Transit Oriented Development Tool Box: Workshop #1 - Nelson Nygaard presentation
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Transit Oriented Development Tool Box: Workshop #1 - Nelson Nygaard presentation

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Nelson Nygaard's presentation for the Calgary Regional Partnership's first workshop on a transit oriented development tool box.

Nelson Nygaard's presentation for the Calgary Regional Partnership's first workshop on a transit oriented development tool box.

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  • 1. Transit Oriented Development: from definition to implementation C H R I S TO P H E R Y A K E – N E L S O N N YG A A R D
  • 2. overview •The “P” Word: A little history/background of Portland, OR •Defining TOD: Developing a TOD typology •TOD Projects: Implementation
  • 3. “We can’t do that here”: a short history of the “P” word •Voted Republican 19681984 •Vast majority supported Vietnam War •Popular Gov Tom McCall (R) in office •Traditional transportation approach…
  • 4. Moses’ Plan for Portland
  • 5. mt. hood freeway
  • 6. State/local bipartisan revolt •Diverts freeway $ to light rail •1973 Oregon Land Use Laws – enables Urban Growth Boundary •1979 Metro Council elected (first in nation) •Broad coalition of urbanists, environmentalists, agriculture, forestry •Invest in transportation choices…
  • 7. Per Capita Vehicle Miles Traveled 20 18 16 14 12 10 1985 1990 Spokane 1995 Boise 2000 Denver 2005 Portland 2010
  • 8. “We can’t do that here…”: guess the region •Privately funded regional land use and transportation plan •Highest transit spending per capita in the nation •Only region building light rail, BRT, commuter rail and streetcar at the same time •2012: 73 percent voted for Gov. Romney •The new “Zion” of transit has moved to…
  • 9. Defining transit orientation  TOD: “You know it when you see it.”  How can we compare different parts of the region?  What elements go into those great places?  Orientation should be related to actual travel behavior 18 Parsons Brinckerhoff I PlaceMaking Group
  • 10. The traditional trinity of TOD density destinations distance dollars demographics diversity design distinction 1/15/2014 19
  • 11. measuring TOD readiness (p’s) people physical form Potential places (market) performance 1/15/2014 ped/bike connectivity 20
  • 12. people 1/15/2014 21
  • 13. the “d” word “There are two things Oregonians hate…. sprawl.. ..and density.” Former (& current) Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber
  • 14. places 1/15/2014 23
  • 15. ped/bike connectivity 1/15/2014 24
  • 16. performance 1/15/2014 25
  • 17. physical form 1/15/2014 26
  • 18. People Performance Pedestrian/Bicycle Places Physical Form
  • 19. transit orientation score 1/15/2014 32
  • 20. 1/15/2014 33
  • 21. 1/15/2014 34
  • 22. building a TOD typology Transit Orientation Score (Urban Form + Activity ) 1/15/2014 + Market Strength 35
  • 23. Typology (market + TOD Score) outer station areas for analysis 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 36
  • 24. Station Community Typology (market + TOD Score) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 37
  • 25. Station Community Typology (market + TOD Score) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 38
  • 26. Plan + Partner (longer term station areas) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 39
  • 27. Plan + Partner (longer term station areas) 1/15/2014 40
  • 28. Catalyze + Connect (emerging station areas) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 41
  • 29. Catalyze + Connect (emerging station areas) 1/15/2014 42
  • 30. Infill + Enhance (near term station areas) 1/15/2014 Eastside Westside Airport Interstate Green Milwaukie 43
  • 31. Infill + Enhance (near term station areas) 1/15/2014 44
  • 32. 1/15/2014 46
  • 33. Implementing TOD
  • 34. TOD Implementation Program • • • • • 1/15/2014 Program created in 1998 $3 mill annual budget Public-private “bricks and mortar” projects tied to transportation outcomes > 500,000 induced annual transit trips $30 mill has leveraged > $300 mill private investment 48
  • 35. TOD Program Strategies • Create suburban market comparables for higher density buildings near transit and centers • Develop developers with expertise in higher-density mixeduse buildings in suburban settings • Increase acceptance of urban style buildings through high quality design • Carry out place making and contribute to local identity
  • 36. Grants/easements • compact mixed use development is not cheap! • acquire tod easements • Cost premiums: - structured parking - elevator - separation of uses - complex fire systems
  • 37. how does it work? 1. Cost Premium Analysis 2. Capitalized Farebox Revenue from induced ridership (must have delta, daily transit fare x 30 years) 3. 7-day notice to Metro Council (de-politicizes funding decisions) 4. Development Agreement
  • 38. projects
  • 39. Example Projects North Main Village – City of Milwaukie
  • 40. The Rocket – Central City Portland
  • 41. The Merrick - Portland
  • 42. Orenco Station - Hillsboro
  • 43. Orenco Station - Hillsboro
  • 44. The Crossings - Gresham
  • 45. program results 2,091 housing units nearly 1,000 affordable units 20 built projects (10 in pre-development) and more than 300 senior units 2008 National APA Best Practices Award 543,000 Induced Transit Riders Per Year Nearly 250,000 sq ft commercial > 100,000 tons of GHG reduced $318 million in private investment
  • 46. Key takeaways • Portland is not perfect • TOD is measurable: TOD & travel behavior is a function of elements of the built, market and social environments • Reassert the the T in TOD: Incorporate transit quality • Mind the Market: Nudge, don’t shove, the private sector • One size does not fit all: TOD is scalable
  • 47. q+a 1/15/2014 63 christopher.yake@nelsonnygaard.com