Easy to Prevent,
Dangerous to Ignore: The
Reality Behind Bad Breath
A presentation by Callie Anyan, Chelsea Humphries, William Spires, and Katie
What is bad breath?
S Bad breath, medically referred to as halitosis, is caused
primarily by the bacteria living on the back of the tongue.
About 75% of bad breath, or halitosis, is caused by the
mouth itself. Other causes include the following: gastric
problems, sinus infections, severe gum disease (Mark
Wolff, DDS, Ph.D). Halitosis may also be caused by
Periodontal disease causing inflammation of the gums and halitosis
S The most common cause of gingivitis is by poor oral
hygiene. Gingivitis CAUSES bad breath!
Pictures of Gingivitis
Swollen, red gums
Gingivitis Infected Gums
Receding gum line
Bleeding of gums after brushing or flossing
Halitosis (Bad breath)
Can cause tooth loss if not treated
Picture of Healthy Gums Compared to
S Your oral habits matter! It can make all the difference in
periodontal disease and your risk level.
professional oral checkups.
Brush your teeth thoroughly
twice a day.
Floss your teeth in order to Always rinse your toothbrush
keep your gums strong and and never enclose it; this can
cause bacterial build up.
Change your toothbrush
every 3-4 months!
Inflammation and Infection of the bone and ligament surrounding the tooth.
“Second stage of Gum Disease”
At this stage plaque, spreads to
your tooth roots causing an
This can damage the bones,
gomphisis (teeth joints) and
fibers that hold teeth in place
Signs/Symptoms of Patients
suffering from Periodontitis:
Change in color of gums (healthy pink red)
Formation of pockets
Unpleasant taste in mouth
What should you watch for?
Periodontitis is caused by bacteria that attach to the teeth at
the gum line and result in an infection.
Although severe, it is usually not painful
Continued inflammation of the gums from lack of proper dental
care leads to damage of surrounding bone, joints and tissue.
The deterioration of bones from inflammation can lead to teeth
S Periodontal Probes- used to measure depths of pockets in a
S The average healthy pocket is 3mm with no bleeding upon probing.
S Proper Plaque control
S Professional cleanings twice a year
S Daily brushing and flossing
S Antibacterial mouth rinse
•Also known as “Thrush”
•Over production of a naturally occurring yeast called Candida
•Candida are normally found on Mucous membranes
Symptoms of Oral Candidiasis
S White patches or plaques on the
tongue or other mucous
S Redness or soreness of the tongue
S Difficulty swallowing
S Cracking in the corners of the
Causes of Oral Candidiasis
S Over production of Candida albicans
S Occurs when the immune system is weakened
S With a weak immune system, the environment in the mouth
S Bad oral hygiene and this imbalance allow yeast to multiply
Medical issues that can lead to
S Organ Transplants
S Use of corticosteroids
GOOD ORAL HYGEINE!
S Regular brushing
S Patients undergoing cancer treatments
should use mouthwash containing
S It affects 5-7% of children under 1 month old
S Estimated between 9 and 31 percent of AIDS patients
S Hard to determine severity of cases since Candida albicans
is always present
S Oral Antifungal Medication
S Systemic Antifungal
S Antifungal mouthwashes
More than just your mouth…
S Recent studies have shown a correlation between heart
disease and oral bacteria
How does bad oral health
damage your heart?
S Bacteria, specifically the types related to periodontitis,
can ultimately affect the health of your cardiovascular
system in a long term, and life threatening way.
Specific Cardiovascular Risks
Associated with Oral Health
S Potential heart damages of bad oral
S Carotid intima- media thickening
S Cerebrovascular accident
S Coronary artery disease
S Prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis
S Do not swallow mouth wash
S Regular teeth cleanings/dental
S Do not smoke
S Good oral hygiene can save your mouth and even your
S Keep regularly scheduled dental appointments
S Brush brush brush!
S Floss daily
S Use antiseptic mouth wash
S Do not use tobacco products in any form