PowerPoint Regarding Public Health


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

PowerPoint Regarding Public Health

  1. 1. The Role of Public Health in America Callie Anyan HLST 2001 February 20, 2014 Dr. Tommerdahl
  2. 2. What is Public Health?  “Public health is defined as the practices, procedures, institutions, and disciplines required to achieve the desired state of population health.” (Friedman, D. J., Parrish, R., & Ross, D. A. 2013)
  3. 3. Components of Public Health  Sanitation  Education  Socioeconomic  Public Status Services  Intervention  Federally Funded Healthcare  Pollution
  4. 4. History of Public Health  17th-18th   Century Physicians concentrated on balancing the body’s humors as they believed this directly affected public health Sanitation was inadequate  Lack of sewer systems  Over crowded cities  Rampant diseases First public hospitals opened (Schuetze, S. 2013) 
  5. 5. History of Public Health (cont.)  19th Century Domestic and public hygiene improved  Researchers discovered the microorganisms causing epidemic disease  Health literature became available to the public  Public bath houses were constructed  Implementation of sewer systems (Rubenstein, E. 2012) 
  6. 6. History of Public Health (cont.)  20th Century Access to health care resources due to emerging technology  Political involvement in public health  Exponential development of medications  Implementation of public health education programs (Rubenstein, E. 2012) 
  7. 7. Public health: Present day Copious amounts of electronic health resources available  Public education on prevalent issues (diabetes, obesity, sexual health)  U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention releases information regarding current events in health on a regular basis  Federally funded healthcare programs (Medicare & Medicaid) provide financial assistance to the elderly and poor  Widespread effort to eliminate pollution and promote sanitation (Rubenstein, E., 2012)&(Friedman, D. J., Parrish, R., & Ross, D. A., 2013) 
  8. 8. Future of Public Health  Prevention of disease  Prolongation of life  Promotion of healthy lifestyles  Increased government involvement and funding in public health education programs  Increased effort to reduce air pollution, specifically CO2 emission (Graham, H., 2010)
  9. 9. Future of Public Health (cont.) Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis regarding healthcare  Implementation of more federal healthcare policies to assist and educate underprivileged and minorities  Isolate factors causing epidemic, preventable diseases  Encourage future generations to take an active role in their healthcare (Graham, H. 2010) 
  10. 10. Issues Facing Public Health  High cost of nutritious food  Minorities and poor are under educated regarding disease prevention and sexual health  Closing of federally funded healthcare facilities due to national debt  Epidemic of diabetes, cancer, and other illness due to public’s lifestyle choices (Azétsop, J., & Joy, T. R., 2013)
  11. 11. Current Strengths of Public Health  Implementation aged children of interventions in school Smoking cessation/prevention  Encouragement of healthy eating habits  Sexual health education  Dangers of excessive alcohol use (Diepeveen, S., Ling, T., Suhrcke, M., Roland, M., & Marteau, T. M., 2013) 
  12. 12. Current Strengths of Public Health (cont.)  Efforts to promote independent functioning among older adults (Freedman, V. A., Kasper, J. D., Spillman, B. C., Agree, E. M., Mor, V., Wallace, R. B., & Wolf, D. A., 2014)  Increased knowledge on mentally health and better incorporation of mentally ill individuals into society (Kolich, H. N., 2013)
  13. 13. Public Health: An Ongoing Process   “Public health is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts” (Winslow, 1920 via Graham, H., 2010) Public health is an area of constant change and reformation. Healthcare professionals must develop with it and implement necessary changes to better our society.
  14. 14. Public Health Resources  Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services    Center for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov Climate change and human health: Impacts, vulnerability and public health http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0 033350606000059 Framing the Consequences of Childhood Obesity to Increase Public Support for Obesity Prevention Policy by American Journal of Public Health
  15. 15. References         Schuetze, S. (2013). The Contagious City: The Politics of Public Health in Early America. Journal Of The Early Republic, 33(3), 566-568. Rubenstein, E. (2012). From Social Hygiene to Consumer Health: Libraries, Health Information, and the American Public from the Late Nineteenth Century to the 1980s. Library & Information History, 28(3), 202-219. doi:10.1179/1758348912Z.00000000016 Friedman, D. J., Parrish, R., & Ross, D. A. (2013). Electronic Health Records and US Public Health: Current Realities and Future Promise. American Journal Of Public Health, 103(9), 1560-1567. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301220 GRAHAM, H. (2010). Where Is the Future in Public Health?. Milbank Quarterly, 88(2), 149-168. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0009.2010.00594.x Azétsop, J., & Joy, T. R. (2013). Access to nutritious food, socioeconomic individualism and public health ethics in the USA: a common good approach. Philosophy, Ethics & Humanities In Medicine, 8(1), 1-22. doi:10.1186/1747-5341-8-16 Diepeveen, S., Ling, T., Suhrcke, M., Roland, M., & Marteau, T. M. (2013). Public acceptability of government intervention to change health-related behaviours: a systematic review and narrative synthesis. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 1-11. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-756 Freedman, V. A., Kasper, J. D., Spillman, B. C., Agree, E. M., Mor, V., Wallace, R. B., & Wolf, D. A. (2014). Behavioral Adaptation and Late-Life Disability: A New Spectrum for Assessing Public Health Impacts. American Journal Of Public Health, 104(2), e88-e94. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301687 Kolich, H. N. (2013). THE UNITED MENTAL STATE OF AMERICA. Vibrant Life, 29(3), 8-11.