High Resolution Multimedia in  a Ultra Bandwidth World After Dinner Talk  IEEE ISM2005 Irvine, CA December 13, 2005 Dr. La...
Dedicated Optical Channels Makes  High Performance Cyberinfrastructure Possible Parallel Lambdas are Driving Optical Netwo...
National Lambda Rail (NLR) and TeraGrid Provides  Cyberinfrastructure Backbone for U.S. Researchers San Francisco Pittsbur...
The OptIPuter -- From the Grid to the LambdaGrid: High Resolution Portals to Global Science Data Green: Purkinje Cells Red...
Scalable Displays Allow Both  Global Content and Fine Detail Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh 30 MPixel SunSc...
Allows for Interactive Zooming  from Cerebellum to Individual Neurons Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh
Campuses Must Provide Fiber Infrastructure  to End-User Laboratories & Large Rotating Data Stores SIO Ocean Supercomputer ...
Realizing the Dream: High Resolution Portals to Global Science Data 650 Mpixel 2-Photon Microscopy  Montage of HeLa Cultur...
OptIPuter Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment (SAGE) Allows Integration of HD Streams LambdaCam Used to Capture the Til...
Combining Telepresence with Remote Interactive Analysis of Earth Sciences Data Over NLR HDTV Over  Lambda OptIPuter  Visua...
Two New Calit2 Buildings Will Provide  Major New Laboratories to Their Campuses <ul><li>New Laboratory Facilities </li></u...
Toward an Interactive Gigapixel Display <ul><li>Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment (SAGE) Controls: </li></ul><ul><li>...
Calit2 @ UCI Has  the Largest Tiled Display Wall--HIPerWall Calit2@UCI Apple Tiled Display Wall Driven by 25 Dual-Processo...
Displaying Images from Electron Microscope Zeiss Scanning Electron Microscope in Calit2@ UCI
Zooming In
Bug Eye
The OptIPuter Enabled Collaboratory: Remote Researchers Jointly Exploring Complex Data OptIPuter will Connect Falko Kueste...
To a LambdaGrid, a Supercomputer is  Just Another High Performance Data Generator <ul><li>512 3  AMR or 1024 3  Unigrid  <...
AMR Cosmological Simulations Generate 4kx4k Images  and Needs Interactive Zooming Capability Source: Michael Norman, UCSD
AMR Simulation of Protostellar Disk Formation  in Turbulent Molecular Clouds Dynamic Range=10 5 Kritsuk, Padoan & Norman (...
Metagenomics “Extreme Assembly”  Requires Large Amount of Pixel Real Estate Source: Karin Remington J. Craig Venter Instit...
High Resolution Aerial Photography Generates Images With 10,000 Times More Data than Landsat7 Shane DeGross, Telesis USGS ...
Multi-Gigapixel Images are Available  from Film Scanners Today The Gigapxl Project http://gigapxl.org Balboa Park, San Die...
Large Image with Enormous Detail Require Interactive LambdaVision Systems One Square Inch Shot From 100 Yards The OptIPute...
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High Resolution Multimedia in a Ultra Bandwidth World

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05.12.13
After Dinner Talk
IEEE ISM 2005
Title: High Resolution Multimedia in a Ultra Bandwidth World
Irvine, CA

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  • AMR simulation done with isothermal gas dynamics and self-gravity only: appropriate for densities &lt; 10 10 cm -3 Needs magnetic fields, ambipolar diffusion, and radiation transport to approach stellar densities This will increase run-time at least 10x due to linear system solves for diffusion and radiation transfer Tightly coupled, balanced architectures needed!
  • High Resolution Multimedia in a Ultra Bandwidth World

    1. 1. High Resolution Multimedia in a Ultra Bandwidth World After Dinner Talk IEEE ISM2005 Irvine, CA December 13, 2005 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
    2. 2. Dedicated Optical Channels Makes High Performance Cyberinfrastructure Possible Parallel Lambdas are Driving Optical Networking The Way Parallel Processors Drove 1990s Computing 10 Gbps per User ~ 200x Shared Internet Throughput ( WDM) Source: Steve Wallach, Chiaro Networks “ Lambdas”
    3. 3. National Lambda Rail (NLR) and TeraGrid Provides Cyberinfrastructure Backbone for U.S. Researchers San Francisco Pittsburgh Cleveland San Diego Los Angeles Portland Seattle Pensacola Baton Rouge Houston San Antonio Las Cruces / El Paso Phoenix New York City Washington, DC Raleigh Jacksonville Dallas Tulsa Atlanta Kansas City Denver Ogden/ Salt Lake City Boise Albuquerque UC-TeraGrid UIC/NW-Starlight Chicago International Collaborators NLR 4 x 10Gb Lambdas Initially Capable of 40 x 10Gb wavelengths at Buildout NSF’s TeraGrid Has 4 x 10Gb Lambda Backbone Links Two Dozen State and Regional Optical Networks DOE, NSF, & NASA Using NLR
    4. 4. The OptIPuter -- From the Grid to the LambdaGrid: High Resolution Portals to Global Science Data Green: Purkinje Cells Red: Glial Cells Light Blue: Nuclear DNA Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh 300 MPixel Image! Calit2 (UCSD, UCI) and UIC Lead Campuses—Larry Smarr PI Partners: SDSC, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AIST
    5. 5. Scalable Displays Allow Both Global Content and Fine Detail Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh 30 MPixel SunScreen Display Driven by a 20-node Sun Opteron Visualization Cluster
    6. 6. Allows for Interactive Zooming from Cerebellum to Individual Neurons Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh
    7. 7. Campuses Must Provide Fiber Infrastructure to End-User Laboratories & Large Rotating Data Stores SIO Ocean Supercomputer IBM Storage Cluster 2 Ten Gbps Campus Lambda Raceway Streaming Microscope Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit2 UCSD Campus LambdaStore Architecture Global LambdaGrid
    8. 8. Realizing the Dream: High Resolution Portals to Global Science Data 650 Mpixel 2-Photon Microscopy Montage of HeLa Cultured Cancer Cells Green: Actin Red: Microtubles Light Blue: DNA Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh, Tom Deerinck
    9. 9. OptIPuter Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment (SAGE) Allows Integration of HD Streams LambdaCam Used to Capture the Tiled Display on a Web Browser <ul><li>HD Video from BIRN Trailer </li></ul><ul><li>Macro View of Montage Data </li></ul><ul><li>Micro View of Montage Data </li></ul><ul><li>Live Streaming Video of the RTS-2000 Microscope </li></ul><ul><li>HD Video from the RTS Microscope Room </li></ul>Source: David Lee, NCMIR, UCSD SAGE Developed Under Jason Leigh, EVL
    10. 10. Combining Telepresence with Remote Interactive Analysis of Earth Sciences Data Over NLR HDTV Over Lambda OptIPuter Visualized Data SIO/UCSD NASA Goddard http://www.calit2.net/articles/article.php?id=660 August 8, 2005
    11. 11. Two New Calit2 Buildings Will Provide Major New Laboratories to Their Campuses <ul><li>New Laboratory Facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics, Grid, Data, Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Synthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Conferences and Testbeds </li></ul></ul>UC Irvine www.calit2.net UC San Diego Richard C. Atkinson Hall Dedication Oct. 28, 2005
    12. 12. Toward an Interactive Gigapixel Display <ul><li>Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment (SAGE) Controls: </li></ul><ul><li>100 Megapixels Display </li></ul><ul><ul><li>55-Panel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1/4 TeraFLOP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Driven by 30-Node Cluster of 64-bit Dual Opterons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1/3 Terabit/sec I/O </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 x 10GE interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to OptIPuter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1/8 TB RAM </li></ul><ul><li>60 TB Disk </li></ul>Source: Jason Leigh, Tom DeFanti, EVL@UIC OptIPuter Co-PIs NSF LambdaVision MRI@UIC Calit2 is Building a LambdaVision Wall in Each of the UCI & UCSD Buildings
    13. 13. Calit2 @ UCI Has the Largest Tiled Display Wall--HIPerWall Calit2@UCI Apple Tiled Display Wall Driven by 25 Dual-Processor G5s 50 Apple 30” Cinema Displays 200 Million Pixels of Viewing Real Estate! Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2@UCI NSF Infrastructure Grant Data—One Foot Resolution USGS Images of La Jolla, CA HDTV Digital Cameras Digital Cinema
    14. 14. Displaying Images from Electron Microscope Zeiss Scanning Electron Microscope in Calit2@ UCI
    15. 15. Zooming In
    16. 16. Bug Eye
    17. 17. The OptIPuter Enabled Collaboratory: Remote Researchers Jointly Exploring Complex Data OptIPuter will Connect Falko Kuester’s Calit2@UCI 200M-Pixel Wall and the 30M-Pixel Display at UCSD Ellisman’s BIRN Laboratories With Shared Fast Deep Storage “ SunScreen” Run by Sun Opteron Cluster UCI UCSD
    18. 18. To a LambdaGrid, a Supercomputer is Just Another High Performance Data Generator <ul><li>512 3 AMR or 1024 3 Unigrid </li></ul><ul><li>8-64 Times Mass Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Can Simulate First Galaxies </li></ul><ul><li>One GigaZone Run: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Output ~10 TeraByte </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Snapshot” is 100 GB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must Visually Analyze Remotely from End User Lab </li></ul></ul>Source: Mike Norman, UCSD SDSC Blue Horizon (2004) 1024 3 Unigrid “ Cosmic Simulator” with a Billion Zone and Gigaparticle Resolution
    19. 19. AMR Cosmological Simulations Generate 4kx4k Images and Needs Interactive Zooming Capability Source: Michael Norman, UCSD
    20. 20. AMR Simulation of Protostellar Disk Formation in Turbulent Molecular Clouds Dynamic Range=10 5 Kritsuk, Padoan & Norman (in prep) SDSC IBM Power4 DataStar <ul><ul><li>Tightly Coupled, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balanced Architectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed! </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Metagenomics “Extreme Assembly” Requires Large Amount of Pixel Real Estate Source: Karin Remington J. Craig Venter Institute Prochlorococcus Microbacterium Burkholderia Rhodobacter SAR-86 unknown unknown
    22. 22. High Resolution Aerial Photography Generates Images With 10,000 Times More Data than Landsat7 Shane DeGross, Telesis USGS Landsat7 Imagery 100 Foot Resolution Draped on elevation data New USGS Aerial Imagery At 1-Foot Resolution ~10x10 square miles of 350 US Cities 2.5 Billion Pixel Images Per City!
    23. 23. Multi-Gigapixel Images are Available from Film Scanners Today The Gigapxl Project http://gigapxl.org Balboa Park, San Diego Multi-GigaPixel Image
    24. 24. Large Image with Enormous Detail Require Interactive LambdaVision Systems One Square Inch Shot From 100 Yards The OptIPuter Project Has Obtained Some of these Images for UCI HIPerWall http://gigapxl.org

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