City of Los Angeles Integrated Water Resources Plan

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City of Los Angeles Integrated Water Resources Plan

  1. 1. Leading the way to clean, green and sustainable City through integration, innovation and collaborationOctober 5, 2011
  2. 2. Los Angeles City Departments Sanitation, Engineering, Water & Power Planning, Recreation and Parks, etcPartner Agencies US Army Corps of Engineers, State Transportation  Department, Los Angeles County, Neighboring Cities State Water Resources and Regional BoardsPartner Community Groups Heal the Bay, TreePeople, Council for Watershed  Health Neighborhood Councils, Community Associations, etc 2
  3. 3. CITY OF LOS ANGELES Population served – 4 million 600 sq. mi. service area 29 contract agencies servedBUREAU OF SANITATION Our Mission: “Protect Public Health and the Environment”
  4. 4. Clean Water Program (Wastewater Program) 4 Wastewater Treatment Plants  550 mgd capacity 6,700 miles of sewer 47 wastewater pumping plant  Invested over $6.3 billion  over the last 25 years
  5. 5. Watershed Protection Program  Los Angeles River Drainage Area(Stormwater Program) 1,200 miles of pipes Ballona Creek and 100 miles of open channels Other Urban Drainage  Areas 38,000 catch basins Dominguez  Part of 4 watersheds Channel LA Harbor $0.5 billion program (Prop “O”)  Drainage Area since 2004
  6. 6. City of Los Angeles Sources of Water 85% of water is imported
  7. 7. “Our future depends on our willingness to adopt an ethic of sustainability. If we don’t commit ourselves to conserving and recycling water, we will tap ourselves out.” ‐Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa
  8. 8. Climate ChangePollutionGrowthAging infrastructureLimited water supplies RegulationsLack of funding
  9. 9. …manage our water effectively, sustainably & responsibly Wastewater in LA – 300 MG a day goes to the ocean Storm water in LA – 100 MG on dry day;  > 3 BG on rainy day Groundwater – BGs in water (contaminated)
  10. 10. “All the Water that will ever be is, right now.”National Geographic 1993 ONE WATER
  11. 11. A stakeholder driven process over 7‐year period More than 200 meetings  to engage the public Stakeholders represented  over 1.5 million residentsFacilities plan that consists of infrastructure and programs to be built and in‐place in time to meet the needs of the City’s wastewater, stormwater and recycled water systems towards 2020Integrating planning and implementation to achieve multiple benefits and leverage resources.
  12. 12. Facilities Financial Plan Plan Public EnvironmentalOutreach Documentation
  13. 13. Financial Planning Identify  Identify  Perform  Perform  Evaluate  Evaluate  Prepare  Prepare  Funding  Funding  Affordabilit Affordabilit Rate Rate Financial Financial Options Options y Analysis y Analysis Impacts Impacts Plan Plan Develop  Develop  Develop  Develop  and  and  Prepare CIP  Prepare CIP  Identify Preliminary  Refine  Facilities Planning Confirm  Identify Preliminary  Refine  Screen to and  Confirm  Shortfalls Alternatives  Alternatives  Screen to and  Data: Shortfalls Alternatives  Alternatives  Final  Implementa Data: and Options and  with City  Final  Implementa General and  and Options and  with City  Alternatives tion General and  to Meet do Initial  Models Alternatives tion Element to Meet do Initial  Models Plan Element Screenings Plan Specific Screenings Specific Environmental Planning Perform Perform Develop Develop Baseline Baseline Alternative Alternative Environ‐ Environ‐ Certify Certify Draft Draft Data Data Descriptions Descriptions mental mental EIR EIR EIR/EIS EIR/EIS Analysis Analysisand Education Outreach  Public 
  14. 14. Reach out to an even broader cross‐section of L.A. communities / interestsExpand the knowledge base by cultivating a more informedcommunityBuild trust through open and honest communication
  15. 15. City Departments  Sanitation, Engineering, Water & Power Others: Planning, Recreation and Parks, etcPartner Organizations County, US Army Corps of Engineers, State  Transportation Department, Neighboring Cities Permittees 1
  16. 16. Protect Health and Safety of Public Effectively Manage System Capacity Protect the EnvironmentIRP Enhance Cost Efficiency Protect Quality of Life Promote Education
  17. 17. Multi Purpose Cost-Benefit Tool22
  18. 18. Julie Inouye Vista Del Mar Neighborhood Association “Thank you for being leaders in this ‘New Direction’ for the City of L.A. Now, let’s make our ideas become reality!” Cindy O’Connor League of Women Voters, Los Angeles“Exactly the way public business should be done.”
  19. 19. Domingo F. Leon Society of Hispanic Engineers “It was a great honor for me to represent the Hispanic constituents in the IRP to assess the future of the L.A.” Mark Gold Heal the Bay (NGO) “Heal the Bay is eager tohelp the City implement this progressive vision.”
  20. 20. Water Reclamation: Use  Expand &  up to 56,000 acre‐feet  upgrade**  Tillman to  per year (~18,000 mg/y) 100 mgd City of Los Angeles Runoff Reduction,  Treatment and Beneficial  Use (Prop O & LID) Water Conservation – Increase efforts*Percent of runoff from ½ inch storm Citywide**Dependent on permit requirements
  21. 21. Additional conservation of 64,000 AF by 2035 (in addition to 100,000 AF achieved) 155 smart controllers have been  installed at 67 City Parks, saving  approx. 12% in water usage  Waterfree urinals installed at: Dodger Stadium , Staples Center All LA City Colleges and many universities City facilities (City Hall, Pershing Square,  and LADWP Headquarters)  Rebates increased for weather‐based  irrigation controllers, high efficiency  toilets & urinals, and cooling tower  pH controllers Rebates for drip Irrigation and  drought tolerant landscaping (Save 4,400 AF in 10 years)
  22. 22. 59,000 AFY by 2035Groundwater replenishment with advanced treated wastewater Requires upgrading Tillman Plant  Supply of at least 15,000 AFY by 2019 Expand recycled water distribution for irrigation  and industrial use through “purple pipe” networks
  23. 23. Restoration of up to 110,000 AFY groundwater supplies Planned groundwater cleanup crucial to fully utilize the San Fernando Basin 
  24. 24. 10,000 AFY capture and reuse, and 15,000 AFY increased groundwater production by 2035Green StreetsOnsite capture, infiltration & useLow Impact Development  (LID) Ordinance
  25. 25. The Water IRP was one of the first steps taken  towards a more sustainable City.  Other programs followed… The City’s Water Supply Action Plan The Recycled Water Master Plan The City’s Green Building Program The City’s Green Street ProgramTHE DRY GARDEN: HARVESTING RAINNovember 11, 2009 | By Emily Green“It stands to reason that some of the most progressiveenvironmentalists in Los Angeles work for the Departmentof Public Works’ Bureau of Sanitation. They are the frontline between what we discard and the environment.”
  26. 26. Incorporating LID Strategies and Techniques into stormwater management Developed an LID ordinance for development and redevelopments to capture,  infiltrate and use the first ¾ of rain on siteTreats Polluted UrbanTreats Polluted Urban Increases Water Supply: Increases Water Supply: Energy Use & Climate Energy Use & ClimateRunoff:Runoff: Change: Change: LID projects in L.A. County  LID projects in L.A. County Nearly 40% of the county’s  Nearly 40% of the county’s  could save 41,000—83,000  could save 41,000—83,000  Greater reliance on local water  Greater reliance on local water needs for cleaning polluted  needs for cleaning polluted  AF/year of imported water  supply instead of pumping from  AF/year of imported water  supply instead of pumping from runoff could be met by LID  runoff could be met by LID  (groundwater recharge). (groundwater recharge). distant locations would save  distant locations would save projects on existing public  projects on existing public lands. NRDC, August 2008 NRDC, August 2008 72,000—233,500 MWH of  72,000—233,500 MWH of  lands.Community Conservancy Intl, Mar ‘08Community Conservancy Intl, Mar ‘08 energy per year.  energy per year.  NRDC, August 2008 NRDC, August 2008
  27. 27. Green Street Standards S‐480‐0: General requirements  for Green Streets  S‐481‐0: Parkway swale  in major/secondary highways  S‐482‐0: Parkway swale  Riverdale Ave – in local/collector streets  Vegetated Stormwater Curb Extension (VSCE) S‐483‐0: Parkway swale  with no street parking  S‐484‐0:  Vegetated Stormwater  Curb Extension (VSCE)  S‐485‐0: Interlocking pavers  for vehicular alleys  Hope St – Parkway Swale S‐486‐0: Interlocking pavers  for pedestrian alleys
  28. 28. Green Streets Standards
  29. 29. The City of LA contributes to  City offour major watersheds Los Angeles Los Angeles River Santa Monica Bay Ballona Creek Dominguez Channel Conveys . . . Over 100 MG/day of Dry‐Weather Flow  (72MGD from treatment plants) Average Annually 172,000 acre‐feet/yr  (based on 15‐in of rainfall within the City) * Enough to serve 880 homes for 1 year
  30. 30. 18 TMDLs are currently adopted by RWQCB‐LA (affecting City)By 2012 all Consent Decree (EPA vs NRDC et al) TMDLs must be adoptedAdopted TMDLs Machado Lake Nutrient Los Angeles River Trash LA River Bacteria  Ballona Creek Trash  Dominguez Channel / LA Harbor  Metals and Toxics Santa Monica Bay Beaches Bacteria  (Dry  Weather)  Santa Monica Bay Nearshore  & Offshore Debris Santa Monica Bay Beaches Bacteria  (Wet  Weather)  Machado Lake Toxics LA River Nitrogen  Marina Del Rey Bacteria  TMDLs in Development LA Harbor Bacteria  Echo Park Lake Toxics Ballona Creek Metals Lincoln Park Lake Trash, nutrients LA River Metals Santa Monica Bay Toxics Ballona Creek Toxics Marina Del Rey Toxics Ballona Creek Bacteria  Machado Lake Trash
  31. 31. Goal: Scientific, reasonable, and attainable TMDLs Cleaner Rivers through Effective Stakeholder TMDLs (CREST) Conduct studies to provide information  for scientifically based TMDLs in  development stage, and for re‐openers  (e.g. Bacteria Source ID, TIE, WER) Regulations Jurisdictional Group Efforts   Conduct studies for adopted TMDLs  Non‐ Regulated such as algae effects, sediment  Governmental Community toxicity, non‐point source Organizations Develop and execute implementation  and compliance monitoring plans Cost share development and execution  of implementation and compliance  monitoring plans
  32. 32. California sets high barriers to new fundingIRP creates public awareness and supportLaw suit creates opportunityCampaign infrastructure provides The message makes the caseThe messenger creates credibilityThe campaign continues after the vote
  33. 33. City of Los Angeles $500 million  Clean Water Bond (2004) 27 water quality,  water  conservation, habitat protection,  and open space projects South LA Wetlands Park )  ’ s  es /B Imperial Highway  ch to A a  Before Median Greening  Be D ‘s at / lity   F  ua  from  Q n a ter oved ec tio d W e m r ot ce o ve  hav a t p  spa pr des bit pen Im ra a G d  h ed  o h  e as r e as eac re c (B Inc In Low Flow Diversions
  34. 34. Regional ProjectsMachado Lake Ecosystem Echo Park LakeRehabilitation Project Rehabilitation  Los Angeles Zoo Parking Lot ‐ Vegetated bio‐swale &  Permeable pavers Green Alley / Sun Valley Park Project ‐ Green Streets Infiltration galleries Program
  35. 35. 9‐acre Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) property transformed into wetland and riparian habitat525‐acre watershed area diverted and treated  in a 4‐acre stormwater treatment wetland  BeforeMulti‐beneficial use Educational opportunities Wildlife viewing Historical railway elements Community multi‐use center Historical building reutilization South LA Wetlands Park
  36. 36. Universally Accessible Playground Existing Box Storm Drain Dry Creek: Sand Filtration Decomposed Granite Pathways Turf: Sub‐Surface Irrigation Underdrain, Trash Screen, Pumps
  37. 37. Delivers water directly to root zonesNo contact between contaminated water and park patronsPotable water savingsWater demand as little as 20% of landscaping using traditional irrigation systems
  38. 38. Cost:  $3.3 millionDuration:  10 monthsCalifornia Proposition 50 Grant from the Santa Monica Bay Restoration Commission(Protecting Coastal Water Quality): $2 million
  39. 39. Chronic flooding Adopted watershed planLack of  Political and storm drain system agency supportAppropriate soils f Community Needor infiltration
  40. 40. To demonstrate and test our ability to: Reduce flooding and runoff Improve water quality  Recharge local groundwater Increase water conservation by  reducing irrigation  Promote community awareness Increase community pride
  41. 41. Installation of: Before After Rain barrels Rain garden  bioswales Porous pavements Infiltration galleries  under the streetFully infiltrates 40‐acre drainage area of a 2‐yr storm event16 ac‐ft groundwater recharge annually
  42. 42. Additional Information:  www.lacity.org www.lastormwater.orgFollow us on Facebook:   www.facebook.com/lastormwaterprogram

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