Dangers of Bad Breath

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This presentation discusses various gum diseases and causes of bad breath, as well as prevention.

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Dangers of Bad Breath

  1. 1. Easy to Prevent, Dangerous to Ignore: The Reality Behind Bad Breath A presentation by Callie Anyan, Chelsea Humphries, William Spires, and Katie Williams S
  2. 2. What is bad breath? S Bad breath, medically referred to as halitosis, is caused primarily by the bacteria living on the back of the tongue. About 75% of bad breath, or halitosis, is caused by the mouth itself. Other causes include the following: gastric problems, sinus infections, severe gum disease (Mark Wolff, DDS, Ph.D). Halitosis may also be caused by fungal infections.
  3. 3. Gingivitis Periodontal disease causing inflammation of the gums and halitosis S
  4. 4. Causes: S The most common cause of gingivitis is by poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis CAUSES bad breath! Pictures of Gingivitis
  5. 5. Symptoms: S Swollen, red gums Gingivitis Infected Gums S Receding gum line S Bleeding of gums after brushing or flossing S Halitosis (Bad breath) S Can cause tooth loss if not treated Picture of Healthy Gums Compared to
  6. 6. Preventions: S Your oral habits matter! It can make all the difference in periodontal disease and your risk level. Regularly make appointments for professional oral checkups. Brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day. Floss your teeth in order to Always rinse your toothbrush keep your gums strong and and never enclose it; this can clean. cause bacterial build up. Change your toothbrush every 3-4 months!
  7. 7. Periodontitis Inflammation and Infection of the bone and ligament surrounding the tooth. S
  8. 8. Periodontitis “Second stage of Gum Disease” • At this stage plaque, spreads to your tooth roots causing an infection • This can damage the bones, gomphisis (teeth joints) and fibers that hold teeth in place
  9. 9. Signs/Symptoms of Patients suffering from Periodontitis: S Swollen/bleeding gums S Change in color of gums (healthy pink  red) S Receding gums S Formation of pockets S Unpleasant taste in mouth S Loose teeth S BAD BREATH
  10. 10. What should you watch for? • Periodontitis is caused by bacteria that attach to the teeth at the gum line and result in an infection. • Although severe, it is usually not painful • Continued inflammation of the gums from lack of proper dental care leads to damage of surrounding bone, joints and tissue. • The deterioration of bones from inflammation can lead to teeth falling out.
  11. 11. Periodontal Pockets S Periodontal Probes- used to measure depths of pockets in a periodontal patient. S The average healthy pocket is 3mm with no bleeding upon probing.
  12. 12. Prevention S Proper Plaque control S Professional cleanings twice a year S Daily brushing and flossing S Antibacterial mouth rinse
  13. 13. Oral Candidiasis •Also known as “Thrush” •Over production of a naturally occurring yeast called Candida •Candida are normally found on Mucous membranes S
  14. 14. Symptoms of Oral Candidiasis S White patches or plaques on the tongue or other mucous membranes S Redness or soreness of the tongue or mouth S Difficulty swallowing S Cracking in the corners of the mouth
  15. 15. Causes of Oral Candidiasis S Over production of Candida albicans S Occurs when the immune system is weakened S With a weak immune system, the environment in the mouth becomes imbalanced S Bad oral hygiene and this imbalance allow yeast to multiply rapidly
  16. 16. Medical issues that can lead to Oral Candidiasis S HIV/AIDS S Cancer S Organ Transplants S Diabetes S Use of corticosteroids S Dentures
  17. 17. Prevention GOOD ORAL HYGEINE! S Regular brushing S Flossing S Mouthwash S Patients undergoing cancer treatments should use mouthwash containing Chlorohexidine
  18. 18. Statistics S It affects 5-7% of children under 1 month old S Estimated between 9 and 31 percent of AIDS patients S Hard to determine severity of cases since Candida albicans is always present
  19. 19. Treatment S Oral Antifungal Medication S Systemic Antifungal medications S Antifungal mouthwashes
  20. 20. More than just your mouth… S Recent studies have shown a correlation between heart disease and oral bacteria
  21. 21. How does bad oral health damage your heart? S Bacteria, specifically the types related to periodontitis, can ultimately affect the health of your cardiovascular system in a long term, and life threatening way.
  22. 22. Specific Cardiovascular Risks Associated with Oral Health S Potential heart damages of bad oral health S Carotid intima- media thickening S Atherosclerosis S Cerebrovascular accident S Coronary artery disease
  23. 23. Prevention S Prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis S Do not swallow mouth wash S Brushing/flossing S Regular teeth cleanings/dental checkups S Do not smoke
  24. 24. Summary S Good oral hygiene can save your mouth and even your life! S Keep regularly scheduled dental appointments S Brush brush brush! S Floss daily S Use antiseptic mouth wash S Do not use tobacco products in any form
  25. 25. REMEMBER:

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