THE BOOK OF PSALMS An IntroductionMetro Manila Christian Church Makati Sector 12 September 2012
Introduction• The Book of Psalms is awesome!Question: What is your favourite psalm?• One of the most famous psalm (if not abused) is Psalm 23.• Next one would be Psalm 100.
Why study the Psalms? (1)1. Consider Jesus and the Apostles• Jesus’ understanding of Psalms (Luke 24:44)• Jesus’ use of Psalms – In his debate with the Pharisees, he cited Psalm 110 (Matthew 22:43-44) to show that David spoke of Him in the Psalms. – After the Last Supper, Jesus and his disciples sang a hymn (Matthew 26:30) – traditionally – Hallel series, Psalms 113-118.
Why study the Psalms? (2)• Paul mentioned importance of the OT (Romans 15:4, 1 Corinthians 10:11)• Peter’s use of them in the NT (Acts 2:25-28, 34-35); and his use of Psalm 16:8-11 as proof that Jesus must be raised from the dead.• The Psalms are quoted more frequently in the NT than any other book of the OT (100 direct references from the Psalms in the NT).
Why study the Psalms? (3)2. Consider the early Church•Paul’s letter to Timothy – reading of Scripturewas to play an important role in the assembledworship of the saints.“Until I come, devote yourself to the publicreading of Scripture, to preaching and toteaching.” 1 Timothy 4:13
Why study the Psalms? (4)• Early Christianity was practiced in the temple and in the homes of believers (Acts 2:46).“When you come together, everyone has a hymn, or a word of instruction, a revelation, a tongue or an interpretation. All of these must be done for the strengthening of the church.”1 Corinthians 14:26
Why study the Psalms? (5)“Be filled with the Spirit. Speak to one anotherwith psalms, hymns and spiritual songs.”Ephesians 5:18b-19a“Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly as youteach and admonish one another with allwisdom, and as you sing psalms, hymns andspiritual songs with gratitude in your hearts toGod.” Colossians 3:16
What kind of book is Psalms? (1)• A book of praise – to assist us in our praise of God• A book of prayer – to learn how to approach God and respond to God• A book of songs – to record and exemplify music dedicated to God• A book of evidences – to strengthen our faith in Jesus Christ
What kind of book is Psalms? (2)• A book of living – to act as “training guide” for righteous and holy living• It is an inspired collection – inspired by the Holy Spirit. It comes down to us because God intends for it to be in the Bible (2 Timothy 3:16-17).
Temple Setting Context (1)• Most psalms are associated with Temple cult – organized worship or religious expression – during the time of Solomon.• The main effect of Temple worship was “centralization”. The venue became the Jerusalem temple and not the local “high places” (1 Chronicles 16:4-7).
Temple Setting Context (2)• The Psalms were written for singing and were intended for public worship in Israel’s temple. They were not merely poems as they also contain lyrics.• The Psalms were composed to be sung as communal expressions of praise and joy (1 Chronicles 15:16, 23:5, 30).Question: How is our public and private worship? How is our fellowship with God?
Relevance of the Temple today• Just like the Book of Psalms, it is a way to “fellowship” with God. It is a way to be with God.• God did everything to show that He wants to be with us!• God wants to show each and everyone of us that He to fellowship with us!Question: Do you want a deeper fellowship with God?
A Progression Of Fellowship (1)1. PURPOSEFUL CREATION“From one man he made every nation of men,that they should inhabit the whole earth; and hedetermined the times set for them and theexact places where they should live. God did thisso that men would seek him and perhaps reachout for him and find him, though he is not farfrom each one of us.” Acts 17:26-27
A Progression Of Fellowship (2)2. THE PILLAR OF CLOUD“After leaving Succoth, they camped at Etham onthe edge of the desert. By day the LORD wentahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them ontheir way and by night in a pillar of fire to give themlight, so that they could travel by day or night.Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar offire by night left its place in front of the people.”Exodus 13:21-22
A Progression Of Fellowship (3)3. THE ARK OF THE COVENANT“Have them make a chest of acacia wood – twoand a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide,and a cubit and half high…. There, above thecover between the two cherubim that over theark of the Testimony, I will meet with you andgive you all my commands for the Israelites.Exodus 25:10-22
A Progression Of Fellowship (4)4. THE TABERNACLE“Then Moses set up the courtyard around thetabernacle and altar and put up the curtain atthe entrance to the courtyard. And so Mosesfinished the work. Then the cloud covered theTent of Meeting, and the glory of the LORD filledthe tabernacle.” Exodus 40:33-34
A Progression Of Fellowship (5)5. THE TEMPLE“The waves of death swirled about me; thetorrents of destruction overwhelmed me. Thecords of the grave coiled around me; the snaresof death confronted me. In my distress, I calledto the LORD; I called out to my God. From histemple he heard my voice; my cry came to hisears.” 2 Samuel 22:5-7
A Progression Of Fellowship (6)6. THE INCARNATION (God Among Us)“The Word became flesh and made his dwellingamong us. We have seen his glory, the glory of theOne and Only, who came from the Father, full ofgrace and truth.” John 1:14“They were all filled with awe and praised God. ‘Agreat prophet has appeared among us,’ they said.‘God has come to help his people.’” Luke 7:16
A Progression Of Fellowship (7)7. THE INDWELLING (God In Us)“And I will ask the Father, and he will give youanother Counselor to be with you forever – theSpirit of truth.” John 14:16-17a“Do you not know that your body is a temple of theHoly Spirit, who is in you, whom you have receivedfrom God? You are not your own.” 1 Corinthians6:19
Conclusion1. From the OT to NT, there is a “continuation” of God wanting to be with His people!2. God’s passion is to be with people!3. He wants to be with You!4. God built us to fellowship with Him!5. The Book of Psalms is one proof of how God wants to fellowship with us!!!
Life Application StuffGroup Discussion Questions:1.What is keeping you from fellowship withGod?2.What can I do to help my fellowship with Godto be special and intimate?