Transit Oriented Development Tool Box: Workshop 1 - Main presentations


Published on

The main presentation for the first workshop of the Calgary Regional Partnership's transit oriented development tool box.

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transit Oriented Development Tool Box: Workshop 1 - Main presentations

  1. 1. CRP Transit-Oriented Development Toolbox Workshop Presentation 15 January 2014
  2. 2. AGENDA 9:30 – 9:35 9:35 – 9:45 9:45 – 10:00 10:00 – 10:20 10:20 – 10:40 10:40 – 11:00 11:00 – noon noon – Greetings and Introduction Overview of the CRP Toolbox Project Series CRP Regional Transit Strategy What is Transit-Oriented Development? Local Case Study: City of Calgary TOD International Examples of TOD Workshop Discussion Session Lunch
  3. 3. CRP TOOLBOX PROJECT SERIES • The CRP is responsible for supporting long-term development to meet regional development goals under the CMP: - Communities Density targets Intensification Affordable housing Environmental stewardship Transit-supportive development
  4. 4. CRP TOOLBOX PROJECT SERIES • As part of the CMP implementation strategy, the CRP is completing a series of “toolboxes” on topics critical to the success of the Plan • The toolboxes will be resource manuals for CMP implementation: - A compendium of best practices Planning and design tools Implementation mechanisms Examples of successful projects
  5. 5. CRP TOOLBOX PROJECT SERIES • Focused on the development of liveable, place-responsive, and compact greenfield communities • Series of tool sheets developed to evaluate: - Design Process Policy and Implementation • Topic-specific workshops for material review
  7. 7. CRP TOOLBOX PROJECT SERIES • Complements regional transit planning, community development goals • Inclusive, multi-jurisdictional approach • Two steps in the project: - Toolbox of policy and design tools Pilot projects to provide conceptual examples
  8. 8. TODAY’S SESSION • RSVPs: 21 attendees, 9 presenters / staff - Municipal engineering Development officers Community planners Transit planners Economic planners ACAO • Representatives of 10 communities in the CRP
  9. 9. TODAY’S SESSION • How can TOD help meet your goals? - “Support sustainable community and reduce reliance on car use.” “Increase density & housing options; increase mobility options” “Might allow for more density and less parking in certain key areas” “Increase density, increase sustainability, provide more mobility, potential link to regional transportation to Calgary” “Population growth” “Part of our Strategic Goal is to increase public transportation” “It would move us toward actioning our complete communities principle” “As we are creating a new MDP, TOD should be integrated as we plan for the future”
  10. 10. TODAY’S SESSION • Objectives: - Introduce Regional Transit Strategy, relationship to regional planning - Review background information about TOD - Present local and international examples of TOD projects - Provide feedback about information needed to support TOD in local communities • Subsequent session will review the content of the Toolbox
  12. 12. TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT: DEFINITION • TOD is defined as: “moderate- to high-density residential development that also includes employment and shopping opportunities and is located within easy walking distance of a transit stop.” - Parker et al. 2002
  13. 13. TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT: DEFINITION • Major features: - Combination of land use, transit planning considerations - Pedestrian friendly / accessible - Multi-modal transportation linkages - Compact mixed-use development: residential, retail, commercial, etc. - Reduced parking requirements
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES OF TOD • Location / transportation efficiency - Uptake of trips (commuting, etc.) by transit service Support of walkable / bikeable neighbourhoods Reduction in parking requirements More efficient, lower costs • Mix of choices - Range of housing options can be supported (single-family, townhouse, multi-family) Options for employment in nodes Access to broader range of amenities, shopping Age-in-place considerations
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES OF TOD • Value capture - Increase intensity of land use, development Greater activity, desirability of location Higher land values, property taxes Tax diversification Increased revitalization More efficient use of infrastructure • Place-making - Transit, walkable areas can support active mixed-use centres Identifiable gateway for public activity Support for healthy downtowns, communities
  16. 16. ADVANTAGES OF TOD • Complementary land use / transportation planning - Mutual support of land use, transportation goals Population density to provide ridership on regional transit Better support of sustainable growth patterns with transit • Higher quality-of-life - Improved public health Improved pedestrian access Less congestion Better public spaces
  17. 17. TYPES OF TOD • General groupings of TOD based on: - General location in the metro area - Type / density of surrounding land uses (residential and non-residential) - Type / level of transit service - Regional connectivity • Six general types of transit development provided here
  18. 18. TYPES OF TOD • Core downtown - Example: Downtown Calgary Core of regional transit network Location of significant job, residential density Destination for regional commuters Highly urban, mixed-use developments • Core neighbourhood - Examples: Kensington, Sunalta (Calgary) Historic neighbourhoods around urban core Moderate- to high-density housing High urban services
  19. 19. TYPES OF TOD • Regional centre - Regional centres for residential and employment growth Source AND regional destination for trips Connection with full system still needed • Regional neighbourhood - Urban areas outside of the core with connections to local and regional hubs Lower densities Opportunities for some traditional town development with local mix of retail, amenities, services
  20. 20. TYPES OF TOD • Main Street Centres - Freestanding community at the edge of system, traditional town centres Service to downtown core, other centers Can serve as a sub-regional service hub / access point for rural communities Transit may have a focus on regional commuting to employment nodes, but can include residential density, supporting amenities
  21. 21. TYPES OF TOD • Park-and-ride developments - Not usually considered as part of a traditional TOD alone More focused on commuters using cars for part of a commute High density of parking to accommodate trips to transit stops Potential for future transit-focused development Should be considered in planning as temporary uses (upgrade plans / land banking)
  22. 22. FACTORS OF SUCCESS • Place-specific land use mix: residential, employment, retail, supporting uses • Convenient, functional pedestrian connections • Good urban design • Compact development patterns • Parking management • Place-building • Context-sensitive development
  24. 24. TOD TOOLBOX CONTENT • What are you interested in learning? (Survey) Very Somewhat Not very Not interested Interested interested interested interested Overview of the topic 6 6 1 4 1 Neighbourhood TOD design 8 8 2 0 0 Transportation design for TOD 7 10 1 0 0 Infrastructure considerations 6 10 2 0 0 Municipal policy tools 6 11 0 1 0 Supporting programs and initiatives 2 10 6 0 0 Provincial programs 6 10 2 0 0 Fiscal & funding options 10 9 0 0 0 Considerations for developers 4 9 4 1 0 Successful examples from other communities 8 8 1 0 0
  25. 25. TOD TOOLBOX CONTENT • Objective with the Toolbox is to provide supporting material so local efforts with TOD can be successful • Contents: Overview of TOD Factors of local success for TOD Potential role of the CRP Tools: • • • • Transportation Design Neighbourhood Design Process and Analysis Policy and Implementation
  26. 26. TOD TOOLBOX CONTENT • Transportation Design: design elements of a municipal transportation system that can help support successful TOD, such as: - Interconnected street networks Traffic calming Busway development Route signage Multimodal transportation linkages etc.
  27. 27. TOD TOOLBOX CONTENT • Neighbourhood Design: design elements of neighbourhood development that can support TOD, including: - Mixed land uses Mixed housing opportunities Gateway development Nodal development Public spaces Institutional uses etc.
  28. 28. TOD TOOLBOX CONTENT • Process and Analysis: methods that can be used as part of the design and planning process to provide information for successful TOD, including: - Transportation Impact Assessments Connectivity Indices Walkability / Bikeability Audits Visualizations Visual Preference Surveys etc.
  29. 29. TOD TOOLBOX CONTENT • Policy and Implementation: municipal policies and programs that can be used to support TOD, such as: - Zoning codes Design guidelines Land assembly Transfer of Development Credits Public-Private Partnerships (P3) Transportation Demand Management (TDM) etc.
  30. 30. WORKSHOP BREAKOUT SESSION Two questions for discussion: 1. What are the major opportunities and challenges your community faces in developing Transit-Oriented Development? 2. What tools would help you in using TOD to meet community goals in sustainability, economic development, housing, etc.?
  31. 31. WORKSHOP BREAKOUT SESSION • Small Group Discussions • Reporting of Small Group Discussions
  32. 32. NEXT STEPS • Review of feedback from this session • Development of preliminary TOD Toolbox • Next workshop (Spring): - Survey: What information should we review? - Focused presentation: Tools of interest to participants - Revisions to Toolbox to meet your needs • Pilot project development