CCI Symposium - Culture and society veridical, material, compositional - Tony BennettPresentation Transcript
TONY BENNETTCENTRE FOR CULTURAL RESEARCHUNIVERSITY OF WESTERN SYDNEY
Compositional perspectiveToews, David (2009) “The new Tarde: sociology after the end of the social,” Theory, Culture & Society 20, no. 5.
Michel Callon, Chains of translation There isn’t a reality on the one hand, and a re- presentation of that reality on the other. Rather, there are chains of translation. Chains of translation of varying lengths. And varying kinds. Chains which link things to texts, texts to things, and things to people. And so on.
Distribution of Australian classesacross the space of lifestyles Axe 2 0.8 0.4 Sales and Clerical W Professionals Manual Workers Para-professionals Axe 1 Supervisors 0 Ow n Account Workers Small Employers Managers Employers -0.4 -0.8 -0.5 0 0.5 1.0
Distribution of British classesacross the space of lifestyles 12 Occupational Classes, Plane 1-2 Factor 2 - 3.86 % 1.50 12 occupational classes, Plane 1-2 0.75 Low er technician Low er managerial Ow n account w orkers E ployers large orga m Routine occupations Semi-routine occupat Intermediate occupat 0 Low er supervisory Higher prof essional E ployers sm m all orga Low er prof es/high te Higher supervisory -0.75 -1.0 -0.5 0 0.5 1.0 Factor 1 - 5.33 %
Michel Foucault, Hermeneutics ofthe Subject First, there has to be a set of values ‘with a minimum degree of coordination, subordination and hierarchy’ ; Second, these values have to be ‘given both as universal but also as only accessible to a few’ so as to produce ‘a mechanism of selection and exclusion’. Third , ‘a number of precise and regular forms of conduct are necessary for individuals to be able to reach these values,’ Fourth, the techniques for acquiring those values have to be taught, transmitted, and validated as parts of the operation of a ‘field of knowledge’
Ontological politicsLaw, John and John Urry (2004) ‘Enacting the social’, Economy and Society, 33 (3), 390-410. Thomas Osborne and Nikolas Rose (2008) ‘Populating sociology: Carl Saunders and the problem of population’, Sociological Review, 56 (4), 552-578
Bruno Latour, Reassembling theSocial Culture does not act surreptitiously behind the actor’s back. This most sublime production is manufactured at specific places and institutions, be it the messy offices of the top floor of Marshal Sahlins’s house on the Chicago campus or the thick Area Files kept in the Pitts River (sic) museum in Oxford.
The ‘material turn’
Museums and materialities
The relational museum Museums emerge through thousands of relationships …; through the experiences of anthropological subjects, collectors, curators, lecturers, and administrators, among others, and these experiences have always been mediated and transformed by the material world, by artefacts, letters, trains, ships, furniture, computers, display labels, and so on. No one person or group of people can completely control the identity of a museum. Museums have multiple authors, who need not be aware of their role nor even necessarily of being willing contributors. But, however else each person’s involvement differs, all of their relationships cohere around things. It is objects that have drawn people together, helped to define their interactions, and made them relevant to the Museum.
Object biographies and Indigenousagency
Shape of the world (1)
Shape of the world (1)
Bildung and aesthetic technologies Reinhart Koselleck, (2002) ‘On the anthropological and semantic structure of Bildung’6, in The Practice of Conceptual History: Timing History, Spacing Concepts. Stanford, C.A.: Stanford University Press.
The ‘cultural city’
Electricity, culture, and the city
Jane Lydon (2005) Eye Contact: PhotographingIndigenous Australians, Duke University Press