The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper

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Slides from a talk given at the STM Innovation Seminar in London, on 3 December 2010. Similar material to "Discovery Deficit" talk given at RLUK but focussed more on STM publishers and with some new …

Slides from a talk given at the STM Innovation Seminar in London, on 3 December 2010. Similar material to "Discovery Deficit" talk given at RLUK but focussed more on STM publishers and with some new examples.

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  • 1. The Gatekeeper is dead!Long live the Gatekeeper! STM Innovation Seminar 3 December 2010, London
  • 2. Thankyou Clay Shirkey.Now where’s my **** filter?
  • 3. Some of the peoplewho contributed tothis presentation...
  • 4. @communicating Plausible Accuracy PIERRE LINDENBAUM Mummi Thorissson John Fabiana Kubke Richard Grant Pedro Beltrao Neil Saunders Steve Wilson @gnat Branwen Hide Simon Coles Dupuis Simon Philips Pawel Szcsesny Paul Miller Tony Hey Jeremy Frey Nico Adams Richard Akerman Cavalli Gabriel JonMat Todd Stephen BrennerTim O’Reilly Noel Gorelick Dave de Roure Rich ApodacaUdell ISIS LSS Group Jeremiah Faith Jean-Claude Bradley Nicholas Cole Michael Barton JOHN WILLINSKY Phil Lord Victoria  Stodden Martyn Bull Stephen Friend David CrottyClay Shirky @t John Cumbers Bora Chris Leonard Grace BaynesEva Amsen Egon  Willighagen Mark Borkum Brian Kelly Tony Williams Dan Hagon Maxine Clarke Andrew Milsted Zivkovic Mitch Koch Lab Michael Nielsen Martin Fenner Steph Hannon WaldropGreg Wilson Brian Matthews Leigh Dodds Bill Hooker Glyn Moody Yaroslav Nikolaev Jenny Rohn Rafael Sidi Lee Smolin Frank NormanRicardo Vidal Iain Emsley Paulo Nuin Ariel Waldmann Timo HannayKen Shankland Lorie LeJeune Jonathan Gray PT Sefton Microsoft STFC Deepak Singh Shirley Wu ISIS Computing Group Helen Berman Andrew Peter Binfield Benjamin Good Dorothea Salo Liz Lyons PLoSKasarskis Jen Dodd Lee Dirks Peter Murray-Rust Richard Akerman Carole Goble Jon Eisen Jenny Hale Lakshmi Shastry Steve Koch NPG Ben Goldacre Chad OrzelBill Flanagan Jon Tansley Michael Eisen Matt Wood SciFoo 2008/9 Friendfeed Hope Leman Rufus Pollock Victor HenningGoogle Björn Brembs Jo BadgeAllyson Lister Lisa Green TIM HUBBARD Rebecca Goulding campers Euan Adie John Andy Powell Harry Collins Gavin Bell Jim Downing Matt Johnson Wilbanks Mike Ellis DUNCAN HULL Garret Lisi Jamie McQuay ALAN CANN Catherine Jones Andrew Farke Gavin Baker Peter Suber Sabine HossenfelderFlickr The BioGangKevin KellyPaul Walk Arfon Smith Kaitlin Thaney Richard Curry Atilla Csordas Ian Mulvany
  • 5. Back to them later...
  • 6. Me: A brief history
  • 7. Finished highschool 1990...http://www.flickr.com/photos/elsie/105716382 CC-BY
  • 8. Undergrad 1991-94
  • 9. “You need to spend half a day a week in the library reading the new journals” My project supervisor, 1994http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevecadman/486261295 CC-BY-SA
  • 10. PhD 1995-99
  • 11. http://web.archive.org/web/19990421174831/www.sciencemag.org/
  • 12. http://web.archive.org/web/19990208214440/http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
  • 13. Over the course of my PhD...
  • 14. ...info retrieval went from...
  • 15. http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevecadman/486261295 CC-BY-SA
  • 16. ...to...
  • 17. The last generation to remember “the library”http://www.flickr.com/photos/jhoweaa/436923541 CC-BY
  • 18. ...to think of journals as printed objects...http://www.flickr.com/photos/moria/212136629 CC-BY
  • 19. http://www.flickr.com/photos/polaroidia/4301528813 CC-BY ...to physically search
  • 20. Who are you?
  • 21. “The mission of STM is to create a platform forexchanging ideas and information and torepresent the interest of the STM publishingcommunity in the fields of copyright, technologydevelopments, and end user/library relations.”
  • 22. ...publishing industry...?
  • 23. So where can you add value?http://www.flickr.com/photos/picsbycam/3564466980 CC-BY
  • 24. We share a problemhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/schnurrbart/43568532 CC-BY-SA
  • 25. Too much stuff...http://www.flickr.com/photos/miczanin/4726970804 CC-BY-SA
  • 26. Too little resource
  • 27. For me the resource is...http://www.flickr.com/photos/robbie73/3387189144 CC-BY-SA
  • 28. ...for you it is...http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC-BY-SA
  • 29. Information overload...http://www.flickr.com/photos/dylanroscover/3450505729 CC-BY-SA
  • 30. Filter failure?http://www.flickr.com/photos/daveyll/332723930
  • 31. http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/2247299538 CC-BY
  • 32. Filters block.http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
  • 33. You think this is a good thing...http://www.flickr.com/photos/robmcm/1671702203 CC-BY-SA
  • 34. ...you’re “protecting yourcommunity from a deluge”http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrehan00/3700858676 CC-BY-SA
  • 35. ...keeping us on the straight and narrow...http://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/4813974125 CC-BY
  • 36. Or are we just limitingour ability to explore...?http://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/2174000357 CC-BY
  • 37. Filters block.http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
  • 38. The right filter for me? Right filter for now?http://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman/3595748169 CC-BY
  • 39. In the last year...?http://flickr.com/photos/stewart/461099066/
  • 40. ...in the past 24 hours?
  • 41. On Google I set the filter... ...in your journal it’s hidden
  • 42. An example.
  • 43. http://totallysynthetic.com/blog/?p=1903
  • 44. “Retracted for scientific reasons...”
  • 45. ...even though its a useful reaction
  • 46. ...even if I am interested inoxidation by contaminants
  • 47. To get the whole picture...
  • 48. ...and its getting worse
  • 49. Retractions per 100k papers 30 Retractions per 100k publications 25 20 15 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Yearhttps://github.com/neilfws/PubMed/blob/master/data/retractions.txt
  • 50. Your filter has failed me...http://www.flickr.com/photos/richardmoross/3947406286 CC-BY
  • 51. Crude. Binary. Inappropriate.
  • 52. A gatekeeper is needed in a broadcast world...http://www.flickr.com/photos/m0dlx/506786451 CC-BY-SA
  • 53. Someone had to choose...http://www.flickr.com/photos/baccharus/4473818003 CC-BY
  • 54. Today is different...
  • 55. ...we can’t reduce the flow...http://www.flickr.com/photos/bladeflyer/442496389 CC-BY
  • 56. We need to recognise theworld looks like this...http://www.flickr.com/photos/fraz5356/4754482759 CC-BY
  • 57. Floods of information...http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/4289349768 CC-BY
  • 58. ...content from all directionshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ocarchives/4418399902 CC-BY
  • 59. http://www.flickr.com/photos/62337512@N00/3958637561 CC-BY ...and embrace that as a good thing...
  • 60. http://www.flickr.com/photos/flavinsky/3410980137 CC-BY
  • 61. Every book its reader... Ranganathan’s third law of libraries
  • 62. Every book its reader... Ranganathan’s third law of libraries
  • 63. And today it istechnically feasible
  • 64. All we need to dois connect them...http://www.flickr.com/photos/adrian_s/8271860 CC-BY
  • 65. It’s not filter failurehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
  • 66. A discovery deficit...http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/4078337883 Public Domain
  • 67. Is search the answer?http://www.flickr.com/photos/ezioman/2095747903 CC-BY
  • 68. A blunt instrument...http://www.flickr.com/photos/kylemay/1430449350 CC-BY
  • 69. ...not every problem is a nailhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/bb_matt/207102083 CC-BY
  • 70. So is there an answer?
  • 71. Remember this graph? 30 Retractions per 100k publications 25 20 15 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Yearhttps://github.com/neilfws/PubMed/blob/master/data/retractions.txt
  • 72. Remember this graph? 30 Retractions per 100k publications 25 20 15 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Yearhttps://github.com/neilfws/PubMed/blob/master/data/retractions.txt Where did it come from...?
  • 73. http://friendfeed.com/gbilder/711e6278/so-how-many-retractions-are-there-every-year
  • 74. Remember these people?
  • 75. @communicating Plausible Accuracy PIERRE LINDENBAUM Mummi Thorissson John Fabiana Kubke Richard Grant Pedro Beltrao Neil Saunders Steve Wilson @gnat Branwen Hide Simon Coles Dupuis Simon Philips Pawel Szcsesny Paul Miller Tony Hey Jeremy Frey Nico Adams Richard Akerman Cavalli Gabriel JonMat Todd Stephen BrennerTim O’Reilly Noel Gorelick Dave de Roure Rich ApodacaUdell ISIS LSS Group Jeremiah Faith Jean-Claude Bradley Nicholas Cole Michael Barton JOHN WILLINSKY Phil Lord Victoria  Stodden Martyn Bull Stephen Friend David CrottyClay Shirky @t John Cumbers Bora Chris Leonard Grace BaynesEva Amsen Egon  Willighagen Mark Borkum Brian Kelly Tony Williams Dan Hagon Maxine Clarke Andrew Milsted Zivkovic Mitch Koch Lab Michael Nielsen Martin Fenner Steph Hannon WaldropGreg Wilson Brian Matthews Leigh Dodds Bill Hooker Glyn Moody Yaroslav Nikolaev Jenny Rohn Rafael Sidi Lee Smolin Frank NormanRicardo Vidal Iain Emsley Paulo Nuin Ariel Waldmann Timo HannayKen Shankland Lorie LeJeune Jonathan Gray PT Sefton Microsoft STFC Deepak Singh Shirley Wu ISIS Computing Group Helen Berman Andrew Peter Binfield Benjamin Good Dorothea Salo Liz Lyons PLoSKasarskis Jen Dodd Lee Dirks Peter Murray-Rust Richard Akerman Carole Goble Jon Eisen Jenny Hale Lakshmi Shastry Steve Koch NPG Ben Goldacre Chad OrzelBill Flanagan Jon Tansley Michael Eisen Matt Wood SciFoo 2008/9 Friendfeed Hope Leman Rufus Pollock Victor HenningGoogle Björn Brembs Jo BadgeAllyson Lister Lisa Green TIM HUBBARD Rebecca Goulding campers Euan Adie John Andy Powell Harry Collins Gavin Bell Jim Downing Matt Johnson Wilbanks Mike Ellis DUNCAN HULL Garret Lisi Jamie McQuay ALAN CANN Catherine Jones Andrew Farke Gavin Baker Peter Suber Sabine HossenfelderFlickr The BioGangKevin KellyPaul Walk Arfon Smith Kaitlin Thaney Richard Curry Atilla Csordas Ian Mulvany
  • 76. Social aggregation...
  • 77. ...but also...
  • 78. http://friendfeed.com/gbilder/711e6278/so-how-many-retractions-are-there-every-year
  • 79. Social annotation
  • 80. ...but also...
  • 81. http://nsaunders.wordpress.com/2010/11/30/analysis-of-retractions-in-pubmed/
  • 82. http://nsaunders.wordpress.com/2010/11/30/analysis-of-retractions-in-pubmed/
  • 83. A network of linked objects...
  • 84. Primed for discovery...
  • 85. http://www.flickr.com/photos/qnr/1263648697 CC-BY-SA Each interaction adds value...
  • 86. ...and each interaction measures value...http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3209939998 CC-BY
  • 87. ...adding pieces to my collectionhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/klmircea/3210506796 CC-BY-SA
  • 88. ...indexing and curatinghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/koalazymonkey/3650487959 CC-BY
  • 89. My collection.
  • 90. My collection.Not your collection.
  • 91. My filters.Not your filters.
  • 92. ?
  • 93. Simply connect.
  • 94. People with content...http://www.flickr.com/photos/pedrosimoes7/2382514343 CC-BY
  • 95. ...content with content...http://www.flickr.com/photos/nufkin/243437309 CC-BY
  • 96. ...but above all...
  • 97. Connect people with peoplehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622
  • 98. The gatekeeper is dead...http://www.flickr.com/photos/tracy_olson/461251265 CC-BY-SA
  • 99. We are the gatekeeper... ...all of us
  • 100. Enable. Don’t block.
  • 101. Build platforms.Not destinations.
  • 102. Sell services.Not content.
  • 103. Don’t think about filtering.Don’t think about control.
  • 104. Enable discovery.http://www.flickr.com/photos/joiseyshowaa/2374526016 CC-BY
  • 105. cn@cameronneylon.nethttp://cameronneylon.nethttp://slideshare.net/cameronneylonTwitter: @cameronneylonFriendfeed: cameronneylonThanks to:Sciencetwists, Friendfeeders, and the wider onlinecommunity for ideas, criticism, and conversations.Deepak Singh, Larry Lessig, Andy Powell, and JohnWilbanks for presentation inspiration.