New Applications of SuperNetworks and
 the Implications for Campus Networks

          Fall 2007 Internet2 Member Meeting
...
Interconnecting Regional Optical Networks
Is Driving Campus Optical Infrastructure Deployment




                        ...
The OptIPuter Project: Creating High Resolution Portals
Over Dedicated Optical Channels to Global Science Data
         ww...
My OptIPortalTM – Affordable
    Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane
•    20 Dual CPU Nodes, Twenty 24” ...
OptIPuter / OptIPortal
SAGE Supports Multiple High Bandwidth Applications
                                                ...
Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide
New Laboratories for “Living in the Future”
               •   “Convergence” Laboratory F...
Nearly One Half Billion Pixels
             in Calit2 Extreme Visualization Project!
Connected at 2,000 Megabits/s!       ...
The Calit2@UCSD Building is Designed for Prototyping
       Extremely High Bandwidth Applications
           1.8 Million F...
Borderless Collaboration
Between Global University Research Centers at 10Gbps
          Maxine Brown, Tom DeFanti, Co-Chai...
Building a Global Collaboratorium




                               Sony Digital Cinema Projector


24 Channel Digital So...
First Trans-Pacific Super High Definition Telepresence
       Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams
                    ...
CineGrid @ iGrid2005:
        Six Hours of 4K Projected in Calit2 Auditorium
4K Distance Learning




                    ...
CineGrid: A New Cyberinfrastructure
                 for High Resolution Media Streaming*
                                ...
Gigabit Fibers on the Ocean Floor
 -- Controlling Sensors and HDTV Cameras Remotely
 www.neptune.washington.edu
          ...
Remote Interactive High Definition Video
   of Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents

                        Canadian-U.S. Collabor...
Ocean Observatory Initiative
                      -- Initial Stages
• OOI Implementing Organizations
   – Regional Scale ...
e-Science Collaboratory Without Walls
Enabled by Uncompressed HD Telepresence
     1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Ch...
Goal for SC’07
              iHDTV Integrated into OptIPortal




 Moving from Compressed
HD to Uncompressed iHDTV
  Reno ...
Marine Genome Sequencing Project –
 Measuring the Genetic Diversity of Ocean Microbes
Plus 155
 Marine
Microbial
         ...
Paul Gilna Ex. Dir.



     PI Larry Smarr




Announced January 17, 2006
 $24.5M Over Seven Years
Calit2’s Direct Access Core Architecture
Creates a SuperNetwork Metagenomics Server
 Sargasso Sea Data

Sorcerer II Expedi...
“Instant” Global Microbial Metagenomics
            CyberCommunity
    Over 1300 Registered Users From 48 Countries




  ...
Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal
to Interactively View Microbial Genome




                   Acidobacteria bacterium...
Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal
to Interactively View Microbial Genome




                         Source: Raj Singh...
Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal
to Interactively View Microbial Genome




                          Source: Raj Sing...
An Emerging High Performance Collaboratory
        for Microbial Metagenomics

 UW
                                       ...
Rocks / SAGE OptIPortals
             Are Being Adopted Globally




                         KISTI   UZurich             ...
EVL’s SAGE Global Visualcasting to Europe
               September 2007
                     Gigabit Streams




         ...
3D OptIPortals: Calit2 StarCAVE and Varrier
 Alpha Tests of Telepresence “Holodecks”
Connected at 160 Gb/s         Source:...
How Do You Get From Your Lab
               to the Regional Optical Networks?
“Research is being stalled by ‘information o...
California (CENIC)
                   Network Directions
• More Bandwidth to Research University Campuses
  – One or Two 1...
CENIC Switched Ethernet Network
       HPRng-L2 Design




                       Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
CENIC Switched Optical Network
      HPRng-L1 design


                       Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
Campus Preparations Needed
to Accept CENIC CalREN Handoff to Campus




            Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
Current UCSD Experimental Optical Core:
Ready to Couple to CENIC L1, L2, L3 Services

                Goals by 2008:
     ...
Planned UCSD Production Campus Cyberinfrastructure
   Supporting Data Intensive Biomedical Research
                      ...
Calit2/SDSC Proposal to Create a UC Cyberinfrastructure

        of OptIPuter “On-Ramps” to TeraGrid Resources
           ...
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New Applications of SuperNetworks and the Implications for Campus Networks

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07.10.09
Speaker
Fall 2007 Internet2 Member Meeting
Town and Country Resort and Convention Center
Title: New Applications of SuperNetworks and the Implications for Campus Networks
San Diego, CA

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New Applications of SuperNetworks and the Implications for Campus Networks

  1. 1. New Applications of SuperNetworks and the Implications for Campus Networks Fall 2007 Internet2 Member Meeting Town and Country Resort and Convention Center San Diego, California October 9, 2007 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
  2. 2. Interconnecting Regional Optical Networks Is Driving Campus Optical Infrastructure Deployment 1999 CENIC 2008 http://paintsquirrel.ucs.indiana.edu/RON/fiber_map_draft.pdf
  3. 3. The OptIPuter Project: Creating High Resolution Portals Over Dedicated Optical Channels to Global Science Data www.optiputer.net 2002- 2008 Picture Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh Calit2 (UCSD, UCI) and UIC Lead Campuses—Larry Smarr PI Univ. Partners: SDSC, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AIST Industry: IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent
  4. 4. My OptIPortalTM – Affordable Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane • 20 Dual CPU Nodes, Twenty 24” Monitors, ~$50,000 • 1/4 Teraflop, 5 Terabyte Storage, 45 Mega Pixels--Nice PC! • Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment ( SAGE) Jason Leigh, EVL-UIC Source: Phil Papadopoulos SDSC, Calit2
  5. 5. OptIPuter / OptIPortal SAGE Supports Multiple High Bandwidth Applications MagicCarpet Bitplayer Streaming Blue Marble Streaming animation dataset from San Diego of tornado simulation to EVL using UDP. using UDP. 6.7Gbps 516 Mbps ~ 9 Gbps in Total. SAGE Can Simultaneously Support These Applications Without Decreasing Their Performance SVC JuxtaView Locally streaming Locally streaming the aerial HD camera live photography of downtown video using UDP. Chicago using TCP. 538Mbps 850 Mbps Source: Xi Wang, UIC/EVL
  6. 6. Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide New Laboratories for “Living in the Future” • “Convergence” Laboratory Facilities – Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics – Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming • Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings – Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks See You Tomorrow! UC Irvine www.calit2.net Preparing for a World in Which Distance is Eliminated…
  7. 7. Nearly One Half Billion Pixels in Calit2 Extreme Visualization Project! Connected at 2,000 Megabits/s! UC San Diego UC Irvine UCI HIPerWall Analyzing Pre- and Post- Katrina Falko Kuester, UCSD; Steven Jenks, UCI
  8. 8. The Calit2@UCSD Building is Designed for Prototyping Extremely High Bandwidth Applications 1.8 Million Feet of Cat6 Ethernet Cabling 24 Fiber Pairs to Each Lab UCSD Has only One 10G CENIC Over 10,000 Connection for Individual ~30,000 Users 1 Gbps Drops in the Building ~10G per Person 150 Fiber Strands to Building; Experimental Roof Radio Antenna Farm Photo: Tim Beach, Calit2 Ubiquitous WiFi
  9. 9. Borderless Collaboration Between Global University Research Centers at 10Gbps Maxine Brown, Tom DeFanti, Co-Chairs iGrid 2005 TH E GL OBAL LAMBDA INTEGRATED FACILITY www.igrid2005.org September 26-30, 2005 Calit2 @ University of California, San Diego California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology 100Gb of Bandwidth into the Calit2@UCSD Building More than 150Gb GLIF Transoceanic Bandwidth! 450 Attendees, 130 Participating Organizations 20 Countries Driving 49 Demonstrations 1- or 10- Gbps Per Demo
  10. 10. Building a Global Collaboratorium Sony Digital Cinema Projector 24 Channel Digital Sound Gigabit/sec Each Seat
  11. 11. First Trans-Pacific Super High Definition Telepresence Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams Streaming 4k 100 Times with JPEG 2000 the Resolution Compression ½ gigabit/sec of YouTube! Lays Technical Basis for Global Keio University Digital President Anzai Cinema Sony UCSD NTT Chancellor Fox SGI
  12. 12. CineGrid @ iGrid2005: Six Hours of 4K Projected in Calit2 Auditorium 4K Distance Learning 4K Virtual Reality 4K Scientific Visualization 4K Anime 4K Digital Cinema Source: Laurin Herr
  13. 13. CineGrid: A New Cyberinfrastructure for High Resolution Media Streaming* Source: John (JJ) Jamison, Cisco PacificWave 1000 Denny Way (Westin Bldg.) Seattle StarLight Northwestern Univ Level3 Chicago 1360 Kifer Rd. McLean Sunnyvale 2007 Equinix 818 W. 7th St. Los Angeles CENIC Wave Cisco Has Built 10 GigE Waves on CENIC, PW, & NLR and Installed Large 6506 Switches for Calit2 Access Points in San Diego, Los Angeles, San Diego Sunnyvale, Seattle, Chicago and McLean CWave core PoP for CineGrid Members Some of These Points are also GLIF GOLEs 10GE waves on NLR and CENIC (LA to SD) * May 2007
  14. 14. Gigabit Fibers on the Ocean Floor -- Controlling Sensors and HDTV Cameras Remotely www.neptune.washington.edu LOOKING: (Laboratory for the Ocean Observatory Knowledge Integration Grid) http://lookingtosea.ucsd.edu/ • Goal: – Prototype Cyberinfrastructure for NSF’s Ocean Research Interactive Observatory Networks (ORION) Building on OptIPuter • LOOKING NSF ITR with PIs: – John Orcutt & Larry Smarr - UCSD LOOKING is – John Delaney & Ed Lazowska –UW Driven By – Mark Abbott – OSU NEPTUNE CI • Collaborators at: Requirements – MBARI, WHOI, NCSA, UIC, CalPoly, UVic, CANARIE, Microsoft, NEPTUNE- Canarie Making Management of Gigabit Flows Routine
  15. 15. Remote Interactive High Definition Video of Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents Canadian-U.S. Collaboration Source John Delaney & Deborah Kelley, UWash
  16. 16. Ocean Observatory Initiative -- Initial Stages • OOI Implementing Organizations – Regional Scale Node – $150m, UW – Global/Coastal Scale Nodes – $120m, Woods Hole Lead – Cyberinfrastructure – $30m, SIO/Calit2 UCSD • 6 Year Development Effort Source: John Orcutt, Matthew Arrott, SIO/Calit2
  17. 17. e-Science Collaboratory Without Walls Enabled by Uncompressed HD Telepresence 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR May 23, 2007 John Delaney, PI LOOKING, Neptune Photo: Harry Ammons, SDSC
  18. 18. Goal for SC’07 iHDTV Integrated into OptIPortal Moving from Compressed HD to Uncompressed iHDTV Reno to UW in Seattle Source: Michael Wellings Research Channel Univ. Washington
  19. 19. Marine Genome Sequencing Project – Measuring the Genetic Diversity of Ocean Microbes Plus 155 Marine Microbial Each Sample Genomes ~2000 Specify Microbial Ocean Data Species Sorcerer II Data Will Double Number of Proteins in GenBank!
  20. 20. Paul Gilna Ex. Dir. PI Larry Smarr Announced January 17, 2006 $24.5M Over Seven Years
  21. 21. Calit2’s Direct Access Core Architecture Creates a SuperNetwork Metagenomics Server Sargasso Sea Data Sorcerer II Expedition Dedicated (GOS) Compute Farm Traditional User (1000s of CPUs) JGI Community W E B PORTAL Sequencing Project + Web Services Moore Marine Data- Request 10 GigE Microbial Project Base Fabric Response Farm NASA and NOAA Local Satellite Data Environment Flat File Community Microbial Direct Server Web Metagenomics Data Access Farm Lambda (other service) Cnxns Local Cluster TeraGrid: Cyberinfrastructure Backplane (scheduled activities, e.g. all by all comparison) (10,000s of CPUs) Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit2
  22. 22. “Instant” Global Microbial Metagenomics CyberCommunity Over 1300 Registered Users From 48 Countries USA 761 United Kingdom 64 Germany 54 Canada 46 France 44 Brazil 33
  23. 23. Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal to Interactively View Microbial Genome Acidobacteria bacterium Ellin345 Soil Bacterium 5.6 Mb; ~5000 Genes Source: Raj Singh, UCSD
  24. 24. Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal to Interactively View Microbial Genome Source: Raj Singh, UCSD
  25. 25. Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal to Interactively View Microbial Genome Source: Raj Singh, UCSD
  26. 26. An Emerging High Performance Collaboratory for Microbial Metagenomics UW OptIPortals UMich UIC EVL MIT UC Davis JCVI UCI SIO UCSD SDSU OptIPortal CICESE
  27. 27. Rocks / SAGE OptIPortals Are Being Adopted Globally KISTI UZurich CNIC AIST NCHC NCSA & Osaka U TRECC UIC Calit2@UCI Calit2@UCSD NCMIR@UCSD SIO@UCSD
  28. 28. EVL’s SAGE Global Visualcasting to Europe September 2007 Gigabit Streams Image Viewing Image Viewing Image Image Image Image Source Replication Viewing Viewing OptIPortals at OptIPortal at EVL Russian OptIPuter OptIPuter OptIPortal OptIPortal at Chicago Academy of servers at SAGE- at SARA Masaryk Sciences CALIT2 Bridge at Amsterdam University Moscow San Diego StarLight Brno Oct 1 Chicago Source: Luc Renambot, EVL
  29. 29. 3D OptIPortals: Calit2 StarCAVE and Varrier Alpha Tests of Telepresence “Holodecks” Connected at 160 Gb/s Source: Tom DeFanti, Greg Dawe, Calit2 30 HD Projectors! 60 GB Texture Memory, Renders Images 3,200 Times the Speed of Single PC
  30. 30. How Do You Get From Your Lab to the Regional Optical Networks? “Research is being stalled by ‘information overload,’ Mr. Bement said, because data from digital instruments are piling up far faster than researchers can study. In particular, he said, campus networks need to be improved. High-speed data lines crossing the nation are the equivalent of six-lane superhighways, he said. But networks at colleges and universities are not so capable. “Those massive conduits are reduced to two-lane roads at most college and university campuses,” he said. Improving cyberinfrastructure, he said, “will transform the capabilities of campus-based scientists.” -- Arden Bement, the director of the National Science Foundation www.ctwatch.org
  31. 31. California (CENIC) Network Directions • More Bandwidth to Research University Campuses – One or Two 10GE Connections to Every Campus • More Bandwidth on the Backbone – 40Gbps Or 100Gbps • Support for New Protocols and Features – IPv6 Multicast – Jumbo Frames: 9000 (or More) Bytes • “Hybrid Network” Design, Incorporating Traditional Routed IP Service and the New Frame and Optical Circuit Services: – “HPRng-L3” = Routed IP Network – “HPRng-L2” = Switched Ethernet Network – “HPRng-L1” = Switched Optical Network CalREN-XD Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
  32. 32. CENIC Switched Ethernet Network HPRng-L2 Design Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
  33. 33. CENIC Switched Optical Network HPRng-L1 design Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
  34. 34. Campus Preparations Needed to Accept CENIC CalREN Handoff to Campus Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
  35. 35. Current UCSD Experimental Optical Core: Ready to Couple to CENIC L1, L2, L3 Services Goals by 2008: CENIC L1, L2 >= 50 endpoints at 10 GigE Services >= 32 Packet switched >= 32 Switched wavelengths Lucent >= 300 Connected endpoints Glimmerglass Approximately 0.5 TBit/s Arrive at the “Optical” Center of Campus Switching will be a Hybrid Combination of: Packet, Lambda, Circuit -- Force10 OOO and Packet Switches Already in Place Funded by NSF MRI Grant Cisco 6509 OptIPuter Border Router Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2 (Quartzite PI, OptIPuter co-PI)
  36. 36. Planned UCSD Production Campus Cyberinfrastructure Supporting Data Intensive Biomedical Research Active Data Replication N x 10 Gbit Nx Eco-Friendly 10 Gb G bit Storage and it 0 N x1 Compute “Network in a box” Wide-Area 10G • > 200 Connections 10 Gigabit • CENIC/HPRng • DWDM or Gray Optics L2/L3 • NLR Cavewave On-Demand Switch • I2 NewNet Sing • Cinegrid Physical le 1 0 Gb •… Connections it Your Lab Here Microarray Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2; Elazar Harel, UCSD
  37. 37. Calit2/SDSC Proposal to Create a UC Cyberinfrastructure of OptIPuter “On-Ramps” to TeraGrid Resources OptIPuter + CalREN-XD + TeraGrid = “OptiGrid” UC Davis UC Berkeley UC San Francisco UC Merced UC Santa Cruz UC Los Angeles UC Santa Barbara UC Riverside UC Irvine Creating a Critical Mass of End Users UC San Diego on a Secure LambdaGrid Source: Fran Berman, SDSC , Larry Smarr, Calit2

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