“Coupling Australia’s Researchers
 to the Global Innovation Economy”
                Fourth Lecture in the
Australian Amer...
The Large Hadron Collider
Uses a Global Fiber Infrastructure To Connect Its Users




• The grid relies on optical fiber n...
EXPReS-Oz eVLBI Using 1 Gbps Lightpaths
                    October 2007




                   Image Credit: Paul Boven,
...
Next Great Planetary Instrument:
The Square Kilometer Array Requires Dedicated Fiber

                             www.ska...
Dedicated 10Gbps Lightpaths Tie Together
         State and Regional Fiber Infrastructure




                            ...
Global Lambda Integrated Facility
1 to 10G Dedicated Lambda Infrastructure




            Interconnects Global
     Publi...
AARNet Provides the National and Global Bandwidth
          Required Between Campuses

            25 Gbps to US
         ...
The OptIPuter Project: High Resolution Collaboratory
Over Dedicated Optical Channels to Global Science Data
              ...
My OptIPortalTM – Affordable
    Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane
•    20 Dual CPU Nodes, 20 24” Moni...
Students Learn Case Studies
in the Context of Diverse Medical Evidence



                   UIC Anatomy Class




      e...
CoreWall:
           Use of OptIPortal in Geosciences
Using High Resolution Core Images to Study                          ...
Group Analysis of
Global Change Supercomputer Simulations

                         Latest Atmospheric Data
              ...
AARNet Pioneered Uncompressed HD VTC with
UWashington Research Channel--Supercomputing 2004




          Canberra        ...
OptIPlanet Collaboratory Integrating HD with OptIPortals
           Between Calit2 and U Washington
Photo Credit: Alan Dec...
Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide
New Laboratories for “Living in the Future”
               •   “Convergence” Laboratory F...
The Calit2 OptIPortals at UCSD and UCI
              Are Now a Gbit/s HD Collaboratory
                                   ...
EVL’s SAGE OptIPortal VisualCasting
              Multi-Site OptIPuter Collaboratory
                                     ...
CENIC’s New “Hybrid Network” - Traditional Routed IP
 and the New Switched Ethernet and Optical Services




 ~ $14M
Inves...
The “Golden Spike” UCSD Experimental Optical Core:
     Ready to Couple Users to CENIC L1, L2, L3 Services
               ...
Use Campus Investment in Fiber and Networks
    to Physically Connect Campus Resources



                HPC System
Clust...
AARNet 10Gbps Access Product is Here!!!

• HD and Other High Bandwidth Applications Combined
  with “Big Research” Pushing...
OptIPortals
                 Are Being Adopted Globally
                 U Melbourne



  AIST-Japan     Osaka U-Japan    ...
Green
                                                    Initiative:

                                                   ...
“Using the Link to Build the Link”
 Calit2 and Univ. Melbourne Technology Teams
Jan 15, 2008




     No Calit2 Person Phy...
UM Professor Graeme Jackson Planning
  Brain Surgery for Severe Epilepsy




                                       Jan 15...
Smarr American Australian Leadership Dialogue
OptIPlanet Collaboratory Lecture Tour October 2008
AARNet National Network
 ...
AARNet’s “EN4R” –
Experimental Network For Researchers

                                   • For Researchers

            ...
“To ensure a competitive
  economy for the 21st century,
   the Australian Government
   should set a goal of making
     ...
HD Talk
                to Monash University from Calit2




July 30, 2008

July 31, 2008
21st Century Australian Information Infrastructure:
    Joining the Global Data-Intensive Collaboratory
• All Data-Intensi...
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Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy

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08.10.08
Fourth Lecture in the
Australian American Leadership Dialogue Scholar Tour
Swinburne University
Title: Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy
Hawthorn, Australia

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Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy

  1. 1. “Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy” Fourth Lecture in the Australian American Leadership Dialogue Scholar Tour Swinburne University Hawthorn, Australia October 8, 2008 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
  2. 2. The Large Hadron Collider Uses a Global Fiber Infrastructure To Connect Its Users • The grid relies on optical fiber networks to distribute data from CERN to 11 major computer centers in Europe, North America, and Asia • The grid is capable of routinely processing 250,000 jobs a day • The data flow will be ~6 Gigabits/sec or 15 million gigabytes a year for 10 to 15 years
  3. 3. EXPReS-Oz eVLBI Using 1 Gbps Lightpaths October 2007 Image Credit: Paul Boven, Data Streamed at 256-512 Mbps Image created by Paul Boven, JIVE Satellite image: Blue Marble Next Generation, courtesy of NASA Visible Earth
  4. 4. Next Great Planetary Instrument: The Square Kilometer Array Requires Dedicated Fiber www.skatelescope.org Transfers Of 1 TByte Images World-wide Will Be Needed Every Minute!
  5. 5. Dedicated 10Gbps Lightpaths Tie Together State and Regional Fiber Infrastructure Interconnects Two Dozen State and Regional Internet2 Dynamic Optical Networks Circuit Network Under Development NLR 40 x 10Gb Wavelengths Expanding with Darkstrand to 80
  6. 6. Global Lambda Integrated Facility 1 to 10G Dedicated Lambda Infrastructure Interconnects Global Public Research Innovation Centers Source: Maxine Brown, UIC and Robert Patterson, NCSA
  7. 7. AARNet Provides the National and Global Bandwidth Required Between Campuses 25 Gbps to US 60 Gbps Brisbrane - Sydney - Melbourne 30 Gbps Melbourne - Adelaide 10 Gbps Adelaide - Perth
  8. 8. The OptIPuter Project: High Resolution Collaboratory Over Dedicated Optical Channels to Global Science Data Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment (SAGE) Now in Sixth and Final Year Picture Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh Calit2 (UCSD, UCI), SDSC, and UIC Leads—Larry Smarr PI Univ. Partners: NCSA, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AIST Industry: IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent
  9. 9. My OptIPortalTM – Affordable Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane • 20 Dual CPU Nodes, 20 24” Monitors, ~$50,000 • 1/4 Teraflop, 5 Terabyte Storage, 45 Mega Pixels--Nice PC! • Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment ( SAGE) Jason Leigh, EVL-UIC Source: Phil Papadopoulos SDSC, Calit2
  10. 10. Students Learn Case Studies in the Context of Diverse Medical Evidence UIC Anatomy Class electronic visualization laboratory, university of illinois at chicago
  11. 11. CoreWall: Use of OptIPortal in Geosciences Using High Resolution Core Images to Study Before Paleogeology, Learning about the History of The Planet to Better Understand Causes of Global Warming 5 Deployed In Antarctica www.corewall.org After electronic visualization laboratory, university of illinois at chicago
  12. 12. Group Analysis of Global Change Supercomputer Simulations Latest Atmospheric Data is Displayed for Classes, Research Meetings, and Lunch Gatherings- A Truly Communal Wall Before After Source: U of Michigan Atmospheric Sciences Department
  13. 13. AARNet Pioneered Uncompressed HD VTC with UWashington Research Channel--Supercomputing 2004 Canberra Pittsburgh
  14. 14. OptIPlanet Collaboratory Integrating HD with OptIPortals Between Calit2 and U Washington Photo Credit: Alan Decker Feb. 29, 2008 Ginger Armbrust’s Diatoms: Micrographs, Chromosomes, Genetic Assembly iHDTV: 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR UW’s Research Channel Michael Wellings
  15. 15. Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide New Laboratories for “Living in the Future” • “Convergence” Laboratory Facilities – Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics – Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming • Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings – Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks UC Irvine www.calit2.net Preparing for a World in Which Distance is Eliminated…
  16. 16. The Calit2 OptIPortals at UCSD and UCI Are Now a Gbit/s HD Collaboratory NASA Ames Visit Feb. 29, 2008 HiPerVerse: First ½ Gigapixel Distributed OptIPortal- 124 Tiles Sept. 15, 2008 Calit2@ UCI wall Calit2@ UCSD wall UCSD cluster: 15 x Quad core Dell XPS with Dual nVIDIA 5600s UCI cluster: 25 x Dual Core Apple G5
  17. 17. EVL’s SAGE OptIPortal VisualCasting Multi-Site OptIPuter Collaboratory CENIC CalREN-XD Workshop Sept. 15, 2008 EVL-UI Chicago At Supercomputing 2008 Austin, Texas November, 2008 Streaming 4k SC08 Bandwidth Challenge Entry On site: Remote: SARA (Amsterdam) U Michigan U of Michigan GIST / KISTI (Korea) UIC/EVL Osaka Univ. (Japan) U of Queensland Masaryk Univ. (CZ), Russian Academy of Science Calit2 Requires 10 Gbps Lightpath to Each Site Source: Jason Leigh, Luc Renambot, EVL, UI Chicago
  18. 18. CENIC’s New “Hybrid Network” - Traditional Routed IP and the New Switched Ethernet and Optical Services ~ $14M Invested in Upgrade Now Campuses Need to Upgrade Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
  19. 19. The “Golden Spike” UCSD Experimental Optical Core: Ready to Couple Users to CENIC L1, L2, L3 Services Quartzite Communications To 10GigE cluster Goals by 2008: Core Year 3 node interfaces >= 60 endpoints at 10 GigE CENIC L1, L2 >= 30 Packet switched Wavelength Quartzite Selective Services Corewavelengths ..... Switch >= 30 Switched >= 400 Connected endpoints Lucent To 10GigE cluster node interfaces and other switches To cluster nodes ..... Glimmerglass Approximately 0.5 Tbps ..... To cluster nodes GigE Switch with Dual 10GigE Upliks Arrive at the “Optical” Production OOO Switch To cluster nodes Center of Hybrid Campus 32 10GigE ..... Switch GigE Switch with Dual 10GigE Upliks Force10 ... To Packet Switch CalREN-HPR GigE Switch with Dual 10GigE Upliks other Research nodes Cloud GigE Funded by 10GigE NSF MRI Campus Research 4 GigE 4 pair fiber Grant Cloud Cisco 6509 Juniper T320 OptIPuter Border Router Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2 (Quartzite PI, OptIPuter co-PI)
  20. 20. Use Campus Investment in Fiber and Networks to Physically Connect Campus Resources HPC System Cluster Condo PetaScale Data Analysis UCSD Storage Facility UC Grid Pilot Digital Collections Research Manager Cluster OptIPortal Research 10Gbps Instrument Source:Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2
  21. 21. AARNet 10Gbps Access Product is Here!!! • HD and Other High Bandwidth Applications Combined with “Big Research” Pushing Large Data Sets Means 1 Gbps is No Longer Adequate for All Users • AARNet Helps Connect Campus Users or Remote Instruments • Will Permit Researchers to Exchange Large Amounts of Data within Australia, and Internationally via SXTransPORT © 2008, AARNet Pty Ltd 21 Slide From Chris Hancock, CEO AARNet
  22. 22. OptIPortals Are Being Adopted Globally U Melbourne AIST-Japan Osaka U-Japan KISTI-Korea CNIC-China NCHC-Taiwan Russian U Queensland Academy Sciences Moscow SARA- Netherlands Brno-Czech Republic And Today Monash! EVL@UIC Calit2@UCSD Calit2@UCI CICESE, Mexico CSIRO Discovery Center Canberra
  23. 23. Green Initiative: Can Optical Fiber Replace Airline Travel for Continuing Collaborations ? Source: Maxine Brown, OptIPuter Project Manager
  24. 24. “Using the Link to Build the Link” Calit2 and Univ. Melbourne Technology Teams Jan 15, 2008 No Calit2 Person Physically Flew to Australia to Bring This Up! www.calit2.net/newsroom/release.php?id=1219
  25. 25. UM Professor Graeme Jackson Planning Brain Surgery for Severe Epilepsy Jan 15, 2008 www.calit2.net/newsroom/release.php?id=1219
  26. 26. Smarr American Australian Leadership Dialogue OptIPlanet Collaboratory Lecture Tour October 2008 AARNet National Network • Oct 2—University of Adelaide • Oct 6—Univ of Western Australia • Oct 8—Monash Univ.; Swinburne Univ. • Oct 9—Univ. of Melbourne • Oct 10—Univ. of Queensland • Oct 13—Univ. of Technology Sydney • Oct 14—Univ. of New South Wales • Oct 15—ANU; AARNet; Leadership Dialogue Scholar Oration, Canberra • Oct 16—CSIRO, Canberra • Oct 17—Sydney Univ.
  27. 27. AARNet’s “EN4R” – Experimental Network For Researchers • For Researchers • Free Access for up to 12 months • 2 Circuits Reserved for EN4R on Each Optical Backbone Segment • Access to North America via. SXTransPORT 27 Source: Chris Hancock, AARNet
  28. 28. “To ensure a competitive economy for the 21st century, the Australian Government should set a goal of making Australia the pre-eminent location to attract the best researchers and be a preferred partner for international research institutions, businesses and national governments.”
  29. 29. HD Talk to Monash University from Calit2 July 30, 2008 July 31, 2008
  30. 30. 21st Century Australian Information Infrastructure: Joining the Global Data-Intensive Collaboratory • All Data-Intensive Australian: – Researchers – Scientific Instruments – Data Repositories • Should Have Best-of-Breed End-End Connectivity • Today, that Means 10Gbps Lightpaths • This Requires a Spirited Partnership: – Federal – State – Universities and CSIRO – AARnet The Mutuality Principle at Work!

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