Open Data: How, why, and is there any point?
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Open Data: How, why, and is there any point?

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Slides from a talk given at Manchester Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation on 13 October 2009. Focusses on the reasons why there is public funding of science and the issues that need to be ...

Slides from a talk given at Manchester Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation on 13 October 2009. Focusses on the reasons why there is public funding of science and the issues that need to be tackled to insure this in the future.

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Open Data: How, why, and is there any point? Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Open Data: What can we do? What should we do?
  • 2. Open Data: What can we do? What should we do? poin t? a ny th ere nd is A
  • 3. About me.
  • 4. I live in Bath http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3915450391
  • 5. I work at RAL
  • 6. I work for STFC...
  • 7. But The opinions expressed in this talk are the personal views of the speaker given as a private citizen and should not unders any circumstances be taken of as indicative of STFC, RCUK, or government policy or of any discussions within these organizations of future policy....
  • 8. I get up in the morning http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3251538402
  • 9. ...and catch a train http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattbuck007/3710451826
  • 10. ...and a bus
  • 11. I work on... Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons Succinate_Dehydrogenase_1YQ3_and_Membrane.png MGMT BDNA_1T38.png
  • 12. ...and get to do cool stuff
  • 13. Mixture of small-lab work...
  • 14. ...and big facility experiments
  • 15. Lots of reading... http://www.flickr.com/photos/loty/326761635
  • 16. ...meetings... http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/38961674
  • 17. ...too much travel... http://www.flickr.com/photos/22819720@N02/2306780847
  • 18. ...which leads to too much of this
  • 19. Why?
  • 20. Why do I do it?
  • 21. Why do they pay?
  • 22. Why do they pay? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SA
  • 23. Why do they pay? w e http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SA
  • 24. A (naive) history
  • 25. Before 1945 Wellcome Images
  • 26. 1939-45
  • 27. http://flickr.com/photos/14405058@N08/2618721930 Wikimedia Commons Kotzebue_AFS_Long_Range_Radar.jpg
  • 28. Science won the war
  • 29. ...therefore...
  • 30. Science needs funding
  • 31. ...but the war ended sixty years ago...
  • 32. But that’s ok
  • 33. We have new wars.
  • 34. Clearly it is a lot more complicated than that http://www.flickr.com/photos/storm-crypt/2078500698/
  • 35. But we seem focused on threats
  • 36. We believe our own propaganda... http://www.flickr.com/photos/ansik/3844530655
  • 37. ...leading to http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuartpilbrow/3345896050 CC-BY-SA
  • 38. So what’s the answer? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrs_logic/3320303076
  • 39. I don’t really know... http://www.flickr.com/photos/valeriebb/2248744703
  • 40. ...but here are some ideas http://www.flickr.com/photos/ful1to/3783198574
  • 41. 1. The personal
  • 42. Be with yourself http://www.flickr.com/photos/danielle_scott/3690339561
  • 43. My aim is to...
  • 44. Maximise the (positive) impact I have on the world http://www.flickr.com/photos/amardilo/3231427553 CC-BY
  • 45. ...through my work or through enabling others.
  • 46. I work mainly on technique development and enabling technologies
  • 47. I aim to maximise the ability of people to (re-)use my work
  • 48. The web makes publishing easy
  • 49. ...data, documents, media...
  • 50. Publishing (broadcasting) is easy
  • 51. ...sharing is harder. http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/107787363
  • 52. 2. The social (and technical)
  • 53. Value of the network depends on connections Bollen J, Van de Sompel H, Hagberg A, Bettencourt L, Chute R, et al. (2009) Clickstream Data Yields High- Resolution Maps of Science. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4803. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004803
  • 54. “I propose the seeming paradox that in science, private property is established by having its substance freely given to others who might want to make use of it.” Merton (1988) ISIS 79:606
  • 55. Interoperability is the key... http://www.flickr.com/photos/sfllaw/222795669
  • 56. Technical interoperability... ...formats, vocabularies http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffsand/3871415191
  • 57. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  • 58. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  • 59. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  • 60. Technical Legal interop. interop. Process interoperability
  • 61. Systems need to work with existing process
  • 62. A short story...
  • 63. MyTea project: A fully semantic laboratory record for chemistry http://mytea.org.uk/
  • 64. But not molecular biology
  • 65. General MyTea Specific Unstructured Structured
  • 66. General ? MyTea Specific Unstructured Structured
  • 67. General Blogs ? MyTea Specific Unstructured Structured
  • 68. A recipe for chaos? http://www.flickr.com/photos/benuski/3452291541
  • 69. Yes to start with...
  • 70. But then something interesting happened...
  • 71. Templates Metadata
  • 72. Self assembling ontology? Sequence ontology: SO:0000696 “oligo” SO:0000155 “plasmid” ...but... SO:0000006 “PCR product” or SO:0000412 “rest. fragment”?
  • 73. Capture first... http://www.flickr.com/photos/furtwangl/3851841424
  • 74. Dionaea muscipula Musca domestica chomped on ...then add structure
  • 75. Map our process onto agreed vocabularies
  • 76. ...when we write the paper http://www.flickr.com/photos/tnarik/366393127
  • 77. Machines do structure http://www.flickr.com/photos/yeowatzup/2463225297
  • 78. ....humans tell stories
  • 79. Tools that capture structure as we choose the pieces for our narrative
  • 80. We can make it easy to share http://www.flickr.com/photos/doubledareya/2443303399
  • 81. ...but will we want to share? http://www.flickr.com/photos/66164549@N00/2162663143
  • 82. Not according to this paper...
  • 83. We need agreed goals... http://www.flickr.com/photos/frli/3586354961
  • 84. 3. The political
  • 85. Why do we fund science? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SA
  • 86. If we don’t have answers... http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattymatt/3017263513
  • 87. ...then at least...
  • 88. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/3947254236
  • 89. Optimise for.... http://www.flickr.com/photos/tomarthur/3593729997
  • 90. ....not this http://www.flickr.com/photos/vrogy/514733529
  • 91. Less of this... http://www.flickr.com/photos/ehnmark/463965443
  • 92. ...more of this http://www.flickr.com/photos/chadmiller/2740551034
  • 93. ...and a lot less of this http://www.flickr.com/photos/tammra/283690669/
  • 94. More open research.
  • 95. An opportunity to engage... http://www.flickr.com/photos/davidcjones/1422043515
  • 96. Hundreds of thousands...
  • 97. ...but not if data is locked away http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3759152528
  • 98. More open research.
  • 99. Measure ourselves... http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3209939998
  • 100. ...and then do something about it http://www.flickr.com/photos/silas216/149401489
  • 101. More. Open. Research.
  • 102. But fit the existing processes... http://www.flickr.com/photos/38485387@N02/3581504276
  • 103. Open Data: What can we do? What should we do?
  • 104. What can we do?
  • 105. Technically able to share http://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622
  • 106. What should we do?
  • 107. Tools for capturing... http://www.flickr.com/photos/pandawan/3950755957
  • 108. And is there any point?
  • 109. <insert answer here>
  • 110. Cameron.Neylon@stfc.ac.uk http://blog.openwetware.org/scienceintheopen http://slideshare.net/cameronneylon Twitter: @cameronneylon Friendfeed: cameronneylon Thanks to: Sciencetwists, Friendfeeders, and the wider online community for ideas, criticism, and conversations. Deepak Singh, Larry Lessig, Andy Powell, and John Wilbanks for presentation inspiration. Flickr (and in particular @andypowe11) for images