The Terabits issues, Terabits to the end user, available through a system that can effectively use it. Think of this on Ethernet terms to enable a commodity technology. “ Ethernet “ is used in this context to mean what is achievable as a standard commodity networking technology on a single fiber. A 1 Tb fiber system should be available by 2010. The integrated photonics and electrons that will be need for the terabits to the desktop connection will also be need in other parts of the system. For example, in the network routers, in the desktop internal scalable system fabric, and in larger scale systems. There will also be needs for integrated optical logic for optical crypto and routing.
IT generations as envisioned starting in early 1980s and expressed in early 1990s.
IT generations as envisioned is early 21st century at beginning of the post 9/11 era. Explain the significance of the progression from pervasive to critical and pervasive . Explain intrinsic trust and trusted appliances .
Imagine the generation beyond. The term Integrated Reality building on Distributed Sensor Networks comes to mind.
The OptIPuter – Toward a Terabit LAN Talk at The ON*VECTOR Terabit LAN Workshop Hosted by Calit2 University of California, San Diego January 29 , 2005 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
The OptIPuter Philosophy “ A global economy designed to waste transistors, power, and silicon area -and conserve bandwidth above all- is breaking apart and reorganizing itself to waste bandwidth and conserve power, silicon area, and transistors." George Gilder Telecosm (2000) Bandwidth is getting cheaper faster than storage. Storage is getting cheaper faster than computing. Exponentials are crossing.
Source: Jason Leigh, Tom DeFanti, EVL@UIC OptIPuter Co-PIs
UCSD Campus LambdaStore Architecture — If we Used 10Gb NICs—A Terabit LAN! SIO Ocean Supercomputer IBM Storage Cluster Extreme switch with 2 ten gigabit uplinks Streaming Microscope 1.3 Tbps 0.1 Tbps 0.5 Tbps
Toward Pervasive Information Systems penetration 1970 1960 1980 2000 1990 2010 appliance : a thing applied as a means to an end (oxford english dictionary) micros mainframes batch computing and timesharing minis distributed computing networked personal computing open systems of clients and servers cooperative computing open services information utility/appliances 2020 [Circa 1994: Joel S Birnbaum, Hewlett-Packard] utility : the ability, capacity or power…to satisfy the needs or gratify the desires of the majority or of the human race as a whole (oxford english dictionary)
Toward Critical And Pervasive Trusted Information Systems penetration 1970 1960 1980 2000 1990 2010 micros mainframes batch computing and timesharing minis distributed computing networked personal computing open systems of clients and servers cooperative computing open services information utility/appliances 2020 intrinsic trust trusted apprentices (‘84) (‘94) (“04) intrinsic trust : systems behave in a predictable way in a given context [2004: Joel S Birnbaum and Stephen L Squires, Hewlett-Packard] trusted apprentices : embody user expectations for desired behavior
Beyond Critical and Pervasive Toward Integrated Reality penetration 1970 1980 2000 1990 2010 2020 micros open systems of clients and servers information utility/appliances networked personal computing cooperative computing open services intrinsic trust trusted apprentices (‘84) (‘94) (“04) integrated reality : systems provide access to reality and alternative futures integrated reality distributed sensors [2004: Stephen L Squires, Hewlett-Packard] distributed sensors : provide pervasive IT access to real world
Large Hadron Collider (LHC) e-Science Driving Global Cyberinfrastructure First Beams: April 2007 Physics Runs: from Summer 2007 TOTEM LHCb: B-physics ALICE : HI
pp s =14 TeV L=10 34 cm -2 s -1
27 km Tunnel in Switzerland & France
ATLAS Source: Harvey Newman, Caltech CMS
High Energy and Nuclear Physics A Terabit/s WAN by 2010 Continuing the Trend: ~1000 Times Bandwidth Growth Per Decade; We are Rapidly Learning to Use Multi-Gbps Networks Dynamically Source: Harvey Newman, Caltech