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Montage on a dream deferred

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Pre-reading activity for A Raisin in the Sun

Pre-reading activity for A Raisin in the Sun

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Montage on a dream deferred Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Montage on a Dream Deferred Langston Hughes
  • 2. The poem and the play
    • A portion of this poem is the preface to the play.
    • What is the purpose of the preface?
    • Answer: a statement preliminary or introductory to an article, book, or speech, telling its subject, purpose, and plan
  • 3. I, too sing America,
    • I, too, sing America.
    • I am the darker brother.
    • They send me to eat in the kitchen
    • When company comes,
    • But I laugh,
    • And grow strong.
    • Tomorrow, I’ll be at the table
    • When company comes.
    • Nobody’ll dare
    • Say to me
    • “ Eat in the kitchen,”
    • Then.
    • Besides,
    • They’ll see how beautiful I
    • am
    • And be ashamed --
    • I, too am America.
  • 4. Harlem
    • “ Harlem”
    • What happens to a dream deferred?
    • Does it dry up
    • Like a raisin in the sun?
    • Or fester like a sore—
    • And then run?
    • Does it stink like rotten meat?
    • Or crust and sugar over –
    • like a syrupy sweet?
    • Maybe it just sags
    • like a heavy load.
    • Or does it explode?
  • 5. Discussion
    • Why do you think Hansberry chose this poem as her preface?
    • What do the following words mean: defer, fester, Montage?
    • Answers:
    • “ deferred” – put off to a future time; postpone; delay
    • “ fester” – to form pus; ulcerate; to grow embittered; to decay
    • “ Montage” – the art of making a composite picture by bringing together into a single composition a number of different pictures so that they are blended to form a whole while remaining distinct
  • 6. Harlem
    • “ Harlem”
    • What happens to a dream deferred?
    • Does it dry up
    • Like a raisin in the sun?
    • Or fester like a sore—
    • And then run?
    • Does it stink like rotten meat?
    • Or crust and sugar over –
    • like a syrupy sweet?
    • Maybe it just sags
    • like a heavy load.
    • Or does it explode?
  • 7. Discussion Continued
    • What central question does the poem ask?
    • Rather than present the audience with the answer to the poem’s central question, Hughes develops the poem using a series of questions. Analyze the similes and metaphors.
  • 8. Harlem
    • “ Harlem”
    • What happens to a dream deferred?
    • Does it dry up
    • Like a raisin in the sun?
    • Or fester like a sore—
    • And then run?
    • Does it stink like rotten meat?
    • Or crust and sugar over –
    • like a syrupy sweet?
    • Maybe it just sags
    • like a heavy load.
    • Or does it explode?
  • 9. Final Discussion
    • Although the poem is phrased as a list of questions, Hughes is making a statement.
    • What is Hughes’ message about dreams deferred?
    • How do “dreams deferred” relate to the American Dream?