Laptops can be used for independent work and guided practice work.
Mobile devices and e-readers can be used for guided reading time.
Teachers are guiding instruction in a whole group format and a small group format and can integrate technology in the mini-lesson. (e.g. using a document camera, using an interactive whiteboard to map a story together).
Instructional Design and Conceptual Model Theory Stance
This theory is based on
conceptual knowledge formation
procedural knowledge development
Using technology is applicable to both elements of this theory.
Resources Consulted Alesandrini, K., & Larson, L. (2002). Teachers bridge to constructivism. The Clearing House, 75 (3), 8-22 Chatti, M. (Photographer). (2010). 3p model. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://mohmedamincchatti.blogspot.com/2007/09/3p- learning-model.html. Keene, E., & Zimmerman, C. (2007). Mosaic of thought: the power of comprehension strategy. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Kim, K.W. (2011). Changes in Student Motivation during Online Learning. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 44(1), 1-23
Resources Consulted Roberts, S., Conn, C., Loir, L., Hunt, E., & Duffy, A. (2003). Not another id model. TechTrends , 47(4) Tennyson, R. (1986). An empirically based instructional design theory for teaching concepts. Review of Educational Research, 56 (1), 40-71.