Transit Oriented Development Tool Box: Workshop #1 - Nelson Nygaard presentation

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Nelson Nygaard's presentation for the Calgary Regional Partnership's first workshop on a transit oriented development tool box.

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Transit Oriented Development Tool Box: Workshop #1 - Nelson Nygaard presentation

  1. 1. Transit Oriented Development: from definition to implementation C H R I S TO P H E R Y A K E – N E L S O N N YG A A R D
  2. 2. overview •The “P” Word: A little history/background of Portland, OR •Defining TOD: Developing a TOD typology •TOD Projects: Implementation
  3. 3. “We can’t do that here”: a short history of the “P” word •Voted Republican 19681984 •Vast majority supported Vietnam War •Popular Gov Tom McCall (R) in office •Traditional transportation approach…
  4. 4. Moses’ Plan for Portland
  5. 5. mt. hood freeway
  6. 6. State/local bipartisan revolt •Diverts freeway $ to light rail •1973 Oregon Land Use Laws – enables Urban Growth Boundary •1979 Metro Council elected (first in nation) •Broad coalition of urbanists, environmentalists, agriculture, forestry •Invest in transportation choices…
  7. 7. Per Capita Vehicle Miles Traveled 20 18 16 14 12 10 1985 1990 Spokane 1995 Boise 2000 Denver 2005 Portland 2010
  8. 8. “We can’t do that here…”: guess the region •Privately funded regional land use and transportation plan •Highest transit spending per capita in the nation •Only region building light rail, BRT, commuter rail and streetcar at the same time •2012: 73 percent voted for Gov. Romney •The new “Zion” of transit has moved to…
  9. 9. Defining transit orientation  TOD: “You know it when you see it.”  How can we compare different parts of the region?  What elements go into those great places?  Orientation should be related to actual travel behavior 18 Parsons Brinckerhoff I PlaceMaking Group
  10. 10. The traditional trinity of TOD density destinations distance dollars demographics diversity design distinction 1/15/2014 19
  11. 11. measuring TOD readiness (p’s) people physical form Potential places (market) performance 1/15/2014 ped/bike connectivity 20
  12. 12. people 1/15/2014 21
  13. 13. the “d” word “There are two things Oregonians hate…. sprawl.. ..and density.” Former (& current) Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber
  14. 14. places 1/15/2014 23
  15. 15. ped/bike connectivity 1/15/2014 24
  16. 16. performance 1/15/2014 25
  17. 17. physical form 1/15/2014 26
  18. 18. People Performance Pedestrian/Bicycle Places Physical Form
  19. 19. transit orientation score 1/15/2014 32
  20. 20. 1/15/2014 33
  21. 21. 1/15/2014 34
  22. 22. building a TOD typology Transit Orientation Score (Urban Form + Activity ) 1/15/2014 + Market Strength 35
  23. 23. Typology (market + TOD Score) outer station areas for analysis 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 36
  24. 24. Station Community Typology (market + TOD Score) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 37
  25. 25. Station Community Typology (market + TOD Score) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 38
  26. 26. Plan + Partner (longer term station areas) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 39
  27. 27. Plan + Partner (longer term station areas) 1/15/2014 40
  28. 28. Catalyze + Connect (emerging station areas) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 41
  29. 29. Catalyze + Connect (emerging station areas) 1/15/2014 42
  30. 30. Infill + Enhance (near term station areas) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 43
  31. 31. Infill + Enhance (near term station areas) 1/15/2014 44
  32. 32. 1/15/2014 46
  33. 33. Implementing TOD
  34. 34. TOD Implementation Program • • • • • 1/15/2014 Program created in 1998 $3 mill annual budget Public-private “bricks and mortar” projects tied to transportation outcomes > 500,000 induced annual transit trips $30 mill has leveraged > $300 mill private investment 48
  35. 35. TOD Program Strategies • Create suburban market comparables for higher density buildings near transit and centers • Develop developers with expertise in higher-density mixeduse buildings in suburban settings • Increase acceptance of urban style buildings through high quality design • Carry out place making and contribute to local identity
  36. 36. Grants/easements • compact mixed use development is not cheap! • acquire tod easements • Cost premiums: - structured parking - elevator - separation of uses - complex fire systems
  37. 37. how does it work? 1. Cost Premium Analysis 2. Capitalized Farebox Revenue from induced ridership (must have delta, daily transit fare x 30 years) 3. 7-day notice to Metro Council (de-politicizes funding decisions) 4. Development Agreement
  38. 38. projects
  39. 39. Example Projects North Main Village – City of Milwaukie
  40. 40. The Rocket – Central City Portland
  41. 41. The Merrick - Portland
  42. 42. Orenco Station - Hillsboro
  43. 43. Orenco Station - Hillsboro
  44. 44. The Crossings - Gresham
  45. 45. program results 2,091 housing units nearly 1,000 affordable units 20 built projects (10 in pre-development) and more than 300 senior units 2008 National APA Best Practices Award 543,000 Induced Transit Riders Per Year Nearly 250,000 sq ft commercial > 100,000 tons of GHG reduced $318 million in private investment
  46. 46. Key takeaways • Portland is not perfect • TOD is measurable: TOD & travel behavior is a function of elements of the built, market and social environments • Reassert the the T in TOD: Incorporate transit quality • Mind the Market: Nudge, don’t shove, the private sector • One size does not fit all: TOD is scalable
  47. 47. q+a 1/15/2014 63 christopher.yake@nelsonnygaard.com

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