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Science in the Open

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Thirty minute talk given at the fourth Portugese Open Access Meeting in Braga in late 2009. This talk draws from previous similar talks focussing on advocacy for open data and how to make it work for …

Thirty minute talk given at the fourth Portugese Open Access Meeting in Braga in late 2009. This talk draws from previous similar talks focussing on advocacy for open data and how to make it work for researchers on the ground.

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  • 1. Science in the open What can be done? What should be done?
  • 2. Science in the open What can be done? What should be d? a done? it le m ig ht he re nd w A
  • 3. About me.
  • 4. I live in Bath http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3915450391
  • 5. I work at RAL
  • 6. I work for STFC...
  • 7. But The opinions expressed in this talk are the personal views of the speaker given as a private citizen and should not unders any circumstances be taken of as indicative of STFC, RCUK, or government policy or of any discussions within these organizations of future policy....
  • 8. I get up in the morning http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3251538402
  • 9. ...and catch a train http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattbuck007/3710451826
  • 10. ...and a bus
  • 11. ...to get to work
  • 12. I work on... Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons Succinate_Dehydrogenase_1YQ3_and_Membrane.png MGMT BDNA_1T38.png
  • 13. ...and get to do cool stuff
  • 14. Mixture of small-lab work...
  • 15. ...and big facility experiments
  • 16. Lots of reading... http://www.flickr.com/photos/loty/326761635
  • 17. ...meetings... http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/38961674
  • 18. ...too much travel... http://www.flickr.com/photos/22819720@N02/2306780847
  • 19. Why?
  • 20. Why do they pay?
  • 21. Why do they pay? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SA
  • 22. Why do they pay? w e http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SA
  • 23. Cures... http://www.flickr.com/photos/59334544@N00/2322167178
  • 24. Prestige... http://www.flickr.com/photos/natematias/310642831 CC-BY-SA
  • 25. http://www.flickr.com/photos/penmachine/2109311458/ ...excitement
  • 26. Why do I do it?
  • 27. Mortgage... http://www.flickr.com/photos/joeshlabotnik/2143212474 CC-BY
  • 28. ...curiosity... http://www.flickr.com/photos/emiliodelprado/225161313
  • 29. Fun! http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/2908834853
  • 30. This is a privilege.
  • 31. Not a right.
  • 32. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/3947254236
  • 33. But how? http://www.flickr.com/photos/valeriebb/2248744703
  • 34. But sometimes...
  • 35. ...formal publication http://flickr.com/photos/nicmcphee/2756494307/
  • 36. http://www.flickr.com/photos/siberianluck/3450937497 ...is overkill...
  • 37. An example
  • 38. 9:00 am, 4 September 2008
  • 39. http://usefulchem.wikispaces.com/Exp207 Flickr tag: UC207
  • 40. 7:36  pm,  4  September  2008
  • 41. Publishing is easy... http://www.flickr.com/photos/cybershotking/329184504/
  • 42. ...data, documents, media...
  • 43. Broadcasting is easy...
  • 44. ...sharing is harder http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/107787363
  • 45. Interoperability is the key... http://www.flickr.com/photos/sfllaw/222795669
  • 46. Technical interoperability... ...formats, vocabularies http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffsand/3871415191
  • 47. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  • 48. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  • 49. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  • 50. Technical Legal interop. interop. Process interoperability
  • 51. Systems need to work with existing process
  • 52. ...and people
  • 53. A short story...
  • 54. MyTea project: A fully semantic laboratory record for chemistry http://mytea.org.uk/
  • 55. But not molecular biology
  • 56. General MyTea Specific Unstructured Structured
  • 57. General ? MyTea Specific Unstructured Structured
  • 58. General Blogs ? MyTea Specific Unstructured Structured
  • 59. A recipe for chaos? http://www.flickr.com/photos/benuski/3452291541
  • 60. Yes to start with...
  • 61. But then something interesting happened...
  • 62. Templates Metadata
  • 63. Self assembling ontology? Sequence ontology: SO:0000696 “oligo” SO:0000155 “plasmid” ...but... SO:0000006 “PCR product” or SO:0000412 “rest. fragment”?
  • 64. Capture first... http://www.flickr.com/photos/furtwangl/3851841424
  • 65. Dionaea muscipula Musca domestica chomped on ...then add structure
  • 66. Map our process onto agreed vocabularies
  • 67. ...when we tell the story http://www.flickr.com/photos/tnarik/366393127
  • 68. Machines do structure http://www.flickr.com/photos/yeowatzup/2463225297
  • 69. Machines need structure http://www.flickr.com/photos/yeowatzup/2463225297
  • 70. ....humans tell stories
  • 71. Tools that capture the pieces of the research record as we create them
  • 72. Tools that capture structure as we choose the pieces for our narrative
  • 73. Tools that exploit structure that is already in the process
  • 74. What can we do?
  • 75. Technically able to share http://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622
  • 76. ...the whole record http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AGBell_Notebook.jpg
  • 77. ...but will we want to share? http://www.flickr.com/photos/66164549@N00/2162663143
  • 78. No.
  • 79. The mainstream response looks like
  • 80. http://flickr.com/photos/zanotti/314391903/
  • 81. ...or...
  • 82. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tammra/283690669/
  • 83. ...leading to a lot of...
  • 84. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tranchis/3708549622
  • 85. How do we persuade? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattymatt/3017263513
  • 86. Actually I’m not worried...
  • 87. Submissions to Genbank 100,000,000,000 75,000,000,000 50,000,000,000 25,000,000,000 0 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006
  • 88. Average Capacity of Human Scientist 5.00 3.75 2.50 1.25 0 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006
  • 89. The human scientist (that’s me) Does. Not. Scale.
  • 90. The web scales
  • 91. Government doesn’t scale
  • 92. http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/38961674 ...research groups don’t scale
  • 93. The web scales
  • 94. Scientists will need to be web-native just to survive
  • 95. Web native means connected Bollen J, Van de Sompel H, Hagberg A, Bettencourt L, Chute R, et al. (2009) Clickstream Data Yields High- Resolution Maps of Science. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4803. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004803
  • 96. which means sharing... http://www.flickr.com/photos/doubledareya/2443303399
  • 97. “I propose the seeming paradox that in science, private property is established by having its substance freely given to others who might want to make use of it.” Merton (1988) ISIS 79:606
  • 98. Not just papers
  • 99. And if the objects are not open and available?
  • 100. Open content builds the network
  • 101. The network is the only way we will keep up
  • 102. If we build tools that help scientists build networks...
  • 103. … then (more) open research will follow http://flickr.com/photos/good-karma/710068054/
  • 104. Cameron.Neylon@stfc.ac.uk http://blog.openwetware.org/scienceintheopen http://slideshare.net/cameronneylon Twitter: @cameronneylon Friendfeed: cameronneylon Thanks to: Text Sciencetwists, Friendfeeders, and the wider online community for ideas, criticism, and conversations. Deepak Singh, Larry Lessig, Andy Powell, and John Wilbanks for presentation inspiration. Flickr and Wikimedia Commons for images