Open Access, Open Data. Open Research?
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Open Access, Open Data. Open Research?

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A talk given at ISIS on 27 January 2009. ...

A talk given at ISIS on 27 January 2009.


There is a growing interest amongst scientists, funders, and the general public in widening access to the results of publicly funded research. At the same time there is a growing realisation that the promise of exploiting the World Wide Web for research can only be fully realised if the underlying resources; data, samples, and process description, are available for use, re-use, and modification. Some scientists are responding to this by exploring the idea of making the whole research record openly available; most researchers are dabbling with or ignoring the possibilities while a significant minority are actively hostile to the idea of Open Research. Some funders are moving ahead with policy changes in advance of the development of tools and practices while others are adopting a “wait and see” approach.

In this talk I will explore the recent large gains made by the Open Access research publication movement and in particular the role of funders and the implications this has for the related movement advocating the benefits of the public availability of research data. I will describe the technical and cultural issues associated with “Open Notebook Science”, an approach in which the aim is to make the full record of research openly available. A recent success using this approach to “crowd-source” the collection of data and its visualisation and analysis will be described and the implications for how research is carried out discussed. Finally I will outline how STFC could take a leadership role in promoting the wider availability of the outputs of the research we fund while taking account of the concerns and needs of users and other stakeholders.

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Open Access, Open Data. Open Research? Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Pedro Beltrao Richard Grant Mat Todd Branwen Hide Plausible Accuracy John Dupuis Neil Saunders Steve Wilson Simon Rich Apodaca Noel Coles Tony Hey Pawel Szcsesny Gorelick Richard Akerman Dave de Roure Gabriel CavalliStephen Brenner Jon Tim O’Reilly Victoria Stodden Jeremy Frey ISIS LSS Group Udell Jean-Claude Bradley Jeremiah Faith Martyn Bull Michael Barton John Cumbers Clay Shirky David Crotty Helen Bora Egon Willighagen Zivkovic Brian Kelly Tony WilliamsTim O’Reilly Berman Maxine Clarke Frank Mitch Michael Nielsen Andrew Milsted Martin Fenner Jenny Rohn Greg Wilson Norman Waldrop Yaroslav Nikolaev Iain Emsley Rafael Sidi Bill Lee Smolin Lorie LeJeune JonathanHooker Timo Hannay Gray Ken ShanklandRicardo Vidal Paulo Nuin Deepak Singh Shirley Wu Liz Lyons PLoS STFC Peter Binfield Benjamin Good Dorothea Salo Friendfeed Jen Dodd John Cumbers Peter Murray-Rust Richard Akerman Chad Orzel Jon Eisen Jenny HaleLakshmi Shastry Computing Group ISIS SciFoo 2008 Flanagan Bill Matt Wood Jon Tansley Michael Eisen Victor HenningGoogle Björn Brembs campers Rufus Pollock Tim Hubbard John Gavin Bell Andy Powell Harry Collins Wilbanks Garret LisiJamie McQuay Mike Ellis Duncan Hull Catherine Jones Euan Adie Peter Suber Gavin Baker The BioGang Sabine Hossenfelder Paul Walk Flickr Kevin Kelly Kaitlin ThaneyRichard Curry Atilla Csordas Ian Mulvaney
  • 2. Open Access, Open Data. Open Research? The challenges and opportunities of enabling public access to publicly funded research
  • 3. Public access to publicly funded research
  • 4. Public access to publicly funded research
  • 5. Public access to publicly funded research ther es o s clu d her In arc rese
  • 6. ople e pe h clu d y in like muc Ma don’t we Public access to publicly funded research ther es o s clu d her In arc rese
  • 7. ople e pe h clu d y in like muc Ma don’t we Public access to publicly funded research ther es o s clu d her In arc rese Inclu des m e!
  • 8. How much acces an d t s o wha t? Public access to publicly funded research nities portu ic Op ubl for p ent agem eng
  • 9. Go ve rnme nt an chari d ty fu n ders Public access to publicly funded research Why do peo ple fun d research anyway?
  • 10. cial e, so ths ienc , ma Sc , law ... ence mics sci cono e Public access to publicly funded research
  • 11. Author copy From work... deposited Subscription Subscription OA journal Subscription OA journal
  • 12. Author copy From home... deposited OA journal OA journal
  • 13. Does it really matter?
  • 14. “...I worked at a 300-person nonprofit research institute with a small library. So there I was—a scientist and a taxpayer—desperate to read the results of work that I helped pay for...And yet either I could not get the papers or I had to pay to read them without knowing if they would be helpful...” Eisen JA (2008) PLoS Biology 2.0. PLoS Biol 6(2): e48
  • 15. http://reddit.com/top 10:46 GMT 27/1/09
  • 16. Author copy deposited Subscription Subscription OA journal Subscription OA journal
  • 17. Open Access Publishers http://biology.plosjournals.org http://www.biomedcentral.com
  • 18. Author copy deposited Subscription Subscription OA journal Subscription OA journal
  • 19. Why go to trouble of depositing?
  • 20. SEC. 218. The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law. http://publicaccess.nih.gov/
  • 21. UK funders with a publications policy
  • 22. The Council reaffirms its long-standing view that authors choose where to place their research for publication. Furthermore, the Council now also strongly encourages researchers to deposit research outputs resulting from use of Council facilities or grants in appropriate open access repositories. Authors should at the earliest opportunity: • Personally deposit, or otherwise ensure the deposit of, a copy of articles published in journals or conference proceedings in an appropriate e-print repository. • Wherever possible, personally deposit, or otherwise ensure the deposit of, the bibliographical metadata relating to such articles, including a link to the publisher's website, at or around the time of publication. http://www.stfc.ac.uk/Publications/sci/outputs.aspx
  • 23. “Within two years it will be unusual for a serious research funder not to have an Open Access policy” John Wilbanks, Vice President, Science Commons ESOF Satellite Workshop, July 2008
  • 24. Papers are easy... ...it’s just money http://flickr.com/photos/cudmore/4079784/ CC-BY-SA
  • 25. Data is much, much, harder... ...capturing annotation, context, meaning... http://flickr.com/photos/kubina/941699149/ CC-BY-SA
  • 26. This is not very useful...
  • 27. BBSRC expects research data generated as a result of BBSRC support to be made available...no later than the release through publication...in-line with established best practice in the field...data should also be retained for a period of ten years after completion of a research project... ...an application’s credibility will suffer if the [data sharing]...statement is inappropriate http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/publications/policy/data_sharing_policy.pdf
  • 28. A paper = a claim (or claims) The full record that supports that claim should be available for detailed examination and critique “We argue in good faith from shared evidence to shared conclusions” Lee Smolin http://flickr.com/photos/nicmcphee/2756494307/
  • 29. Enough problems already!
  • 30. “Communicate first, standardise second.” Jean-Claude Bradley, Drexel University
  • 31. http://biolab.isis.rl.ac.uk/projects/blog/blogs.php/blog_id/5
  • 32. http://biolab.isis.rl.ac.uk/projects/blog/blogs.php/blog_id/5
  • 33. If you thought data was hard, process is much worse
  • 34. Capture it at source... ...in context http://flickr.com/photos/jason_burmeister/2053139930/
  • 35. ...rather than wait till here http://flickr.com/photos/clairity/114084801/
  • 36. But what’s in it for me?
  • 37. http://tinyurl.com/friendfeed-mthk-request
  • 38. http://chemtools.chem.soton.ac.uk/projects/blog/blogs.php/bit_id/7735
  • 39. http://chemtools.chem.soton.ac.uk/projects/blog/blogs.php/bit_id/7735
  • 40. A tender… http://web2-in-science.wikidot.com/
  • 41. A paper… http://chemtools.chem.soton.ac.uk/wiki/index.php/Blog_-_PLoS_Bio
  • 42. A grant proposal http://docs.google.com/View?docID=dhs5x5kr_559gqg6x7&revision=_latest
  • 43. What about some real science?
  • 44. http://terrytao.wordpress.com/2007/03/18/why-global-regularity-for-navier-stokes-is-hard/
  • 45. Comments from Greg Kuperberg, Gil Kalai, Nets Katz.... http://terrytao.wordpress.com/2007/03/18/why-global-regularity-for-navier-stokes-is-hard/
  • 46. Measuring solubility
  • 47. http://onschallenge.wikispaces.com/Exp026
  • 48. http://tinyurl.com/ons-challenge-spreadsheet
  • 49. http://oru.edu/cccda/sl/descriptorspace/ds.php
  • 50. http://oru.edu/cccda/sl/descriptorspace/ds.php
  • 51. http://slurl.com/secondlife/Drexel/165/178/24
  • 52. 113 individual measurements (plus 71 literature values) 14 researchers in four countries One undergraduate chemistry class $6000 funding (for prizes and chemicals)
  • 53. 113 individual measurements (plus 71 literature values) 14 researchers in four countries One undergraduate chemistry class $6000 funding (for prizes and chemicals) Four months
  • 54. Agile collaboration The right person for each job
  • 55. Agile collaboration The right person for each job Even if you don’t know who that is yet
  • 56. …efficiency... ...value for money... ...return on investment http://flickr.com/photos/luismimunoznajar/2093185804/
  • 57. STFC can follow...
  • 58. ...or lead
  • 59. Realistically, the current mainstream response to these ideas looks like…
  • 60. http://flickr.com/photos/zanotti/314391903/
  • 61. A B.H.A.G. STFC as a world leader in making research outputs available
  • 62. 1. Put a high value on the data we fund 2. Require data sharing statements to help raise awareness among users 3. Lead the building of an international data and process sharing infrastructure 4. Support OA for in house publications 5. Set high standards of methodological description for published in house research
  • 63. Have a policy Mean it Coordinate with other research funders
  • 64. In the last five years...? http://flickr.com/photos/stewart/461099066/
  • 65. ...in the past 24 hours?
  • 66. Research impact = Google PageRank
  • 67. High PageRank = Wired into the network
  • 68. =
  • 69. Available
  • 70. The best science The best communication With the best tools available