AITIC  + CUTS Preparing for UN – LDC IV LDCs: Trade and Development Challenges May 18, 2010 “ Reflections on Ways of Respo...
BPOA SUCCESS OR FAILURE <ul><li>BPOA  MIXED BAG: </li></ul><ul><li>SOME PROGRESS IN LDCs, MORE IN SOME THAN IN OTHERS </li...
BACKGROUND: SERIES OF CRISES IN LDCs: CHALLENGES <ul><li>UNSUSTAINABLE LEVELS OF DEBT </li></ul><ul><li>COMMODITIES PRICES...
SERIES OF CRISES: THEIR CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>ODA Levels Jeopardised </li></ul><ul><li>FDI Flows (slowed or halted or rever...
SERIES OF CRISES: FURTHER CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>Increased bankruptcies </li></ul><ul><li>Worsening external current account...
SERIES OF CRISES: IMPLICATIONS OF THOSE CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>Rising unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Spreading and deepening...
UN LDCs IV: TACKLING ENORMOUS CHALLENGES AHEAD <ul><li>WHAT IS REQUIRED: </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Programme with specifics ...
PROCESS: GENUINE OWNERSHIP OF THE PROGRAMME <ul><li>Genuine consultation of stakeholders: </li></ul><ul><li>Thorough consu...
PROCESS: TEAM WORK AND PARTNERSHIPS <ul><li>In assisting LDCs in the Process Agencies should assume true  team-work  and r...
PROCESS: SEQUENCING <ul><li>Technical work must precede political work in order to lay strong foundation </li></ul><ul><li...
PROCESS: COORDINATION <ul><li>Need for Co-ordination within LDCs among </li></ul><ul><li>Working Groups </li></ul><ul><li>...
CONTENT: PRIORITISATION <ul><li>THE PROGRAMME SHOULD NOT TRY TO BE EVERYTHING AND ABOUT EVERYTHING </li></ul><ul><li>PRIOR...
CONTENT: SPECIFICS <ul><li>PROGRAMME SHOULD BE SUFFICIENTLY SPECIFIC (AVOID GENERALITIES): </li></ul><ul><li>PERHAPS THERE...
CONTENT: DIFFERENT FEATURES OF LDCs <ul><li>LDCs ECONOMIES DIFFER: Programme should accommodate uniqueness: </li></ul><ul>...
CONTENT: CRITERIA AND TIME FRAME <ul><li>Classification criteria: could be revisited </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe of the Pr...
CONTENT: MONITORING AND EVALUATION <ul><li>TO BE MEANINGFUL THE NEW PROGRAMME SHOULD CONTAIN: </li></ul><ul><li>CLEAR ACCO...
IMPLEMENTATION: WORKING PARTNERSHIPS <ul><li>WORKING PARTNERSHIPS SUCH AS THAT OF EIF ARE ESSENTIAL: </li></ul><ul><li>LDC...
IMPLEMENTATION: LEVEL OF COMMITMENT <ul><li>ALL PLAYERS SHOULD BE MORE COMMITTED THAN UNDER BPOA: </li></ul><ul><li>THIS I...
IMPLEMENTATION: FACTORS TO PAY ATTENTION TO <ul><li>THE NEW PROGRAMME SHOULD PAY ATTENTION TO: </li></ul><ul><li>GENDER </...
FINANCING OF THE PROGRAMME <ul><li>ODA – ADDITIONAL AND HIGH QUALITY  (SEPARATE FROM AFT AND EIF FOR LDCs) MINIMAL CONDITI...
TRADE: LOCOMOTIVE OF ECONOMIC GROWTH <ul><li>GRANT WHAT LDCs REQUEST UNDER  </li></ul><ul><li>DDA (S & D): </li></ul><ul><...
PRODUCTIVE CAPACITIES <ul><li>IN ORDER TO TRADE THERE HAS TO BE PRODUCTION (THAT TO BE TRADED HAS TO BE PRODUCED): </li></...
STRATEGIES FOR VIABILITY <ul><li>REGIONAL INTEGRATION </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION TO SUPPLEMENT NORTH – SOUT...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION 04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
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Aitic cuts ldc-iv-dialogue-amb_maruping

  1. 1. AITIC + CUTS Preparing for UN – LDC IV LDCs: Trade and Development Challenges May 18, 2010 “ Reflections on Ways of Responding to LDCs Challenges: Overview” H. E. Dr Mothae A Maruping Mission of the Kingdom of Lesotho 04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  2. 2. BPOA SUCCESS OR FAILURE <ul><li>BPOA MIXED BAG: </li></ul><ul><li>SOME PROGRESS IN LDCs, MORE IN SOME THAN IN OTHERS </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY 3 LDCs GRADUATING ( CAPE VERDE, SAMOA, MALDIVES) </li></ul><ul><li>SO NOT EFFECTIVE ENOUGH TO BEAR CONVINCING RESULTS </li></ul><ul><li>NOT FULLY IMPLEMENTED (DOSAGE, TIMING, SEQUENCING) </li></ul><ul><li>NO RIGOROUS MONITORING AND EVALUATION MECHANISM </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  3. 3. BACKGROUND: SERIES OF CRISES IN LDCs: CHALLENGES <ul><li>UNSUSTAINABLE LEVELS OF DEBT </li></ul><ul><li>COMMODITIES PRICES </li></ul><ul><li>FOOD PRICES </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGY PRICES </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBAL FINANCIAL & ECONOMIC CRISES </li></ul><ul><li>CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  4. 4. SERIES OF CRISES: THEIR CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>ODA Levels Jeopardised </li></ul><ul><li>FDI Flows (slowed or halted or reversed) </li></ul><ul><li>Remittances flows declined </li></ul><ul><li>Net Export Revenues dropped </li></ul><ul><li>Domestically mobilised resources declined </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  5. 5. SERIES OF CRISES: FURTHER CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>Increased bankruptcies </li></ul><ul><li>Worsening external current account </li></ul><ul><li>Jeopardised External Reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Public Revenue base strained </li></ul><ul><li>Intensified threat of rising fiscal deficits </li></ul><ul><li>Looming danger of relapse into unsustainable levels of debt </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  6. 6. SERIES OF CRISES: IMPLICATIONS OF THOSE CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>Rising unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Spreading and deepening poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Compromising of social safety nets </li></ul><ul><li>Unmet or partially met commitments by development partners </li></ul><ul><li>Slowed pace and frustrated efforts towards achievement of MDGs </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  7. 7. UN LDCs IV: TACKLING ENORMOUS CHALLENGES AHEAD <ul><li>WHAT IS REQUIRED: </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Programme with specifics </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership by LDCs </li></ul><ul><li>Firm Commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Genuine Team-work and working partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition & accommodation of differences </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritisation (not everything about everything) </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  8. 8. PROCESS: GENUINE OWNERSHIP OF THE PROGRAMME <ul><li>Genuine consultation of stakeholders: </li></ul><ul><li>Thorough consultation of the stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Process must be inclusive and participatory (relevant arms of government, private sector and civil society) </li></ul><ul><li>Process must be transparent </li></ul><ul><li>REAL LDCs OWNERSHIP AND NOT PRETENCE </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  9. 9. PROCESS: TEAM WORK AND PARTNERSHIPS <ul><li>In assisting LDCs in the Process Agencies should assume true team-work and refrain from usual competition : </li></ul><ul><li>Politically correct: Profession of collaboration – e.g. clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Desirable: Complementarity – synergies (adhere to TORs) </li></ul><ul><li>Working Partnerships would yield convincing programme </li></ul><ul><li>(LDCs, Developing and Developed Partner Countries and Agencies) </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  10. 10. PROCESS: SEQUENCING <ul><li>Technical work must precede political work in order to lay strong foundation </li></ul><ul><li>There has been a tendency to rush to the political level before thorough technical work </li></ul><ul><li>[ e.g. Satisfactory review of BPOA and mapping of way forward] </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  11. 11. PROCESS: COORDINATION <ul><li>Need for Co-ordination within LDCs among </li></ul><ul><li>Working Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Capital based </li></ul><ul><li>New York based </li></ul><ul><li>Geneva based </li></ul><ul><li>Groups where other major international organisations are located </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  12. 12. CONTENT: PRIORITISATION <ul><li>THE PROGRAMME SHOULD NOT TRY TO BE EVERYTHING AND ABOUT EVERYTHING </li></ul><ul><li>PRIORITISATION OF CRITICAL AREAS SHOULD YIELD BETTER RESULTS THAN BPOA </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  13. 13. CONTENT: SPECIFICS <ul><li>PROGRAMME SHOULD BE SUFFICIENTLY SPECIFIC (AVOID GENERALITIES): </li></ul><ul><li>PERHAPS THERE COULD BE: </li></ul><ul><li>OUTCOME DOCUMENT (ISTANBULL); </li></ul><ul><li>DOCUMENTS SPECIFYING STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMME OF ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>PROGRAMME OF ACTION SHOULD SPELL OUT CONCRETELY: </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT? HOW? BY WHOM? WITH WHAT? WHEN? WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>AND INCLUDE RISK ANALYSIS </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  14. 14. CONTENT: DIFFERENT FEATURES OF LDCs <ul><li>LDCs ECONOMIES DIFFER: Programme should accommodate uniqueness: </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomy (i.e. structure) </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology (i.e. functioning) </li></ul><ul><li>History (historical experiences) </li></ul><ul><li>Some are: </li></ul><ul><li>Post conflict but resource endowed </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Already more advanced relatively than others and are growing at different rates </li></ul><ul><li>Landlocked </li></ul><ul><li>AMPLE POLICY SPACE IS NEEDED </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  15. 15. CONTENT: CRITERIA AND TIME FRAME <ul><li>Classification criteria: could be revisited </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe of the Programme: could be reconsidered </li></ul><ul><li>Should it continue to be 10 years (5yrs x 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Or 12 years (4years x 3) </li></ul><ul><li>with thorough review every 4 years </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  16. 16. CONTENT: MONITORING AND EVALUATION <ul><li>TO BE MEANINGFUL THE NEW PROGRAMME SHOULD CONTAIN: </li></ul><ul><li>CLEAR ACCOUNTABILITY FRAMEWORK </li></ul><ul><li>MONITORING AND EVALUATION MECHANISM </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  17. 17. IMPLEMENTATION: WORKING PARTNERSHIPS <ul><li>WORKING PARTNERSHIPS SUCH AS THAT OF EIF ARE ESSENTIAL: </li></ul><ul><li>LDCs </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AS LDCs DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS </li></ul><ul><li>AGENCIES </li></ul><ul><li>WITHIN LDCs: </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  18. 18. IMPLEMENTATION: LEVEL OF COMMITMENT <ul><li>ALL PLAYERS SHOULD BE MORE COMMITTED THAN UNDER BPOA: </li></ul><ul><li>THIS IS MANIFESTED BY FAITHFUL FULFILLMENT OF PROMISES AND REALISATION OF PLEDGES MADE BY ALL PARTNERS RIGHT THROUGH THE PROGRAMME </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  19. 19. IMPLEMENTATION: FACTORS TO PAY ATTENTION TO <ul><li>THE NEW PROGRAMME SHOULD PAY ATTENTION TO: </li></ul><ul><li>GENDER </li></ul><ul><li>YOUTH </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENT </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  20. 20. FINANCING OF THE PROGRAMME <ul><li>ODA – ADDITIONAL AND HIGH QUALITY (SEPARATE FROM AFT AND EIF FOR LDCs) MINIMAL CONDITIONALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>FDI – CREATE NECESSARY CONDITIONS </li></ul><ul><li>REMITTANCES – FACILITATE MODE IV </li></ul><ul><li>MOBILISATION OF DOMESTIC RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><li>DEBT RELIEF </li></ul><ul><li>SPECIAL PACKAGES BY GLOBAL AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS ( WITH MINIMAL CONDITIONALITIES) </li></ul><ul><li>PRUDENT FISCAL, MONETARY & EXCHANGE RATE POLICIES </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  21. 21. TRADE: LOCOMOTIVE OF ECONOMIC GROWTH <ul><li>GRANT WHAT LDCs REQUEST UNDER </li></ul><ul><li>DDA (S & D): </li></ul><ul><li>DFQF MA </li></ul><ul><li>ROOs </li></ul><ul><li>NTBs </li></ul><ul><li>DELAYED PREFERENCE EROSION </li></ul><ul><li>TF </li></ul><ul><li>SERVICES WAIVER </li></ul><ul><li>ACCESSION (FOR THOSE LDCs STILL IN THE PROCESS) </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  22. 22. PRODUCTIVE CAPACITIES <ul><li>IN ORDER TO TRADE THERE HAS TO BE PRODUCTION (THAT TO BE TRADED HAS TO BE PRODUCED): </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOP ENABLING ENVIRONMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECTIVE STATE INSTITUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD GOVENANCE AND RULE OF LAW </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER </li></ul><ul><li>UNIDO’s COMPETE, COMPLY, CONNECT (CCC) </li></ul><ul><li>SMEs DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PPPs </li></ul><ul><li>DIVERSIFICATION ( FOR CUSHIONING & RESILIENCE) </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE CHAINS </li></ul><ul><li>ETC, </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  23. 23. STRATEGIES FOR VIABILITY <ul><li>REGIONAL INTEGRATION </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION TO SUPPLEMENT NORTH – SOUTH COOPERATION </li></ul>04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
  24. 24. THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION 04/19/11 DR Mothae A Maruping - Lesotho
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