The English in North AmericaChristina VerhoevenHistory 140Professor Arguello<br />
American Colonies 6-Virginia<br />After the English conquered Ireland they decided to establish a colony across the Atlantic.<br />Virginia was named after queen Elizabeth I in honor of her virginity.<br />The English set up tobacco plantations and expanded into the Algonquian territories which led to many confrontations.<br />
American Colonies 6-Virginia<br />Promoters<br />The Promoters of the colonies were known as the “West Country Men.”<br />The promoters planned to send the peasants of England to work overseas to help rebuild England's declining economic and trade status.<br />
American Colonies 6-Virginia<br />Powhatan<br />Chief Powhatan ruled the Algonquian tribes in the 1600’s.<br />He maintained peace amongst the tribes by organizing annual hunts and hosting elaborate celebrations.<br />Powhatan also allowed conquered tribes to be governed by their own chiefs.<br />Encounter<br />The English and Algonquian designated gender roles were from opposite ends of the cultural spectrum.<br />Women were the agricultural laborers in the Algonquian tribes.<br />The English viewed themselves as racially and culturally superior to the Indians.<br />
American Colonies 6-Virginia<br />Tobacco<br />In the early 16oo’s, the Virginian Company, adopted a new way of transporting colonists across the Atlantic.<br />Emigrants who were willing to pay their own passage were allotted 50 acres a piece.<br />The cultivation and production of tobacco could not save the debt ridden Virginia Company, and it also displaced and relocated many of the Indian tribes.<br />
American Colonies 12-Middle Colonies<br />In the early 17th century the mid-Atlantic coast was ideal for farming<br />King Charles II hoped to expand England’s power in America.<br />England’s biggest competitors at the time were the Dutch.<br />The proprietary colonies were slowly converted into royal colonies.<br />
American Colonies 12-Middle Colonies<br />The Dutch Empire<br />The city of Amsterdam was the center of shipping, banking, insurance, printing and textile manufacturing in northern Europe.<br />The Dutch also maintained the greatest wealth and highest standard of living.<br />The Dutch colonies along the Hudson River were targeted by the French and English.<br />
American Colonies 12-Middle Colonies<br />Navigation Acts<br />The Navigation Acts had three major principles.<br />First, only English ships could trade with English colonies.<br />Second, all of the commodities produced in the colonies, had to be shipped back to England.<br />Third, European goods shipped to the colonies had to be shipped via England.<br />England’s overseas commerce expanded dramatically after the enforcement of these acts.<br />Covenant chain<br />After conquering New Netherland, the English took over the Dutch alliance and trade with the Iroquois Five Nations.<br />The covenant chain was formed by the English and Iroquois in hopes of conquering weaker Algonquian tribes and defending the frontier against French attacks.<br />The covenant was rarely honored by the New Yorkers, and the Iroquois were eventually over run by the French soldiers and Canadian militia.<br />
American Colonies 12-Middle Colonies<br />Diversity<br />The middle colonies were the most diverse of all the settlements in America.<br />The Dutch, Swedes, , Germans, Norwegians, and enslaved Africans were all inhabitants of the middle colonies.<br />These colonies were the most successful in avoiding political and religious violence.<br />
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