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The Conquest of New France
Conquest <ul><li>Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Canada as a bilingual/ bicultural nation </li></ul><ul><li>The creation of...
 
Evolution of the British Empire
Conquest <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Years War (French and Indian War) 1756- 1763.  </li></ul><ul><li>Brit...
The French <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>Most powerful army in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Large contingent of French ...
The French (cont’d) <ul><li>Inhabitants know the land –  Coureurs  du bois (French fur traders) </li></ul><ul><li>Unified ...
The British <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>Strongest Navy in the world – well led </li></ul><ul><li>William Pitt’s S...
The British (cont’d) <ul><li>Large population in 13 colonies (relative to New France) </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness: </li></u...
Strategy <ul><li>British: Win in North America with help of Navy </li></ul><ul><li>French: Win in Europe </li></ul><ul><li...
 
1754 – the Ohio River Valley <ul><li>French Ensign de Jummonville  ambushed by British under George Washington.  He is kil...
<ul><li>“ So many deserters, so much trouble in the provinces Washington traversed, so much discord among these troops of ...
From: Last of the Mohicans (Richelieu Valley)
 
 
 
Treaty of Paris
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The Conquest of New France

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Transcript of "The Conquest of New France"

  1. 1. The Conquest of New France
  2. 2. Conquest <ul><li>Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Canada as a bilingual/ bicultural nation </li></ul><ul><li>The creation of the United States </li></ul>
  3. 4. Evolution of the British Empire
  4. 5. Conquest <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Years War (French and Indian War) 1756- 1763. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain allied with Prussia and France allied with Austria, Russia, Sweden and Saxony. </li></ul>
  5. 6. The French <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>Most powerful army in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Large contingent of French Regulars including the Marines </li></ul><ul><li>Population of New France made up in part of retired military personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Inhabitants of New France experts at guerrilla warfare </li></ul>
  6. 7. The French (cont’d) <ul><li>Inhabitants know the land – Coureurs du bois (French fur traders) </li></ul><ul><li>Unified sense of purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><li>Very small population </li></ul><ul><li>Government corruption has led to poor supplies. </li></ul>
  7. 8. The British <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>Strongest Navy in the world – well led </li></ul><ul><li>William Pitt’s Strategy: Subsidize one or more allies on the continent </li></ul><ul><li>Use the fleet to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raid enemy coast “holding enemy” off your allies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blockade the enemy and destroy his fleet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Convoy to protect and support your own troops raiding or seizing enemy overseas colonies and its seaborne trade </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. The British (cont’d) <ul><li>Large population in 13 colonies (relative to New France) </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness: </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists are subsistence farmers </li></ul><ul><li>No sense of unity – 13 disparate colonies </li></ul>
  9. 10. Strategy <ul><li>British: Win in North America with help of Navy </li></ul><ul><li>French: Win in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>British push into the Ohio Valley </li></ul>
  10. 12. 1754 – the Ohio River Valley <ul><li>French Ensign de Jummonville ambushed by British under George Washington. He is killed along with 9 men. </li></ul><ul><li>French respond by crushing American force: 30 killed and 70 wounded. Washington flees leaving his diary behind. </li></ul><ul><li>After reading this the Governor of New France, Marquis Duquesne says: </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>“ So many deserters, so much trouble in the provinces Washington traversed, so much discord among these troops of different provinces that claim to be independent! It is that which convinces me that we will always defeat such forces, as badly organized as they are unwarlike.” </li></ul>
  12. 14. From: Last of the Mohicans (Richelieu Valley)
  13. 18. Treaty of Paris
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