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Wwii 1942 43 turning points
 

Wwii 1942 43 turning points

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    Wwii 1942 43 turning points Wwii 1942 43 turning points Presentation Transcript

    • World War II 1942-43 Turning Points
    • Russia, 1942
      • The Russian counterattack fizzled outside of Moscow, but protected the city
      • The Germans regroup and attack to the north (Leningrad) and south (Stalingrad)
    • Stalingrad, 1942-43
      • Germans want the oil fields of the Caucasus region
      • Begin Sept. 1, 1942
      • Germans capture much of the city in street to street fighting
      • Nov. 23, 1942 Germans get trapped in the city
      • German Commander Von Poulus ordered to fight to the death
      • Between Jan. 31 and Feb. 2, 300,000 German troops surrender
    • American Lend-Lease
      • Begins to Britain in 1941 before USA in war
      • Begins to the Soviets through Iran in 1942
      • Stalingrad was part of this supply route
    • The End of the War on the Eastern Front
      • From Stalingrad onward the Germans were on the defensive
      • Russians advance all the way to Berlin
      • Largest tank battle in history 5-15 July 1943 at Kursk
      • Jan. 27, 1944 Siege of Leningrad broken
      • 16 April Berlin offensive begins
    • 1942-43 in the Pacific
      • At the same time as Pearl Harbor (Dec. 1941) the Japanese attack, Philippines, Hong Kong, Singapore and Dutch East Indies (oil)
      • Battle of Coral Seas (May 1942) ( First Battle where aircrafts carriers do not see each other )
      • Battle of Midway June, 1942 Japanese lose 4 carriers to U.S. 1
      • A process of Island hopping begins in the Pacific ( Guadalcanal )
      • Battle of Leyte Gulf (Philippines) Oct. 1944 (Largest naval battle ever in history) Japanese lose have of their remaining fleet and 4 more carriers ( kamikazes begin)
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    • Operation Husky: Invasion of Italy
      • 1942 El Alamein won by British cutting Germans off from Middle East oil
      • 1943 Germans finally defeated in North Africa
      • 9 July 1943 Allies land in Sicily
      • Italians deposed Mussolini during the Sicily invasion and removed the Fascist government
      • Hitler moved the Germans in to take over the country and rescued Mussolini by plane to Germany
      • 9 Sept. 1943 Allies land at Salerno on the Italian mainland
      • 4 June 1944 to get to Rome
      • Fighting continued until 2 May 1945
      • Mussolini hung with his mistress near Milan in April 1945
    •  
    • “ The Longest Day” D-Day: 6 June 1944
      • Operation Overlord
      • Allies open a second front in France against the Germans
      • Land on five beaches named Utah and Omaha (American) Juno (Canadian) Sword and Gold (British and Polish)
      • Rommel felt that whoever won the beaches that day would win the war
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