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Slides from Introduction to IPv6

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The Internet industry is undergoing a fundamental change as it transitions from IPv4 to IPv6. These slides are from the May 2011 webcast which provided an introduction to IPv6, covering the various …

The Internet industry is undergoing a fundamental change as it transitions from IPv4 to IPv6. These slides are from the May 2011 webcast which provided an introduction to IPv6, covering the various issues and concerns about this new protocol, as well as the opportunities it offers.

The webcast featured Limor Schafman and Dale Geesey, IPv6 experts, discussing what IPv6 is, why it’s different, its advantages, the transition period from IPv4 and how organizations should start preparing.

You can view the webcast on the Commtouch Slideshare page.

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  • 1. An Introduction to IPv6Slides from May 2011 webcast
  • 2. 2
    View the recorded webcast on SlideShare at…
    http://www.slideshare.net/Commtouch/an-introduction-to-ipv6
    on
  • 3. Topics Covered
    Review of IPv4
    What is IPv6
    Impact of IPv6
    Issues you need to understand
    Insights on the opportunities IPv6 will offer
  • 4. Speakers
    Limor SchafmanPresident, KeystoneTech Group
    Expertise in mobile & wireless, video games, digital media, advertising, hardware development & software systems
    Frequent conference speaker & moderator
    Co-founder and Chair Emeritus of the IPv6 Forum Israel Chapter
    Former host of thought leadership web shows including DigIn! Radio and Crash Course
    Dale GeeseyCOO, Auspex Technologies
    Security, networking and IT professional focused on IPv6 and Cyber Security
    Specializes in the introduction of advanced and next gen technologies
    20 years working with the US federal government, DoD & telecom carriers
    Supporting government IPv6 Transition activities since 2004
    Frequent speaker at Internet and technology events
    www.diginblog.com
    www.auspextech.com
  • 5. Have a question?
    Send questions to: IPv6@commtouch.com
    Responses posted: http://blog.commtouch.com
  • 6. Session:
    An Introduction to IPv6
    Limor Schafman
    Dale Geesey
    Speakers:
  • 7. What is IPv6
    IPv6 – Internet Protocol version 6
    Exists many years
    Gaining increased public knowledge
  • 8. The History of Internet Protocol
  • 9. The History of Internet Protocol
    Packet switching developed in the 50’s & 60’s
    First versions of IP introduced in the 70’s for US Department of Defense programs
    Highly survivable communications system
    Production use in the 80’s on US DARPANET and then the Internet
    90s saw the explosion of IP use on the Internet
    Easier more economical than other networks
  • 10. The History of Internet Protocol
    Too few addresses initially selected
    Didn’t realize how big Internet would get
    Arbitrarily selected 232
    About 4.3 Billion addresses
    Internet initially an experiment
  • 11. The History of Internet Protocol
    Nobody imagined what the Internet would become
    Did not envision the number and types of devices that would connect to the Internet
    2014 – 50 Billion individual elements on the Internet
  • 12. The History of Internet Protocol
    With IPv4 didn’t know where Internet was going
    IPv4
  • 13. The History of Internet Protocol
    With IPv4 didn’t know where Internet was going
    Today similar questions of where Internet will go in the future
    IPv4
    IPv6
  • 14. The History of Internet Protocol
    With IPv4 didn’t know where Internet was going
    Today similar questions of where Internet will go in the future
    Exponentialgrowth
    IPv6
    IPv4
    IPv6
  • 15. The end of IPv4?
  • 16. ICANN IPv4 Addresses
    4.3 Billion IPv4 addresses
    are running out
  • 17. The end of IPv4?
    Africa
    United States, Canada, parts of theCaribbean
    Asia Pacific
    Latin America, parts of theCaribbean
    Europe, Middle East, Central Asia
    ISPs, companies, etc.
  • 18. The end of IPv4?
    February 2011
    Africa
    United States, Canada, parts of theCaribbean
    Asia Pacific
    Latin America, parts of theCaribbean
    Europe, Middle East, Central Asia
    ISPs, companies, etc.
  • 19. The end of IPv4?
    February 2011
    6 month supply or less
    ISPs, companies, etc.
  • 20. The end of IPv4?
    Grey market has emerged to trade and sell IPv4 addresses
    ISPs
    Companies
    OtherBodies
    • Creates inefficiencies in routing
    • 21. Increases cost of business
  • Will we find ourselves unable toconnect to the Internet?
  • 22. Connecting to Internet
    NAT – Network Address Translation
    NAT
    Public IP
    Address
  • 23. Connecting to Internet
    NAT – Network Address Translation
    NAT
    Public IP
    Address
  • 24. Connecting to Internet
    Today often have 10s of thousands of people using one IP address
    With fewer IP addresses, this will become harder, resulting in
    Potential for breakages – won’t be able to connect
    More layered devices to allow more to connect, at a cost of lower quality for services
    Won’t see a collapse of Internet access, but will affect value added services
  • 25. What is IPv6
  • 26. What is IPv6
    Developed in early 90s
    First version out in mid-to-late 90s
    Continues to be developed
    Designed to overcome limitations in IPv4
  • 27. What is IPv6
    First issue was to deal with addressing
    Went from 232 to 2128
    IPv4 Addresses
    IPv6 Addresses
    4.3 Billion
    (4.3×109)
    340 Undecillion
    (3.4×1038)
    4,300,000,000
    340,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
  • 28. What is IPv6
    Security another major issue to deal with
    IPsec was retrofitted to IPv4, but built in to IPv6 from the start
    On the technical side…
    Introduced fixed headers to enable new capabilities not possible with IPv4
    Extension Headers to enable a new stream of innovations
  • 29. Impacts of IPv6
  • 30. Impacts of IPv6
    Ability to develop networks that provide less gatekeepers in the way
    IPv6 global addressing enables you to…
    Minimize devices
    Minimize delay
    Simplify development
    Headers allow development of new quality and streaming services
  • 31. IPv6 Myths & Concerns
  • 32. Myths & Concerns
    Concern – it’s new
    Less experience deploying
    New code to develop
    Don’t have same time to understand and work out bugs
    Concern – Training and understanding
    There are differences – lack of IPv6 expertise
    Concern – Idea of using globally routed addresses
    Uncomfortable for some security professionals
  • 33. Myths & Concerns
    Most networks already have IPv6
    Need to be aware of this
  • 34. IPv6 Deployment
  • 35. IPv6 Deployment
    Deployed since late 90s early 2000s
    Large deployment last 4-5 years
    Most major carriers offer IPv6
    Most operating systems, many applications support IPv6
    A number of service and content providers offer IPv6 services
    Examples: Google, Netflix, Facebook
  • 36. Impact on Service Providers
  • 37. Impact on Service Providers
    Need to be looking at IPv6 if you’re not yet
    Demand from IPv6 will come from government agencies and organizations
    Eventually demand from businesses and consumer users
    If you’re a service provider need to look at
    How to fit IPv6 into your infrastructure
    Strategically, what new services will IPv6 enable you to offer
  • 38. Impact on Service Providers
    IPv6 offers a product and market opportunity
    Will impact on a product, strategic and business development basis
    Types of services to offer
    Types of customers to seek out to take advantage of new opportunities
    Your infrastructure needs to support end-user demand
    Video streaming, voice, and other new capabilities
  • 39. Opportunities for Security Vendors
  • 40. Opportunities for Security Vendors
    Tremendous room for growth
    Will help governments, businesses, service providers to implement policies
    Some of the pieces will be the same as IPv4, such as firewalls
    Some of the ways we do security will change, such as spam filtering
    Greater move to host-based security
  • 41. Opportunities for Security Vendors
    IPv6 is the perfect protocol for implementing cloud-based solutions
    Security will be an essential part of this
  • 42. Transitioning to IPv6
  • 43. Transitioning to IPv6
    Many resources available, such as Regional Internet Registries
    ARIN: http://www.getipv6.info/index.php/Main_Page
    APNIC: http://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program
    RIPE: http://www.ripe.net/lir-services/resource-management/ipv6
    AfriNIC: http://www.afrinic.net/IPv6/index.htm
    LACNIC: http://portalipv6.lacnic.net/en
  • 44. Transitioning to IPv6
    You need an IPv6 transition plan
    Map out what you have today, what you need to do and how you need to do it
    TRANSITION
    IPV6
    IPV4
  • 45. Transitioning to IPv6
    You need an IPv6 transition plan
    Map out what you have today, what you need to do and how you need to do it
    Short term:
    Get interoperable with IPv6 very quickly, even if you don’t support new features
    Long term:
    Plan for how you’re going to do things in the future
    Simplify, cut costs and improve performance
  • 46. Final Thoughts
  • 47. Final Thoughts
    If you haven’t started implementing IPv6, then its critical that you start
    Implement something to gain experience and understand IPv6
    Make sure all equipment you buy today is IPv6 enabled
    Does it have capabilities that you need
    Plan
    Try
    Buy Correctly
  • 48. Thank you to
    Limor Schafman
    www.diginblog.com
    Dale Geeseywww.auspextech.com
  • 49. 49
    View the recorded webcast on SlideShare at…
    http://www.slideshare.net/Commtouch/an-introduction-to-ipv6
    on
  • 50. Send questions to: IPv6@commtouch.com
    Responses posted: http://blog.commtouch.com
  • 51. Look for our next IPv6 webcast:
    IPv6 Spam, Malware and Web Threats