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Aitic cuts ldc-iv-dialogue-amb_maruping

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  • 1. AITIC + CUTS Preparing for UN – LDC IV LDCs: Trade and Development Challenges May 18, 2010 “ Reflections on Ways of Responding to LDCs Challenges: Overview” H. E. Dr Mothae A Maruping Mission of the Kingdom of Lesotho 04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 2. BPOA SUCCESS OR FAILURE
    • BPOA MIXED BAG:
    • SOME PROGRESS IN LDCs, MORE IN SOME THAN IN OTHERS
    • ONLY 3 LDCs GRADUATING ( CAPE VERDE, SAMOA, MALDIVES)
    • SO NOT EFFECTIVE ENOUGH TO BEAR CONVINCING RESULTS
    • NOT FULLY IMPLEMENTED (DOSAGE, TIMING, SEQUENCING)
    • NO RIGOROUS MONITORING AND EVALUATION MECHANISM
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 3. BACKGROUND: SERIES OF CRISES IN LDCs: CHALLENGES
    • UNSUSTAINABLE LEVELS OF DEBT
    • COMMODITIES PRICES
    • FOOD PRICES
    • ENERGY PRICES
    • GLOBAL FINANCIAL & ECONOMIC CRISES
    • CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 4. SERIES OF CRISES: THEIR CONSEQUENCES
    • ODA Levels Jeopardised
    • FDI Flows (slowed or halted or reversed)
    • Remittances flows declined
    • Net Export Revenues dropped
    • Domestically mobilised resources declined
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 5. SERIES OF CRISES: FURTHER CONSEQUENCES
    • Increased bankruptcies
    • Worsening external current account
    • Jeopardised External Reserves
    • Public Revenue base strained
    • Intensified threat of rising fiscal deficits
    • Looming danger of relapse into unsustainable levels of debt
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 6. SERIES OF CRISES: IMPLICATIONS OF THOSE CONSEQUENCES
    • Rising unemployment
    • Spreading and deepening poverty
    • Compromising of social safety nets
    • Unmet or partially met commitments by development partners
    • Slowed pace and frustrated efforts towards achievement of MDGs
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 7. UN LDCs IV: TACKLING ENORMOUS CHALLENGES AHEAD
    • WHAT IS REQUIRED:
    • Solid Programme with specifics
    • Ownership by LDCs
    • Firm Commitments
    • Genuine Team-work and working partnerships
    • Recognition & accommodation of differences
    • Prioritisation (not everything about everything)
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 8. PROCESS: GENUINE OWNERSHIP OF THE PROGRAMME
    • Genuine consultation of stakeholders:
    • Thorough consultation of the stakeholders
    • Process must be inclusive and participatory (relevant arms of government, private sector and civil society)
    • Process must be transparent
    • REAL LDCs OWNERSHIP AND NOT PRETENCE
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 9. PROCESS: TEAM WORK AND PARTNERSHIPS
    • In assisting LDCs in the Process Agencies should assume true team-work and refrain from usual competition :
    • Politically correct: Profession of collaboration – e.g. clusters
    • Reality: Competition
    • Desirable: Complementarity – synergies (adhere to TORs)
    • Working Partnerships would yield convincing programme
    • (LDCs, Developing and Developed Partner Countries and Agencies)
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 10. PROCESS: SEQUENCING
    • Technical work must precede political work in order to lay strong foundation
    • There has been a tendency to rush to the political level before thorough technical work
    • [ e.g. Satisfactory review of BPOA and mapping of way forward]
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 11. PROCESS: COORDINATION
    • Need for Co-ordination within LDCs among
    • Working Groups
    • Capital based
    • New York based
    • Geneva based
    • Groups where other major international organisations are located
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 12. CONTENT: PRIORITISATION
    • THE PROGRAMME SHOULD NOT TRY TO BE EVERYTHING AND ABOUT EVERYTHING
    • PRIORITISATION OF CRITICAL AREAS SHOULD YIELD BETTER RESULTS THAN BPOA
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 13. CONTENT: SPECIFICS
    • PROGRAMME SHOULD BE SUFFICIENTLY SPECIFIC (AVOID GENERALITIES):
    • PERHAPS THERE COULD BE:
    • OUTCOME DOCUMENT (ISTANBULL);
    • DOCUMENTS SPECIFYING STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMME OF ACTION
    • PROGRAMME OF ACTION SHOULD SPELL OUT CONCRETELY:
    • WHAT? HOW? BY WHOM? WITH WHAT? WHEN? WHY?
    • AND INCLUDE RISK ANALYSIS
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 14. CONTENT: DIFFERENT FEATURES OF LDCs
    • LDCs ECONOMIES DIFFER: Programme should accommodate uniqueness:
    • Anatomy (i.e. structure)
    • Physiology (i.e. functioning)
    • History (historical experiences)
    • Some are:
    • Post conflict but resource endowed
    • Size of the population
    • Already more advanced relatively than others and are growing at different rates
    • Landlocked
    • AMPLE POLICY SPACE IS NEEDED
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 15. CONTENT: CRITERIA AND TIME FRAME
    • Classification criteria: could be revisited
    • Timeframe of the Programme: could be reconsidered
    • Should it continue to be 10 years (5yrs x 2)
    • Or 12 years (4years x 3)
    • with thorough review every 4 years
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 16. CONTENT: MONITORING AND EVALUATION
    • TO BE MEANINGFUL THE NEW PROGRAMME SHOULD CONTAIN:
    • CLEAR ACCOUNTABILITY FRAMEWORK
    • MONITORING AND EVALUATION MECHANISM
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 17. IMPLEMENTATION: WORKING PARTNERSHIPS
    • WORKING PARTNERSHIPS SUCH AS THAT OF EIF ARE ESSENTIAL:
    • LDCs
    • DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AS LDCs DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS
    • AGENCIES
    • WITHIN LDCs:
    • Government
    • Private Sector
    • Civil Society
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 18. IMPLEMENTATION: LEVEL OF COMMITMENT
    • ALL PLAYERS SHOULD BE MORE COMMITTED THAN UNDER BPOA:
    • THIS IS MANIFESTED BY FAITHFUL FULFILLMENT OF PROMISES AND REALISATION OF PLEDGES MADE BY ALL PARTNERS RIGHT THROUGH THE PROGRAMME
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 19. IMPLEMENTATION: FACTORS TO PAY ATTENTION TO
    • THE NEW PROGRAMME SHOULD PAY ATTENTION TO:
    • GENDER
    • YOUTH
    • ENVIRONMENT
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 20. FINANCING OF THE PROGRAMME
    • ODA – ADDITIONAL AND HIGH QUALITY (SEPARATE FROM AFT AND EIF FOR LDCs) MINIMAL CONDITIONALITIES
    • FDI – CREATE NECESSARY CONDITIONS
    • REMITTANCES – FACILITATE MODE IV
    • MOBILISATION OF DOMESTIC RESOURCES
    • DEBT RELIEF
    • SPECIAL PACKAGES BY GLOBAL AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS ( WITH MINIMAL CONDITIONALITIES)
    • PRUDENT FISCAL, MONETARY & EXCHANGE RATE POLICIES
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 21. TRADE: LOCOMOTIVE OF ECONOMIC GROWTH
    • GRANT WHAT LDCs REQUEST UNDER
    • DDA (S & D):
    • DFQF MA
    • ROOs
    • NTBs
    • DELAYED PREFERENCE EROSION
    • TF
    • SERVICES WAIVER
    • ACCESSION (FOR THOSE LDCs STILL IN THE PROCESS)
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 22. PRODUCTIVE CAPACITIES
    • IN ORDER TO TRADE THERE HAS TO BE PRODUCTION (THAT TO BE TRADED HAS TO BE PRODUCED):
    • DEVELOP ENABLING ENVIRONMENT:
    • EFFECTIVE STATE INSTITUTIONS
    • GOOD GOVENANCE AND RULE OF LAW
    • PHYSICAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
    • TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER
    • UNIDO’s COMPETE, COMPLY, CONNECT (CCC)
    • SMEs DEVELOPMENT
    • PPPs
    • DIVERSIFICATION ( FOR CUSHIONING & RESILIENCE)
    • VALUE CHAINS
    • ETC,
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 23. STRATEGIES FOR VIABILITY
    • REGIONAL INTEGRATION
    • SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION TO SUPPLEMENT NORTH – SOUTH COOPERATION
    04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  • 24. THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION 04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho

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