Improved strategies for learning a second languagePresentation Transcript
Improved Strategies For Learning a Second Language By: Caleb Baker
A New Look The goal of this presentation is to give the viewers a different look at gaining the knowledge of a second language. It can be very beneficial, and easier than you may have experienced. New strategies have been, and continue to be developed every day.
Why change the process?
Second language acquisition has shifted from focus on the teacher more focus on the learner (Kitakawa, 2008).
- Research had confirmed that new, more modern methods can be more efficient and faster than traditional language learning methods (Tarone & Broner, 2001).
Different Strategies Language Play Language is a fun way to learn new words in another language. New theories conclude that even if the language is spoken badly, learning has taken place (Tarone & Broner 2001).
Language Play: Important? Yes. Playing with the language helps to improve vocal abilities. It also helps develop language into memory. Keeps the learner interested in the material. (Tarone& Broner 2001). http://www.davidcrystal.com/DC_articles/Clinical5.pdf
Language Play Chart
This is the evaluation of a fifth grade class with the implementation of language play in the classroom.
Vocalization and internalization are two of the most important factors when learning a language.
This chart depicts how much more effective the strategy of language play is.
Cognitive and Social Strategies
Cognitive Strategies Cognitive Strategies are the necessary evil when learning anything. They have to do with the memorization and retention of words, meanings, phrases etc. Nobody wants to memorize anything, but many times it is the main way of learning (Kitakawa, 2008).
How it works When learning anything, it is necessary to memorize. In most situations it is done by repetition through. The difference can be in the type of repetition.
Social Strategies Social strategies are techniques that learners use when they are not necessarily making an effort to learn. These kinds of methods can be taught, or just taught to use. Most teachers have found that these techniques can substitute for traditional memorization, and even get higher outcomes (Cohen, 1996) (Tarone & Broner, 2001).
Rehearsal and Interacting Rehearsal refers to the learner’s dialogue with someone or even themselves. Interacting with other learners and with native speakers is also a form of Social Strategy. Both of these types are fun, and most of the time very useful (Cohen, 1996).
References Cohen, A. D., (1996). Second language learning and use strategies: Clarifying the issues. Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Retrieved form http://www.carla.umn.edu/strategies/resources/sbiclarify.pdf Kitakawa, A., (2008). An experimental study of language learning strategies : Particular focus on the patterns of strategy use by japanese university learners of English. Iwate University Repository. Vol. 17, No. 7, pp. 149-169
Tarone, E. E., Broner, M.A., (2001). Is it fun? Language play in a fifth-grade Spanish immersion classroom. Modern Language Journal. Vol. 85, No. 1, pp. 363-379