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Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
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Netherlands

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  • 1. NetherlandsBy: Levi and Caitlin R.
  • 2. Did you know?• There are more than six hundred museums in the Netherlands.• When you talk on the telephone, both the caller and the receiver identify themselves before starting a conversation; it is considered rude not to do so.• Christmas gift-giving occurs on St. Nicholas Day, which is December 6th.• Rotterdam is one of Europes most important ports, it handles close to one-third of Europes sea transit.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.ph p?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 3. The Flag• Netherlands flag was most recently adopted on February 19, 1937. It features three horizontal stripes: red, white, and blue. The red flag was originally orange, and was in the honor of the prince of Orange, the political leader of the Netherlands, with white and a lighter blue, being colors of the prince’s coat of arms. The flag gradually changed to the red-white-blue tricolor because the orange and lighter blue were to faint of a color to notice in battle, especially on the sea. The colors of bright red, white, and cobalt blue were made official by royal decree in 1937.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country. php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherla nds"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 4. National Anthem• http://online.culturegrams.com/axiom_conte nt/multimedia/anthems/,%20Netherlands_N axos’• It is called William of Nassau.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_co untry.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111& cn=Netherlands"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 5. Photos• http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/index. php?set_albumName=Netherlands
  • 6. Famous People• Desiderius Erasmus• Jacob van Heemskerck• Aletta Jacobs• Vincent Willem van Gogh• Hans van Manenhttp://online.culturegrams.com/famouspeople/cou ntry.php?fp_CountryID=111&contid=5&wmn=Eur ope&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&whichedition=w orld"Netherlands: Famous People." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 7. RecipeMain Dish- Poffertjes- Mini-pancakesIngredients: 15 grams fresh yeast,250 milliliters milk, lukewarm125 grams flour125 grams buckwheat250 milliliters water50 grams butter, melted1 eggSalt, to tastehttp://online.culturegrams.com/recipes/list.php?type= World&id=111": Recipe." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 8. Country and Development Data• Capital: Amsterdam• Latitude: 52.23• Longitude: 4.54• Population: 16,730,632• Gender Inequality Index: 2 of 146 countries• GDP (PPP) per capita: $42,700• Adult literacy rate: 99% (male); 99% (female)• Infant mortality rate: per 1,000 births• Life expectancy: 79 (male); 83 (female)• Currency: Eurohttp://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?co ntid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 9. Land and Climate• The Netherlands is probably the size of Switzerland or the U.S. state of Massachusetts and Connecticut combined. It is 16,040 square miles. It borders the North Sea. Western areas that have been reclaimed from the sea are called polders. Windmills once pumped water from the land, and dikes held back the ocean.Modern machines do the pumping now. Because pumping has led to sinking land, water pollution, and problems with the water table, the government is buying tracts of agricultural land in the pumped territory and returning it to nature. In the east, the land is above sea level and has a few hills. Grasslands for grazing are common in the north but they can be also found nationwide outside of the cities.• The climate in the Netherlands is temperate. Rain is common all year. Winters can be cold, but some are quite mild. Summers can be warm and sometimes cool.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid =111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Land_and_Climate&snid=1"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 10. History• For thousands of years, Germanic, Celtic, and Frisian tribes inhabited the area.• In 1568, Prince William of Orange rebelled against the Spanish Crown and began an 80-year war for independence.• In 1795, French forces made the Netherlands a subordinate state.• The Netherlands remained neutral during World War I but was invaded by Germany in World War II.• In 2006, the Netherlands passed a law requiring immigrants to pass an exam on language and Dutch society that measures their level of integration.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5&wmn= Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=History&snid=2"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 11. Population• The Netherlands population of 16.7 million is growing at a 0.45 percent annually.• More than 40 percent of the population lives in the two western provinces of North and South Holland.• The population is 81 percent ethnic Dutch.• Much of the foreign population is made up of other Europeans (5 percent), Indonesians (2 percent), Turks (2 percent), Surinamers (2 percent), Moroccans (2 percent), and Antilleans and Arubans (1 percent).http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5 &wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Population&snid=3"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 12. Language• The official language is Dutch, a Germanic language.• English, German, and French are commonly understood and spoken and are taught in secondary school.• A form of Dutch is known as Flemish and is spoken in a region of Belgium called Flanders.• On the Caribbean islands of Sint Maarten, Saba, Bonaire, and Sint Eustatius, English is the official language.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_section s.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&s name=Language&snid=4"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 16 Jan 2013.
  • 13. Religion• Almost 30 percent of the population is Roman Catholic.• 20 percent is Protestant• 5.8 percent is Muslim• 2 percent belongs to other churcheshttp://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_se ctions.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Neth erlands&sname=Religion&snid=5"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 14. General Attitudes• It’s official name is the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but a lot of people know the country as Holland.• By peoples reputation, the people in the south are more gregarious.• The social status is measured mostly by occupation.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_se ctions.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Neth erlands&sname=General_Attitudes&snid=6"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 15. Personal Appearance• European peoples fashions are popular in the Netherlands.• Professionals wear long pants to work, but in their free time they wear almost anything.• Shorts and tank tops are common in the summer, and head-to-toe waterproof gear is worn when it rains.• Traditional attire is rarely worn.• Dutch people are famous for wooden shoes.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sectio ns.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands &sname=Personal_Appearance&snid=7"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 16. Greetings• A handshake is an appropriate greeting for both men and women.• It is common for friends to kiss on alternating cheeks three times when they greet.• Some people might wave if they greet each other from a distance, shouting isn’t polite.• Younger people use first names while talking to each other.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sectio ns.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands &sname=Greetings&snid=8"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 17. Gestures• Eye contact and facial expressions are important.• You have to cover your mouth when you yawn.• It’s impolite to chew gum while speaking.• Pointing your index finer to the forehead implies that someone is crazy and is an insult.• Moving your index finger emphasizes a point.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sectio ns.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands &sname=Gestures&snid=9"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 18. Visiting• The Dutch are hospitable and enjoy having visitors.• Unannounced visits aren’t common.• If there isn’t a time stated for an evening visit,it is normal to arrive after 8:30 p.m. and you leave before midnight.• Guests shake hands with everyone there, including children.• Dinner guests usually give the host a bottle of wine and the hostess some flowers.• Social visiting is very important on birthdays.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?c ontid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Visiting &snid=26"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 19. Eating• They usually eat three meals a day.• Dinner is the main meal.• It is considered important to wash your hands before eating and being at the table on time.• It’s impolite to start eating before others.• It’s proper to keep hands above the table.• You can leave the table only after everyone is done eating.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5 &wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Eating&snid=10"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 20. Family• They have strong, small families.• Immigrants usually have larger families.• Grandparents often watch their grandchildren instead of the children going to a babysitter.• Children are expected to help around the house.• Children move out and live on their own at 18.• Mothers get sixteen weeks of maternity leave.• 50 percent of the women work.• There is discrimination against women.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5 &wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Family&snid=11"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 21. Housing• Houses are always constructed of reddish-brown brick and clay tiles.• Sometimes people live in farmhouses.• Oak floors are popular.• Available housing is rare.• Houses are more expensive in the western part of the country, and cheapest is in the northeast.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sectio ns.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands &sname=Housing&snid=27"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 22. Dating and Marriage• Teenagers start dating in secondary school.• Girls often start earlier than boys.• Couples usually know each other from a sports club, church, music club, or neighborhood, but school is the most common place for younger couples to meet.• Students atauniversity typically have the most active dating lives.• Working singles usually date people they meet through work or work contacts.• These singles also have less time on the weekend to socialize, so they often go to online dating services.• Before the wedding the couple usually have bachelor or bachelorette parties.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?co ntid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Dating_a nd_Marriage&snid=12"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 23. Life Cycle• Most of the women give birth at a hospital.• Children are often named after their grandparents.• When the baby is born, the parents give out a birth announcement to family and friends.• A nurse will help the parents with the baby for about 2 weeks.• When you turn 18 you aren’t a minor anymore.• It is common for the children to live with their parents until they get married.• Turning 50 is a big celebration.• When there is a death of a family member an obituary is placed in one of the national newspapers.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5 &wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Life_Cycle&snid=28"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 24. Diet• Bread or toast with jelly, Dutch cheese or cold cuts, boiled eggs, and coffee or tea are the most common foods for breakfast.• The most popular breads include multigrain and dark-grain varieties.• Children often eat hot cereal for breakfast.• A usual meal may be groentesoep (vegetable soup), gekookteaardappelen (boiled potatoes), karbonade (a pork chop), bloemkool (cauliflower), and yoghurtvla (yogurt pudding).• Seafood is an important part of the diet; herring and eel are some favorites.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5 &wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Diet&snid=13"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 25. Recreation• The most popular sport is soccer.• The most popular forms of exercise for both male and female are cardio fitness and weight training at the gym.• Local foundations help families that cant afford sports activities for their children.• The average worker receives a month of paid vacation every year.• During the winter people go on skiing trips in Austria or Germany.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sectio ns.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands &sname=Recreation&snid=14"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 26. The arts• There are more than six hundred museums.• The Dutch school of painting was a major influence.• Artists also explore such media as performance art and photography.• The Dutch also have a long tradition in literature, as well as folk art, music, and dance.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_se ctions.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Neth erlands&sname=The_Arts&snid=15"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 27. Holidays• St. Nicholas Day• Christmas• Little Flag Day• Carnival celebrationshttp://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_count ry_sections.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=11 1&cn=Netherlands&sname=Holidays&snid=16"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 28. Government• The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy made up of four countries: the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten.• Queen Beatrix is the head of state and oversees the affairs of the kingdom.• In the Netherlands, the prime minister is head of government.• Amsterdam is the capital, but the government is headquartered at The Hague.• Legislation can be introduced either by the crown or the lower house of parliament.• Members of parliaments 75-seat upper house are elected by the nations 12 provincial councils.• The voting age is 18.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?c ontid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&sname=Govern ment&snid=18"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 29. Economy• Have a stable economy.• Inflation and unemployment are moderate.• The Netherlands grows over half of the world’s flower exports.• Tourism and banking are key sectors of the economy.• Before they had the currency euro, they had guilder, which is also known as the florin.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sectio ns.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands &sname=Economy&snid=19"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 30. Transportation and Communications• The public transportation system in the Netherlands is one of Europe’s best.• Most people own cars and prefer to use them daily.• They are divided into zones for public transportation.• Communications system is well maintained.• Radio and television stations are privately owned.• Almost 90 percent of the population uses the internet.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_se ctions.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Neth erlands&sname=Transportation_and_Communications &snid=20"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 31. Education• The society considers education a high priority.• Students are placed in one of four secondary school levels based on the results of a standardized test taken the last year of primary school.• All students study the same 15 subjects.• Students graduate from secondary school between the ages of 16 and 18.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sectio ns.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands &sname=Education&snid=21"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.
  • 32. Health• Medical facilities are excellent.• Health insurance is mandatory.• People earning less than a certain amount, the government partially covers insurance and health care.• People making more than that amount must buy private insurance.• The government also provides unemployment and disability benefits.• Cancer and heart disease are the two biggest health concerns.http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_section s.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=111&cn=Netherlands&s name=Health&snid=22"Netherlands." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 17 Jan 2013.

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