing group. Routing groups are created within administrative groups. You can create several administrative groups each with multiple routing groups. For additional information about administrative and routing groups, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: Q231731 XADM: Administrative Groups and Routing Groups How to Assign a Server to a Routing Group After Installation After a server is installed in a routing group, you can reassign it to a different routing group using a drag-and-drop operation in Exchange System Manager. NOTE: The source routing group and the destination routing group to which the server is moved should belong to the same administrative group. To assign a server to a routing group, follow these steps: 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager.
  3. 3. 2. In the left pane of Exchange System Manager, expand the Administrative Groups container so that all administrative groups within the container are visible. 3. Expand the container for the administrative group where the server was assigned during the installation phase. 4. Expand the Routing Groups container to see all routing groups within the administrative group. 5. Expand the container for the routing group (source RG) where the server was assigned during the installation phase. 6. Expand the Members container for the routing group (source RG) that you expanded in step four. The stubs should be displayed for all the servers assigned to this routing group. 7. Expand the container for the routing group (destination RG) where the server needs to be reassigned. NOTE: The routing group needs to be a member of the same administrative group that you expanded in step three. 8. Expand the Members container for the routing group (destination RG) that you expanded in step seven. The stubs should be displayed for all the servers assigned to this routing group. 9. Select a server stub from the Members container of the source RG that you expanded in step six and drag it to the Members container of destination RG that you expanded in step eight.
  4. 4. How to Back Up and Restore an Exchange 2000 Server Computer (Q258243) SUMMARY This article describes how to back up and restore an Exchange 2000 Server computer. The following topics are discussed: • Back up a server • Restore a server • Helpful tips and suggestions MORE INFORMATION Back Up a Server To back up an Exchange 2000 Server computer: 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Backup. 2. Click the Backup tab. 3. Expand the Microsoft Exchange Server branch in the left pane, and then expand the server branch you want. To expand a branch, double-click the branch or click the plus sign (+) to the left of the branch. 4. Select the objects that you want to back up. To select an object, click to select the check box to the left of the object. For example, to select a particular storage group, expand the Microsoft Information Store branch, and then select the storage group that you want to back up. 5. Type the full path and file name of the backup file in the Backup media or file name box, and then click Start Backup. Note that you can click Browse to locate an existing backup file or specify a new backup file instead of typing the full path and file name manually. 6. Specify the settings for this backup operation, and then click Start Backup. Note that you can view additional settings by clicking Schedule or Advanced. Restoring a Server To restore an Exchange 2000 server, dismount any database that you want to restore, and then restore its backup. To dismount a database: 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager.
  5. 5. 2. If the Administrative Groups branch exists in the left pane, expand it, expand the appropriate administrative group branch, expand the Servers branch, and then expand the appropriate server branch. If the Administrative Groups branch does not exist, expand the Servers branch in the left pane, and then expand the appropriate server branch. To expand a branch, double-click the branch or click the plus sign (+) to the left of the branch. 3. For each database that you want to restore, expand the associated storage group branch, right-click the database, and then click Dismount Store. In addition, right-click each database, click Properties, click the Database tab, verify that the This database can be overwritten by a restore check box is selected, and then click OK. To restore the backup: 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Backup. 2. Click the Restore tab. 3. Expand the File branch in the left pane, and then expand the backup branch that you want to restore. To expand a branch, double-click the branch or click the plus sign (+) to the left of the branch. 4. For each object that you want to restore, expand the associated storage group branch, and then select the objects that you want to restore. To select an object, click to select the check box to the left of the object. NOTE: If you are prompted to enter the path and file name of the backup file when you attempt to expand the storage group branch, type the full path and file name of the backup file in the Catalog backup file box, and then click OK. Note that you can click Browse to locate the backup file instead of typing the full path and file name manually. 5. Select the option that you want in the Restore files to box, and then click Start Restore. 6. Type the server name in the Restore To box, and then type the full path of the folder in the Temporary location for log and patch files box. Note that you can click Browse to locate the server instead of manually typing the server name. 7. Click to select the Last Backup Set check box, click to select the Mount Database After Restore check box, click OK, and then click OK again. 8. Type the full path and file name of the backup file that you want to restore in the Restore from backup file box, and then click OK. Note that you can click Browse to locate the backup file instead of typing the full path and file name manually. 9. When the restore process finishes, click OK.
  6. 6. NOTE: If you did not verify that the This database can be overwritten by a restore check box is selected in step 3 above, it may take up to 15 minutes for the databases to be mounted after the restore is finished. Helpful Tips and Suggestions The following general information about backing up and restoring Exchange 2000 Server computers can help you avoid problems that may arise during the backup or restore process and help make the process as smooth as possible: • Exchange 2000 Server supports multiple databases and storage groups on the same server. This support allows you to split a single logical database into multiple physical databases. You can back up and restore these smaller physical databases much faster than larger databases. In addition, you can help improve overall system reliability by using multiple physical databases because you can restore an individual database from a backup while other databases continue to service client requests.
  7. 7. How to Configure a Routing Group Connector (Q267992) SUMMARY The Routing Group connector is used to connect two routing groups. This article describes how to configure a Routing Group connector in Exchange 2000 Server. MORE INFORMATION To create a Routing Group connector, you need more than one routing group. The routing groups to be connected can be members of the same administrative group or of different administrative groups. To create a Routing Group connector, you must be a member of the Domain Controllers and Domain Administrators groups in your Exchange organization. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. In the left pane of Exchange System Manager, expand the administrative group that you want, and then expand the Routing Groups container. 3. Click the routing group for which the connector is to be created. 4. In the right pane of Exchange System Manager, right-click Connectors, point to New, and then click Routing Group Connector. 5. Type a name for the connector in the Name box on the General tab. 6. In the Connects this Routing Group with list, click the destination routing group to connect to. 7. On the General tab, click the Add button to select the local bridgehead servers that can send mail over this connector. 8. In the Add Bridgehead box, click the SMTP virtual server instance that will manage the outgoing messages. Click OK. NOTE: The choices for the local bridgehead depend on the number of member servers in the source routing group. You can add more than one local bridgehead server for load balancing purposes. 9. On the Remote Bridgeheads tab, click Add to select a remote bridgehead server in the destination routing group. 10. In the Add Bridgehead box, click the SMTP virtual server (remote bridgehead) that will receive the incoming messages, and then click OK. NOTE: The choices for the remote bridgehead depend on the number of member servers in the destination routing group. 11. In the Properties box, click OK to accept the connector setup. The Routing Group connector created in the preceding steps is a one-way connector from
  8. 8. the source routing group to the destination routing group. 12. You receive the following message: Do you want to create the Routing Group connector in the remote routing group? If you click Yes, a Routing Group connector is created in the other direction. If you click No, you must manually create the connector in the other direction. In Exchange 2000, you can set up multiple one-way or two-way Routing Group connectors between the same routing groups. This is different than how site connector setup works in Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 and earlier. If you already have one two-way Routing Group connector and are in the process of creating a second two-way Routing Group connector between the same two routing groups, the message mentioned in step 11 does not appear. This behavior is by design, as there is already a path back from the other connector in the form of the first two-way Routing Group connector that you already created. Consequently, you must remember to manually create the connector in the other direction, if you want one. Additional Configuration on a Routing Group Connector In addition to the basic connector setup, you may want to add special restrictions and options concerning delivery and content for the connector. Delivery Restrictions During the setup of a Routing Group connector or when you access the properties for a Routing Group connector, the Delivery Restrictions tab allows you to specify who is allowed access to this connector. By default, the connector accepts messages from everyone. To access the properties of the Routing Group connector that you set up, right-click the connector, and then click Properties. • On the Delivery Restrictions tab, the Accept messages from everyone setting is the default. You can choose to reject messages from everyone. • For very specific restrictions on the use of the connector by specific individuals, you can select specific individuals from whom the connector will accept or reject messages. In the Accept Messages From and Reject Messages From lists, you can specify users. Click Add for these sections, and from the Select Recipient box, select the specific individuals from the directory. Content Restrictions Use the Content Restrictions tab to specify whether the connector restricts messages based on their priority: High, Normal, and Low. By default, a connector allows all message priorities.
  9. 9. To access the properties of the Routing Group connector that you set up, right-click the connector, and then click Properties. • On the Content Restrictions tab, all of the priorities are checked by default. You can click to clear any of the priorities, for example, High, Low, or High and Low. Clearing a check box causes messages with those priorities to not be accepted by the connector. Delivery Options The Delivery Options tab is a new addition to the Routing Group connector and provides two scheduling features: scheduling the times when the connector is available, and scheduling the time when the connector is available for messages larger than a particular, specified size. To access the properties of the Routing Group connector that you set up, right-click the connector, and then click Properties. • On the Delivery Options tab, the connection time is set to Always Run by default. You can change this setting by choosing among the options provided in the list. To create your own custom schedule, click Customize. • By default, the Use different delivery times for oversize messages check box is clear. If you click to select this check box, you can set the size that defines an oversized message (default value: 2000 KB). You can then set a separate schedule for the oversized messages by using the separate list options available. To define a custom schedule, click Customize.
  10. 10. How to Configure an SMTP Connector (Q266317) SUMMARY This article describes how to configure a Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) connector on Exchange 2000 Server. The SMTP connector connects Exchange 2000 to the Internet. MORE INFORMATION System Requirements Hardware Requirements • Intel Pentium 166 Megahertz (MHz) or faster • 128 Megabytes (MB) RAM or more • NTFS partition with at least 4 gigabytes (GB) of available disk space for Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server Software Requirements: • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server Installation Requirements: • By default, Microsoft Internet Information Services 5 (IIS) is installed with Windows 2000 Server. Check that both Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) and Single Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) have been installed. • A Domain Name System (DNS) server is available for your domain. • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server is installed on a computer that is a member of a domain and not in a workgroup. • Exchange 2000 System Manager is configured to group the servers by Administrative and Routing Groups. How to Configure the SMTP Connector 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click Exchange System Manager.
  11. 11. 2. In the left pane of Exchange System Manager, expand the administrative group that you want, and then expand the Routing Groups container tree. 3. Expand the routing group for which the connector is to be created. 4. In the right pane of Exchange System Manager, right-click Connectors, click New, and then click SMTP Connector. 5. On the General tab, type a name for the connector in the Name box. 6. If appropriate, click to select the Forward all mail through this connector to the following check box. In the Smart Host box, type the name of the target server you want all messages that use the connector to go to. NOTE: Do no use smart hosting if you want routing; otherwise, the SMTP service will redirect the message to the smart host. 7. On the General tab, click Add to select the local bridgehead for the connector. 8. In the Add SMTP member(s) to Bridgehead box, click Add, click the SMTP virtual server (local bridgehead) that will manage the outgoing messages, and then click OK. 9. On the Address Space tab, click Add. 10. In the New Address Space box, double-click SMTP. 11. In the Internet Address Properties box, click the General tab. Type the address of the domain that is to use the connector in the E-mail domain box, and then click OK. NOTE: You may use the asterisk (*) wildcard at the beginning of the address only; no wildcards are allowed within the address. For example, to route a message to user@server.site.com, set the address space to be *.server.site.com, *.site.com, *.com, or *, any of which match the domain portion of the message's address. 12. Assign a cost to the connector by typing a number between 1 and 100 in the Cost box. 13. Click OK. 14. On the Address Space tab, click to select either the Entire Organization check box or the Local Routing Group check box to set the scope of the connector. 15. In the Connector Properties box, click OK. Additional Configuration Information In addition to the basic connector setup, you may want to add special restrictions and options for delivery and content for the connector.
  12. 12. Delivery Restrictions During the setup of an SMTP connector or when you access the properties for an SMTP connector, you can see a Delivery Restrictions tab. On this tab you can specify who is allowed access to this connector. By default, the connector accepts messages from everyone. To access the properties of the SMTP connector: 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Double-click Administrative Groups, and then double-click First Administrative Group. 3. Double-click Routing Groups, double-click First Routing Group, and then double click Connectors. 4. Right-click your SMTP connector, and then click Properties. On the Delivery Restrictions tab, the default is set to Accept messages from everyone. You can also choose to reject messages from everyone. 5. To restrict specific individuals from using the connector: a.In the Reject messages from box, click Add. b.In the Select Recipient box, select the recipient that you want to restrict, and then click Add. Click OK. 6. To add specific users to the connector: a. In the Accept messages from box, click Add. b. In the Select Recipient box, select the user that you want to add, and then click Add. Click OK. Content Restrictions Use the Content Restrictions tab to specify whether the connector restricts messages based on their priority. You can specify three priorities: high, normal, and low. By default, a connector allows all message priorities. To access the properties of the SMTP connector: 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Double-click Administrative Groups, and then double-click First Administrative Group. 3. Double-click Routing Groups, double-click First Routing Group, and then double-click Connectors.
  13. 13. 4. Right-click your SMTP connector, and then click Properties. 5. On the Content Restrictions tab, all allowed priorities are checked, by default. You can click to clear the check box of any of the priorities. If you do so, messages with those priorities are not accepted by the connector. o You can configure Exchange 2000 to allow or deny system or non- system messages. System messages are any messages created by Exchange 2000, while non-system messages are all other messages. o You can configure Exchange 2000 to only allow messages less than a specific size (in kilobytes). Delivery Options The Delivery Options tab is a new addition to the SMTP connector and provides two scheduling features: scheduling the times when the connector is available, and scheduling the times when the connector is available for messages larger than a particular, specified size. To open the properties of the SMTP connector that you have set up, right-click the connector stub, and then click Properties. • On the Delivery Options tab, the connection time is set to Always Run by default. You can change this setting by choosing all the options provided in the drop-down list, or you can create your own custom schedule by clicking the Customize button. • You can also click to select the Use different delivery times for oversize messages check box. If you select this option, you can set the size that defines an oversized message (default value: 2000 KB). Advanced You can set outbound security, ETRN/TURN, and HELO versus EHLO on the Advanced tab. The default settings are usually what an average installation uses, and there is little need to change settings on this tab.
  14. 14. How to Configure Instant Messaging Logging (Q266754) SUMMARY Protocol logging for the Exchange 2000 Server Instant Messaging Service is controlled at the Web site level and is enabled by default. All traffic that is processed at this level is logged to one log file, whether that traffic is regular Microsoft Internet Information Service (IIS) Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) traffic, Instant Messaging client connectivity, or message notifications. This article describes how to configure Instant Messaging logging in Exchange 2000. MORE INFORMATION To enable Instant Messaging logging: 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click Internet Information Services. 2. Right-click Default Web Site, and then click Properties on the shortcut menu. 3. Click the Web Site tab, and then click to select the Enable Logging check box, if that check box is not already selected. 4. Click Properties for W3C Extended Log File Format. 5. Click the Extended Properties tab, and then make sure that the following properties are selected: o User Name o Service Name o Server Name o Method o URI Query NOTE: Allow attributes that were previously selected to remain the same. To gain access to Instant Messaging (and IIS) log files: 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Accessories, and then click Windows Explorer. 2. Locate drive_letterWinntSystem32LogfilesW3svc(x) (where drive_letter is the letter of the hard disk and x is the number of the Web site (for example, 1 = default, 2 = administration Web site, 3 = first manually created Web site, and so on). You can also find this folder on the bottom of the General Properties dialog box in the W3C Extended Log File Format properties.
  15. 15. 3. Click today's log file, which is represented by "ex" preceding the year, month, and day (for example, ex991222). NOTE: All the attributes that are logged when an Instant Messaging client logs on to an Instant Messaging server are in the log file. For more information about all of the extended attributes that can be logged in IIS, refer to the Help file: 1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click Internet Information Services. 2. Right-click Default Web Site, and then click Properties. 3. Click Properties for W3C Extended Log File Format. 4. Click the Extended Properties tab, and then click Help.
  16. 16. How to Configure the NNTP Service, Part 1 (Q266652) SUMMARY This article is Part 1 of a two-part article that describes how to configure different features of the Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) service in Exchange 2000. These articles assume that you have already installed Microsoft Windows 2000 Server, Advanced Server, or Datacenter, and Exchange 2000 Server. Part 1 covers the following topics: • NNTP Virtual Server o How to Create an NNTP Virtual Server o How to Change the IP Address and Port Number o How to Stop, Start, or Pause a Virtual Server o How to Limit Inbound Connections o How to Set the Connection Time-Out o How to Create a Unique Path Header o How to Enable Transaction Logging o How to Configure ODBC Logging o How to Customize W3C Extended Logging o How to Authenticate Connections o How to Encrypt Connections o How to Deny Inbound Connections o How to Enable or Disable Client Posting o How to Enable or Disable Feed Posting o How to Allow Pull Feeds o How to Allow Control Messages o How to Configure Moderator Options o How to Rebuild a Virtual Server • Newsgroups o How to View Newsgroups o How to Add Newsgroups o How to Set Newsgroups to Read-Only o How to Moderate Newsgroups o How to Import Newsgroups from a Text File o How to Delete Newsgroups To see Part 2 of this article, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: Q268092 XADM: How to Configure the NNTP Service, Part 2 MORE INFORMATION The NNTP service that is included with Windows 2000 is the basis for the NNTP service in Exchange 2000. After Exchange 2000 is installed, you must use Exchange System Manager to configure the service. After Exchange 2000 is installed, the NNTP service is ready to host newsgroups. Additional configuration is required to pull or
  17. 17. accept news feeds. The NNTP service is very flexible and can be customized to suit most requirements. NNTP Virtual Server How to Create an NNTP Virtual Server 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the NNTP node. 3. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click NNTP Virtual Server. The New NNTP Virtual Server wizard starts. 4. On the Description screen, type a description for your virtual server, and then click Next. 5. On the IP Address screen, click the IP address and TCP port that this virtual server will use, and then click Next. NOTE: When you specify a TCP port, make sure that the port that you specify is not in use by another virtual server or service. If it is, the server does not start. In addition, if the All Unassigned check box is selected, this virtual server monitors the specified port of all IP addresses that are not currently assigned to a virtual server. 6. On the Internal Files screen, type a path for the internal files for this virtual server, and then click Next. If the path you type in does not exist, it will be created. Do not use a folder that is already in use by another virtual server. 7. On the Storage Medium screen, select the storage medium that you want. The types of mediums are: o File System: Stores the articles on the disk. o Remote Share: Stores the articles on a share. o Exchange Public Folder Database: Stores the articles in the Exchange 2000 public information store. 8. On the next screen, follow these steps depending on the storage medium that you selected: o File System: Type the local path to the news content. This is where the articles are stored on the disk. o Remote Share: Type the path to the share for the news content. This is where the articles are stored on the remote server. Also, type the user name and password of an account that has rights to gain access to this share.
  18. 18. o Exchange Public Folder Database: Click Browse to select a public folder tree where the newsgroups and articles are to be stored. 9. Click Finish. Your NNTP virtual server is created. How to Change the IP Address and Port Number 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the NNTP node. 3. Click the virtual server that you created. 4. On the Action menu, click Properties. 5. On the General tab, click Advanced. 6. In the Advanced IP address configuration box, verify that the identity is selected, and then click Edit. 7. Change either the IP address or the port number. Make sure that there is no conflict with any other virtual servers. 8. Click OK. How to Stop, Start, or Pause a Virtual Server 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the NNTP node. 3. Click the virtual server that you want to start, stop, or pause. 4. On the Action menu, click Start, Stop, or Pause. NOTE: Pausing a virtual server prevents new client connections but enables the NNTP service to continue to process existing client connections. Pausing a virtual server also provides a method of stopping the virtual server without interrupting active connections. Use the Sessions node to monitor the active sessions that are connected to the virtual server. When all of the active sessions have disconnected, you can stop the virtual server without interrupting client connections. How to Limit Inbound Connections 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure.
  19. 19. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the General tab, click to select the Limit number of connections to check box. 5. Type the inbound connection limit. 6. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set the Connection Time-Out 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the General tab, type the connection time-out in minutes. 5. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Create a Unique Path Header 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the General tab, type a string to be included in the path header of articles that are forwarded from this news server. 5. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Enable Transaction Logging 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the General tab, click to select the Enable Logging check box. 5. Choose any active log format. 6. Click Properties to access additional log file settings.
  20. 20. 7. On the General Properties tab of the Extended Logging Properties dialog box, specify the following options as necessary: o New log file creation o Log file naming and rollover o Log file directory 8. After you set the options that you want, click OK. 9. Click OK or Apply to save the settings. How to Configure ODBC Logging 1. Create a database that contains a table with the appropriate fields for the logging data. Microsoft Internet Information Service (IIS) includes a SQL template file, which can run in a SQL database to create a table that accepts log entries from IIS. The file is called Logtemp.sql, and is available in the WinntSystem32Inetsrv folder. The following fields are required: o ClientHost: varchar(255) o Username: varchar(255) o LogTime: datetime o Service: varchar(255) o Machine: varchar(255) o ServerIP: varchar(50) o ProcessingTime: int o BytesRecvd: int o BytesSent: int o ServiceStatus: int o Win32Status: int o Operation: varchar(255) o Target: varchar(255) o Parameters: varchar(255) 2. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 3. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 4. On the Action menu, click Properties. 5. On the General tab, click to select the Enable Logging check box. 6. In the Active log format list, click ODBC Logging. 7. Click Properties to open the ODBC logging properties. 8. Type the ODBC Data Source Name (DSN).
  21. 21. 9. Type the name of the table. 10. Type the user name and password that you want to use to gain access to the database. 11. Click OK or Apply to save the settings. How to Customize W3C Extended Logging 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the General tab, click to select the Enable Logging check box. 5. In the Active log format list, click W3C Extended Log File Format. 6. Click Properties to open the extended logging properties. On the Extended Properties tab, the following extended logging options are used by the NNTP service: o Date (date) o URI Stem (cs-uri-stem) o Time (time) o URI Query (cs-uri-query) o Client IP Address (c-ip) o Protocol Status (sc-status) o User Name (cs-username) o Win32 Status (sc-win32-status) o Service Name (s-sitename) o Bytes Sent (sc-bytes) o Server Name (s-computername) o Bytes Received (cs-bytes) o Server IP (s-ip) o Time Taken (time-taken) o Method (cs-method) o Protocol Version (cs-version) NOTE: The options listed in bold text indicate default log file entries. 7. Click OK or Apply to save the settings. How to Authenticate Connections 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager.
  22. 22. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the Access tab, click Authentication. 5. Click to select any combination of the Anonymous, Basic, Windows Security Package, or SSL Client Authentication check boxes. NOTE: If you select Basic authentication, passwords are transmitted in plaintext. To enable Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Client Authentication, a certificate is required. 6. If you click Allow Anonymous, choose the account that will be used to gain access to resources when an anonymous connection is made. 7. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Encrypt Connections To enable encryption, a valid certificate must be installed on the virtual server. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the Access tab, click Certificate. The Web Server Certificate Wizard is displayed. 5. Complete the wizard to generate a certificate request. 6. Send the certificate to a trusted certificate authority (CA). 7. After you obtain the new certificate, repeat steps 1 through 6. The Web Server Certificate Wizard is displayed again. 8. Complete the wizard to process the pending certificate request. At this point, the server is ready for encryption. 9. On the Access tab, click Authentication. 10. In the Authentication Methods box, click to select the Enable SSL Client Authentication check box to enable SSL authentication. 11. Click to select the Require SSL client authentication check box to require that all connections use SSL. 12. To enable mapping client certificates to Windows accounts, click to select the Enable client certificate mapping to Windows user accounts check box.
  23. 23. 13. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Deny Inbound Connections 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Access tab, click Connection. 4. In the Connection box, click to select the Only the list below check box to limit access to this virtual server to the listed computers, or click to select the All except the list below check box to limit the listed computers from gaining access to this virtual server. 5. Click Add. 6. In the Computer dialog box, specify computers by one of the following criteria: o IP Address o Range of IP Addresses o Domain 7. Click OK to add the restriction and return to the Connection dialog box. 8. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Enable or Disable Client Posting Client posting is enabled by default. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. To enable client posting, on the Settings tab, click to select the Allow Client Posting check box. (To disable client posting, click to clear the Allow Client Posting check box, and proceed to step 6.) 4. Click to select the Limit post size check box if you want to specify the maximum size article that a client can post to this news server. 5. Click to select the Limit connection size check box if you want to specify the maximum amount of data that can be transmitted during a session. 6. Click OK or Apply to save the setting.
  24. 24. How to Enable or Disable Feed Posting Feed posting is enabled by default. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. To enable feed posting, on the Settings tab, click to select the Allow Feed Posting check box. (To disable feed posting, click to clear the Allow Feed Posting check box, and proceed to step 6.) 4. Click to select the Limit post size check box if you want to specify the maximum size article that a client can post to this news server. 5. Click to select the Limit connection size check box, if you want to specify the maximum amount of data that can be transmitted during a session. 6. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Allow Pull Feeds Pull feeds are enabled by default. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the Settings tab, click to select the Allow servers to pull news articles from this server check box to allow other servers to configure pull feeds against this server. (To disable this option, click to clear the Allow servers to pull news articles from this server check box.) 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Allow Control Messages Control messages are enabled by default. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the Settings tab, click to select the Allow control messages to accept control messages from other servers and clients check box. (To disable this option, click to clear the Allow control messages to accept control messages from other servers and clients check box.) 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting.
  25. 25. How to Configure Moderator Options 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. On the Settings tab, type the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of a Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) server that is responsible for sending articles to newsgroup moderators or the path to a folder to hold these articles in the SMTP server for moderated groups box. NOTE: The path must be a local folder. 3. Type the domain name in the Default moderator domain box. Articles posted to moderated newsgroups that do not have a moderator specified are sent to news_group_name@default_moderator_domain. 4. In the Administrator Email account box, type the SMTP address of a user that will receive non-delivery reports (NDRs) for moderated newsgroup articles that cannot be delivered. 5. Click OK to save the settings. How to Rebuild a Virtual Server 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. On the Action menu, click Stop the Server. 3. On the Action menu, point to Tasks, and then click Rebuild Server. 4. On the Rebuild NNTP Virtual Server screen, click either Standard or Thorough. o Standard: Rebuilds the Group.lst file based on the contents of the virtual directories. o Thorough. Rebuilds all the internal files (*.hsh, *.lst, and so on). 5. Click Start. 6. When the rebuild finishes, click Close. 7. On the Action menu, click Start the Server. Newsgroups How to View Newsgroups
  26. 26. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Click the Newsgroups node. At this point, a list of newsgroups is displayed in the right pane of Exchange System Manager. Only the first 100 newsgroups are listed. You can change the number and type of newsgroups that are displayed. Follow the rest of the steps to change the search criteria. 3. On the Action menu, click Limit group enumeration. 4. In the Find Newsgroups box, use any combination of the following to customize the newsgroups view: o Newsgroups: Type the kind of the newsgroups to be displayed when the Newsgroup node is selected. This acts as a filter. Use wildcards, such as alt.*. In this example, only newsgroups under the alt hierarchy are visible. NOTE: You can also use this option to find a specific newsgroup, but only that newsgroup will be visible. Only one wildcard or one newsgroup can be entered at a time. o Limit number of items on the result pane: Click to clear this check box to list all of the newsgroups. This check box is selected by default. o Maximum number of items: Type the maximum number of newsgroups to enumerate. This limit only applies when the Limit number of items on the result pane check box is selected. The default is 100 newsgroups. 5. Click OK to display the filtered list. How to Add Newsgroups 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the container for the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click the Newsgroups node. A list of newsgroups appears in the right pane of Exchange System Manager. 4. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Newsgroup. 5. In the Name box, type the name of the newsgroup that you want to create, and then click Next. 6. Type a brief description of the newsgroup function (optional).
  27. 27. 7. Type a "pretty" name for the newsgroup (optional). This name will be returned by the NNTP list prettynames command. The pretty name is another alias for the newsgroup that can be displayed by clients. 8. Click Finish. The new newsgroup appears in the list of newsgroups in the right pane of Exchange System Manager. How to Set Newsgroups to Read-Only 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click the Newsgroups node. A list of newsgroups appears in the right pane of Exchange System Manager. 4. Click to select the newsgroup that you want to configure. 5. On the Action menu, click Properties. 6. On the General tab, click to select the Read Only check box. 7. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Moderate Newsgroups Before you perform this procedure, perform the steps in the "How to Configure Moderator Options" section to specify an SMTP server, default moderator domain, and destination mailbox for NDRs. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click the Newsgroups node. A list of newsgroups appears in the right pane of Exchange System Manager. 4. Click to select the newsgroup that you want to configure. 5. On the Action menu, click Properties. 6. On the General tab, click to select the Moderated check box. 7. Type the SMTP address of the moderator, or click Set Default to use the default moderator. NOTE: The default moderator is newsgroup_name@default_domain, where newsgroup_name is the name of the newsgroup with the periods replaced by hyphens, and default_domain is the domain configured as the default
  28. 28. moderator domain on the Settings tab of the virtual server properties. 8. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. The newsgroup is now ready to accept articles. Articles posted to this newsgroup will be sent to the moderator before being posted. To moderate newsgroups, a client that supports moderating functions is required. How to Import Newsgroups from a Text File Use the Rgroup.vbs script (located in the C:WinntSystem32Inetsrv folder) to create groups. 1. Obtain a file with the list of newsgroups to be imported. The file must be in the following format: 215 List of newsgroups follows news.group.1 news.group.2 . 2. At a command prompt, change directory to the C:WinntSystem32Inetsrv folder, and then type the following command: cscript rgroup.vbs -t l -a path to file -s server name -v virtual server ID The newsgroups is created. How to Delete Newsgroups 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click the Newsgroups node. A list of newsgroups appears in the right pane of Exchange System Manager. 4. Click the newsgroup that you want to delete. 5. On the Action menu, click Delete to delete the newsgroup. To continue this article, please click the link below: Q268092 XADM: How to Configure the NNTP Service, Part 2
  29. 29. How to Configure the NNTP Service, Part 2 (Q268092) SUMMARY This article is Part 2 of a two-part article that describes how to configure different features of the Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) service in Exchange 2000. These articles assume that you have already installed Microsoft Windows 2000 Server, Advanced Server, or Datacenter, and Exchange 2000 Server. Part 2 covers the following topics: • Feeds o How to Accept Feeds o How to Create a Push Feed o How to Create a Pull Feed o How to Create Master/Slave Newsfeeds o How to Delete a Feed • Expiration Policies o How to Add a Policy o How to Modify a Policy o How to Delete a Policy • Virtual Directories o How to Add Virtual Directories o How to Modify Virtual Directories o How to Delete Virtual Directories o How to Hide Control Newsgroups • Current Sessions o How to View Current Sessions o How to End Current Sessions To see Part 1 of this article, please see the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Q266652 XADM: How to Configure the NNTP Service Part 1 MORE INFORMATION Feeds How to Accept Feeds 1. Follow the steps in the "How to Import Newsgroups from a Text File" section in Part 1 to create the newsgroups on the virtual server that is receiving the newsfeed.
  30. 30. 2. Follow the steps in the "How to Enable or Disable Feed Posting" section in Part 1 to enable newsfeeds for the virtual server that is receiving the newsfeed. 3. In Exchange System Manager, expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to accept the newsfeed. 4. Click Feeds. 5. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Feed. 6. Type the name of the remote NNTP server in the Remote server name or IP address box, and then click Next. 7. Click to select the Peer check box, and then click Next. 8. Click to select the Inbound feed check box, click Accept a push feed from the remote server, and then click Next. 9. Select the newsgroups that will be affected. You can use wildcards, such as alt.*. In this example, only newsgroups under the alt hierarchy are affected. 10. Click Finish. In addition to setting up the accept newsfeed, you need to create an outbound push feed. How to Create a Push Feed 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to accept the newsfeed. 3. Click Feeds. 4. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Feed. 5. Type the name of the remote NNTP server in the Remote server name or IP address box, and then click Next. 6. Click to select the Peer check box, and then click Next. 7. Click to select the Outbound feed check box, and then click Next. 8. On the next screen, select the newsgroups that will be affected. You can use wildcards, such as alt.*. In this example, only newsgroups under the alt hierarchy are affected. 9. Click Finish. How to Create a Pull Feed
  31. 31. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to accept the newsfeed. 3. Click Feeds. 4. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Feed. 5. Type the name of the remote NNTP server in the Remote server name or IP address box, and then click Next. 6. Click to select the Peer check box, and then click Next. 7. Click to select the Inbound feed check box, and then click Next. 8. On the next screen, select the newsgroups that will be affected. You can use wildcards, such as alt.*. In this example, only newsgroups under the alt hierarchy are affected. 9. Click Finish. How to Create Master/Slave Newsfeeds 1. Follow the steps in the "How to Import Newsgroups from a Text File" section in Part 1 to create the newsgroups on the virtual server that is receiving the newsfeed. 2. Follow the steps in the "How to Enable or Disable Feed Posting" section in Part 1 to enable newsfeeds for the virtual server that is receiving the newsfeed. 3. In Exchange System Manager, expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to accept the newsfeed. 4. Click Feeds. 5. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Feed. 6. Type the name of the remote NNTP server in the Remote server name or IP address box, and then click Next. 7. Click to select the Slave check box, and then click Next. 8. Click to select the Inbound feed check box, click Pull articles from the remote server, click Outbound feed, and then click Next. 9. On the next screen, select the newsgroups that are affected. You can use wildcards, such as alt.*. In this example, only newsgroups under the alt hierarchy are affected. 10. Click Finish.
  32. 32. 11. Repeat the steps above for each slave server. Complete the following steps on the master news server. 1. Follow the steps in the "How to Import Newsgroups from a Text File" section in Part 1 to create the newsgroups on the virtual server that is receiving the newsfeed. 2. Follow the steps in the "How to Enable or Disable Feed Posting" section in Part 1 to enable newsfeeds for the virtual server that is receiving the newsfeed. 3. In Exchange System Manager, expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to accept the newsfeed. 4. Click Feeds. 5. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Feed. 6. Type the name of the remote NNTP server in the Remote server name or IP address box, and then click Next. 7. Click to select the Master check box, and then click Next. 8. Click to select the Inbound feed check box, click Accept a push feed from the remote server, and then click Next. 9. On the next screen, select the newsgroups that will be affected. You can use wildcards, such as alt.*. In this example, only newsgroups under the alt hierarchy would be affected. 10. Click Finish. 11. Repeat the steps above for each master server. How to Delete a Feed 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click Feeds. 4. Click the feed that you want to delete. 5. On the Action menu, click Delete. Expiration Policies How to Add a Policy
  33. 33. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click to select the Expiration Policies check box. 4. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Expiration Policy. 5. Type a name for the expiration policy description. 6. Select which newsgroups this policy will affect. o If you click to select the All newsgroups on the virtual server check box, continue to step 7. o If you click to select the Only selected newsgroups on the virtual server check box, type the names of the newsgroups that this policy applies to on the next screen. 7. Set how old, in hours, an article can be before it is deleted. 8. Click Finish. For newsgroups that are hosted on the Exchange 2000 information store, article expiration is based on the age limit set for the public folders that correspond to the newsgroups. How to Modify a Policy 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click to select the Expiration Policies check box. 4. In the right pane, click the policy that you want to modify. 5. On the Action menu, click Properties. You can modify the Affected newsgroups and Remove articles older than policies. 6. Click OK to save the changes. How to Delete a Policy 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure.
  34. 34. 3. Click to select the Expiration Policies check box. 4. Click the policy that you want to delete. 5. On the Action menu, click Delete. Virtual Directories How to Add Virtual Directories 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click to select the Virtual Directories check box. 4. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Virtual Directory. 5. Type the path of the newsgroup to be stored on this virtual directory, and then click Next. NOTE: This name must match the newsgroup subtree that will be stored on this virtual directory. For example, if the "microsoft.public" newsgroup is stored on this virtual directory, the name of the virtual directory must be "microsoft.public". 6. Click File System (a local location), click Remote Share, or Exchange Public Folder Database as a storage location for the news content, and then click Next. o If you click File System, type a path to the local folder, or click Browse to select a folder. o If you click Remote Share, type a path to the remote location, or click Browse to select a remote folder. For a remote location, you must provide a user name and password that the NNTP service can use to log on to that remote computer on the next screen. Type a name, or click Browse to search for one. Click Check to ensure the user name/password combination used is valid, and then click Next. NOTE: If you are storing content in a remote location, the remote computer must be configured with at least read-write permissions for the user name provided. o If you click Exchange Public Folder Database, browse to the public folder where the content will be stored. 7. Click Finish.
  35. 35. How to Modify Virtual Directories 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click to select the Virtual Directories check box. 4. In the right pane, click to select the virtual directory that you want to modify. 5. On the Action menu, click Properties. 6. You can configure the following options in the virtual directory properties: o Click Contents to modify the content properties for this virtual directory. o Click Secure to require that connections to newsgroups located on this virtual directory be encrypted. o Click to clear the Allow posting check box to disable posting to newsgroups on this virtual directory. o Click to select the Restrict newsgroup visibility check box to hide newsgroups based on NTFS or Exchange 2000 information store Access Control Lists (ACLs). o Click to clear the Log access check box to disable logging activity on this virtual directory to the Microsoft Internet Information Service (IIS) transaction logs. o Click to clear the Index news content check box to disable indexing articles on this virtual directory. 7. Click OK or Apply to save these settings. How to Delete Virtual Directories 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click to select the Virtual Directories check box. 4. In the right pane, click to select the virtual directory that you want to delete. 5. On the Action menu, click Delete. NOTE: You cannot delete the default and control virtual directories.
  36. 36. How to Hide Control Newsgroups Typically, access to the control newsgroups is restricted by limiting who can see these special newsgroups. Use the following procedure to hide these newsgroups. 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Accessories, and then click Windows Explorer. 2. Locate the C:InetpubNntpfileRoot folder. 3. Right-click the Control directory, and then click Properties. 4. On the Security tab, restrict access to the directory to only the users or groups that you would like to have access to these newsgroups. 5. Click OK. 6. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 7. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 8. Click to select the Virtual Directories check box. A list of virtual directories is displayed in the right pane of Exchange System Manager. 9. Click to select the control virtual directory. 10. On the Action menu, click Properties. 11. On the General tab, click to select the Restrict newsgroup visibility check box. 12. Click OK to save the settings. 13. Stop and restart the NNTP virtual server. Current Sessions The Current Sessions node is used to monitor the connections to an NNTP virtual server. This section steps you through managing client connections. How to View Current Sessions 7. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 8. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 9. Click to select the Current Sessions check box. 10. In the right pane, a list of the current sessions is displayed with the following information:
  37. 37. o The name of the user connected. o The IP address from which the client has connected. o The total connected time of the session. How to End Current Sessions 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Expand the NNTP virtual server that you want to configure. 3. Click to select the Current Sessions check box. 4. To end all sessions, click Terminate All on the Action menu. 5. To end a particular session, click the session you want to end, and then click Terminate on the Action menu.
  38. 38. How to Configure the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service Part 1 (Q266686) SUMMARY This article is part one of a two-part article that describes the different configuration options for the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) service in Exchange 2000 Server. This article assumes that you have already installed Microsoft Windows 2000 Server, Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server, or Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server and Exchange 2000 Server. Part 1 covers the following topics: • Configuration o How to Start the Exchange System Manager • Virtual Servers o How to Create an Additional SMTP Virtual Server o How to Change the IP Address and Port Number o How to Stop, Start, or Pause a Virtual Server o How to Limit Inbound Connections o How to Set the Connection Time-Out o How to Enable Transaction Logging o How to Configure ODBC Logging o How to Customize W3C Extended Logging o How to Authenticate Connections o How to Encrypt Connections o How to Deny Inbound Connections o How to Restrict Relaying o How to Limit Inbound Message Size o How to Limit Inbound Session Size o How to Limit Outbound Messages for Each Connection
  39. 39. o How to Limit Outbound Recipients for Each Message o How to Process Non-Delivery Reports o How to Process Badmail Messages o How to Process Unresolved Recipients o How to Set Retry Intervals o How to Set Outbound Delay Notifications o How to Set Outbound Message Expiration o How to Set Local Delay Notifications o How to Set Local Message Expiration o How to Set Outbound Security o How to Limit Outbound Connections o How to Specify the Outbound Port o How to Specify the Hop Count o How to Set a Masquerade Domain o How to Change the Fully Qualified Domain Name o How to Set a Smart Host o How to Enable Reverse Domain Name System Lookups o How to Enable Message Filtering (Turf List) Part 2 covers the following topics: • Monitoring o Current Sessions • How to View Current Sessions • How to Stop Current Sessions o Queues • How to Gain Access to Queues
  40. 40. • How to Set the Queue Display • How to View Queued Messages • How to Delete Messages in a Queue o How to Delete One Message in a Queue o How to Delete All Messages in a Queue o How to Delete a Specific List of Messages in a Queue • How to Freeze and Unfreeze Messages in a Queue o How to Freeze One Message in a Queue o How to Freeze All Messages in a Queue o How to Freeze a Specific List of Messages in a Queue This article is continued in the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Q268163 How to Configure the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service Part 2 MORE INFORMATION Configuration After you install Exchange 2000, the SMTP service is ready to process e-mail. No further configuration is required to send and receive e-mail. The SMTP service is very flexible and can be customized to suit most messaging requirements. All of the steps in this article are performed in the Exchange System Manager. How to Start Exchange System Manager 1. On the Start menu, point to Programs, point to Microsoft Exchange, and then click System Manager. 2. Double-click Administrative Groups. 3. Double-click First Administrative Group. NOTE: If you have changed the name of the default administrative group, expand the appropriate node for that administrative group. 4. Double-click Servers and find the default SMTP virtual server on any server. Virtual Servers This section describes how to configure SMTP virtual servers.
  41. 41. How to Create an Additional SMTP Virtual Server In most cases, you only need one SMTP virtual server. However, in certain situations (if you host multiple domains and want to have more than one default domain, for example) you can create multiple SMTP virtual servers. When you create an SMTP virtual server, a home directory is automatically created in the Exchange Server MDBData folder. To create an additional SMTP virtual server: 1. Click SMTP. 2. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click SMTP Virtual Server. 3. In the SMTP Virtual Server dialog box, type a description for your virtual server, and then click Next. 4. Click the Internet Protocol (IP) address that the virtual server will use, and then click Finish. NOTE: If you click All Unassigned, this virtual server monitors port 25 of all IP addresses that are not currently assigned to a virtual server by default. How to Change the IP Address and Port Number 1. Click the virtual server that you want to change the IP address and port number for. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the General tab, click Advanced. 4. In the Advanced IP address configuration list, click the identity, and then click Edit. 5. Change either the IP address or the port number so that there is no conflict with any other virtual servers. 6. Click OK until you close the virtual server properties. 7. Start the virtual server. How to Stop, Start, or Pause a Virtual Server 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to stop, start, or pause. 2. On the Action menu, click either Start, Stop, or Pause, as applicable. NOTE: If you pause a virtual server, you prevent new client connections but you enable the SMTP service to continue to process existing client connections and deliver queued messages. You can also pause a virtual server to gracefully stop the virtual server without interrupting active connections.
  42. 42. How to Limit Inbound Connections 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the General tab, click to select the Limit number of connections to check box. 4. Type the inbound connection limit. 5. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set the Connection Time-Out 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the General tab, type the connection time-out time in minutes. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Enable Transaction Logging 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the General tab, click to select the Enable Logging check box. 4. Click any active log format. 5. Click Properties to gain access to additional log file settings. 6. In the Extended Logging Properties dialog box, click the General tab. You can specify the following options: o New log file creation o Log file naming and rollover o Log file directory 7. After you set the options that you want, click OK. 8. Click OK or Apply to save the settings.
  43. 43. NOTE: Both the Open Database Connectivity Logging (ODBC) and World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) extended log file format have different extended logging properties. How To Configure ODBC Logging 1. Create a database that contains a table with the appropriate fields for the logging data. Microsoft Internet Information Service (IIS) includes a Structured Query Language (SQL) template file, which can be run in a SQL database to create a table that accepts log entries from IIS. The file is called Logtemp.sql and is available in the WinntSystem32Inetsrv folder. The following fields are required: o ClientHost: varchar(255) o Username: varchar(255) o LogTime: datetime o Service: varchar(255) o Machine: varchar(255) o ServerIP: varchar(50) o ProcessingTime: int o BytesRecvd: int o BytesSent: int o ServiceStatus: int o Win32Status: int o Operation: varchar(255) o Target: varchar(255) o Parameters: varchar(255) 2. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 3. On the Action menu, click Properties. 4. On the General tab, click to select the Enable Logging check box. 5. In the Active log format list, click ODBC Logging. 6. Click Properties to gain access to the ODBC Logging properties.
  44. 44. 7. Type the ODBC Data Source Name (DSN). 8. Type the name of the table. 9. Type the user name and password that you need to use to gain access to the database. 10. Click OK or Apply to save the settings. How to Customize W3C Extended Logging 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the General tab, click to select the Enable Logging check box. 4. In the Active log format list, click W3C Extended Log File Format. 5. Click Properties to open the Extended Logging properties. 6. Click the Extended Properties tab. The SMTP service uses the following extended logging options: o Date (date) o Time (time) o Client IP Address (c-ip) o User Name (cs-username) o Service Name (s-sitename) o Server Name (s-computername) o Server IP (s-ip) o Method (cs-method) o URI Stem (cs-uri-stem) o URI Query (cs-uri-query) o Protocol Status (sc-status) o Win32 Status (sc-win32-status) o Bytes Sent (sc-bytes)
  45. 45. o Bytes Received (cs-bytes) o Time Taken (time-taken) o Protocol Version (cs-version) The Time (time), Client IP Address (c-ip), Method (cs-method), URI Stem (cs- uri-stem), and Protocol Status (sc-status) options are default log file entries. 7. Click OK or Apply to save the settings. How to Authenticate Connections 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Access tab, and then click Authentication. 4. Click any combination of Allow anonymous, Basic authentication, Windows Security Package, or Enable SSL client authentication. NOTE: If you use basic authentication, passwords are transmitted in clear text. A certificate is required to enable Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) client authentication. 5. If you click Allow anonymous, type the account that will be used to gain access to resources when an anonymous connection is made. 6. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Encrypt Connections To enable encryption, you must install a valid certificate on the virtual server: 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Access tab, and then click Certificate. The Web Server Certificate Wizard starts. 4. Complete the wizard to generate a certificate request. 5. Send the certificate to a trusted certification authority (CA). 6. After you obtain the new certificate, perform steps 1 through 3 again. The Web Server Certificate Wizard starts again.
  46. 46. 7. Complete the wizard to process the pending certificate request. At this point, the server is ready for encryption. 8. Click the Access tab, and then click Authentication. 9. In the Authentication Methods dialog box, click to select the Enable SSL client authentication check box to enable SSL authentication. 10. Click to select the Require SSL client authentication check box to require that all connections use SSL. 11. To enable mapping client certificates to Windows accounts, click to select the Enable client certificate mapping to Windows user accounts check box. 12. Click OK and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Deny Inbound Connections 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Access tab, and then click Connection. 4. In the Connection dialog box, either click Only the list below to limit access to this virtual server to the listed computers, or click All except the list below to prevent the listed computers from gaining access to this virtual server. 5. Click Add. 6. In the Computer dialog box, you can specify computers by one of the following criteria: o IP Address o Range of IP Addresses o Domain 7. Click OK to add the restriction and return to the Connection dialog box. 8. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Restrict Relaying 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure.
  47. 47. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Access tab, and then click Relay. 4. In the Relay Restrictions dialog box, either click Only the list below to restrict relaying mail through this virtual server to the listed computers, or click All except the list below to prevent the listed computers from relaying mail through this virtual server. 5. Click Add. 6. In the Computer dialog box, you can specify computers by one of the following criteria: o IP Address o Range of IP Addresses o Domain 7. Click OK to add the restriction and return to the Connection dialog box. 8. To add more restrictions, repeat the preceding steps. 9. Click to select the Allow all computers which successfully authenticate to relay check box, regardless of the list that you selected in step 4, to allow all authenticated clients to relay. 10. Click OK, and then click OK. How to Limit Inbound Message Size 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Messages tab, and then type a value in kilobytes (KB) in the Limit message size to box. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Limit Inbound Session Size 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties.
  48. 48. 3. Click the Messages tab, end then type a value in KB in the Limit session size to box. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Limit Outbound Messages for Each Connection 5. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 6. On the Action menu, click Properties. 7. Click the Messages tab, and then type a value in the Limit number of messages per connection to box. 8. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Limit Outbound Recipients for Each Message 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Messages tab, and then type a value in the Limit the number of recipients per message to box. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Handle Non-Delivery Reports 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Messages tab, and then type the name of the account that you want non-delivery reports (NDRs) sent to in the Send copy of Non-Delivery report to box. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Process Badmail Messages By default, the Badmail directory is located in the virtual server's home directory. 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure.
  49. 49. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Messages tab, and then type the new location for the Badmail directory in the Badmail directory box. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Process Unresolved Recipients 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Messages tab, and then type the host name or IP address (enter the IP address in square brackets []) in the Forward all mail with unresolved recipients to host box. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set Retry Intervals 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then type a time interval in minutes for the first, second, third, and subsequent retry intervals. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set Outbound Delay Notifications 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then type a value (in minutes, hours, or days) for the time when a delay notification should be sent. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set Outbound Message Expiration 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure.
  50. 50. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then type a value (in minutes, hours, or days) for the message expiration to time out. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set Local Delay Notifications 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then type a value (in minutes, hours, or days) for the time when a delay notification should be sent. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set Local Message Expiration 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then type a value (in minutes, hours, or days) for the message expiration to time out. 4. Click OK or Apply to save the setting. How to Set Outbound Security These settings affect all outbound connections. Outbound security can also be configured for each domain. 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Outbound Security. 4. In the Outbound Security dialog box, click either Anonymous access, Basic authentication, or Windows security package as the authentication method. 5. If you select either Basic authentication or Windows security package, type or browse for the user name. Also, type the password for this account.
  51. 51. 6. You can encrypt the connection by clicking to select the TLS encryption check box. 7. Click OK and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Limit Outbound Connections 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Outbound Connections. 4. In the Outbound Connections dialog box, click to select the Limit connections to check box, and then type a value for the maximum outbound connections. 5. By default, the time-out time is set to 600 minutes. Type a new value if you want to change the default value. 6. Click to select the Limit connections per domain to check box, and then type a value for the number of connections that you want to allow for each domain. 7. Click OK and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Specify the Outbound Port 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Outbound Connections. 4. In the Outbound Connections dialog box, type the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port that the virtual server will connect to on the remote server. 5. Click OK and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Specify the Hop Count 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties.
  52. 52. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Advanced. 4. In the Advanced Delivery dialog box, type a value for the number of received headers that a message can have before an NDR is generated in the Maximum hop count box. 5. Click OK and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Set a Masquerade Domain 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Advanced. 4. In the Advanced Delivery dialog box, type a domain name in the Masquerade Domain box. 5. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Change the Fully Qualified Domain Name 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Advanced. 4. In the Advanced Delivery dialog box, type a new fully qualified domain name (FQDN). By default, the FQDN is derived from the information on the Network Identification tab of the system properties. 5. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Set a Smart Host 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Advanced.
  53. 53. 4. In the Advanced Delivery dialog box, type a host name or IP address (type the IP address in square brackets []) for the smart host. 5. Click to select the Attempt direct delivery before sending to smart host check box if you want the virtual server to attempt to deliver messages to the destination before the virtual server sends messages to the smart host. 6. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Enable Reverse DNS Lookups 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. Click the Delivery tab, and then click Advanced. 4. In the Advanced Delivery dialog box, click to select the Perform reverse DNS lookup on incoming messages check box to verify that the host specified in the EHLO/HELO is the actual host that is connected to the virtual server. 5. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. How to Enable Message Filtering (Turf List) The "turf list" is set on the Filtering tab of the Message Delivery Properties dialog box. You can gain access to this dialog box by using Global Settings in Exchange System Manager. When turf list filtering is enabled on an SMTP virtual server, e-mail received from anyone on the turf list is filtered out. For example, if an SMTP virtual server is connected to the Internet, you can filter e-mail from one or more outside users who are trying to gain access to the organization by using a particular IP address. If, however, a different IP address is configured on the same virtual server (for example, for internal users who connect to the Internet), you may need to enable filtering for connections on this IP address. This is why turf list filtering is set in the Identification dialog box. To enable message filtering on a virtual server: 1. In Exchange System Manager, click the virtual server that you want to configure. 2. On the Action menu, click Properties. 3. On the General tab, click Advanced. 4. In the Advanced dialog box, type the IP address to which you want the filter applied, and then click Edit.
  54. 54. 5. In the Identification dialog box, click to select the Apply Filter check box, and then click OK. 6. Click OK, and then click OK again to close the virtual server properties. NOTE: This article is continued in the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Q268163 How to Configure the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service Part 2
  55. 55. How to Configure the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service Part 2 (Q268163) SUMMARY This article is part two of a two-part article that describes the different configuration options for the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) service in Exchange 2000 Server. This article assumes that you have already installed Microsoft Windows 2000 Server, Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server, or Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server and Exchange 2000 Server. Part 1 covers the following topics: • Configuration o How to Start the Exchange System Manager • Virtual Servers o How to Create an Additional SMTP Virtual Server o How to Change the IP Address and Port Number o How to Stop, Start, or Pause a Virtual Server o How to Limit Inbound Connections o How to Set the Connection Time-Out o How to Enable Transaction Logging o How to Configure ODBC Logging o How to Customize W3C Extended Logging o How to Authenticate Connections o How to Encrypt Connections o How to Deny Inbound Connections o How to Restrict Relaying o How to Limit Inbound Message Size o How to Limit Inbound Session Size o How to Limit Outbound Messages for Each Connection
  56. 56. o How to Limit Outbound Recipients for Each Message o How to Process Non-Delivery Reports o How to Process Badmail Messages o How to Process Unresolved Recipients o How to Set Retry Intervals o How to Set Outbound Delay Notifications o How to Set Outbound Message Expiration o How to Set Local Delay Notifications o How to Set Local Message Expiration o How to Set Outbound Security o How to Limit Outbound Connections o How to Specify the Outbound Port o How to Specify the Hop Count o How to Set a Masquerade Domain o How to Change the Fully Qualified Domain Name o How to Set a Smart Host o How to Enable Reverse Domain Name System Lookups o How to Enable Message Filtering (Turf List) Part 2 covers the following topics: • Monitoring o Current Sessions • How to View Current Sessions • How to Stop Current Sessions o Queues • How to Gain Access to Queues
  57. 57. • How to Set the Queue Display • How to View Queued Messages • How to Delete Messages in a Queue o How to Delete One Message in a Queue o How to Delete All Messages in a Queue o How to Delete a Specific List of Messages in a Queue • How to Freeze and Unfreeze Messages in a Queue o How to Freeze One Message in a Queue o How to Freeze All Messages in a Queue o How to Freeze a Specific List of Messages in a Queue This article is a continuation of the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Q266686 How to Configure the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service Part 1 MORE INFORMATION Monitoring Current Sessions The Current Sessions node is used to monitor the connections and queues. This section provides procedures to manage client connections. How to View Current Sessions 1. In Exchange System Manager, click to expand the SMTP virtual server that you want to configure. 2. Click Current Sessions. 3. In the right pane, a list of the current sessions is displayed that contains the following information: o The name of the connected user. o The Internet Protocol (IP) address from which the client has connected. o The total connected time of the session. How to Stop Current Sessions
  58. 58. 1. In Exchange System Manager, click to expand the SMTP virtual server that you want to configure. 2. Click Current Sessions. 3. To stop all sessions, click Terminate All on the Action menu. 4. To stop a particular session, click the session that you want to stop, and then click Terminate on the Action menu. Queues Queues are managed in the Queues node on each SMTP virtual server. Exchange 2000 Server provides better access to information about queues and the messages that the queues contain. How to Gain Access to Queues 1. In Exchange System Manager, click to expand the SMTP virtual server that you want to configure. 2. Click Queues. 3. In the right pane, the queue summary is displayed. 4. In the queue summary pane, the following information is displayed: o Next Destination Server. The next destination server for this queue. o Submission of Oldest Message. The date and time of submission of the oldest message in the queue. o Total # of Messages. The number of messages in the queue. o Total Message Size. Total size of all the messages in the queue. o Next Connection Attempt. The next scheduled connection time. How to Set the Queue Display By default, all the columns of information are displayed in a specific order. To change the order of the columns, drag the column header to the new position. To choose the columns or the order of columns in which to view messages, perform the following steps from Queue Summary view: 1. On the View menu, click Choose Columns. The Modify Columns dialog box is displayed. 2. To add columns to or remove columns in the results pane:
  59. 59. o To add columns, click an item in the Hidden columns list, and then click Add. o To remove columns, click an item in the Displayed columns list, and then click Remove. 3. If you want to change the order of the columns, click a column, and then click Move up or Move down, as applicable. How to View Queued Messages The quickest way to view some of the messages in a queue is to enumerate the first 100 messages. This command is actually the default setting of the Custom Filter command that enables you to enumerate a specific set of messages. To display the first 100 messages of a queue in Message Summary view: 1. Gain access to the Queues node as described in the "How to Gain Access to Queues" section of this article. 2. Click the queue that you want to view. 3. Determine whether there are messages to enumerate: o If There are no matching messages queued is displayed in the details pane, there are no messages to enumerate. o If Enumerate message from the queue node is displayed in the details pane, continue to the next step. 4. With the queue selected, click Enumerate 100 Messages on the Action menu. To display a custom-filtered list of messages in Message Summary view: 1. Gain access to the Queues node as described in the "How to Gain Access to Queues" section of this article. 2. Click the queue that you want to view. 3. Determine whether there are messages to enumerate: o If There are no matching messages queued is displayed in the details pane, there are no messages to enumerate. o If Enumerate message from the queue node is displayed in the details pane, continue to the next step. 4. With the queue selected, click Custom Filter on the Action menu. NOTE: The Custom Filter dialog box is displayed.

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